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Types of COVID Variants – Explained

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COVID Variants

Since the beginning of the COVID-19 pandemic, the SARS-CoV-2 Coronavirus has mutated several times resulting in different variants of the virus. The virus was first detected in China, infecting millions of people across the world. According to scientists, the virus has a tendency to mutate quickly, resulting in newer variants. Even after almost two years, the virus which was first detected in China has shown multiple variants, wreaking havoc worldwide.

In 2021, India experienced a severe second wave of COVID-19 but what is more concerning is that the county is on the verge of hitting another wave. Is it because of the rapid change in variants? It is undeniably true that as long as the virus spreads through the population, it will continue to mutate. After genome sequencing our experts discovered that one of the Coronavirus variants, Delta, discovered in India was actively responsible for the second wave in the country. Even before the Delta variant, the virus has shown its various variants originated in other parts of the world creating somehow a similar scenario affecting the lives of millions of people.

Currently, these variants have been segmented into two major parts Variant of Interest (VoI) & Variant of Concern (VoC) that particularly indicates the severity of the disease spread through the virus. By now, we have seen a succession of these variants harbouring around seven strong mutants that are creating concern all across the world. Here, take a look to know all about the mutants of interest & concern. 

Know the mutants of interest and concern

1.     Alpha variant: ( B.1.1.7)

(First identified: Kent, the UK)

In September 2020, England encountered the devastating surge in cases which is driven by the Alpha variant increasing the status of hospitalization and death. In January, the country went under another lockdown re-imposing strict movement restrictions. The variant seems to increase the transmission by 50% as compared to the previous version of virus.

According to WHO, the variant has been reported in at least 172 countries including Europe and became dominant in the U.S in early April. Now, it is believed that Alpha variant appears to be mutating again with the shift of Delta variant. 

2.     Beta variant: (B.1.351)

(First Identified: South Africa)

Similar to Alpha variant, Beta variant is also responsible for increasing the transmission rate of virus among the population. After studies it is detected that this variant reduces the effectiveness of prominent monoclonal antibody medications and the antibodies generated by the earlier infection of Covid-19 or its vaccine.

This is a variant with high risk and it escalated Covid cases in South Africa and overwhelmed their healthcare infrastructure. Beta variant has shown several mutations in a protein ‘spike’ including E484K mutation which is responsible to partially evade antibodies. Scientists predict that the effectiveness of the Beta variant may slow down with the emergence of the Delta variant, but a few weeks back it has shown a bit concerning scenario for Europe.

4.     Gamma variant : P.1

(First identified: Brazil)

Presently, the variant has spread to more than 10 countries other than Brazil, including the UK. In 2020, the Gamma variant was spotted in Amazon city that has contributed to the surge in Covid-19 cases, rapidly causing shortage of oxygen supply in the country. Now, the Gamma variant has been seen in small numbers in Russia. As the variant holds pronounced transmissibility, it has been seen with the N501Y, K417N and E484K mutations which escape the immune responses of the body.

5.     Kappa variant: B.1.617.1

(First identified: India)

As per WHO reports, the first few samples of the Kappa variant were found in India. It’s a double mutant virus including E484Q and the L453R. As per studies both Delta and Kappa variants are direct descendants of B.1.617. In a recent scenario only two cases have been found in Uttar Pradesh, India with this variant with no serious complications.

6.     Lambda variant: C.37

(First identified: Peru)

One of the newest ‘Variants of Interest’ discovered by WHO, the Lambda variant has been dominant in its origin region in Peru and some countries of South America. Although, studies have been going on to understand  the potential risk associated with the variant or if it is going to be an emerging risk on the global level. Until now, the lambda variant has not been found in India but a few cases have been discovered in the U.K and Europe. 

7.  Delta Plus: AY.1 and AY.2

(First identified: Europe)

The Delta variant has already been declared a threat at a global level. The Delta plus variant has the K417N mutant in its spike protein which has been found in the Beta and Gamma variants. With its emergence it has been declared a ‘variant of concern’ and can possibly become the dominant variant in the third wave of Coronavirus in India. So far, the country has found the maximum cases of Delta Plus variants from Maharashtra, Madhya Pradesh, Tamil Nadu, and Kerala.

