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Ongakken transition



We’re excited to be interviewing Simon Slamka today – founder and CEO of the start-up company Ongakken from Slovakia, Central Europe.

What exactly do you do?
I’m currently a student in electrical engineering, but I’m supposed to graduate soon, which will, hopefully, go without problems. Then I’m planning on going to Denmark and studying computer science and cybersecurity there.

Please tell us more about your journey.
I always aimed to build something entirely of my own. I wanted to create worlds, make up my own stories, which led me to write short e-books, but I felt that wasn’t fulfilling enough. There was something missing. Shortly I figured out precisely what that was: INTERACTIVITY! There was no way to interact with my stories to influence their outcome.

I always struggled with interpersonal relationships, from my first love interest, Hanka, to classmates who didn’t want to have anything to do with me, so I guess that subconsciously, this led me to want to change the conclusions of the stories I wrote, which were mostly sad love stories. That’s when I decided that I want to make videogames.

I was programming since I was a child, so that was no problem. I acquired some basic computer graphics knowledge to be able to develop some simple 3D models and textures for them. I made a couple of tiny, 10-minute games. Accomplished that, I really wanted to aim higher.

I started developing more complex 3D experiences. I made a game called ‘Death from Above,’ for which I wrote the story with my then-classmate Laura. I had to stop developing the game because I was kind of … failing school 😅. 2 years later, I incorporated and built a company called ‘SMD Technologies. ‘The videogame project was then renewed and renamed to ‘Hazardous,’ which I won the state round of local competition for. It was incomplete, so I had to figure out what next … that’s when Imaginator was born – my so far biggest project. It was a tremendous fail, but I had learned so much while developing it … one of those things was that I need to actually aim smaller, so I made a little game called Beat Rush. Beat Rush is currently on Steam, in the Early Access program. It’s under active development and there’s a lot of stuff I want to add to it. Besides that,

I started producing music approximately 3 years ago, but it wasn’t until last year when I released my very first song, ‘Hurry!‘ .It was around that time when two of my friends with whom I had been occasionally working with decided that they do not wish to continue. I suppose they lost that spark you get when you come up with something and you’re doing whatever it takes to put it together. This changed the direction of my business, in a certain way, so I decided to reconsider my goals and come up with a new brand, unique and tailored to the new ideology I had adopted. I called it ‘Ongakken’ – it’s from the two Japanese words ‘ongaku’ and ‘taiken’: ongaku means music and taiken means experience, which translates perfectly into my game Beat Rush and many more coming after it because for some reason, seeing people enjoying my music makes me feel fulfilled, at peace.

My endeavor now is to make music and then, alongside, use this music in interactive experiences, such as games, to make people feel happy and pumped with energy.

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Things to look for while buying a lab-grown diamond




A lab-grown diamond is grown in labs artificially with the same materials as natural diamonds and both are identical in terms of looks with naked eye; only the specialists who have the proper knowledge and equipment for testing can spot the minute differences. Such lab–grown diamonds have gained popularity among buyers because they are budget friendly and Australia, particularly lab grown diamonds Adelaide has top-notch collections.

The most significant thing you have to know before buying lab-grown diamonds is the 4-carat terminology. These 4 Cs are carat, cut, color, and clarity. These dictate so many things about a diamond, like a look, style, type, size, appearance, and so on. One should research about the 4Cs and educate before buying a lab-grown diamond; and the carat and cut you choose will determine the price of the diamond. Pay attention to the clarity because the purity depends on the clarity of your diamond; and more clarity increases the price. One interesting thing you must keep in mind is that lab-grown diamonds come in different colors like yellow, pink, blue, and many more.

Additionally, grading reports are important when you buy manufactured diamonds since certification shows the authenticity of the diamond you purchased. You should get a grading report when you purchase one; if the seller fails to give a certified grading report, you should not proceed with the purchase as no certification from trusted labs indicates it can be fake.

You need to research shops, brands, and companies of lab-grown diamonds before buying one. Ask your friends, family, or neighbors who bought a lab-grown diamond before. For online companies, do not forget to know about their return policy before purchasing. You may need to change the diamond for so many reasons. If they do not have such return policies, you will end up having something you do not like!

These are some of the main factors you need to consider before buying any lab-grown diamonds. Do not rush yourself while buying them. Since they are not cheap, you should be careful enough. It is different for lab-grown diamonds because they are 40% lesser in price than natural mined diamonds. However, many sellers trick the buyers with fake certification and show one product and give another. Hence, take recommendations and reviews before making a purchase. Lastly, do not hesitate to ask about every detail about the diamonds you want to buy; it is a seller’s duty to answer all the queries of a customer.

