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What you should know about the South Korean Housing Law

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On July 30, 2020, at the plenary session of the National Assembly of Korea, the “Third Tenancy Law” (the amendment to the Housing Tenancy Protection Act) promoted by the government was passed. This amendment aims to promote the establishment of a balanced relationship of rights between landlords and tenants and stabilize the rental market for houses in South Korea. According to this, important changes have taken place in South Korea’s rental laws, the core of which is the changes to the terms and conditions of the renewal of the rental contract when the rental contract expires, including “2+2 year contract renewal” and “rent up to 5%. rise”. Today, Ziptoss will explain to you the impact and effect of this amendment on tenants.

1. The term of the renewed rental contract has changed from “+2 years” to “+4 years”

In the previous article, Ziptoss has introduced the default update (묵시적갱신) of the Korean rental contract to everyone. In the period from 6 months to 1 month before the end of the contract period, if neither the landlord nor the tenant tells you to refuse, renew, or change the terms of the contract, then the lease contract will be charged with the same rent and security deposit. Once the contract is renewed, the new lease period will become valid for 2 years.

In the past two years before expiring, if the landlord asked not to renew, then rent the user must check out. However, after the revision, the tenant update a claim (갱신 요구권 or renewal rights)are strengthened, there is a second chance to use. In other words, after the housing contract is automatically renewed for 2 years, the tenant can request another renewal. If it is not that the unused house is not rented out, nor is the landlord or his immediate family living in it, the landlord cannot refuse the tenant’s request for renewal, which makes the contract renewal period extendable from 2 years to 4 years.

However, when the 4-year contract is about to expire, the landlord can refuse to renew the contract. If the landlord falsely claims to be idle to change the house or live by himself or an immediate family member but has formed another tenant, the original tenant can claim damages from the landlord.

*This amendment is effective from July 30, 2020. If the homeowner has notified the tenant not to renew the contract beforehand, and more than 6 months before the end of the contract, then the tenant cannot use the update of this amendment to claim his/her right.

2. Rent increase up to 5%(5% 상한)

Aside from the need for default updates, many contracts are required to be changed and signed(most of the changes are rent increases). That is, regardless of the monthly rent or full rent, as long as the landlord and the tenant reach a negotiation, the landlord can increase the rentals and house prices in Korea. However, after this amendment, the rent increase cannot exceed 5% for the renewed contract.

This 5% is only the standard maximum increase. The South Korean government is planning to negotiate with each city to determine the maximum increase according to the economic level of each region. This revision is very important to foreigners living in Korea. You can consult Ziptoss to know more about it. In addition to the contract renewal, there are also many cases of checking out halfway, so we will review the two things that you need to pay attention to when you’re checking out.

Checking out halfway

Before the contract expires, the tenant should cancel the rental contract in advance, which is a breach of contract by the tenant. When the tenant tells the landlord that they want to check out halfway, the tenant needs to bear the corresponding responsibilities, including these 3 points:

① Find the next tenant by yourself. Existing tenants need to continue to pay the monthly rent until a new tenant is found. If the new tenant moves in, the landlord can continue to collect rent, and the landlord will agree to terminate the contract and return the security deposit.

② Bear the intermediary fee. For normal leases, the landlord has to bear the processing fee for finding a tenant. However, in the case of a halfway check-out, the current tenant needs to actively bear this part of the handling fee to fight for the landlord to get the contract cancellation.

③ Good and active negotiation. If the tenant is checking out early, this is a breach of contract, and it is also the party who “justified the loss”. Therefore, it is necessary to negotiate with the landlord, show a good and positive attitude, and appropriately provide compensation or other concessions to facilitate the termination of the contract.

Check out after expiry

The contract expires, can you leave immediately? It’s not quite possible. In the 6 months to a month before the end of your rental contract, the tenant needs to inform the landlord that his/her contract will no longer be renewed, otherwise the contract will be updated by default without mutual notice between the two parties.

Ziptoss recommends informing landlords that you will no longer continue to rent at least one month in advance. When giving notice, it is also better to use text messages, emails, or written forms to leave evidence and to avoid the landlord’s refusal to stop the contract.

