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Women Education in India: 5 Key Differences Between The 1900s & 2000s

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Women’s education in India has come a long way since the 90s. The fabric of education has altered quite a bit in favour of Indian women. Through unfaltering demands, movements, and awareness programmes, we can see more and more girl child enrolment in schools. Albeit, there is still so much to be done, nonetheless, the achievements realised in the last decade cannot be overlooked.

There are quite a few reasons behind this success. But let us take a look at some of the elemental reasons in this article.

Government schemes backing girl-child education

In the last decade, India has witnessed a volley of schemes announced by the central as well as state governments to encourage girls to pursue education and incentivise parents to support their daughters’ dreams. A slew of some well-thought-out schemes, such as ‘Beti Bachao Beti Padhao’, ‘Sukanya Samriddhi Yojana’, ‘Balika Samridhi Yojana’, ‘Mukhyamantri Rajshri Yojana’, to name a few, have acted as a catalyst to improve the gender gap. These schemes have manifold benefits – discourage selective gender abortion, encourage gender equality, endorse property inheritance right of girls, financial incentives for girl child’s parents, easy loan terms, to cite a few. These steps have resulted favourably.

Mid-day meal

Poverty is one of the cruel reasons why women education in India in the country is biased. Parents from weak economic backgrounds often cannot make enough to feed and rear their children. This handicapping situation works to disadvantage the daughters in the family. Parents choose to address the needs of male over female children as the latter is often considered to be a financial burden. But with the advent of Anganwadi and the Mid-day meal scheme, parents have demonstrated a gradual inclination towards sending female children to schools. This has not only supported girl child education initiatives but has also improved their diet and overall health.

Girl’s bathrooms in educational institutions

One of the defining reasons behind the obnoxious lacunae between the boy and girl child ratio at school was the absence of bathrooms. This anomaly has been more staggering concerning the educational institutions in the villages of India. The fact that female students, especially teenage girls, would need separate bathrooms and sanitation facilities to themselves escaped public knowledge, and that is a violation of fundamental human need. Today of course the scenario, although not entirely altered, has improved a lot. Through vociferous and unswerving demands from votaries of girl-child education, government measures, and even Indian films, to a large extent for that matter, have made this subject a matter of grave public concern, thereby making it a part of public discussion.

Appointment of more female teachers or professors

More and more women are being encouraged to take up the teaching profession, and more and more female educators and instructors are being incentivised to spend time teaching in the hamlets in the country. To further facilitate this, schools are being also taking care of the female teacher’s necessities – transport, salary, online education platform. The inclusion of women into the demography of teachers is crucial as a large number of schools are being established to provide education to girls and a large number of boy schools are being converted into co-ed schools

Encouragement to pursue subjects/careers that were once male bastions

The realm of women’s education has expanded through the last couple of years. Today women are pursuing subjects that were once regarded as male bastions. Women are travelling to other states and countries to pursue higher education and career. Colleges and universities along with banks are throwing in their lot to make education possible for women. From the armed forces to aeronautical engineering, from marketing and sales to cricket, from a home-based business to large start-ups, women are dreaming big and making them come true. With more and more women excelling in different areas of life, young girls, parents and the society at large is also changing. 

Also, another thing worth mentioning would be the rise of skill-development programmes and the promotion of distance education. These programmes are much more beneficial for girls who had to let go of education opportunities. These programmes are also beneficial for financially weak women, or women who were married off early and abandoned by families. These programmes bring these marginalised women back within the fold of education, thereby reopening opportunities for self-reliance and independence.

The National Committee of Women’s Education had suggested several important pointers that were aimed to benefit women and, as an extension, for society in the long run. We must educate every individual to understand the benefits that the society at large stands to benefit from if women are also provided with equal opportunities and self-independence. Although India has a long way to go to see this dream come to fruition, the country is for sure on the right path now.

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The advantages of studying Spanish

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An easy Guide to TEFL for beginners in 2022

Introduction

Learning Spanish is a tremendous asset for any professional. Knowing the language opens up an entire world of opportunities to explore. Whether you are looking for a job in Spain, Latin America, or in some other regions where Spanish is spoken, having a solid knowledge of the language will help you stand out from the competition. If you are serious about learning Spanish, what better way to do it than by studying it in a Spanish city? One of the best cities for this purpose is Seville, Spain. In this blog post, we’ll explore some of the advantages of studying Spanish in Seville and why it may be perfect for you if you’re trying to learn the language.