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Why is it That Only Flowering Plants Bear Fruits And Not Non Flowering Plants?



Plants are incredibly beneficial to the world and all living beings. Plants use their leaves to collect carbon dioxide and release oxygen, which humans and other animals need to breathe. Plants are necessary for life; they eat them and live in them. Plants also help in the purification of water. 

Plants mainly come in two categories: flowering and non-flowering. The process of reproduction is the primary distinction between flowering and non-flowering plants. Non-flowering plants rely on dispersion to continue their life cycle, whereas flowering plants rely on pollination for reproduction.

How Are Fruits Formed?

The fruit, in scientific terminology, is the seed-bearing portion of the plant that forms after fertilization. Flowers must bloom before developing fruit so that the male and female organs can grow and produce pollen and receptive ovules. 

The stamens create pollen within the flower, whereas the female ovules from inside the pistil. You can find male stamens and female pistils in the same flower. However, blossoms can sometimes develop into male or female units on different plants.

For fertilization to occur in most blooming plants, pollen must travel to another plant of the same species. This mechanism ensures that the offspring’s genetic makeup is not identical to that of their parents. Insects and wind are the two most prevalent ways for pollen to go from one plant to another. Self-pollination is uncommon, but it does happen on occasion.

When pollen reaches the stigma at the top of the pistil, it must travel down a pollen tube to the pistil’s base to find a receptive ovule, which is the female genetic material inside the ovary. When pollen lands on an ovule, the male and female genetic material merges to form an embryo, which grows into a seed.

The embryo’s cells regularly grow once it has formed. Botanists refer to the embryo as a zygote, once it has progressed beyond the two-cell stage. The zygote develops in size over time. Cell differentiation occurs eventually, and the zygote transforms into a seed.

The ovary begins developing into a fruit, and the ovules begin to generate seeds after the zygote starts to expand. The ovary and pistil’s exterior walls become the fruit’s skin. In other circumstances, such as the apple and pear, a fleshy and edible material develops outside the ovary wall and becomes the fruit’s edible section. 

The outer covering comprises petals, sepals, and bracts, and it protects the fleshy substance. In either instance, fruit grows as long as the plant does. But when the fruit ripens or the plant stays dormant for the winter, the fruit falls.

Why Non-Flowering Plants Have No Fruits?

The process of reproduction is the primary distinction between flowering and non-flowering plants. Non-flowering plants rely on dispersion to continue their life cycle, whereas flowering plants rely on pollination for reproduction. Non-flowering plants reproduce by spores, whereas flowering plants develop flowers and reproduce through seeds.

Spores are microscopic plant parts that help them reproduce. If the plant is lucky, the spores will be carried away by the wind, allowing another plant to grow. Inadequate pollination is one of the reasons why plants do not produce fruit. Pollination is required for most food crops to produce fruit or seeds. When plants have no flowers, pollination cannot occur, so they cannot bear fruit.

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What Are the Different Types of Pallets That Exist Today?



The global pallet market racking market is picking up at a steady pace. The Market Research Future predicts a compound annual growth rate of 7.8% between 2020 and 2027. We can attribute this traction to the changing global supply chain, thanks to the pandemic.

Different types of pallets offer comprehensive intra-logistics solutions, making them a go-to option for the eCommerce industry. Supermarkets and jumbo retailers prefer warehouse solutions with high storage capacities. They also want drive-in racking systems.

So, what are the different types of pallets existing today? What’s the best pallet for your warehouse business?

Let’s look into the prevalent designs, depending on dimensions, composition, and other characteristics.

Types of Pallets According to Dimensions

This category includes the Euro and American pallets. The Euro pallet is prevalent across Europe. According to the European Pallet Association, the Euro pallet has standard dimensions of 1200X800 mm. This pallet weighs 25kg, and its safe workload on the move is 1500 kg.

Also known as a universal pallet, the American pallet is popular in the US and Japanese logistics. Its dimensions are 1200X1000 mm and weigh approximately 25 kg. The safe workload for the American pallet is 1500 kg.

Pallet Types Based on Manufacturing Materials

You can also classify pallet racking based on its composition, including wooden and plastic. Wooden pallets have the highest demand, thanks to their resistance and hassle-free maintenance. You can also go for a wooden pallet if you’re business policy favors 100% recyclable materials.

However, they are difficult to clean and disinfect. On the other hand, plastic pallets are increasingly becoming popular, and they might soon take the place of the wooden pallet. Besides being one of the most affordable pallets, they are easy to clean and disinfect.

