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The Ultimate Guide to Pet Brazilian Black Tarantula

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Everything you need to know to keep your Brazilian black tarantula safe and happy!

Are you looking for a new pet? Are you a fan of tarantulas? If so, then you will enjoy the Brazilian black tarantula immensely! Brazilian black tarantulas are pretty chilled-out dudes, friendliest among all tarantulas available. Docile and laid back, they don’t bite, and they are not skittish even when they are molting.

Docile doesn’t mean they are not outgoing; they love being out in the open. They are not very colorful, though (hence the name), but they have a classic look about them- black is always in style. With velvet, glossy dark hairs, and a chunky thick body, they are adorably sturdy, and they look the part of a unique, exotic pet. Brazilian black tarantulas are also called Black beauty.

There are so many things appealing about them. One of the most interesting things about them is how they catch their prey. You are going to love watching them eat. Lightning-fast at catching their prey, they are very impressive hunters. If you want to learn more about Brazilian black tarantulas, keep reading!

Natural Habitat

The name Brazilian black tarantula already gives out a clue. Brazilian black tarantula or Grammostola pulchra hails from the wild of Brazil, especially the Pampas region in southern Brazil. They can also be found in Uruguay. The average daily temperature of their natural habitat is around 75 degrees Fahrenheit or 24 degrees Celsius. The average humidity is around 64%.

First discovered or observed by Mello- Leitão in 1921, the name “pulchra” means “fine,” an indication of the velvety, silky, black hairs on its body.

Grammostola tarantulas are similar to this variety. They are ground dwellers, and they take refuge under almost anything; rocks, vegetation, fallen branches, logs, etc. If they find the opportunity, they will also try to take over the burrows of other animals in the wild.  

In captivity, they do like to hide and sit around all day, but there’s not much chance that they will start burrowing.

Lifespan and Coloration

If there’s one downside to Brazilian black tarantula, it’s their slow growth rate. Spiderlings take about a year to grow from 1 inch to 3 inches in size. The females take about six years to reach their sexual maturity.

You are going to observe different colors pre- and post-molting. Before they molt, they turn a light grey color and also sheds hair. The rich, black color returns post-molt, and this is one way to distinguish Brazilian black tarantula from other species of black tarantulas.

Enclosure

Brazilian black tarantulas require a large enclosure; therefore, you should aim to get an enclosure that is at least 12 inches by 10 inches or 30cm x 20cm. If you don’t want to follow any specific measurement, just remember to get an enclosure that’s about three times the leg span width. The height of the enclosure doesn’t matter as they are a terrestrial species.

The enclosure must have lots of ventilation holes that allow plenty of air movement. You don’t need to get any extra lamps or heaters as Brazilian black tarantulas survive and thrive at room temperature that’s close to their natural habitat. The temperature should therefore be around 18-25 degrees Celsius.

Substrate

The next thing you would want to add to the enclosure is a substrate. The substrate should be dry, and for the substrate, you can use coconut fiber, topsoil, or plotting compost. Coconut fiber is superior to the other two choices as it’s lighter and fluffier and absorbs water easily. The substrate should be about 4 inches deep for spiderlings and 5-6 inches deep for adult Brazilian black tarantulas.

Add a bowl of water on the corner to maintain the humidity of the enclosure and, of course, to provide hydration for your tarantula.

Don’t forget to provide hiding spots for your tarantula; it’s quite crucial as they love to hide when they are stressed or are about to molt. Cork bark and fake plants are great choices as hideaways. Give your tarantula some time to get used to the substrate, as it will need to rearrange the substrate in its way to create a home.

Feed

Brazilian black tarantulas are not fussy eaters. They will gladly eat almost any live insect that it can overpower. So, don’t provide any insect larger than the tarantula’s overall body length.

Crickets, roaches, locusts, and mealworms are some of the go-to prey for tarantulas. To feed spiderlings, kill the insect first and place it on their web. Adults can easily handle live feed, and they will happily hunt it down. Do clean the enclosure of any uneaten insect within twenty-four hours to prevent mites and molds from developing. 