 Conclusion

It’s hard to beat the rapid mutation of Coronavirus, especially in densely populated regions. The only way to reduce the risk is to get vaccinated. With the changing mutations in the virus, it is challenging to compete efficacy against the newly formed variants but doctors suggest that it can control the severity of the disease and lead to less hospitalization.

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Gastroscopy Cost Singapore: Know How Much you should Budget

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gastroscopy

Gastroscopy is a medical procedure used to visualize the inside of the upper gastrointestinal tract, which includes the esophagus, stomach, and duodenum. It is performed using an endoscope, a long, thin, flexible tube with a light and camera at one end.

The endoscope is inserted through the mouth and down the throat into the stomach. The camera gives the doctor a clear view of the inside of the gut, which can be used to diagnose and treat conditions such as ulcers, inflammatory bowel disease, and cancer.

Why do I Need a Gastroscopy?

Your doctor may recommend gastroscopy in Singapore if you have symptoms that may be indicative of a problem in your upper gastrointestinal tract, such as:

  • Abdominal pain
  • Heartburn
  • Nausea
  • Vomiting
  • Weight loss and
  • Bleeding from the gastrointestinal tract

Other notable instances when a gastroscopy may be recommended include;

  • When your doctor wants to take a biopsy (tissue sample) from your gastrointestinal tract
  • When you have had an x-ray that showed an abnormality in your gastrointestinal tract
  • When you have had an endoscopy that was inconclusive

What can be diagnosed by Gastroscopy?

As the endoscope is passed through the mouth and down the esophagus into the stomach and duodenum, it emits a bright light and transmits images to a monitor, which the gastroenterologist can see. Gastroscopy allows the assessment of the mucosal surface of these organs.

It can be used to diagnose a wide range of conditions, including esophageal and gastric cancer, peptic ulcer disease, gastro-esophageal reflux disease (GERD), inflammatory bowel disease (IBD), and food intolerance.

It can also be used to detect foreign bodies, such as swallowed objects or ingested toxins. In some cases, biopsies (tissue samples) can be taken during gastroscopy for further testing.

Gastroscopy is generally a safe procedure with a low risk of complications. In rare cases, though, serious complications can occur, such as bleeding or perforation (tear) of the gastrointestinal tract.

For this reason, gastroscopy should always be carried out by experienced medical professionals in a suitably equipped hospital or clinic. It can take about a week to get the results from a gastroscopy. The doctor will review the results and send a report to your primary care physician or specialist.

How much is Gastroscopy in Singapore?

The cost of gastroscopy in Singapore can range from $600 to $2000, depending on the clinic and the doctor you see. The procedure is typically covered by insurance, but there may be some out-of-pocket costs depending on your policy. There are a few factors that can influence the cost of a gastroscopy, such as;

  • The type of clinic you go to (public vs. private)
  • The doctor you see (general practitioner vs. specialist)
  • The complexity of the procedure
  • Whether or not you need sedation and
  • Your insurance coverage

It is always best to check with your doctor or clinic ahead of time to get an estimate of the cost of your gastroscopy. This way, you can be prepared financially and avoid any surprises.

Is a Gastroscopy Painful?

Because you have to swallow a long and thin tube for gastroscopy, it is easy to imagine the procedure as being extremely uncomfortable. Now, gastroscopy is not painful, per se.

Some people experience mild discomfort, but most report that the examination is quite tolerable. Rarely some people may feel more discomfort due to gas or a stomach upset.

If you are feeling anxious about the procedure, discuss this with your doctor ahead of time. They may be able to prescribe a mild sedative to help you relax. Here are five more helpful tips to help you stay calm during gastroscopy;

  • Distract yourself: Focusing on something else can help take your mind off the procedure. You can bring along a book, magazine, or music to listen to during the exam.
  • Try deep breathing exercises: Taking slow, deep breaths can help you relax your body and mind.
  • Focus on the positive: Remember that gastroscopy is a quick and relatively painless procedure that can provide valuable information about your health.
  • Talk to your doctor: If you have any concerns or questions, be sure to ask your doctor ahead of time. This will help you feel more prepared and at ease.
  • Sedation: If you are particularly anxious about the procedure, your doctor may recommend sedation. This can help you relax and even sleep through the exam.

