Prostate cancer is one of the most common cancers in men. Early diagnosis can help the patient get a successful surgery.
In this article, Dr. Sandeep Nayak will give an overview of prostate cancer and its treatment.
Dr. Sandeep Nayak is one of the leading oncologists in India; he has treated thousands of patients in India and around the world. He has been practicing his expertise at Macs clinic, which is one of the top clinics that provides some of the best cancer treatments in Bangalore.
Prostate cancer happens in the prostate glands of the male body. Prostate glands are small glands located in the reproductive part of the male body. Prostate glands make seminal fluid that transports the sperm.
Prostate cancer might not show any symptoms in its earlier stages. Some advanced prostate cancer can show symptoms that could be severe.
- Pain the backbones
- Cannot urinate
- If there is blood in the semen
- If there is blood in the urine
- Sudden weight loss
- Erectile dysfunction
Diagnosis has two phases- screening process and diagnosis process
Men above the age of 50 can take up screening tests if they think they have some symptoms of prostate cancer. .
The doctor will put on lubricated gloves during this screening and insert a finger into the rectum to examine the prostate gland. If the doctor finds any abnormality in the glands, then you will be suggested to undergo other tests.
The doctor will take a blood sample from your vein to find out about PSA; if the doctor finds that you have a high level of PSA, then you might need to undergo other tests.
An MRI test will give a detailed picture of your prostate glands that will help the doctor to plan a procedure to remove a sample tissue from the prostate gland.
The doctor inserts a small probe inside your rectum that uses ultrasound waves to create an image during this procedure.
The doctor will do a prostate biopsy in which a thin needle will be inserted into the prostate glands to remove a part of the tissue. This tissue will be examined for any cancer cells.
The treatments for prostate cancer includes:
This surgery removes the prostate glands, some surrounding tissue, and lymph nodes.
The surgeon will use either one of the methods mentioned below to remove the prostate gland.
- The surgery will be performed by making several small incisions on the abdomen
- The surgery will be performed by making one long incision in your abdomen
Radiation therapy is the use of high-powered energy rays to kill cancer cells.
In external beam radiation, hypofractionated radiation therapy is used to treat prostate cancer. In hypofractionated therapy, a person receives a higher dose of radiation over a short period of time, says Dr. Sandeep Nayak.
Extreme hypofractionated therapy needs five or few treatments, and moderate therapy needs 20 to 28 treatments. Patients who get hypofractionated therapy will be facing short-term side effects.
Brachytherapy is also called internal radiation. In internal radiation, the doctor inserts radioactive sources directly into the prostate.
Depending on the need, the radioactive source might be left for a short time(high dose) or a long time(low dose).
IMRT is a type of external beam radiation that uses CT scans to form 3d images that will help the doctor know the size, shape, and location of the prostate cancer, which will determine how much radiation is needed to destroy the cancer cells.
Under proton therapy, protons are used instead of x-rays to destroy cancer cells.
Proton therapy can destroy cancer cells by using high-powered protons.
This treatment can be very expensive
Focal therapies use cold and heat methods to treat cancer. Most of these methods have not been approved as standard treatments, these treatments are available at Macs clinic, one of the best cancer treatment centres in Bangalore.
Cryosurgery or cryotherapy is the freezing of cancer cells with a metal instrument inserted between the rectum and scrotum.
In these methods, an ultrasound instrument or a robe is inserted between the rectum and scrotum to kill cancer cells by using sound waves.
FDA approved HIFU in 2015.
Sex cells called androgens are one of the male hormones that accelerate the growth of cancer cells; hormonal therapy helps lower these androgen hormones. One of the most common androgen hormones is testosterone.
Hormone therapy lowers the amount of testosterone in the body. One of the methods is by removing the testicles(surgical castration) or by drugs(medical castration).
To conduct a targeted therapy, the doctor must first find the specific genes, tissue, or proteins.
Then the doctor will target the specific cancer cells found in the genes, tissue, or proteins and kill them.
This will block the growth and spread of the cancer cells.
Chemotherapy uses drugs to kill cancer cells. The drugs are either injected through the veins or taken orally and, in some cases, a combination of both.
Chemotherapy is mostly done for patients that have advanced cancer. Some drugs used in chemotherapy are Taxotere and jevtana.
Immunotherapy uses the body’s natural defense system to fight against cancer.
In this therapy, the doctor will provide your medications produced in a rotary or materials made by your own body; this will improve, restore or target the immune system to fight back.
Cancer has its effects not only on your physical state but also on your mental state.
Dr. Sandeep Nayak says that it is very important to surround yourself with family and friends.