The water bowl we mentioned earlier will provide hydration for adult tarantulas; however, if you have spiderlings, gently mist water on one side of the enclosure so that they can drink the droplets.

Don’t forget, Brazilian blacks are slow-growing species. So, you don’t need to feed it often, just once a week for adults and twice for spiderlings. If your tarantula suddenly stops eating, don’t be alarmed. It only means they are getting ready to molt, and they will resume eating again in a few weeks. But, do consult a vet if you think there’s cause for other worries.

Handling

Don’t be afraid of handling your Brazilian black. Their placid temperament makes them the perfect pets. You can easily scoop it up or nudge it gently in your palm. They should be handled over a low, soft surface as a fall might hurt them.

If there’s one thing you need to watch out for, it’s the urticating hairs of Brazilian blacks. They might kick these off in self-defense when you try to handle it. Keep your face well away so that it doesn’t get in your eyes and cause irritation. Lastly, don’t forget to wash your hands afterward with a reptile-safe hand wash.

Breeding

There’s a very good chance the Brazilian black tarantula you own or are going to buy is female. Male Brazilian blacks are a rarity in captivity.

Just like any other tarantula, the male is introduced to the female in the closure. After they get accustomed to each other, the couple will start their ritual by performing a drumming pattern and then follow the act itself. Keep a close eye at this time because the female might attack and kill the male afterward. Just get the male out of the enclosure when you see it running away from the female.

It takes four months for spiderlings to hatch from a successful mating. Make sure the mother is well-fed, and there’s no disruption to the enclosure.

Conclusion

Another thing you should know before you buy a Brazilian black is that they are expensive and quite challenging to find. Exporting them from Brazil is illegal, so look for shops with correct documentation.

Beautiful, exotic, and peaceful Brazilian black tarantulas will add nothing but joy to your life.

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Why signal dogs are the best choice for deaf people?

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Dogs are not only adorable because of the love they offer us, but because they also help us when we need them most. This is the case for people with disabilities, who many assistance dogs help them in their day-to-day.

These four-legged friends are often pre-trained to help out people in need. In this article, we will talk about the dogs that accompany deaf people to warn them every time they hear a sound. Do not miss which races are usually the most related to this work!

What is a signal dog?

The signal dog is an assistance dog aimed at people with hearing disabilities, that is, a companion that warns of all the sounds that a deaf person cannot hear.

That’s why signal dogs are still in the diffusion phase among the deaf community.

Unlike the guide dog, both the signal dog and other assistance dogs for people with other disabilities are still rare in the country. Some autonomous communities have passed laws that guarantee them the same right of public access as a guide dog, although the conditions vary in each of them.

Deaf or hard of hearing people do not need a guide dog to help them cross the street (because they see perfectly), but a dog that is their warning signal, of telephones, appliances, calls of others.

What does the signal dog warn you about?

The signal dog is previously trained to warn its companion about a variety of sounds such as:

  • The house bell
  • The alarm
  • Household appliances
  • The landline or mobile phone ringtone
  • The person’s name (when someone calls you by her name)
  • A car horn (or any traffic sound)
  • The cry or cry of children and babies
  • The bells or bells (that the person places in specific places where the entry of a child or baby is restricted, for example)
  • The fire alarm. The dog will know how to alert the person with a distinctive warning to leave the place.

Or specific skills depending on the needs of the person

The moment the dog hears any of these sounds, it automatically alerts the person with a learned gesture such as touching his foot with its paw or resting its two front legs on the leg. And when the person has gotten its attention, it leads him to the source of the sound.

Thanks to the service dogs for the deaf people, they have greater independence, confidence, and security to stay home alone. Your partner will always warn you of any sound!

What breeds can be signal dogs?

In principle, the choice of one breed or another is not relevant when training a signal dog. You just have to select the dogs that react to any sound quickly and innately. They are usually those of small breeds such as:

  • The Jack Russell
  • The Pekingese
  • The Pomeranian
  • The Bulldog
  • The Poodle
  • The Maltese Bichon
  • The Chihuahua
  • The Yorkshire Terrier
  • The Cavalier King Charles Spaniel
  • The Pug
  • The West Highland White Terrier
  • The Lhasa Apso
  • The Shih Tzu
  • The Miniature Pinscher

Although medium and large dogs are usually more difficult to train (since their hearing is not as good as their smell), breeds such as Labradors or Goldens indeed have no problem helping deaf people since they are very attentive and have a suitable temperament.

