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Complete Guide to the NBN: What You Need to Know



Complete Guide to the NBN: What You Need to Know

The National Broadband Network, or NBN for short, is a program that aims to provide Australians with faster internet connections. Although it was launched way back in 2009, many people are still clueless about this program. 

If you’re one of these people, this guide (and its tips on getting quality NBN business service) can surely help you out. 

What is the NBN?

This aims to replace Australia’s copper wire networks with faster, fibre-based connections. Although useful, the former is not intended for massive data transfer since it is not made for internet connections.

Simply put, the NBN can help you reach speeds of up to 100 Mbps, compared to usual off-peak speeds of 8 to 24 Mbps. 

Why Do You Need the NBN? 

ADSL and ADSL2+ connections vary according to location. Generally speaking, the farther you are from a local telephone exchange, the slower your connection would be. That’s because distance affects the speed of data exchange in copper wires.  

Fibre internet, however, is not affected by distance. Since it transmits information through light pulses, it can assure fast internet speeds even in the most rural areas.

Fibre cables, which are placed underground, are also immune to power outages and signal degradation. While heavy rain can affect copper wire internet, it won’t slow down the fibre internet speed.

That said, several NBN setups would continue to use these existing copper wires. However, they will be connected to nearer modes. This eliminates the factor of distance, which is why NBN can provide faster internet speeds, even if it’s using copper wires.

What are the Different Types of NBN Connections?

Depending on where you live, you may get any of these NBN connection types: 

Fibre to the Premise

Also known as FTTP, this makes use of fibre cables directly linked to the NBN. This makes FTTP one of the most reliable connections for your home or office. 

Fibre to the Node

FTTN involves the installation of a neighborhood box or cabinet at the end of the street. Fibre cables from this cabinet are then connected to your home for NBN coverage. 

Fibre to the Curb

FTTC connects the user to the Distribution Point Unit (DPU) via the existing copper wires. This DPU is usually located in your street’s telecom pits. 

Fibre to the Building

FTTB also stands for Fibre to the Basement, the NBN connection used for buildings and apartments. This involves the placement of fibre cables underneath the structure. They are then linked to existing lines that deliver internet service to each room or unit.  

What are the Different Types of NBN Plans?

There are four NBN speed packs available: 


NBN 12, with its typical evening speeds of 7 to 12 Mbps, is ideal for households of 1 to 2 people. It’s best for users who like browsing websites and social media and sending emails. 


Apart from general browsing, NBN 25 is also suitable for basic streaming. Its speeds range from 15 to 25 Mbps. 

Standard Plus

NBN 50 has a speed of 30 to 50 Mbps. As such, it’s ideal for gaming, HD streaming, video calling, and downloading music and videos. 


NBN 100 is recommended for large households and small businesses because of its 60-100 Mbps speeds. It allows for HD streaming, intensive gaming (Xbox Live, PSN, or Steam), and uploading and downloading large files. 

The speeds above refer to the typical evening speeds, which occur during the peak hours of 7 to 11 pm. Due to the sheer number of internet users, this is when the connections are slowest.  

How to Have NBN Installed  

First, you need to know if NBN has already been installed in your area. Once you receive a notification for this, you only have 18 months to make the switch. 

It’s important to sign up for NBN services as soon as you receive this notice. That’s because your old landline or broadband service would be disconnected once this 18-month period is through. 

Having the NBN installed is relatively easy, as all you need to do is visit the provider’s website and sign up for a plan. Once this pushes through, you will receive a notification of the installation date and time. 

It’s important to have someone who’s 18 years old and above to receive this service, as that person will have to sign a couple of documents after the installation. 

How to Get Quality NBN Business Service 

Make sure to browse through the services of the providers in your area. While all of them provide the four speed packs, they might differ in plans and data options. 

If you use the internet frequently, you might consider a company that offers unlimited data services. As many offers provide month-by-month options, it’s best to take the company for a test run before completely committing. That way, you won’t be bogged down by a contract prohibiting you from switching to a better provider. 