Even after being diagnosed with cancer, you don’t have to stop there; You can join many support groups and enjoy and do your daily activities normally.
Ever heard of a GERD Specialist in Singapore?
Gastroesophageal Reflux Disease, acronym as GERD, is reported to be a prevalent and growing medical problem in Singapore; and there are various specialists who can be relied upon to treat GERD in the country. Here is some information about GERD, its symptoms, and treatment available in Singapore to help you understand about this kind of digestive problem.
GERD is a digestive condition in which the contents of the stomach repeatedly “reflux” back up into the esophagus. GERD is also called chronic acid reflux. Acid reflux happens when the esophageal sphincter (the valve at the end of the esophagus) does not close properly when food reaches the stomach causing the acid to reflux into the esophagus and then through the throat and finally the mouth (resulting to a sour taste in the mouth). Although the incidence of acid reflux is normal, experiencing it more than two times in a week for several weeks time (i.e repeated manner) and requires an antacid or some medications for relief, then most likely, GERD has developed.
Here are the commons signs and symptoms of GERD:
- Heartburn or the sensation of burning in the chest which occurs often after eating and mostly gets worse at night or when lying down;
- Retching/Vomiting food or sour (acidic) fluid
- Chest pains or pain in the upper abdomen
- Difficulty in swallowing (or dysphagia)
- Have a feeling of a lump in the throat
- Experiencing an ongoing cough, laryngitis or developing asthma or worsening of existing asthma with nighttime acid reflux.
- Sore throat
- Voice hoarseness
Note that smoking, eating heavy meals at night, alcoholic drinks, and coffee intake can complicate or worsen acid reflux.
Risk of developing GERD can increase due to the following conditions:
- Hiatal Hernia (or stomach bloating that extends above the diaphragm)
- Scleroderma and other disorders of the connective tissue
- Delayed emptying of the stomach
GERD can lead to more life-threatening diseases in the long run. The following are complications that may develop GERD:
- Esophagitis-the esophageal lining’s irritation and inflammation brought on by stomach acid; result in esophageal ulcers, heartburn, chest pain, bleeding, and swallowing difficulties.
- Esophageal Stricture-the esophagus’s food channel becomes smaller as a result of the stomach acid’s formation of scar tissues, which makes swallowing hard.
- Esophageal cancer-cancer that formed in the esophagus
- Barrett esophagus-characterized by acid damage that may cause changes in the tissue that lines the lower esophagus; pose as an increased risk of Esophageal cancer
- Esophagitis-a lower gullet inflammation.
Alternatively, medical experts group a person’s symptoms into GERD stages. The four stages of GERD are as follows:
- Stage 1 (Mild): Once or fewer per week, a person experiences infrequent heartburn and regurgitation.
- Stage 2 (Moderate): A person experiences occasional regurgitation or heartburn.
- Stage 3 (Severe): Constant heartburn, persistent cough, regurgitation, hoarseness of voice, and food regurgitation are all present.
- Stage 4 (Esophageal cancer or Precancerous lesions): Similar signs and symptoms as in Stage 3 are present in Stage 4, plus food becomes caught in the throat’s back during swallowing.
The group of specialists that offer treatment for GERD are often called gastroenterologists. In Singapore, you have to be board certified to offer treatment for GERD and other medical problems. A gastroenterologist in general specializes in the treatment of gastrointestinal (i.e., esophagus, stomach, small intestine, colon and rectum, pancreas, gallbladder, bile ducts, and liver) diseases. However, as practiced in Singapore and in most countries, a referral from your primary care physician may be required before seeking a gastroenterologist.
The specialist can tell if you are just having a simple reflux by looking into your symptoms and medical history. Medication and diet recommendations are prescribed to manage the symptoms. But experiencing the symptoms frequently may prompt for additional tests to properly diagnose GERD. Here are the tests commonly used by specialists in Singapore for GERD diagnosis:
- Endoscopy-used to examine the linings and the inside of the gastrointestinal tract and collect tissue samples if needed (biopsy)
- Esophageal manometry-this test is used to check if the lower esophageal sphincter is still functioning normally or and detect of if the muscles are weak
- Upper gastrointestinal series-X-rays of the upper gastrointestinal tract to show GERD-related issues such as hiatal hernias, esophageal strictures, and ulcers, etc.