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Federal Laws That Protect Employees

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There was a time when employees were dependent on employers for job-related security and advantages, but now no more. With the increasing momentum of employee rights in the 20th century, a list of labour protection laws was passed that millions of Americans rely on today. 

Nowadays, the U.S. Department of Labor enforces around 180 worker protection laws, covering a wide array of benefits protecting their rights from all spectrums. Further, with labour lawyers and protections supervised by agencies like the U.S. Equal Employment Opportunity Commission, no labour is left feeling helpless. 

Here are some key federal protections furnished for employees. Have a look. 

The Minimum Wage

To ensure that American workers receive a minimum wage for their work, the FLSA (Fair Labor Standards Act) was passed. And ever since then, most private and public employers have had to pay staff members a minimum wage. The FLSA also guarantees nonexempt workers’ rights to collect time-and-a-half for any overtime they perform.

Workplace Security

The Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA) is primarily responsible for enforcing the law, although state agencies might play a role in implementing certain provisions.

The enactment has expressed specific safety provisions, including industry-specific guidelines for construction, maritime, and other jobs. The Occupational Safety and Health Act of 1970 also includes a “General Duty Clause” that forbids any workplace exercise signifying a clear risk to workers. 

Health Coverage

Initially, the Affordable Care Act promised to make health insurance a right for workers at most medium- and large-size businesses. Where the employer will have a share in the responsibility, and if they fail, they would be liable for penalty. Further, an employee needs to work at least 30 hours a week on average to qualify as a “full-time” employee, subsequently the insurance. 

Social Security

The Social Security Act renders secluded and disabled Americans with a financial security net. Around 55.6 million people have received Social Security checks each month as of July 2021. These benefits are funded by a payroll tax, which may appear as “OASDI” on your pay stub. Here both employee and the employer are liable to contribute a predetermined rate on the staff member’s earnings. 

Unemployment Benefits

Although each state has its unemployment insurance agency, jobless benefits are proposed through a joint federal-state program for provisional security. People must have been inactive for reasons outside their control to qualify for payments, such as a layoff or firing and meeting state-specific provisions. However, the payments aren’t that generous compared to the ones served in European countries. It ensures that Americans have at least a few months of security when they temporarily leave the workforce.

Discrimination at Workplace

For the labour lawyer who serves an employer, one of the most common tasks they render is to assist employers in remaining compliant with various regulations. The act compels employers to comply with federal and state anti-discrimination laws to not segregate them based on race, sex, age, colour, national origin, religion, or disability.

Conclusion

Today, numerous legal protections intended to accommodate a minimum income level and protect them from risk at the workplace, with other safeguards have been formulated for American employees. Besides, they even have the right to reach out to a labour lawyer if their employer fails to abide by or go against the set rules. 

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Difference Between Criminal And Civil Cases

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In the legal system, an individual can be taken to court in a criminal or civil case. Though most populations tend to categorize both cases as a single genre, in reality, they differ a lot from one another. 

Before jumping into the difference and know-how, criminal attorneys in Charleston can help. Let’s look at the general definition of both types of cases. 

Civil Cases

In civil cases, an individual or an organization seeks settlement from a judge for a civil problem, such as

  • a family problem, such as divorce or custody of the child,
  • a problem concerning an inheritance, or
  • a problem involving a contract.

It even involves cases of individuals seeking compensation for damage suffered because of someone else’s fault. This type of case is termed a civil responsibility case. For instance, if some sue a poor electrician for shoddy work that caused the breakdown of a new appliance in the kitchen, the judge can’t ask the electrician to compensate for the appliance damage. 

Civil cases deal with a wide spectrum of issues, and many different rules connect to them. 

Criminal Cases

The reason criminal cases proceed to court is invariably the same. That is, a person is driven to court because they are accused of committing a crime. The judge, and sometimes a jury, must analyze the proof proffered during a hearing to determine whether the accused is guilty or innocent.