The NBN program, which is slated to finish this 2020, aims to deliver faster internet speeds for every Australian. As long as you know how to get quality NBN business service, you can get the best plan for your needs and budget. 

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NESEmu – How to Install the best Emulator in the market




Are you a fan of NES games? NES (Nintendo Entertainment System) is an 8-bit third-generation home video game console produced by Nintendo. Nintendo first released it in Japan as the Family Computer [FC], commonly known as the Famicom. But earlier as you all know that, you needed to jailbreak if you wanted to play them on your device [iPhone or iPad]. An NES/Famicom emulator app came up called NESEmu has been released, and there is a very simple way of installing it on your device using Panda Helper or tweakBox.

  • Firstly, It’s free for everyone using the Panda Helper app.
  • Second, No jailbreak is needed as NES/ Famicom emulator app came up called NESEmu released.

Isn’t interesting? So, to know more about this read on this whole article which will fascinate you more.

Let’s have a look at how to Download NESEmu:-

Earlier we said there was an easy way to install NESEmu on your iOS device and here it is. A third-party app installer called TweakBox offers more than 2000 unofficial apps, games, emulators, tweaks, and more, all for free.

Here’s how to get the app:-

  • Install Panda helper or TweakBox on your device- iPhone or iPad.
  • Open it and use the search facility to find NESEmu.
  • Find the updated NES emulator free file and tap on it. Now tap on the install option from the notification menu and wait for few seconds for complete installation.
  • Finally, open the NESemu console emulator app and play your favorite Nintendo Entertainment System Games for free.

This is as simple but there’s another problem that arise:-

There are no actual games in NESEmu. It’s upon you to install the ROMS you want, and you can find some by doing a simple search on Google, which will then turn up ROMS for your favorite games; simply download them to your SD card or internal memory and play them from within the emulator app.

Okay, we’re not done yet!

NESEmu is a feature-packed emulator app available in the Panda Helper AppStore, offering certain awesome features to you all:

It had a lot of popular games with a simple controller and plenty of family-friendly content. NES emulation is fairly stable and most of the options on the list are rock solid. Most of them work extremely well, have high game compatibilities, customizable controls, and very few bugs. It supports Save State and also memory backup.

It covers .unf and .nes game formats. NESemu is an NES emulator from Robert Broglia, developer of several really good emulators. It’s open-source software based on the FCEUX project. The app features save and load states, support for FDS files, and support for peripherals like Zappers and hardware controllers. Additionally, the app works with FCEUX to save states from other platforms. That makes it a good solution if you want to switch back and forth between mobile and PC. It’s a solid emulator and an easy inclusion onto this list.

Some of the features include the usual stuff like save and load states, hardware controller support, turbo buttons, and even a WiFi controller mode. You also get support for all available regions, Zapper emulation, cheat codes, and a super unique rewind feature in case you messed something up. It’s one of the most expensive on the list for the premium version, but it does have some unique features to help back up that price tag. It also entertains multi-touch screen controls that can be configured.

Support for compatible HID Bluetooth and USB keyboard and game support, plus support for Wii controllers on Android 4 or lower devices. It gives full support for custom key profiles on all devices, which is very interesting. And lastly, support for landscape and portrait screen orientations is also available.

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Data center core switch overview



With the development of information technology and the popularity of the Internet, the requirements for network equipment in data centers are gradually increasing, and ordinary switches are often unable to meet the needs of data centers. Data center-grade core switches are characterized by high quality service assurance and control identification capability, which can ensure stable and reliable data transmission, and higher security, simpler networking and faster service deployment.

What is data center core switch?

A core switch is not a type of switch, but a switch that is placed at the core layer (the backbone part of the network). It is located at the uppermost layer of the three-tier network architecture and is equivalent to the top manager of a company. Its main role is to quickly forward data from the aggregation layer and provide a fast and reliable network architecture by forwarding data at high speed. Generally speaking, the core switch has a large number of ports and high bandwidth. Compared with the access switch and aggregation switch, it has higher reliability, redundancy, throughput and relatively low delay. For a network with more than 100 computers, if you want to run stably and at high speed, the core switch is essential.