How do I prepare for a Gastroscopy?

Like any other medical procedure, it is important to follow your doctor’s instructions on how to prepare for a gastroscopy. This will help ensure that the procedure goes smoothly and that you get the most accurate results.

In general, you will be asked to;

  • Not eat or drink for four to six hours before the procedure: It is important that your stomach is empty for the exam so the doctor can get a clear view. If you have any concerns about not eating or drinking, be sure to ask your doctor ahead of time.
  • Take any medications as prescribed: If you take medication regularly, you will likely be asked to continue taking it as usual up until the day of the procedure. Be sure to ask your doctor if there are any special instructions for taking your medications before the exam.
  • Arrange for someone to drive you home: You will not be able to drive home after the procedure, as you may feel groggy from the sedative. Be sure to arrange for someone to pick you up and take you home.
  • Follow your doctor’s instructions: Your doctor may have other specific instructions for you to follow before the procedure. Be sure to ask if you have any questions or concerns.

Closing Thoughts

A gastroscopy is a quick and relatively painless procedure that can provide valuable information about your health. So, if you have been experiencing symptoms such as abdominal pain, heartburn, or difficulty swallowing, be sure to talk to your doctor. They may recommend a gastroscopy to help diagnose and treat the underlying condition.

Our team of experienced gastroenterologists at Alpha Digestive & Liver Center is dedicated to providing high-quality, compassionate care. We offer a wide range of gastrointestinal procedures, including gastroscopy. Contact us today to learn more about our services or schedule an appointment. Call: (65) 6235 9658 or visit us at;

 

Alpha Digestive & Liver Centre | Dr Benjamin Yip

3 Mt Elizabeth #15-09
Mt Elizabeth Medical Centre
Singapore 228510

https://alphagastro.sg/

+65 8876 9034

 

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Flower Girl Dresses in Metairie: How to Find the Perfect Dress for Your Little One’s

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Flower Girl Dresses

Planning a wedding can be an exhausting process, but it is also a very exciting time. One of the many decisions that you will have to make is what type of dress your flower girl wears.

There are many styles and options to choose from, so it can be difficult to decide what is best for your little one.

Metairie has no shortage of stores that sell beautiful dresses for flower girls. A Shop in Metairie for flower girl dresses can help you with all your needs.

Consider the theme and colors of your wedding

If you have a specific color scheme in mind, try to find a dress that will complement those colors. You can usually find a variety of colors and styles at local bridal shops at Metairie. If you’re not sure what style of dress you want, take a close search at some pictures online for inspiration. Once you have an idea of what you’re looking for, head to a few different stores to try on dresses and see what looks best on your flower girl.

Keep in mind that most importantly, your flower girl should feel comfortable and confident in her dress. Let her help pick it out so she feels happy about wearing it on your big day!

Choose a dress that is age-appropriate

The style of the dress should be appropriate for the formality of the wedding. If it is a formal affair, then you will want a more elaborate dress. If it is a casual affair, then a simple sundress would be fine. When you buy flower girl dresses, it is important to consider the age of the child. You don’t want a dress that is too short or too long. The style of the dress should be appropriate for the formality of the wedding. If it is a formal affair, then you will want a more elaborate dress. If it is a casual affair, then a simple sundress would be fine.

Take into account the color of the wedding dress when choosing a flower girl dress. It is often best to choose a dress that compliments the bride’s dress. Consider the season when choosing a flower girl dress. If the wedding party is in the spring or summer, then a lighter-colored dress would be appropriate. If the wedding is in the fall or winter, then a darker-colored dress would be appropriate. Make sure the flower girl dress is comfortable. The last thing you want is for the child to be uncomfortable in her dress.

Pick a style that flatters your flower girl’s figure

Many little girls dream of being flower girls, so it is important to pick a dress that will make them feel like a princess on your big day. When choosing a flower girl dress, it is important to pick a style that flatters your flower girl’s figure. A-line dresses are always a good choice for girls with fuller figures, while Empire waist dresses are perfect for petite girls.

If you are unsure of what style will look best on your flower girl, our experienced consultants can help you choose the perfect dress for her. Once you have found the perfect dress, it is time to accessorize!