Most crimes and their penalties are specified in the Criminal Code of the USA. Some offences involve other characters, including

  • assault,
  • sexual assault,
  • identity theft, and
  • murder.

Other crimes have to do with objects, such as making fake money (counterfeit) and drug possession.

Civil Cases VS Criminal Cases

The primary difference between a criminal case and a civil one is that a criminal case includes a crime against the state. In contrast, a civil case is primarily a dispute between individual parties. 

Here are a few significant differences between a criminal and a civil case. Take a look!

  • Weight of proof: The load of evidence the accuser must meet in a criminal case is much more dominant than the one the plaintiff needs to meet in a civil case. 

In a criminal case, the state must demonstrate beyond a rational doubt that the defendant has committed the crime of which they are being accused. On the other hand, a civil plaintiff merely needs to show that it is more probable than not that the allegations behind the claim are correct. This is called the “preponderance of evidence” standard.

  • Differences in procedure: A large variety of criminal trials are jury trials. Rather, that is one of your foundational legal rights. On the other hand, although many civil trials include a jury, only a few of them are heard and resolved singularly by a judge. Moreover, where every criminal defendant is termed a criminal attorney in Charleston, regardless of the defendant’s ability to pay, nothing such exists in civil cases. 

Conclusion

You can trust criminal attorneys in Charleston to pursue your case with vigour and skill, whether you’re seeking a civil claim or you’ve been accused of a crime. The extensive track record of success of criminal attorneys in Charleston can help you get out of your situation with quality work. 

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When Can Sex Crime Attorneys Help?

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Sexual harassment is quite common in the world, and anyone can be a victim of it. However, women mostly turn into victims of sexual harassment, and they can hire sex crime attornies for justice. If you have recently gone through any unfortunate event of sexual harassment, the  Maryland sex crime lawyer can help you deal with the case and provide you with justice, and They can also help you get rid of a charge if you have been wrongly accused. 

Here are the details about the situations when a sex crime lawyer can help you. When you choose one, make sure that the person is easily accessible, and his charges are affordable. For now, have a look at the situations:

1. Damage to reputation

You can be subject to reputational damage if you are accused of a case of rape, assault, or any other claims. In these cases, your reputation might completely drain, and you might not get rid of the social trauma for your life.

You can choose an experienced Maryland sex crime lawyer as it might lead you to get rid of the legal trap. As you get rid of the legal trap, you can expect your back mark to blur off.

2. Statutory Sex Crimes

In the case of statutory sex crimes, you can hire sex crime attorneys. If you are a victim, you can hire a lawyer and tell him your case and ask for justice. Similarly, if you are in a situation where you are criminalized, you can hire a lawyer in case of your defense. 

An experienced lawyer working in the sex crime field can get into the deep of a case and take the road to a valid conclusion. In case if you are a minor, things can get a bit tricky, but there are exceptions like ‘Romeo and Juliet’, which can simplify the case. The lawyer can search for such exceptions and ensure that the case is facilitated. 

3. Saving from strict penalties

There are strict penalties in all sex crime cases, and the punishment tenour can dramatically increase if the accused fails to give it. In such a scenario, an attorney can always stand in the defense.

Moreover, if you are a minor, your attorney can reduce your sentence and fine in various ways. As a fact, you might face a sex crime punishment for groping; however, your lawyer can reduce your fine and punishment if you are proved to be a casual offender who has no past criminal records. 

Final Words

Apart from the three significant situations mentioned above, there are various other instances when a sex crime attorney can save you. You only need to take the bold decision to hire them at the right time. If necessary, you may hire a Maryland sex crime lawyer, but you should check if the law firm is genuine. Moreover, you must see that the charges are affordable. The choice of a good law firm can result in you linking up with the best possible lawyer in your area. 

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Medical Malpractice: A Common mistake?

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We highly trust our doctors and other medical professionals. But we forget, doctors make mistakes too, and unfortunately, their mistakes can be life-threatening. Surprisingly, medical malpractices are common, and they frequently repeat themselves. Reaching out to a medical malpractice lawyer can help the victim or their family of a medical error receive compensation for damages related to the mistake. However, to file a lawsuit, one needs to prove that injuries result from medical malpractice. Keep reading to know about some of the most common medical errors that might lead to medical malpractice lawsuits.