Why study Spanish in Seville?

Seville is the capital of Andalusia and one of the largest cities in Spain. It is also one of the most popular tourist destinations in the country. Seville is a beautiful city with a rich history and culture. The city is home to many famous landmarks, including the Alcázar palace, the Cathedral of Seville, and the Plaza de España.

Studying Spanish in Seville will allow you to immerse yourself in the language and culture. You will be able to practice your Spanish skills with native speakers on a daily basis. Seville is also an excellent place to learn about Spanish history and culture. There are many museums and historical sites in the city that you can visit.

What are the advantages of studying Spanish in a Spanish city?

There are many advantages to studying Spanish in a Spanish city, more specifically Spanish Courses in Seville. Perhaps the most obvious advantage is that students can immerse themselves in the language and culture. This immersion will help them to learn the language more quickly and effectively than if they were to study in their home country. Additionally, being in a Spanish city will give students access to a wealth of resources for learning the language, such as native speakers, authentic materials, and culturally-relevant experiences. Finally, studying in Seville specifically provides students with the opportunity to experience the Andalusian culture firsthand. From the food and wine to the Flamenco dancing and architecture, there is much to explore in this vibrant city.

How to find the right Spanish course in Seville?

If you’re looking to study Spanish in a Spanish city, Seville is a great option. But how do you find the right Spanish course for your needs? Here are some tips:

1. Decide what level of Spanish you need. If you’re a beginner, look for courses that offer basic conversational Spanish. If you’re more advanced, look for courses that focus on grammar, vocabulary, and writing.

2. Consider your schedule. Are you looking for a full-time or part-time course? Do you want to study during the day or in the evening?

3. Look for a course that fits your learning style. Some people learn best in a classroom setting, while others prefer one-on-one tutoring or an online course.

4. Make sure the school is accredited and has experienced teachers. You want to make sure you’re getting quality instruction from qualified teachers.

5. Read reviews of different courses before making your decision. Talk to friends or family who has studied Spanish in Seville, and see what they recommend.

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How Teaching Certifications Vary by State

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certifications for ESL teachers

The requirements for teacher certification vary by state, and the differences can affect both new teachers and those who are re-certifying. It can also impact teachers who move to a new state if they want to continue teaching. Here’s what you need to know about teacher certifications across the states.

Certification Requirements for Elementary School Teachers Vary Widely by State

While the traditional route to teaching requires a teaching degree, passing certain tests, and even student teaching for a set number of semesters, this is not a hard and fast rule anymore. Because of teacher shortages, and people switching careers after already having a degree in a different field, many states have chosen to make accommodations for individuals who want to teach.

These states may only require a year of training and a couple of courses for these individuals to become teachers. Basically, some states are offering alternative routes to teacher certification including internships and prior experience as evidence of their ability to teach.

Length of Certification

Each state has its own rules about how long a teacher’s license lasts. Most state teacher licenses are good for 3-5 years in the state in which they are issued. However, an Arizona teaching certification lasts 12 years when you qualify and renew. This goes to show one of the many ways that teaching certifications vary by state. You must renew it by taking more classes or taking a test, depending on your state requirements. Some states allow teachers to attend conferences as part of the licensing renewal process.

Critical Components of Teacher Certification

The first thing to understand is that teacher certification requirements vary by state. The reason for this is that certification requirements are based on the minimum standards established by each state’s department of education. These standards can be found in your state’s education code, or you can look them up directly on your state’s website.

Certification requirements are usually determined at the state level, and sometimes those requirements are the same as another state, and sometimes they are not. For example, if you’re applying for a teaching job in Massachusetts, you’ll need to complete certain exams in addition to your bachelor’s degree. However, in states like Iowa, you don’t need to take a Praxis exam to prove your subject competency.

Education for Teachers

To teach in the United States, you must have at least a bachelor’s degree and have completed a teacher preparation program. This includes a student teaching component, which is typically comprised of multiple phases that culminate with a final practicum. Another seasoned teacher observes you in the classroom while you teach and grades you on your effectiveness and offers feedback throughout the process. In addition to education courses, many schools offer courses on child psychology and classroom management strategies as well as methods for teaching reading comprehension. Some states will require a Master’s degree or even a Ph.D. in teaching as well if teachers want to advance or earn a higher salary.