What is the difference between a core switch and a regular switch?

  1. Differences in ports

The number of common switch ports is generally 24 to 48, and most of the network ports are Gigabit Ethernet or 100M Ethernet ports, which are mainly used to access user data or gather switch data of some access layers. This switch can be configured with VLAN simple routing protocol and some simple SNMP functions at most, and the backplane bandwidth is relatively small.

The core switch has a large number of ports, usually modular, and can be freely matched with optical ports and Gigabit Ethernet ports. Generally, core switches are three-layer switches, which can be set up with various advanced network protocols such as routing protocols/ACL/QoS/load balancing. The main point is that core switches have much higher backplane bandwidth than normal switches and usually have separate engine modules. For example, if you want to upgrade your network from 10G to 40G, you can use the 40G QSFP+ to 10G SFP+ solution to connect the switches. This is done by sequentially inserting four 10G SFP+ optical modules into the 10Gbps SFP+ port of one switch, then inserting one 40G QSFP+ optical module into the 40Gbps QSFP+ port of another switch, and finally connecting them with a branch fiber patch cable in the middle.

  1. Difference in user connection or access to the network

Generally, the part of the network directly facing user connection or access is called access layer, and the part between access layer and core layer is called distribution layer or aggregation layer. The purpose of access layer is to allow end users to connect to the network, so the access layer switch has the characteristics of low cost and high port density. The aggregation layer switch is the aggregation point of multiple access layer switches. It must be able to handle all traffic from the access layer equipment and provide uplink to the core layer. Therefore, the aggregation layer switch has higher performance, fewer interfaces and higher switching rate.


The network backbone is called the core layer. The main purpose of the core layer is to provide an optimized and reliable backbone transmission structure through high-speed forwarding communication. Therefore, the core layer switch application has higher reliability, performance and throughput.

What are the characteristics of data center core switches?

Compared with regular switches, data center switches have the following characteristics: large cache, high capacity, virtualization, FCoE and layer-2 TRILL technology.

·Large cache technology

The data center switch changes the out port cache mode of the traditional switching system and adopts the distributed cache architecture, which is much larger than the ordinary switch. The cache capacity of core switches can reach more than 1G, while that of general switches can only reach 2 ~ 4M. Core switches need to be used with high-performance fiber optical transceiver. In the case of burst traffic, the large cache of the core switch can still ensure zero packet loss in network forwarding, which is just suitable for the characteristics of large number of servers and large burst traffic in the data center.

·High capacity equipment

Network traffic in data centers is characterized by high-density application scheduling and surge burst buffering, while ordinary switches are mainly designed to meet interconnection and interoperability, and cannot achieve precise identification and control of services, and cannot achieve fast response and zero packet loss in large service situations to ensure business continuity. Therefore, ordinary switches cannot meet the needs of data centers, and data center switches need to have high-capacity forwarding characteristics. Data center switches must support high-density 10GbE boards, i.e. 48-port 10GbE boards. In order to enable full wire-speed forwarding of 48-port 10GbE boards, data center switches can only adopt CLOS distributed switching architecture. In addition, with the popularity of 40G and 100G, 8-port 40G boards and 4-port 100G boards are becoming commercially available to meet the demand for high-density applications in data centers. In the future, to achieve the popularity of 400G network, we can only rely on data center core switches and 400G optical transceiver.

·Virtualization Technology

Data center network equipment needs to be highly manageable and highly secure and reliable, so data center switches also need to support virtualization. Virtualization is the transformation of physical resources into logically manageable resources to break down the barriers between physical structures. With virtualization technology, multiple network devices can be managed in a unified manner or services on a single device can be completely isolated, thus reducing data center management costs by 40% and increasing IT utilization by approximately 25%.

·TRILL (Transparent Interconnection of Lots of Links) Technology

In terms of building a two-layer network, the original standard of the data center is STP protocol, but it has some defects. For example, STP works through port blocking, and all redundant links do not forward data, resulting in a waste of bandwidth resources; STP has only one spanning tree in the whole network, and data messages can arrive only after being transferred through the root bridge, which affects the forwarding efficiency of the whole network. Therefore, STP will no longer be suitable for the expansion of super large data centers. 

