Since we are talking about South American coffee beans, they come in a wide variety. We are going to divide the South American coffee beans not by the type of coffee, but by country. The reason why I am doing this is that there are several countries in South America that are well-known for a single type of coffee bean variant, such as Arabica coffee. This, the list below is a more organized way to let you know why South American Coffee Beans are very popular across the entire world.
Read about countries that produce coffee.
Coffee Beans In Brazil
First and foremost, Brazil is the leading country in the world when it comes to coffee production. In terms of the farm size, dollars involved in its production, and the amount of coffee supply that it can provide to the rest of the world, Brazil has it! It’s a well-known fact that a lot of top coffee manufacturers rely on the supply that Brazil can provide.
It is a well-known fact that almost a third of the coffee supply provided by the whole coffee industry came from Brazil only. In fact, Brazil has the Institute of Coffee and the International Coffee Organization, which are the ones who regulate the coffee trade in a way where quantity is more observed. It proves that Brazil is protecting its reputation as the biggest provider of coffee in the entire world.
However, it’s also a well-known fact that Brazil is not as famous as Colombia when it comes to the production of coffee in terms of the quality it can provide. Brazil focuses mainly on coffee that can be provided by manufacturers for mass production, which means the cheapest type of coffee beans come from Brazil. But take note that Brazil still has fine quality coffee beans. It’s just that its neighboring countries in South American can yield renowned coffee bean variants.
Their secret is their harvesting method, which is fast and costs less when it comes to labor. This method involves strip-picking the coffee tree itself for one or two passes. This yields a lot of coffee beans, but at the cost of harvesting unripe coffee cherries, which results in an imbalanced flavor that’s more bitter. This is comparable to the methods of its neighboring countries, as their careful methods ensure that their coffee beans are properly picked to provide a more distinctive flavor that made its quality world-class, rather than its quantity.
But nowadays, Brazil now observes quality more than ever, ensuring that the coffee supply provided will have a better flavor than before. After all, the quality, if distributed on an international scale, will also affect products sold locally in other countries. Thus, their newfound method has helped a lot of coffee manufacturers improve their products. Also, Brazil now practices dry processing due to its dry and wet weather seasons. What’s great about their modern method is the fact that they even discovered several varieties, with names such as Mundo Novo, Typica, Yellow Bourbon, and Caturra.
Read more about Ethiopian coffee.
Coffee Beans In Peru
Peru is also a known coffee producer in the whole of Southern America but is not as popular as Brazil and Colombia. But since it won an award in the 2017 Cup of Excellence, Peru is starting to catch up to these two coffee powerhouses. Their newfound methods in cultivating coffee allowed them to turn the Andes Mountains into a field fit for growing the finest coffee beans. They are known for their Typica and Caturra coffee beans, which are known to have a better quality than Brazil’s variety. It is said that their quality coffee beans are good for the health and for coffee lovers because of their fine balance of sweetness and acidity.
Coffee Beans In Colombia
Colombian coffee beans have a broader topic to discuss because it is one of the providers of the best gourmet coffee beans in the entire world. Their main variant of coffee beans, which is also their common type of coffee, is the world-renowned Arabica coffee beans. The Arabica coffee beans are the pride of the country, and Colombia also has high economic regard for coffee. In fact, it has helped out in 7% of the country’s GDP.
This caused the coffee industry in the country to prosper even further, to the point where small farmers are making a decent income out of it, while the farms are continuously expanding over time. Colombia’s farms are ideal for the conditions needed to be met by the coffee plant to grow well. Since the mountains of Colombia are known to have a lot of rain, plus the mountains do not produce frost, farms meant for growing coffee will surely flourish, with a consistent supply of the finest Arabica coffee beans. Also, they specifically choose the finest harvests so than the quality will remain consistent and how Arabica coffee is known around the world.
That’s why when it comes to coffee, South America is one of the things that most know about if they already tried the different types of coffee beans. Now that you know well which to go if coffee is what you want, then start those travel plans, or look for any coffee bean that grew in one of these countries for you to try out the finest coffee ever produced.