- Esophageal pH and impedance monitoring and Bravo wireless esophageal pH monitoring-tests that measure the pH levels of the esophagus as you go about your daily activities
Treatment for GERD varies from lifestyle change to more invasive procedures like surgery. Common treatments employed by specialists in Singapore to help GERD patients are the following:
- The specialist can recommend to the person suffering from GERD to alter some habits and change his or her diet to be able to manage the disease such as maintaining healthy body weight, avoiding eating late at night, not eating foods that may trigger acid reflux (e.g. high-fat foods, citrus, tomatoes, spicy food, chocolates, coffee, etc.), quitting smoking, eating small meals, and other relevant practices. Over-the-counter medicines are also sometimes suggested by specialists.
- Medications are often prescribed to patients with moderate to severe symptoms of GERD. Common prescriptions include Prokinetics to accelerate the emptying of the stomach and various kinds of proton pump inhibitors to decrease the levels of acid produced by the stomach
- There are cases where surgery is recommended to manage symptoms of GERD and done when all others (lifestyle change medications) did not succeed. Most patients do not require surgery and a consultation with a surgeon should be done prior. The most common surgical procedure in the treatment of GERD is Laparoscopic antireflux surgery which is aimed to fix the acid reflux problem by means of creating a new valve at the bottom of the esophagus (thereby increasing pressure) to support the esophageal sphincter.
One should note though that GERD is a chronic disease (which means it can be life-long) and recurs once treatment is discontinued. However, there are GERD management techniques that may help you forget about your symptoms even if they won’t necessarily make your acid reflux go away.
Andrea Digestive Clinic
#21-11/12 Royal Square at Novena 101
Irrawaddy Road Singapore 329565
+65 6264 2836
Types of Dentures and Which One Is Best For You
Dentures are a removable alternative for replacing missing teeth and adjacent tissues. They are commonly known as “false teeth” and are made of prosthetic or artificial teeth to support the structure of the mouth. Compared to other tooth replacement options dentures are cost-effective and comfortable,
Types of dentures
There are several types of dentures that can help replace missing teeth. Your dentist will recommend which denture will be the best fit to restore your smile based on how many natural teeth you still have.
Partial dentures and complete dentures are the two types of dentures, and each has its own set of types made of different kinds of materials.
Types of partial dentures
- Flexible denture
Soft acrylic plastic is used, which allows it to be flexible and bendable. When these dentures are applied, they expand or stretch and return to their original size when in the proper location.
- Stay plate
It is the most affordable method to temporarily replace one or two missing teeth. The surrounding teeth provide stability for the plate to keep it in place. They are made specifically to balance and strengthen chewing force after getting stuck between teeth that are in opposition to one another.
- A partial denture made of metal.
These dentures are made of metal, and plastic tooth replacements are attached inside the mouth. It is a reliable option that perfectly withstands the pressure of chewing. For a gleaming appearance, the metal portion of this denture is concealed behind the teeth.
- Combination of metal and flexible dentures
These partial dentures combine the advantages of flexible and metal removable partial dentures. It has an even distribution of metal partials and the comfort of flexible dentures.
Types of complete dentures:
Complete dentures are oral prosthetics that cover the full mouth and replace an entire arch of missing teeth.
- Complete dentures
Traditional dentures replace the entire lost tooth arch and are held in place through suction. It takes time to get adjusted since you can feel the difference in bite and won’t be able to feel food properly inside the mouth.
- Implant retained dentures
These dentures are attached to dental implants, which aid in firmly holding the dentures in position. It gives the stability of the dentures and eliminates the possibility of sliding. It also improves the ability to taste.
These are some of the dentures that can be used to help with tooth replacement. Each type of denture has pros and cons, so to determine which one is best for you, consult a Periodontist in Los Angeles and learn more about the treatment.
Benefits of teeth replacement
- Increased diet
Your normal diet may be impacted if you have missing teeth. It can sometimes make eating painful and uncomfortable, and you can risk skipping out on essential nutrients. You can avoid missing out on healthy foods and get rid of dietary restrictions by using tooth replacement options. With the aid of this treatment, you will be able to eat any type of food, be it crunchy, hard, hot, or otherwise.
- Enhanced oral health
Missing teeth may result in misaligned teeth that are more difficult to clean, which can lead to decay and tooth loss. Tooth replacement options aid in maintaining natural teeth in their original positions and preventing oral health concerns.
3. Strong jawbone
When you have missing teeth, the minerals are absorbed elsewhere, leaving the jaw as an empty socket that may cause deterioration. The artificial teeth are positioned in the jaw and function just like natural teeth. This can be healthy and aid in stimulating the jawbone.