Make sure the dress is comfortable and easy to move in

The last thing you want is for your flower girl to be tugging at her dress or tulle skirt all day.

A-line or empire waist styles are usually the most comfortable for young girls, and they come in a variety of fabrics, including tulle, satin, and organza. If you’re looking for something a little more unique, you can always have a custom dress made. There are many talented designers in Metairie who would be happy to create a one-of-a-kind gown for your flower girl.

Have her try on several styles and colors before making a final decision

Once you have found the perfect dress, be sure to take it home and have your flower girl try it on again before the big day. This will ensure that the dress fits properly and that she is comfortable wearing it. When it comes to flower girl dresses, there are many styles and colors to choose from.

Coordinate with the bride and other bridal party members to make sure the dresses look cohesive.

There are a few things to keep in mind when shopping for flower girl dresses in Metairie. First, consider the season of the wedding. If it is during the warmer months, you’ll want a lighter fabric like cotton or linen. Conversely, if the wedding is during cooler months, go for a heavier fabric like velvet.

Second, take note of the formality of the wedding. A more formal affair calls for a dress with more embellishments, while a casual wedding can be complimented by a simpler style.

And lastly, don’t forget to factor in the age of the flower girl when choosing a dress. You want something that she’ll feel comfortable in, and that won’t be too much of a hassle for her to wear like knee-length skirts. With these guidelines in mind, shopping for flower girl dresses in Metairie should be a breeze!

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How remote medical scribes can help you simplify and streamline your workflow

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Looking for a solution to simplify and streamline your workflow? Remote medical scribes offer an easy-to-use and flexible solution to help you do that. With remote scribe services, you can quickly and easily access remote medical scribes to support your practice in real-time, no matter where you are or what hours you work. Whether you need remote scribes to assist with documentation, record vital signs and other important patient information, or provide feedback on non-verbal cues, remote medical scribes have the knowledge and experience to streamline your workflow and help ensure optimal care for your patients. So why wait? Start using remote medical scribes today and see the benefits of simplified and streamlined workflows immediately!

Benefits of having a remote medical scribe

  1.  The need for remote medical scribes is increasing as more and more healthcare providers seek to optimize their workflow to provide the best possible care to their patients.

The pressure was mounting on the doctors as they struggled to keep up with the increasing demand for their services. They were constantly running behind schedule, and patients were often left waiting in the waiting room for long periods. Sometimes, they even had to leave their patients during an examination to see other patients.

The doctors knew that they needed to find a way to optimize their workflow to provide the best possible care to their patients. They began to research various solutions and eventually came across the idea of using remote medical scribes.

The doctors were initially hesitant to try this new solution, but after doing some more research, they found that remote medical scribes could help them to save a lot of time and improve their workflow. They decided to try it, and within a few weeks, they saw a significant improvement in their work efficiency.

Remote medical scribes played a crucial role in helping doctors reduce their workload and provide better patient care. Thanks to their help, the doctors finally got back on track and provided the high level of care that their patients deserved.

2.  Remote medical scribes are highly trained professionals with specialized knowledge of medical documentation and patient care.

The relief was palpable as the last of the patients filed out of the exam room. Dr. Jameson let out a long sigh and rubbed his temples, feeling the beginnings of a headache. He had been seeing patients all day and was exhausted.

Just then, his assistant walked into the room. “I’ve got good and bad news, doctor,” she said. “The good news is that we’ve hired a remote medical scribe to help us with documentation. The bad news is that she won’t be here until next week.”

Dr. Jameson couldn’t believe it. By the second, his headache was getting worse. He had no choice but to wait another week for help.

Finally, the day arrived when the remote medical scribe would start working with them. She walked into the office and introduced herself. Dr. Jameson couldn’t believe how knowledgeable and skilled she was. She was able to take on some of the documentation burdens immediately, relieving some of the pressure on him and his assistant.

Now that they had a remote medical scribe, Dr. Jameson could finally relax and focus on his patients. Having this extra set of hands in the exam room made all the difference in the world, and he knew he would never be able to go back to practicing without one.