On the other hand, mongrel dogs may be the best choice for this task since their mix of genes combines many ideal characteristics to be a signal dog. That is, they are very reactive to sound, and also, they are wonderful life companions!

How can you request a signal dog?

You simply have to contact the assistance dog associations. The organization will carry out tests to choose the most appropriate dog that best suits your pathology.

The delivery of the dog can be free and have to pay only the veterinary expenses of the dog (license, chip, sterilization, vaccines …) or also the training expenses. Most assistance dogs are adopted in animal shelters and trained between 6 and 12 months, in the association itself or at the person’s home.

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Bluetooth Pet Trackers: When and What are they best for?

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There are different types of trackers, from Bluetooth /Wi-Fi enabled to GPS trackers.

Bluetooth Trackers

A Bluetooth tracker is a small device that can be attached to something, keys, purse, luggage or your pet collar. It uses wireless service using Bluetooth low energy and it is connected to a mobile phone to transmit the data.

Benefits of a Bluetooth Tracker

Localization is Exact

The localization is good as you can track your pet to the exact location although the area coverage is small, for example 10 meters.

Coverage is Limited

Just as described above the area where you can monitor your dog is very small, be it indoor or outdoor.

Nonetheless if your dog is a chaser and loves wandering far get the GPS tracker. Once the dog or cat leave the coverage area it cannot be tracked.

Bluetooth App

With another user near your dog with a Bluetooth tracker app you might be able to recover your dog if it leaves the coverage area.

The other person Bluetooth app and location service should be on, if not that might be the end of finding your lost pet.

Disadvantages of a Bluetooth Tracker

Limited Options

For the Bluetooth tracker to work effectively all the requirement need to be adhered to. You need to keep your pet in the coverage area.

In case of leaving the limited area you are only sure to recover them if they come near a person with the Bluetooth tracker app and location service is on.

Finally, you need a smartphone where the data will be sent.

If all these are not available, then a Bluetooth tracker might not be ideal for your dog or cat needs.

Importance of a Cat or Dog Tracker

If you have lived in Africa, you will realize that certain assets you own would need to be fitted with a tracker, a GPS one to be specific. For example, for your car to be insured you need to prove to the insurance that you have a car tracker that is monitored by a surveillance team incase its get jacked. This is a story for another day. Like the tracker we have in our cars our kids, old parents, and pets would benefit from this smart gadget in case you need to track their whereabouts if they got lost especially for people with memory loss or dementia. Sometimes we loss things and take so long to find them. Therefore, depending on one’s needs, do your research to see which product meets your needs. For example, I live in England and since I have an outdoor cat and he likes venturing into the unknown I do wat to know his whereabouts since foxes are known to prey on cats. You can google, do foxes eat cats? Leave a comment below if you found the article interesting. Bluetooth trackers are not the best for long range tracking therefore read more about GPS trackers in my other articles published on rangersdog.com. GPS Dog trackers are often useful for active dogs like beagle dog breed that is one of the favorite family dogs worldwide.

Conclusion

Bluetooth and GPS dog tracker have their own benefits. I would highly recommend them for tracking your dog tracking.

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How to Spot the Symptoms of Pancreatic Cancer in Dogs

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Pancreatic cancer is most commonly diagnosed in young dogs. The disease usually begins in the duodenum, a bony, lined pouch that connects the stomach to the duodenum. In some cases, the pancreas is affected and may become abnormal. In dogs, the disease is more often localized, with symptoms arising at the upper portion of the abdomen, near the belly button, around the ribs, or on the skin surrounding the abdomen.

Pancreatic cancer in dogs develops slowly and often only reaches advanced phases before symptoms appear. The most typical symptom associated with this disease is diarrhea. Since the pancreas isn’t producing enough insulin, the body is unable to release sufficient amounts of glucose to keep the body functioning properly. This allows the body to turn to stored glucose for energy. When pancreas cancer reaches an advanced stage, there is typically not any symptoms, making it easier to diagnose and treat.