Other benefits of tooth replacement options include:
- Improved ability to speak and chew
- Boosted self-confidence
- Prevents bone loss
- Eliminates facial sagging and premature aging
- Stable & comfortable
The tooth replacement option has several benefits that can help you maintain your oral health and facial aesthetics. If you have missing teeth, consult a professional who offers dentures near you and learn about the pros and cons of the treatment.
Looking for Dentures In Los Angeles
Nima Ebrahimi DDS is a family dental clinic that provides complete dental care services to patients. Our periodontist in Los Angeles ensures that patients are comfortable and offers proper care to meet their oral health needs.
Contact us now and schedule your appointment to smile with confidence.
How to Maximize the Benefits of Probiotic Dental Supplements
Probiotic Supplements are becoming increasingly popular for people looking to improve their overall dental health. Probiotic Supplements are made up of beneficial bacteria that help keep the balance of bacteria in your mouth healthy. Many studies have been conducted to determine the effectiveness of probiotic supplements in improving oral health and overall well-being. In this article, we will discuss the benefits of taking probiotic dental supplements, the steps to maximize the benefits of taking probiotic supplements and conclude with a summary of the key takeaways.
What are Probiotic Dental Supplements?
Probiotic dental supplements are made up of beneficial bacteria, which help to maintain a healthy balance of bacteria in your mouth. The bacteria can help to reduce the growth of harmful bacteria, which can cause bad breath, cavities, and other oral health issues. The supplements are designed to be taken orally, and they can be taken in the form of a chewable tablet, capsule, or powder.
Benefits of Taking Probiotic Supplements
Taking probiotic supplements can provide many oral health benefits. Studies have shown that probiotic supplements can help to reduce the risk of cavities, reduce the chances of developing gum disease, improve bad breath, and overall promote better oral health.
Steps to Maximize the Benefits of Probiotic Supplements
To maximize the benefits of probiotic dental supplements, it is important to take the right supplement and follow the directions.
Choose the Right Probiotic Supplement
When choosing a probiotic supplement, it is important to do your research and find the right supplement for you. Look for a supplement that contains a high number of beneficial bacteria, as well as prebiotics, which can help to feed the beneficial bacteria and help them to thrive.
Follow the Directions
It is important to follow the directions on the packaging of your probiotic supplement. Make sure to take the recommended dose and follow the instructions for storage and use.
Make Sure to Consume Probiotic-Rich Foods
In addition to taking the probiotic supplement, it is also important to make sure you are consuming a diet that is rich in probiotic-rich foods, such as yogurt, kefir, and other fermented foods. Eating these foods can help to promote the growth of beneficial bacteria in your mouth and support the effects of the probiotic supplement.
Talk to Your Dentist
Finally, it is important to speak to your dentist about any questions or concerns you may have about taking probiotic supplements. Your dentist can provide you with valuable insight into the benefits and risks, as well as help you determine if probiotic supplements are right for you.
In conclusion, probiotic dental supplements can be a great way to improve your overall oral health. Taking probiotic supplements can help to reduce the risk of cavities, reduce the chances of developing gum disease, improve bad breath, and overall promote better oral health. To maximize the benefits of probiotic supplements, it is important to choose the right supplement, follow the directions, consume probiotic-rich foods, and talk to your dentist. By following these steps, you can be sure to get the most out of your probiotic supplement.
A Heart Healthy New Year: What Can You Do?
The New Year has finally started, and everyone is working on their New Year’s Resolutions. Whether yours is to write more in your journal every day, get a new job, or lose weight, there’s one resolution that should be on everyone’s list in 2023. That is to be more health-conscious and more heart-healthy.
Most people already know the dangers and what causes heart failure, and many are already doing everything they can to improve their heart health. Are you? If you’re ready to become heart-healthy in 2023, you can find some tips below to get you started. Start with these small steps and work your way up from there.
Eat One More Fruit or Veggie a Day
If you already eat fruits and veggies with every meal, then you’re good to go here. However, if fruits and veggies are something you don’t usually like or eat, adding one a day to your diet will help you get used to the idea and maybe the taste.
Not only do these things taste great, but they’re also good for your heart and pretty inexpensive in the grand scheme of things, especially if you replace your normal salty and sweet snacks with this nutritious goodness.
Know Your Risk With a Test for Heart Disease
One of the best ways to make sure you’re heart-healthy in 2023 is by taking a test for heart disease. This test will show you if you’re at risk of having a heart attack or developing some other issue with your ticker. This is, of course, no substitute for visiting your doctor, as regular checkups and living right are the best ways you can be heart healthy for sure.