TRILL is produced to avoid these defects of STP and is a technology for data center applications. TRILL protocol effectively combines the two-layer configuration and flexibility with the three-layer integration, so that the whole network can realize loop free forwarding without configuration. TRILL technology is the basic characteristic of the core switch in the data center, which is not possessed by ordinary switches.

·FCoE (Fibre Channel over Ethernet) Technology

Traditional data centers often have a data network and a storage network, while the trend of network integration of the new generation of data centers is becoming more and more obvious. The emergence of FCoE technology makes network integration possible. FCoE is a technology that encapsulates the data frame of storage network in Ethernet frame for forwarding. The realization of this integration technology must be on the switches in the data center. Generally, ordinary switches do not support FCoE function.

The above network technologies are the main technologies of the core switch in the data center, which are not possessed by the ordinary switch. These technologies are network technologies serving the new generation of data centers and even cloud data centers. With these new network technologies, the data center has developed rapidly.

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Follow These 7 Critical Steps For Website Planning



Follow These 7 Critical Steps For Website Planning

Building a website is not an easy task. It can’t be done without proper planning. If you do not plan things properly, you will fail miserably in the end. Website planning gives you a proper insight into how you are going to proceed further.

It is an initial step that will predict the final result of your website. Only a Professional Web Design Company in Dubai can guide you about the steps that are necessary for website planning. No matter if you are doing a small-scale business or having a large organization, planning is essential when you create a website.

However, in this article, we will discuss some critical steps that you should follow for website planning. These steps will make your website creation easy and hassle-free. So, stick with us and keep reading it!

7 Critical Steps For Website Planning:

Now, let us explain these seven steps in detail so that you can take them without any difficulty while making a plan for your website design and development project.

  1. Determine Your Goals

The first and most important step is to determine your goals. Do you have to identify for what purpose you are going to develop a website? It is also important to identify your target audience.

Make a rough outline of how many people are you expecting to visit your website in a week or month. Set specific goals for your website so that you can proceed further according to these objectives. 

  • Make A Budget

Whether you are a well-known and reputed organization or just a start-up business, you should always set a budget for your website development. The budget will include all the expenses of web designing, programming, and web hosting as well.

Do thorough market research to find out the market rate. Hire a team that is suitable for your project and decide the budget at the beginning to avoid any hassle. 

  • Assign Tasks

A website development project needs a proper team consisting of various members, and each one has separate roles. Assign the task to the relevant team members so that they know what work they have to do.

The team members include company stakeholders, web designers, web developers, editors, HTML/CSS professionals, and graphic designers, too.

  • Assemble Your Website

The next step is to assemble your website, which means to decide what pages are you going to use and what features should be included in our website.

Deciding at this stage helps you jump onto the next step. Also, try to sort out all the content that you are going to include on your website.

  • Create A Mockup

It is recommended to create a mockup of your website so that you can have an idea how your final website will look like.

If you do not want to do it digitally, you can also do this manually. It helps you to understand your web design and to convey your ideas to your web designer.

  • Start Designing

Now comes the step of web designing. A good web design includes both usability and aesthetics. A poor web design will not be able to deliver a good user experience, and users will go away from your website.

Keep your web design simple and go for easy navigation. Use simple fonts and make responsive web design.

  • Test Your Website

Testing is an important step as it will help you identify any errors or bugs in your web design. Test your website to check its compatibility across all browsers.

You can check it through various devices to check its functionality. Do it on regular basis for better performance.

Conclusive Remarks:

In the end, we can say that proper website planning is an important step of a website development project. Take your time and plan your website calmly to avoid any errors in the development process. Good website planning will produce a better result. Don’t forget to follow the key steps mentioned above while planning your website development project. Nevertheless, if you want professional guidance in this regard, you should get in touch with an experienced web design company, ADWEBSTUDIO.

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Why Should You Hire A Digital Marketing Consultant?