There are several treatment options available for dogs diagnosed with pancreatic cancer. Dogs can be treated using surgery, chemotherapy, and a combination of both. Surgery is almost always the first recommended procedure, but it’s also quite common that the other organs affected by the tumor are operated on as well. In addition, the size of the tumor often makes it difficult or impossible to operate successfully. If your dog has been diagnosed with pancreatic cancer, your veterinarian will likely recommend a treatment plan involving surgery, chemotherapy, and nutritional supplements.

Role diet and nutrition for treating cancer

Since diet and nutrition play a significant role in treating and preventing pancreatic cancer, many owners do not immediately notice any problems with their pets when they are diagnosed. A blood test is often conducted to determine whether or not the pet’s liver or pancreas are producing a sufficient amount of bile. If your dog has been diagnosed with the disease, you may notice a drastic change in its diet. Dogs that have been diagnosed with the disease are usually put on strict diets that severely limit the types and amounts of food they can eat. Since diet is a significant contributing factor for the development of this type of cancer, it’s important to carefully monitor the progress of your Petsynse diet. Once you begin to notice an improvement in your dog’s weight, size, and other characteristics, it may indicate he or she is being treated successfully.

Pancreatic cancer in dogs is diagnosed through a physical examination, blood work, x-rays, and abdominal ultrasound. Examinations include checking for masses, tumors, or lumps. Blood tests may also be required to check for red cell count and hemoglobin levels. Ultrasound and computerized tomography (CT) scans are relatively routine procedures. In most cases, pancreatic cancer symptoms may not be noticed until the disease is advanced. If detected and treated early, most dogs live several years.

Unfortunately, pancreatic cancer progresses only one step at a time. At first, no symptoms may be apparent. However, as the disease progresses, more signs and symptoms will start to appear. Some signs include severe anemia, weight loss, weakness, increased appetite, vomiting, diarrhea, and lethargy. At advanced stages, some dogs may have seizures. A dog with unexplained weight loss and severe abdominal pain that refuses to improve despite regular feeding may be an example of this advanced stage.

Treatment of cancer in dogs

Treatment varies for pancreas cancer in dogs. Careful monitoring and regular blood tests are necessary to keep your dog healthy and safe. Although pancreatic cancers in dogs are relatively uncommon, the symptoms presented can be alarming. If your dog starts to show signs of an unhealthy digestive system, please contact your vet immediately.

Pancreatic tumors do not always come up on a regular timetable. Depending on how advanced the disease is, the survival rate for some dogs with pancreas cancer is as low as one percent. One percent of dogs diagnosed with advanced stages of pancreas cancer may live five years or less. Of course, this does not mean that your dog will not have a long life. The key is to watch out for the early stages of pancreatic cancer and get your pet to a veterinarian as quickly as possible when you suspect any changes in your pets’ health.

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Dog Shampoos for Dry Skin- The Detail

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Dog Shampoos

Dog shampoos for dry skin are something that every dog owner should have. We all know how uncomfortable it becomes when one feels itchy, same is the case with your dogs. When they feel itchy due to their dry skin,  they become irritated and fussy. For this very reason, pet owners must take this situation seriously and help their dogs get rid of this situation.

The dog may suffer from such a situation due to the following factors, such as: 

  1. Dry weather
  2. Cold weather
  3. Using shampoos with too alkaline or acidic pH
  4. Poor nutrition
  5. Parasites
  6. Spaying
  7. Too many baths

More so, dogs can also have dry skin if they eat some foods they are allergic to. 