Continuing Education for Teachers

Teachers need to keep up with the latest developments in their field. Some states require teachers to take courses, others require teachers to attend conferences or workshops, while some may require a combination of all three. Teachers may also be required to earn continuing education credits in order to renew their certification. In these cases, you can expect that your state will specify how many hours of credit you need and what kinds of activities will count towards your total. It’s important to stay on top of these requirements if you want to renew or maintain your teaching licensure.

Student Teaching Requirement

The student teaching requirement is the most important part of teacher certification. The student teaching requirement gives you a chance to put into practice what you’ve learned in the classroom and also gives you an opportunity to learn from an experienced teacher. Most states have some level of student teaching required to qualify to teach solo in a classroom. Although the required length of time to student teach will vary. The feedback you receive from the observing teacher will be invaluable for you moving forward in your teaching career.

Licensure Examinations

Many states require teachers to take an additional licensing exam in order to receive a teaching license. These exams may be given by the state department of education or other designated agencies and typically include questions about the content taught in your program, state laws and regulations, and classroom management techniques. But because of the differences between states, some do not require this as long as you have completed an approved educational program.

Qualifications for Substitute Teachers

This may come as a surprise, but most states don’t require substitute teachers to have a teaching certificate or teaching credentials. This means that people with a bachelor’s degree—and in some cases, only an associate degree—can teach in classrooms as substitute teachers.

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Some yubo 18m us uvaldepost | Best guide

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Some yubo 18m us uvaldepost

Some yubo 18m us uvaldepost: It has been reported that a man, known as some yubo 18m us uvaldepost, is threatening to shoot up his classmates’ school and also to kill a girl. He is also reportedly posting photos of dead cats. The students are alleging that he threatened to shoot up the school, kidnap them, break down their doors and even murder a girl.

Users say Ramos threatened to rape and murder a girl

In the days leading up to Tuesday’s massacre, a man named Salvador Ramos made several threats on social media. He threatened to rape and murder girls. This has resulted in dozens of reports being filed against him.

Ramos, 25, made his first public comments about the Uvalde shooting on the social media app Yubo. Before the attack, he referred to himself as a “school shooter” on the platform.

Before Tuesday’s massacre, Ramos had also been stalking a 17-year-old girl on the platform. In the days before the shooting, he had texted her to “jump off a bridge” and to “worship” her. He sent her a death threat, and he allegedly tracked down her personal information.

Several teenagers reported Ramos’ account to Yubo. One reported him in April, a month before the shooting. A second user, an 18-year-old from Canada, said he threatened to shoot up her school.

He posted photos of dead cats

This past May, Yubo launched an age verification feature that required users to be at least thirteen years old. The app also announced a slew of updates that include a new chat feature and a revamped mobile interface. Users can now create video live streams with up to ten friends.

One of the more notable features of the app is that it uses artificial intelligence to help moderate comments and respond to reports of harassment. However, some users say that the company hasn’t been responsive to their complaints. In addition, the company hasn’t yet weighed in on whether or not they will ban users who violate its terms of service.

Aside from the usual suspects, there have been a few high-profile cases of youth violence towards animals, including an Indiana teen who hunted three kittens with a bow and arrow in his backyard.

He threatened to shoot up their school

Yubo, a social media app for teenagers, is used by millions of young people worldwide. It’s free and ranked No. 25 on Apple’s free social networking app charts. However, the site has faced criticism for failing to combat sexual exploitation and racism.

According to CNN, Salvador Ramos, the Uvalde gunman, had been active on the platform before the shooting. He used it to talk with users, send photos of guns, and engage in livestreams. In February, he mentioned in a chat that he was a school shooter.

Some yubo 18m us uvaldepost

However, until his deadly attack, his Yubo account was not taken seriously by users. Even after the shooting, he maintained a presence on the platform. And he kept making disturbing comments in his livestreams.

A 15-year-old girl in Germany met Ramos on the social networking site. She says she had some troubling interactions with him. One of the things she remembers was his odd comment about his grandmother.

He threatened to break down her door

During the coronavirus pandemic last year, Yubo usage exploded. It’s a social video live streaming app that focuses on live broadcasts and has over 60 million users worldwide. However, it’s also been accused of failing to protect its users from online harassment and sexual exploitation.

The company’s community guidelines forbid content that promotes violence, bullying or intimidation. To combat these issues, Yubo uses artificial intelligence and human moderators. And to prevent abuse, it has an age verification feature that requires users to be 13 years old.