3. Some key benefits of remote medical scribe services include increased efficiency and productivity.

There are many convincing reasons to consider using a remote medical scribe service. Increased efficiency and productivity are two of the most significant benefits. When you outsource your scribing needs, you can eliminate the need to train and pay for a full-time employee. This also reduces administrative costs, as you no longer have to worry about managing payroll or benefits. A remote medical scribe service can also assist you in organizing your workload so that you can concentrate on providing high-quality treatment for your patients.

4. Whether you are looking for remote support for charting and documentation tasks, assistance with collecting vital signs or other patient data

When looking for a remote medical scribe, it is essential to find a professional who understands the complexities of the medical field. This professional should be able to quickly and accurately document patient information and provide feedback and support to help you efficiently care for your patients.

There are many reasons to consider utilizing remote medical scribe services. Perhaps the most persuasive is the improved quality of care that can be provided to patients. By freeing up time for physicians to focus on providing care, remote scribes can help ensure that patients receive the attention they need and deserve. In addition, remote medical scribes can help to improve physician productivity and workflow, ultimately leading to cost savings for your practice.

If you are still unsure whether remote medical scribe services are right for you, don’t hesitate to contact us for a free consultation. We would be delighted to go over your particular requirements and how our services can assist you in giving your patients the finest treatment possible.

Remote medical scribes can help optimize their practice workflow and improve the quality of care they provide to their patients.

Dear fellow veterinarians, dentists, and medical doctors, as you know, the healthcare landscape is changing rapidly, with increasing demands on providers to deliver high-quality care while managing rising operational costs. At the same time, we are all facing an unprecedented shortage of qualified staff due to industry trends like burnout and automation.

If you want to stay ahead of these challenges and continue providing excellent care to your patients, then it’s time to consider hiring a remote medical scribe for your practice. Remote medical scribes can help optimize your workflows and improve productivity by streamlining administrative tasks such as charting and documentation, collecting vital signs, and interpreting non-verbal cues.

So why wait? Whether you are looking for remote support for a short-term project or ongoing assistance, remote medical scribe services can help optimize your practice workflow and improve the quality of care you provide to your patients. To learn more about how remote medical scribes can benefit your practice, don’t hesitate to get in touch with Portiva today.

We look forward to working with you!

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3 Benefits of Milk Tea You Didn’t Know

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Milk tea, sometimes called bubble tea, is a popular drink originating in Taiwan. The drink consists of black or green tea that’s been sweetened with sugar and then combined with flavoring, usually in the form of powder or syrup, and milk or cream from one of several different types of dairy products, including regular milk, evaporated milk, condensed milk and sweetened condensed milk. The addition of bubbles to the drink’s name refers to the chewy tapioca pearls that are added to the drink along with other toppings such as fruit or crushed nuts.

 

1) Weight loss

Boba tea is a type of milk tea that consists of black tea, milk, and sweetened tapioca balls. It is not considered healthy due to the high level of sugar in tapioca balls. Milk tea has been associated with weight loss because it contains polyphenols and L-theanine that can increase levels of serotonin and dopamine. 

 

Serotonin can make people feel more satisfied while dopamine promotes feelings of pleasure. Theanine also helps to promote relaxation by reducing cortisol levels in the body, which in turn boosts weight loss efforts. 

 

However, boba tea does not contain these health benefits because the sweetness often outweighs the natural caffeine content found in black tea. Sweetened tapioca balls are typically made from white flour, brown sugar or honey syrup, maltose syrup and cornstarch. These ingredients will cause weight gain when consumed on a regular basis. 

 

When consuming boba tea try choosing flavors such as chrysanthemum or rose blossom that are less sugary than traditional boba flavors such as mango or strawberry.

 

2) Energy boost

People drink milk tea for various reasons. Some drink it to get an energy boost, others drink it to soothe a sore throat. Regardless of the reason you’re drinking milk tea, there are three benefits that you might not know about.

 

First, milk tea can be a great way to hydrate your body and stay healthy. The milk in the tea contains antioxidants which help protect your cells from free radicals and other damaging substances. 

 

Second, if you’re lactose-intolerant or allergic to dairy products, you can still enjoy milk tea because many bubble tea catering shops offer sugar-free options as well as soy and almond milk options that are lactose-free! Third, drinking milk tea can be an enjoyable social activity with friends or family members.