Misdiagnosis or Late Diagnosis

Sometimes it can be challenging to detect what is provoking your sickness or pain, and this mere lack of attentiveness or problems can traverse to a misdiagnosis. And if any such mistake happens, you might end up with no medication or medication that will not improve your state and might even harm you. A late diagnosis can also hurt your health and wellbeing in some cases.

Medication Flaws

Approximately 1.5 million people annually in the United States are affected by medication-related flaws. These mistakes can be the outcome of a doctor’s misunderstanding or an oversight done by the pharmacy, and it may also be related to a misdiagnosis situation.

Anesthesia Indiscretions

We all have heard about those terror stories of a patient being conscious throughout their surgery but being unable to communicate with the doctor. These circumstances result from low anesthesia indiscretion, and these events can lead to a medical malpractice lawsuit. On the other side, infusion of excessive anesthesia can also result in long-term severe impairment and even death.

Operation Errors

Experienced medical malpractice lawyers say that surgery errors are one of the most common reasons for medical lawsuits, and it is because of the sensitive nature of the method. Drastic situations can also happen, like dropping tools or implements inside an inpatient or operating on the opposite part of the body. Surgery mistakes contribute to approximately one-third of all medical malpractice allegations registered every year. 

Injuries While Giving Birth

The birth of a child is a fascinating event but, at the same time, a complex one too. Hence the doctors need to be cautious not to hurt the child during the birthing process. One can expect birth difficulties, and a competent practitioner should discuss them before childbirth. Incompetent predicting complications that an otherwise qualified practitioner should have addressed can lead to a medical malpractice lawsuit. 

Inapplicable methods or tools can also cause lasting injury to the child, leading to medical malpractice lawsuits. 

Ill-advised Fetal Care

Routine care is necessary while the baby is growing for a healthy mother and infant. Impulsive prenatal care can generate long-term impediments for both the mother and baby. And this could also end up with the baby’s death. Such ill-advised actions also lead to medical malpractice lawsuits.

Conclusion

If you believe you or any of your loved ones have experienced a medical error, whether it has made it to this list or not, you possess the right to take legal actions. Call an experienced medical malpractice lawyer today, and let them work for you to ensure you get the justice you merit in all ways of medical malpractice.

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Most common personal injury claims

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If a person faces an injury due to another’s wrongful conduct, the law allows them to claim for compensation for which they have to file a claim. For filing these claims, a person has to hire a personal injury lawyer in Grand Junction. Any type of injury caused due to somebody else’s negligence can be covered under personal injury law, statistics show that some of them are more common than others, let’s have a look.

  • Vehicle accidents: In the US, it is one of the most common causes of personal injury. If you get in an accident and feel that you are not to be blamed but the other person is at fault, you can file in court and get compensation for all the damages once you are able to prove that you were not at fault. In these cases, the insurance companies can also be asked for compensation.
  • Pet bites: If you are bitten by any pet animal, many states in the US allow you to get compensation which has to be paid by the owner of the pet. Dog bites are in fact a very common cause of personal injury claims.
  • Slip and fall: As the name suggests, this involves the injury caused due to a fall suffered by the victim. An example would be, slip and fall in a grocery store due to the wet floor, then you might sue the owner for compensation. In order to win these cases, you need to hire an expert lawyer as in these cases it can be tricky to prove responsibility.
  • Medical malpractice: These will be the injuries that are a result of the negligence of a medical professional. If a person is getting treatment from a medical professional, and if the treatment falls below the standard care acceptable in medicine and ends up injuring the patient, the patient can sue the doctor for compensation.
  • Assault: Assault is one of the most common reasons for physical injury claims. The law provides the definition for assault, and that does not just involve physical injury but also covers trauma caused to a person and even threat of violence.

Workplace accidents: If a person is injured in some job-related activity they can claim for compensation and if they hire an expert attorney, they can win the claim with their help.

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