For a successful digital marketing strategy, you must first execute and analyse various actions, know where each technique fits your plan, and map out realistic scenarios. Fortunately, a digital marketing consultant can help. What else can these experts do for you? Your business requires a digital marketing consultant to launch new projects, restructure digital capabilities, or launch new initiatives to maximise performance. One of the most important aspects of a digital marketing consultant is organising and executing ideas.

Zafar Iqbal is a leading Online influencer with over 3 years of expertise in the digital business. For Zafar, data and knowledge are powerful tools that enable successful digital engagement and transformation. Zafar Iqbal is a digital marketing consultant, speaker, and director of The Webgenic, a notable digital agency in the UK.

What is a digital marketing consultancy?

A digital marketing consultant helps businesses evaluate, optimise, and develop solutions in the digital environment. For companies to succeed digitally, they need a strategy and experienced guidance. To have a fully optimised digital presence, they need a digital marketing consultant.

Why hire a digital marketing consultant?

Many of you may believe that the marketing department or the marketing manager can handle the consultation process independently, but this is not the case. Agency services provide a unique perspective and level of specialisation that is difficult to achieve otherwise.

Here are some reasons to hire a digital marketing firm:

An outside perspective: Hiring a consultant is one way to acquire an outside perspective. They perceive things more clearly and objectively.
Specialization: Working with a digital strategy consultant allows you to collaborate with experts in UX, SEO, social media, and more. Working with experts in these domains will save time and resources.

Costs: A consultant can save a business time and money. Their knowledge will help them solve issues quickly.

ROI: An digital marketing consultant will ensure the investment is worthwhile, and you can track the results.

What can digital marketing consultant do for you?

A digital marketing consultant builds digital marketing strategies, executes them, and considers the channels to reach your target audience.

They’ll also cover important business development topics like:

  • Website

A consultant evaluates your website and business requirements and the finest technologies to build it. It will assist you in creating a website that is both representative of your company and attractive to your clients, hence increasing your website’s conversion rate.

  • Digital Communications

A digital consultant will study your company’s present situation and provide a detailed profile of your target customers (Buyer Personas). Then he’ll analyse your market, your rivals, and your business goals to create a 360° Marketing plan. One of the other vital foundations of corporate communications strategy is determining which digital channels (social media, corporate blogs, etc.) will be used.

  • Sales Strategy

Online advertising generates positioning and increases your community size, one of the main differences between digital and traditional marketing.  A digital marketing consultant identifies the best time to run campaigns and the best segmentation settings. They’ll also know what material works best for our approach and understand the various digital advertising forms.

  • Performance Measurement

All of this is useless if we don’t track everything that defines our project’s success. These include website visits, marketing ROI, conversion rates, new customers, and more. A digital consultant will help you create an online dashboard to track the progress of your digital strategy and provide real-time insights to improve it.

A digital marketing consultant can assist you in understanding the market, the competitors, your strengths and weaknesses, emerging trends, and more. Zafar Iqbal creates digital marketing tactics for companies like Huawei UK and MyHomeware Australia. You can consult him on Fiverr, and he’ll assist you in your company’s digital transformation!

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Using Robots in Manufacturing



Using Robots in Manufacturing

The industrial robotics industry is growing fast, with experts predicting it to reach the $42.2 billion mark by the end of 2021. For manufacturers, making the switch to robotics seems like an inevitability.

But what if you don’t know much about robot manufacturing? What are robots in manufacturing and how do they affect your company?

That’s what we’re going to dive into today. Read on to find out more about using robots in the different manufacturing industries here.

What Are Robots in Manufacturing?

Robots have been used in manufacturing since around the mid-20th century, mostly to alleviate mundane and time-consuming tasks from human workers. Since then, it’s expanded to more dynamic roles in manufacturing.

Nowadays, robots in manufacturing settings do much more than work that no one wants to do. They provide reliable support to human workers in factory settings with precision, speed, and accuracy. 

Robots are often categorized based on their movement, applications, make, and brand. With rising labor costs, manufacturing robots are becoming imperative for many manufacturing plants.