 

3) Bone health

Bubble tea catering is a great choice for those who are looking for a sweet, refreshing beverage that will also give you an opportunity to improve your bone health. Milk tea and boba tea are both excellent sources of calcium, which is essential for maintaining strong bones. In addition to milk tea, ginger tea is also an excellent source of calcium and helps with digestion – plus it tastes so much better than milk! These two drinks combined provide two servings each of dairy and dark leafy greens, which can help lower the risk of osteoporosis as well.

 

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Foods You Should Be Eating During Menopause with The Marion Gluck Clinic

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A diet plan for menopause involves these key steps:

Eat a diet that is well-rounded that is rich in vitamin D, magnesium, and calcium. Include more colorful vegetables, greens, fruits, and various dairy products such as milk, cheese, and yogurt. When a woman goes through menopause, it obviously increases the risks for conditions such as osteoporosis, which is why it is important to include foods that contain a rich source of calcium.

Include more omega-3 fatty acids. Research has shown that omega-3s can lower hot flash frequency and how intense night sweats are. Pros say that there are omega-3 supplements that you can take, but she encourages all her patients to rather derive omega-3s from food first. This includes fish like tuna, mackerel, and salmon, and a few vegetarian sources such as chia seeds and flax seeds.

Also add food that contains plant phytoestrogens, or estrogens. These include cauliflower, broccoli, chickpeas, soybeans, and dark berries can assist with mimicking estrogen while lowering a few of the menopausal symptoms.

Here is a list of foods that you can include to relieve symptoms of menopause and strengthen your bones:

Yogurt

Dark leafy green vegetables, particularly kale and spinach

Milk

Cheese

Fish such as tuna, mackerel, and salmon

Cauliflower and broccoli

Dark berries and blueberries

Grapes

Chia seeds and flax

Black tea

Dark fruits such as plums

Grapes

Legumes and chickpeas

Soybeans, soy milk, or foods such as tempeh or tofu

If you are finding it difficult to take all these nutrients in through your diet, a magnesium and calcium supplement can also prove to be beneficial over this time, says Best.

4 Food Types That Can Make Your Menopause Symptoms Worse

Best states that diet impacts the menopause symptoms of women negatively and positively. Reducing or eliminating these food types can assist in helping you to improve the way you are feeling

Processed Foods

Menopause Doctor‘s mentions that she tells her patients to try and stick to the most natural foods possible. If the food comes in a plastic wrapper or bag try staying away from it since these are usually highly-processed foods.

Refined Carbohydrates

Potatoes, pasta, and white rice, for example, are associated with blood sugar spikes, and it increases insulin resistance along with hot flashes. Rather choose whole grains like brown rice. Reduce sugary food products such as candy, cakes, and cookies.

Alcohol

Alcohol is known for exacerbating menopausal symptoms. If you are consuming alcoholic beverages every day (more than one), which includes more than 12 ounces of beer or 5 ounces of wine, this will not only make your hot flashes a lot worse but can also make you more susceptible to erratic mood swings or irritability which is common with menopause.

Spicy Food

Spicy food is not regarded as a bad food choice, but it could promote hot flashes in certain women. So if you notice these symptoms after eating spicy food rather stay away from them until you are over your menopausal cycle.

How To Deal With Weight Gain During Menopause

When your estrogen levels start to decline, usually during midlife, it is common to gain weight even when there are no changes in your day-to-day habits. During menopause it is important to take more care when it comes to choosing what you drink and eat.

Some tips on how to manage your weight during menopause:

– Eat More Fruit and Veg

Fill at least half your dinner or lunch plate with vegetables and fruits. Portion control your proteins and starches to complete the meal.

– Exercise

Make sure you go for a walk or engage in exercise every day. If you stay active it becomes easier to control your weight. Any type of physical activity will do and this includes gardening and housework.

– Lower Stress

If you are feeling stressed out all the time, it becomes harder to shed pounds. Cortisol is a stress hormone that is at its highest when you are under stress, and it is also linked to diabetes, heart disease, and making menopause symptoms worse such as gaining weight.

– Prioritize Your Sleep

If you are struggling to sleep at night, which is one of the symptoms of menopause, it could be impacting your hormone levels. It can also make it harder to maintain your weight or lose weight. When you are not getting enough rest, your body will probably crave simple carbs in order to replenish lost or low energy.

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