Plastic pallets are lighter compared to wooden pallets. On top of that, plastic pallets are 100% recyclable.

Types of Pallets According to the Number of Sides

The number of sides on a pallet racking is what you call the entry point for introducing a forklift’s fork. These types of pallets are two, including 2-entry and 4-entry. You can access a 2-entry point pallet from two opposite sides.

However, these pallets are less mobile than 4-entry points because accessing them can be challenging. On the other hand, a forklift can access this pallet from either side along the width and length. Four entry point pallets guarantee faster mobility and efficient workflow.

Other Types of Pallets

Other types of pallet racking include spill containment. As the name suggests, this pallet contains leaks or drips from chemical storage drums. The spill containment pallet features a removable, patented grating for cleaning the spillages.

We also have reversible and wing pallets. You can load a reversible pallet from either side, top or bottom. Reversible pallets have identical and homogenous sides. A wing pallet has projects on its sides for fastening systems. This pallet racking can have two to four sides.

Choosing the Right Pallet

All these types of pallets are ideal for different warehouse and storage operations. Nevertheless, whichever option you settle for, the load must not exceed its dimensions.

Look for more articles on this website to learn more about pallet designs and best practices.

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What Are the Causes of Inflation?



In the United States, inflation is at the forefront of everyone’s mind. The current inflation rates are the highest since 2008, and many people believe that we are in the beginning stages of an even greater rise. 

With rising prices and stagnant wages, many people want to know what causes inflation so that they can understand the best way to counter it. If you’re one of the millions of Americans worried about this issue, we’re here to help you understand the root causes of inflation. Read on to find out more!

What is Inflation? 

Inflation is the number that governments, businesses, and citizens use to measure the rate of rising prices. These prices cover every gamut of life, including food, houses, electronics, utility bills, and more. 

When inflation causes prices to rise for basic necessities that people need to live, this has a serious impact on society. It can cause discontent and makes it harder for people to afford things like food and healthcare. Rising inflation rates may affect everyone, but it has a much more dramatic impact on lower-income families. Many times, inflation can actually cause the wealth of rich families to grow at the expense of the working class. 

There are two primary causes of inflation: an increase in demand or an increase in the costs of production. 

Cost-Push Inflation

This cause of inflation happens due to the rising cost of production. The two primary reasons for the higher cost of production comes from a scarcity of raw materials (either from limited resources or higher costs of obtaining them) or rising wages. When production costs rise but demand remains the same, the laws of supply and demand tell us that prices will increase. 

For example, let’s say that the costs of getting raw metals used in cars rise. If demand remains the same for new cars while the supplies used to make those cars become more expensive, it will cost companies like Ford more money to produce the same amount of product. Those costs will then get passed on to consumers. 

Even if the raw materials cost the same, if employees demand higher wages for extracting those materials, those costs will also get passed onto consumers. Either way, this ripples through the economy. When vehicles become more expensive, it affects transportation, which causes the price of getting goods from one place to another more expensive, meaning that suddenly, the price of food rises. 

Demand-Pull Inflation 

This type of inflation is when demand rises above an industry’s ability to meet it. We currently see this with microchips, which is a major issue for the production of cars, cell phones, and other electronics. Because of COVID, people bought more electronics and microchip manufacturers couldn’t keep up with demand. Now, there are thousands of vehicles sitting in plants awaiting these parts. 

This often happens when an economy grows beyond its natural rate. It can also happen when there is excess money or when the government spends more money than it brings in through taxation. 

While these two types of inflation can cause serious concern, Dr. Jasdeep Singh, COO of 3BC points out that there are several ways to protect your investments. 

The Causes of Inflation Are More Complicated Than Most Realize 

When discussing the causes of inflation, it’s important to remember that many times, a small change in one industry can cause ripple effects that impact the entire economy. The two causes of inflation discussed in this article can also occur simultaneously, which makes things even more complicated. 

We’re here to help you understand what’s going on in the world. Our website posts informative articles like this on finance, the economy, banking, and more! Bookmark our page today and check back often for more articles!

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5 Things You Probably Don’t Know About Pipette Droppers



Although the pipette dropper started life as a medicinal tool for use in experimentation, the way pipettes allow us to transfer small quantities of liquid makes them ideal for everyday household use too. 

Most of you will likely have used one at some point in your life. Whether it’s for administering medicine to your cat, using eye drops, or applying facial serums, pipette droppers are perfect for these purposes and more. 

But, we’re betting there’s still a lot you don’t know about pipettes. Want to know who invented them and why they’ve been so critical to science? Keep reading to find out more!