But while the company has taken many steps to improve user safety, it’s been accused of failing to do enough. For example, it has declined to disclose any specifics about the account of Ramos, a Texas man who shot up an elementary school in Uvalde.

He threatened to kidnap them

Yubo is an international social media app used by millions of young people. It uses artificial intelligence and human moderators to monitor livestreams. The company is also taking steps to verify the authenticity of user accounts.

Last week, Yubo reported it was investigating reports of a threat on its platform made by an 18-year-old man. His Yubo account was reported by several teenage users, who warned him that his messages were threatening. He was allowed to continue using the site after a temporary ban. However, some local law enforcement officials have warned about potential abuse.

The incident was the latest in a series of interactions that have surfaced on the social network. A 16-year-old girl from California said she reported Ramos’ account after he threatened to rape and murder her. Another teenager from Canada, who asked to keep her last name anonymous, said she reported him after he threatened to shoot up a school.

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How to add multiple classes to a ReactJS Component?

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ReactJS Component

Normally big projects need it to be dynamic or having different reusable CSS classes which can be applied to multiple DOM elements, also there are some common CSS in two classes which can be separated as one common class and then apply multiple class to element where one is common CSS and one is element specific class. Here the need for multiple classes to a single element raises. Also, you can check about implementing material UI in React which is one of the demanding topic in React. 

While working with HTML and CSS we encounter some situations where we need to apply more than one class to an element, i.e., applying one class for media queries and one class for color, size and position to a div tag. Moreover, you can hire React developers from BOSC Tech Labs to help you in applying these things and in building complex React based application efficiently and correctly.

For above situation, we just write both the classes space separated to HTML element:

@media (max-width: 767px) { .hidden-mobile { display: none; } } .theme-format {             color: ‘blue’;             font-size: 16px; }   <div class=”hidden-mobile theme-format”>SOME WEB CONTENT</div>

Now, as we already know that React application is having Class component and Functional component. So the keyword Class is already there for class component in React, due to this we need to use className to tell React that the className is different from class and className needs to be rendered inside an HTML tag as CSS class.

Now to apply multiple classes we can just use space similar to HTML, i.e.,

function App() {  return <div className=”class1 class2″>Normal Multiple Classes</div> }   export default App

Ways to apply multiple classes to React DOM element

Static Classes:

As we have already seen above that is what static classes looks like, there are few more ways to apply static classes like:

Static class with variable and then concatenation:

const varClass = “class1” <div className={varClass + ” ” + “class2”}>Normal Multiple Classes</div>             // Or <div className={“class2 “.concat(varClass)}>Normal Multiple Classes</div>

Similarly, we can apply classes combined as array and then join it with space:

const arrClass = [“class1”, “class2”, “class3”] <div className={arrClass.join(“ “)}>Multiple Classes in array</div>

Dynamic Classes:

Above classes are directly or indirectly static classes, but there are few ways to add this classes dynamically. It can be with some condition or from parent component or even from response from API.

Conditional classes are a widely used method as it gives applications a different level of dynamicity from a front-end UI/UX perspective.

const [isWarning] = useState(true) return ( <>  <div className={`box ${isWarning === true ?  “warning” : “success”}`}> This is a message </div> </> )  

Here the CSS can be:

.warning {             color: ‘red’, } .success {             color: ‘green’, }  

Classes as props from parent component:

const Child = props => { return <div className={`${props.status}`}>This is an error message</div> }   function App() { return <Child statusClass=”error” /> }   export default App

Here the Child will get error as class given to that div element.

Using classNames Library:

All the methods above directly or indirectly forces us to use space separated classes, but the classNames library of React offers comma separated class applying method.

Firstly install the library to your project by npm or yarn:

npm install classnames             //Or yarn add classnames

Now we can use it with all the above Static and dynamic methods but here the comma separation is needed instead of the space separation we used in above examples i.e.,

import classNames from “classnames” import { useState } from “react”   function App() { const [isWarning] = useState(true) return ( <div className={classNames(“box”, { warning: isWarning })}> This is a warning message </div> ) }   export default App

Here we applied two classes comma separated, where one is Static, and the other one is conditional on one variable.

Conclusion

Examples above shows that similar to normal HTML space separated multiple classes, we can apply multiple classes to React DOM element the same way with some additional possibilities like classes in array, variable or even from another component’s props. There is one library which allows adding classes, just separating it with comma as well.