If they develop allergies, and you avoid getting them treated, it can result in atopic dermatitis ( a skin condition)

Apart from this, one must look for the following signs to know if the dog has dry skin:

  1. The dog is continuously scratching his body
  2. The dog has dander 
  3. Flaky skin can be another reason
  4. There are pimple-like incisions on the dog’s body
  5. The dog is shedding hair
  6. The dog is excessively biting or licking his body
  7. The dog is rubbing the face against the furniture of the house

Well, using dog shampoo for dry skin is the best solution for treating such situations. Such shampoos help the dogs get rid of their dryness in the following ways:

  1. They keep the dog’s skin hydrated:

They have moisturizing ingredients which keep your dog’s skin hydrated all the time. The moisturizing ingredients include: 

  • Oatmeal
  • Aloe vera

2. They enhance the production of natural oils:

This is another factor that keeps your dog’s skin healthy and hydrated. 

3. They maintain your dog’s skin pH:

Such shampoos maintain the pH of your dog’s skin to be normal. It is the very reason that you should avoid bathing your dogs using the shampoos used for humans. Those shampoos are formulated differently and have different pH. 

4. They treat infections that cause dryness:

Sometimes, dryness is caused by fungal or bacterial infections. In such situations, special shampoos may be required.

Read Also: How to Choose Dog Breed

Dog shampoo for dry skin – The ingredients

Such shampoos usually contain the following ingredients:

  • Vitamin A, C, E
  • Aloe Vera 
  • Tea Tree Oil (it is an antiseptic that’s is pretty helpful in healing Infections)
  • Purified Water
  • All-Natural Cleaners 
  • All-Natural Conditioners
  • Fresh Scent Formula

Where to purchase this specially formulated shampoo?

In case you are planning to purchase a dog shampoo that is specially formulated to treat dry skin, do visit the following website: 

Team IVS provides you with an advanced shampoo named Dermaplex.

It helps the dogs with their dry and flaky skin that results from: 

  • Infections
  • Flea Dermatitis
  • Bites
  • Scratches

Contact us

For more information and details, contact IVS Pets via:

Contact number: 1-800-453-3805

Email Id: info@invet.com

They will be ever ready to listen to your queries and solve your problems. Also, visit the site for some more products as well, such as pet wipes, vitamins, etc. 

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Raising Laying Hens

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Individuals and families are raising laying Galline in larger numbers as the back-to-the-land movement and growing whole food nutrition education coincide with a weak economy. More people are cognisant of the need for self-sufficiency and desire more nutritious foods, making backyard chicken flocks an ideal situation for many reasons.

Raising laying hens in your backyard requires a few things for success:

adequate shelter

nesting area

proper nutrition

protection from predators

free range or scratch yard

A solidly built chicken coop will provide shelter from the elements for your birds. They may choose to hide in the underbrush in the woods during storms, if you let them free range, but a warm, welcoming coop may prove their best bet depending on the terrain and whether they are able to move at will about the property.

The chicken coop needs a secure, secluded nesting area where they can settle down to lay their eggs. They won’t lay if there are too many distractions or disruptions, so a set of boxes lined with straw and closed off on three sides is ideal. Some flock owners hang fabric across the box openings to make the areas even more private for their happily spoiled hens.

When you are raising laying hens, make sure that the birds have access to grain, either chicken scratch or, preferably, a laying mash mix. Laying mash pellets have extra protein and thus make a better feed choice for the laying hens. You’ll also need to supplement with calcium, usually sold at feed stores as crushed oyster shell. Chickens will also enjoy garden and table scraps — as long as it is vegetarian (a little fish is okay, but never chicken meat).

To protect laying hens from predators, such as foxes, opossums, hawks, raccoons and other havoc-wreaking creatures, keep their pen shut tight at night and check it regularly for entrance areas, loose wire mesh or broken boards. If hawks, dogs or cats threaten them during the day, be sure to look after them while they are free ranging, or build an enclosed pen that allows them sunlight and access to grass without danger from animals looking for a warm chicken dinner.

When raising laying Galline Ovaiole, a scratch yard, ideally one that is moved to fresh grass periodically, or the ability to free range, is best for your poultry. They need grass and live bugs to round out their diet, as well as the variety of the outdoors to keep them interested and prevent boredom (which can lead to hen-pecking and fighting).

Your own backyard chicken flock may prove itself a constant source of enjoyment as you learn through trial and error how to care for your poultry while maximizing their production. Keeping a variety of different breeds makes the flock more interesting, colorful and unique.

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