1. Early Pipettes Date Back to the 18th Century

The earliest pipette droppers date back to the 18th century. This is when the French chemist, inventor, and pharmacist François Descroizilles developed the alcalimètre, an early precursor to the pipette. He also invented the berthollimètre, an early version of today’s burette. 

We have Joseph-Louis Gay Lussac to thank for the names ‘pipette’ and ‘burette’. He made slight modifications to Descroizilles’ work and coined these terms in 1824. 

The early works designed and developed by Descroizilles and Lussac appear similar to the kinds of serological pipettes that are instrumental in lab sample experiments today, consisting of a simple tube with measurement marks. 

2. ‘Mouth Pipetting’ Was a Common But Dangerous Practice 

Many researchers continued experimenting with the same pipette style up until the early 20th century. But the scientists’ habit of ‘mouth pipetting’ (using their mouths to draw liquid up thin tubes) came with obvious drawbacks. This dangerous workplace practice led to many accidental infections. One unfortunate scientist even sucked a culture of typhoid bacilli into his mouth. Yikes!

Luckily, German physician Heinrich Schnitger stepped up. He developed a pipette prototype that eliminated the need for mouth pipetting. His addition involved a second spring that allowed the piston to eject fluid from the tip. Granted in 1961, Schnitger’s patent described a device for the “fast and exact pipetting of small liquid volumes.” 

3. The Final Pipette Design Was a Collaborative Effort

Although Schnitger’s pipette reigned supreme in Europe, Gilson Inc. in the United States made their own pipette dropper model to market in the US. This version, patented in 1974, was the work of Warren Gilson and Henry Lardy. The most notable difference is that it was adjustable, in contrast to Schnitger’s fixed volume dropper. 

Many different sources give credit for the first micropipette to Schnitger or Gilson, with many ignoring the collaborative effort it took to perfect the pipette over the years. 

Regardless of who had the first or the best idea, there’s no arguing that the pipette has become an invaluable medical tool in modern biological studies. The design has since been tweaked by scientists all over the world, with additions and alterations that make the pipette easier to handle while wearing gloves, or more suitable for certain lab sample analyses. 

You could even say that, much life scientific knowledge itself, the pipette dropper’s design evolved and improved by researchers building on the genius of those before them. 

4. Pipettes Helped Pasteur Save Lives

French chemist Louis Pasteur discovered and developed the concepts of vaccination, microbial fermentation, and pasteurization. Without his work, deadly bacteria and serious diseases would have continued to pose huge risks to our health beyond those we’re still facing today. But you could say that the pipette dropper was instrumental to his contribution to medical science. 

While pipettes are ideal for transferring small amounts of liquid, what makes them so useful as a medical tool is the way they avoid contaminating whatever they hold or transfer during experimentation. This is thanks to the polypropylene bulb that plugs the open end of the pipette, blocking contamination from the rest of the tube.

Pasteur pipettes, which came to be named after the famous scientist, were simpler than those graduated or calibrated for particular volumes, with the bulb separated from the pipette body. Using this tool made transferring liquid from one container to another without fear of contamination much easier to maintain the integrity of a liquid. This was especially important to Pasteur’s lab sample experimentation with deadly bacteria and parasites. 

5. Wellness Trend Driving Household Pipette Use 

In decades past, pipettes were seen as more of a medical tool in the home. Pipette droppers were ideal for giving small amounts of medicine to pets or for applying eye drops to humans and animals alike. But, with the growing interest in wellness and self-care, Pasteur pipettes are now a common feature of skincare product bottles like serums, as well as essential oils and CBD oils. 

Most people now use droppers even more than before. Take a look at the small glass bottles lining your bathroom shelves and you’re sure to spot many that use pipettes. These pipette droppers make it easy to apply no more than a few drops of luxury products containing ingredients like retinol or pure rosehip oil, or to place a few drops of CBD oil under your tongue. 

But, it’s bad practice to rub pipettes on your face when applying serums or touching your tongue when you take CBD. Pipettes only remain clean and free from contamination when they touch nothing but the liquid they’re transferring.

This medical tool might now be a prominent feature in many people’s homes. But, whether you’re using a pipette for science or skincare, you need to use it correctly to maintain the integrity of the liquid. 

Discovering More About the Pipette Dropper

You might never have given much thought to the humble pipette dropper. 

But, as these fascinating facts about pipettes show, even the everyday tools we now take for granted can have the longest and most convoluted histories behind them. And, they just might have helped save lives along the way too!

Looking for more inspiring insights and news updates? Be sure to check out our other blog posts for all the latest news, tips, and tricks! 

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