But before we discuss robots’ roles in manufacturing, it’s important that we know the different types of robots common in factories. Let’s break those down in the next section. 

Types of Robots

Manufacturers use a variety of different robots, starting with the articulated robot. These robots have rotary joints that provide them with the dynamic movement needed for increased flexibility.

There are also Cartesian robots that similarly have three rotary joints. This allows them to move across the X, Y, and Z axes. They’re great for assembly line work since they’re relatively cheap and move accurately.

Cylindrical robots, on the other hand, move up, down, and around a cylindrical pole. These are also great for assembly line work, since they can move between specific points faster. 

Combining the traits of cylindrical and Cartesian robots are spherical robots. These move around in a three-dimensional space by using a robotic arm attached to a twisting joint. 

There are even more robot types that manufacturers use daily, including the incredibly precise and spider-like delta robots. But what exactly are their specific roles in manufacturing?

So What Are Their Roles in Manufacturing?

It’s hard to pinpoint a list of robots’ roles in modern manufacturing due to their wide versatility. Most factories use them for repetitive yet imperative tasks like welding and painting. 

Cylindrical robots can be used to pick up and place certain parts across assembly lines. More dexterous robots can be used to package and label factory products as well. 

Robots are also used for product inspection or even testing. All of these different applications can be optimized by a manufacturer based on speed, precision, and accuracy. 

Manufacturing Industries Using Robotics

But which industries are actually using robotics for their manufacturing lines? You might be surprised how many people are keen on using robots for manufacturing their products. Let’s break them down here:

Automotive Industry

This industry probably won’t surprise you. Americans are used to seeing car factories using long assembly lines with robotic arms assembling automobiles.

Car companies rely on robots to not only assemble their cars, but also test them for safety. These robots speed up production while ensuring accurate reporting for safety tests.

Electronics Industry

Smartphones, TVs, and computers are in high demand these days, meaning manufacturers need to produce these products as fast as possible. Robots make it easier to meet high electronic quotas.

Manufacturing robots allow for more efficient electronics production, while making it easier for employees. They also handle electronics incredibly carefully, making sure everything is delivered to the customer safely. 

Medical Industry

Believe it or not, robots can assist doctors and surgeons during crucial procedures. Human surgeries can often be performed more accurately by robotic arms, provided that it’s programmed properly.

Food and Agriculture

Robots are often used by food manufacturers to detect product defects before they’re put out for delivery. This leads to consistently excellent food products being delivered to customers. 

Farmers are also finding that robots make their lives easier. Robots can detect diseases that affect crop yields, and the process of spraying and removing weeds is also made more efficient. 

Financial Benefits To Using Manufacturing Robots

With robots handling manufacturing jobs at a faster, more efficient pace, it’s no surprise that factories are saving money. While robots might sound like an expensive investment, the long-term costs are hard to deny.

Robots, like those produced by OnRobot, are usually a one-time investment if we ignore repairs and updates. They’ll get the same amount of work done every day without compensation. 

Robots will also perform their tasks effectively and without mistakes, reducing the likelihood of defective products. Your factory will therefore be using your resources more efficiently, reducing costs along the way.

Manufacturing robots can also work during off-hours if you need them to. Since they can keep running no matter the time of day, you can save a lot of time when pumping out a large volume of products.

But Don’t They Eliminate Jobs?

A common criticism for manufacturing robots is that they take away jobs from human employees. This is a valid concern, since robots don’t need compensation, and therefore save companies a lot of money. 

However, it’s important to note that robotics are becoming a key part of the competition between American manufacturers. Without competition being induced by robots, all employee jobs are more likely to be moved overseas.

Robots also create more important skill-related jobs, since the mundane tasks that not many people are eager to do are being taken care of. This means human workers can spend time performing more high-level tasks.

Leveraging Robots In Manufacturing

Adopting robots in manufacturing can be a big step for a lot of companies, but it’ll ultimately be a worthwhile leap. Use this article to help you understand how they’re used in factory settings and why they’re beneficial.

For more informative articles on manufacturing robotics and similar topics, check out the rest of our site!

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