What is orthodontics and how It Can be Treated?

Most people are confused between the term Orthodontists and dentistry. In simple words, orthodontia is an area of dentistry that diagnoses and treats dental and facial irregularities. They are required to study two to three additional years in the area of orthodontics. During this time, they learn how to safely move teeth into proper alignment for the jaw’s healthy growth. The other term most commonly used is the “Interceptive Orthodontic Treatment” that correction of malocclusion by early intervention to improve future outcome. Simple fixed or removable appliances usually achieve this. This type of treatment occurs in phases, the first phase typically begins around age eight or nine, and the second phase will begin around age 11 or older. Early treatment aims to correct the jaw’s growth and make room for permanent teeth to come in correctly and reduce the chances of extractions in the future.

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Also, sometimes it becomes difficult to know that you need Interceptive Orthodontics Treatment or not, if you are suffering from any below-mentioned problems, then you may require orthodontics:

  • Overbite – When the upper teeth appear to stick out over the lower teeth.
  • Underbite – In this case, lower teeth may seem too far forward, while the upper teeth are set too far back.
  • Crossbite – When your upper teeth fit behind your lower teeth when your mouth is closed.
  • Open bite – There is a vertical gap between the front lower and upper teeth when biting down.
  • Misplaced midline — This happens when the center of your upper and lower front teeth doesn’t line up.
  • Spacing — When the teeth don’t seem to fill up your mouth, and also there are random gaps between your teeth.

Types of Orthodontic Problems

Orthodontic misalignments can indicate several different conditions. Inherited malocclusions include jaw growth problems, congenitally missing teeth, extra teeth, crowded or protruded teeth, and spacing problems. The other issues are premature loss of baby teeth, retention of baby teeth, thumb- or finger-sucking, accidents and certain types of dental disease can also result in a need for orthodontic treatment.

Importance of Orthodontic Treatments

Importance of Orthodontic Treatments is not just limited to cosmetics and improving self-confidence; other complications are involved, such as difficulty in chewing and speaking. If untreated, it can put excess stress on your gum tissue and surrounding bone. It can lead to the crooked or overlapping tooth that can put you at risk for tooth decay and gum disease.


When you are investing time and resources into orthodontic treatment, you want the best possible outcome. It is quite common for food and bacterial plaque to accumulate around the braces, and brushing and flossing can be more challenging during this process. If you don’t clean your teeth, it can lead to gum disease or permanent discoloration areas.

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Christophe Rude

Christophe Rude

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