By all the above ways there are endless possibilities of giving multiple classes statically or dynamically according to need and solving the needs of big projects.

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What Are The Different Ways To Brew Coffee

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Brewing coffee comes in a wide variety of ways. All over the world, there are different traditions involving coffee which had its roots centuries, if not decades, ago. This caused some traditions to customize the way they make coffee, where some are totally unusual and could only be unique to their country due to the materials or environment needed to attain that specific brew. The difference in brewing techniques also led coffee to become differentiated not just through the coffee beans, but through the methods involved when creating that specific brew of coffee.

Read about Ethiopian Coffee.

Before we discuss what are the different popular techniques for brewing coffee beans, you should first learn why it’s very important to know why there are different ways to do it. After all, just mixing coffee in a coffee maker with the right coffee beans is already enough to achieve the brew that you desire. The answer to this is very simple: the difference in the brewing techniques can also sharpen the flavor of strengthen the coffee’s caffeine even further, which is what most coffee lovers would like to experience. True coffee lovers are known to have a tongue that can easily define differences in the different flavors involving coffee beans and brews. To get the best brewed coffee you don’t just need to use a good method but also start with the best coffee beans you can find. You can find great gourmet coffee beans online from a boutique coffee beans seller.

Read about Gourmet coffee here.

So, without further ado, here are the most popular brewing techniques that are worth trying out at home, or in some country where it’s unique and yields the best flavor:

Espresso

You got that right! Espresso coffee is not actually a type of coffee bean that’s “strong and very bitter”. It’s actually a technique where nearly boiling water is pressurized into the finely ground coffee beans in order to create that strong drink. This drink is often taken as as a shot due to the concentrated amount of caffeine present in each drop of this thick concoction of coffee.

Read more about Espresso coffee.

Espresso is often mistaken as an expensive type of coffee drink, probably because of how classy its name sounds. However, the price for the espresso coffee actually varies from expensive to extremely cheap, depending on the type of product being sold. There are two known types of machines that can create the espresso coffee brew: the first one is the typical coffee maker, while the other one is a traditional espresso machine that can only be operated by pumping it with your own hands.

Read about Strictly High Grown Coffee beans here.

AeroPress

The AeroPress may sound all too technical, looking like it came out of a science project, but is actually one of the easiest ways to make coffee nowadays. This is a modern method where the AeroPress device is just made of three items: the AeroPress machine itself, the stir stick of the machine, and a filter for the coffee beans.

Read more about Colombian coffee beans.

This method usually requires you to just pour in the hot water and the coffee beans into the container, and let it process coffee under the empty container of the AeroPress cylinder. The brewing time for this method only takes a minute or two, and can yield a wide variety of brews (which even included an espresso like result).

Read about the Ethiopian coffee growing regions here.

French Press

The French Press is a classic brewing method that’s more focused on steeping the coffee rather than brewing it. The coffee beans used in this method must be very fine, as they will get immersed in very hot water. If the coffee beans are more ground when steeped, more flavors will be released into the hot water and will blend well, resulting in a very tasty and aromatic blend.

Read about South American Coffee.

This is probaby the simplest method that you can do in order to brew coffee because you will just have to steep it like tea. And just like tea, make sure that you’re not steeping the coffee beans for a very long time because it will taste too dark and bitter already, and will just ruin everything. That’s why you should check the coffee you’re steeping with this method every now and then until you reach your desired level of flavor.

Read about Arabica vs Robusta coffee.

The Moka Pot Brew

This method involves using a special type of coffee brewer called the moka pot. The moka pot is used with pressure just like espresso in order to create a flavorful cup of coffee. This pot also has 3 chambers, which also create the three steps needed to achieve this method.

First of all, the water is poured at the bottom chamber of the moka pot. The ground coffee beans are then placed in a filter this time, the pot is then placed at a stovetop to heat up. Once the water at the bottom chamber starts to boil, the steam generated on the pot will push the water upwards towards the coffee that’s placed on the filter. Once that occurs, it will push further to the very top chamber where the final product can be extracted, ready for you to drink up. The moka pot may not be as strong as the espresso, but coffee lovers will surely indulge on the richness of the flavor that the moka pot can make.

These are just some of the popular methods that are worth trying if you want to learn what are the different techniques to brew coffee. What’s interesting about this is that it yields different levels of acidity, aroma, bitterness and even the strength that will keep you going throughout the day. That’s why all of these are worth trying for!

Read about Coffee producing countries.

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