Don’t Drink Your Calories
It’s been proven that being overweight or obese can cause heart problems. Drinking your calories can cause weight gain, diabetes, and heart disease. If you cut out just one of those mocha lattes or one sugar-laden soft drink a day, it will save you around 100 calories, which translates to losing around 10 pounds over a year. Keeping an ideal body weight can help you to be heart-healthy, and not drinking your calories isn’t that hard to do.
Start With a 10-Minute Walk
While many people take to changing their fitness habits with ease, not everyone does. If you’re not one to exercise, then you don’t want to jump into a fitness routine without building up to it first. Starting with a 10-minute walk a day will help you get into the habit.
Once you’ve walked 10 minutes a day for about a week, you can up it by another five minutes until you’re at your desired amount of walking. Once you’re used to walking, then you might want to join a gym and strengthen your fitness routine, but that’s up to you. Walking is just as good for your heart as going to the gym is, maybe a little bit more, because you’re getting fresh air at the same time.
Stop to Count Your Blessings
One of the best things to do for continued heart health in 2023 is to stop and count your blessings. There’s always someone out there who has it worse than you do, so be thankful for what you do have. This is also a great way to think positively, which is super great for your heart as well.
2023 is going to be an excellent year for many people. From losing weight to getting their dream job, people have started the year with vigor, energy, and realistic goals. Make being heart-healthy one of your goals for 2023, then follow the tips above to help you achieve that dream all year.
Discover the Opportunities of a Nursing Career
In the modern healthcare landscape, nursing careers offer various opportunities for people looking to make a difference in their community. Obtaining a nursing degree opens doors to various career paths in numerous specialties and settings. From traditional hospital-based nursing to advanced practice nurse jobs and traveling healthcare jobs, nursing offers something for everyone.
Becoming a nurse is one of the most rewarding experiences, with ample possibilities and substantial potential rewards. If you are interested in becoming a nurse, here are some ideas you might find interesting.
Traveling Healthcare Jobs
For those looking to explore new places while contributing to the lives of others, traveling healthcare jobs present an excellent opportunity. These positions typically involve working as a nurse in numerous places throughout the year, providing invaluable medical services to communities worldwide.
Traveling nurses often work as part of relief organizations or provide medical assistance in areas affected by natural disasters or poverty. Due to the high demand for these services, many travel nursing jobs offer competitive compensation and other benefits such as housing, health insurance coverage, and meal allowances.
With the right qualifications and experience, becoming a traveling nurse can be an enriching and rewarding experience.
Advanced Practice Nurse Jobs
For those looking to take their nursing career to the next level, an advanced practice nurse job provides an opportunity to stand out and make a difference.
Advanced practice nursing (APR) expands the scope of traditional nursing care. These nurses are highly qualified professionals with specialized training in a particular field or specialty.
Besides gaining additional schooling, APRs have the advantage of being more independent since their licenses are autonomous.
Types of Nursing Jobs Available
A nursing career offers numerous specialties, each offering a unique set of responsibilities and rewards.
Registered nurses (RNs) are the most widely recognized form of nursing, providing patient care in hospitals, long-term care facilities, and private practices.
Other types of nurses include licensed practical nurses (LPNs), advanced practice nurses (APNs/APRNs), travel nurses, nurse midwives, and many more specialties.
Depending on their qualifications and desired focus, nurses may specialize in pediatrics, gerontology, or neonatal care, among many other options.
With the right qualifications and experience, those looking to pursue a career in nursing can choose from various career paths.
Benefits of Pursuing a Nursing Career
Pursuing a career in nursing can be incredibly rewarding in many ways.
First, nurses are on the front lines of medicine, providing quality care to patients daily and making a difference in their lives. With healthcare reform continuously expanding access to care, there is an ever-increasing demand for competent and caring nurses across urban and rural areas.
Next, many registered nursing jobs offer generous salaries, flexible hours, job security, and a wide variety of employment options. Those passionate about specialized areas of medicine, such as neonatal care or gerontology, may find even more opportunities in their chosen field.
Then, one of the most significant rewards of nursing is knowing that your work makes a real difference in patients’ lives. Nursing provides so much satisfaction to nurses when they can make a difference in people’s lives daily.
Finally, nurse practitioners have the added benefit of autonomous practice with the potential to build their practice or serve as experts within the healthcare system.
The Rewards of a Nursing Career
All in all, pursuing a career in nursing can be highly rewarding on many levels. Nursing is a perfect choice for anyone looking for a gratifying profession with unique opportunities. With healthcare reform expanding access to care worldwide and various employment options available, nurses can impact their local community while earning competitive salaries and other benefits. If you’re ready to take on this challenge, consider pursuing a nursing degree.
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