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Is horse racing legal in India?



Sports betting, despite being illegal, is popular in India. Each year, billions of dollars are bet on sports, with cricket betting grabbing a large chunk of it. Despite being illegal, there is a nexus of bookies operating underground, accepting bets in discreet ways, and constantly trying to evade the law. Online betting has provided one more avenue for punters to try their luck. Many foreign websites are accepting bets from Indian players, and one can visit sites like to find and compare some of the best sites available.

While betting on all sports is banned in India under the Public Gambling Act of 1867, there is one exception to the rule, horse racing. As of now, horse racing is the only sport in India where one can place wagers legally at the racecourses. So why is betting on horse racing allowed?

Game of skill vs game of chance

The precursor to making horse race betting legal in India came in the judgment of the Supreme Court in the case of State of Andhra Pradesh vs K. Satyanarayana and Ors, in 1967, pertaining to a game of Rummy. The judgment said that Rummy cannot be considered to be a mere `Game of chance´ like flush or brag, but involves skill on the part of the player to memorize, hold, or discard the cards, thus categorizing it under the `game of skill´, and thus exempt from gambling law.

In the 1996 judgment in the K. R. Lakshmanan vs State of Tamil Nadu, a three-judge bench of the Supreme Court stated that horse racing is not merely a game of chance but is substantially dependent on skill.

The breed of the horse, training of the horse, as well as the ability of the jockey, has a great impact on the outcome of the race and hence are not under the purview of Gambling Act provisions.

Horse racing in India

In India, all horse races are governed by the Turf Authority of India, and there are 7 racing clubs:

  • Royal Calcutta Turf Club
  • Royal Western India Turf Club
  • Madras Race Club
  • Hyderabad Race Club
  • Bangalore Turf Club
  • Mysore Race Club
  • Delhi Race Club

Major races in India

There are 5 classic horse races held in India each year, on the lines of original British classics.

  • 1000 guineas
  • 2000 guineas
  • Indian Derby
  • Indian Oaks
  • St. Leger

Apart from these, there are also Invitational Weekend races held every year, as well as the Bangalore Derby, as well as the Super Mile.

Types of bets you can place on horse racing

Indian racecourses allow you to place both fixed odds bets, as well as totalizer bets. While the odds in totalizer bets vary according to the wagers placed, fixed odds give you a better idea of your potential winnings.

The commonest types of bets that you can place on horse races include:

Win: where you need to predict the winner of the race.

Place: where your horse needs to finish either in the first place or the second.

Show: Where your horse needs to finish in the top three.

Other popular bets on horse racing include Trixie, Yankee, Lucky 15 etc.

Online horse race betting

Online horse betting has become quite popular in India. Global online sportsbooks like betway and bet365 allow Indians to bet on not only the Indian races but also races being held around the world, including the ever-popular Cheltenham festival, the Royal Ascot, the Grand National, as well as races held in the USA, Australia, New Zealand, and South America.

With the races in India as well as across the globe getting back on track, punters are all set to make the most out of them.

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In which states are casinos legal in India?



Indians have always been fond of gambling. The excavations at the sites of Indus Valley civilization which existed in the northwestern regions of the country for almost 2000 years from 3300 to 1300 BCE have unearthed cubes made of terracotta and sandstone. The cubes resemble the modern-day dice, complete with the dots, showing that people of that era too were fond of dice games. 

The Indian epic of Mahabharata describes in detail a game of dice, played between the Kauravas and the Pandavas, where the Pandavas lose everything, including their kingdom, and are sent to exile, setting the stage for the battle of Kurukshetra.

Things have changed considerably since then, but the popularity of gambling has not. Even today, gambling games like Teen Patti are played across the country, more so during the festivals of Diwali and Janmashtami, between family and friends. 

These games honor Indian traditions and are a great way to bring family and friends together. As people become more tech-savvy, they often visit sites like to find out about the best online casinos and learn newer games.

Legal status of gambling in India

During British rule, gambling of any kind was banned in India. The Public Gambling Act of 1867 states that running a gambling house, or visiting one, is illegal, and is punishable by law, with provisions for imprisonment of up to 6 months, and a fine of ₹200. This 150-year-old law is still in force in most parts of the country, with very few changes.

However, after the country gained independence, the newly formed constitution granted greater autonomy to the states and allowed them to form their own laws regarding gambling. In 1976, Goa became the first state in India to come out with a new law, The Goa, Diu, and Daman Public Gambling Act, paving the way for legal casinos for the first time in India. According to the law, casinos were allowed to operate in off-shore vessels, and land-based casinos were allowed to operate within 5-star hotels.

M. V. Caravela was the first offshore casino in Goa, starting its operations 2 decades ago. Since then, the number of casinos has grown considerably in Goa, which has about 16 casinos currently, out of which 6 are off-shore, and the rest are land-based.

Sikkim became the second Indian state to legalize gambling, in the year 2005, by passing the Sikkim Regulation of Gambling (Amendment) Act. There are currently 3 casinos in Sikkim. Daman became the latest region to get a legal casino, with the opening of Deltin Daman in the year 2014.

As of now, gamblers can enjoy legal casinos in these three regions of India.

The rise of online gambling

The Public Gambling Act has not been amended to include online gambling, nor does the Information Technology Act of 2000, which governs the electronic activities in the country, explicitly mention online gambling.

This has left a glaring loophole and made online gambling in India a subject of interpretation. Taking advantage of this grey area in the law, many international sportsbooks are offering online services to Indians. Most of these websites are hosted in countries like Malta, Curacao, and Gibraltar, and hence the Indian law is not applicable to them. So as long as their country of origin does not bar them, they can legally allow Indians to use their platform to gamble.


While gamblers still throng the brick-and-mortar casinos of Goa, Sikkim, and Daman, online casinos have emerged to be a worthy alternative, as they can be accessed anytime, and from any place, even while you are on the move, thanks to the gambling apps

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How to Compare Online Casinos




Whether gambling online is a serious pastime for you or a casual hobby, choosing between the hundreds of pussy888 available online today can be rather intimidating. After all, every online gamer has their own unique personality, likes, dislikes, and preferred games. Just as every player is different, so are online casinos. Below are the basics to consider when shopping around for an online casino that will meet your gambling needs and then some.

It’s All About the Games

When it comes to online casinos, I come to play and I play to win. But first and foremost, I come to play. That means that you’re not going to stick around playing a game you don’t enjoy. Even if you play a game common to all casinos like poker, if the interface is weak you are all but guaranteed to make a fast “exit.”

Because online casinos only feature games where wagers are involved, you might think your choices are limited, but you couldn’t be farther from the truth. Many companies pride themselves on thinking outside the box and offering new and innovative games that raise the bar in terms of graphics, sound and playability. It is a good idea to get an idea of which online casinos carry games that you are interested in playing. Companies like Rival and Cryptologic are just two of the many top online casino software providers that push the envelope with every game they put out.

Also know that each software provider has their own style. Rival, as I mentioned above, has stellar games, but tends to cater to the younger crowd of online casino players. They focus more on graphics and games that appeal to “video gamers” more than anyone else. Where as Cryptologic has a knack for taking classic games and making them fresh and exciting again.

Banking Features

Naturally people when playing online, one wants to make sure that they are able to access their money as quickly and conveniently as possible. Most online casinos offer simple depositing processes whereby you deposit money into an account for use within that particular online casino. Still, not every casino operates the same way. RTG and Playtech incorporate their own software methods to manage money while Cryptologic uses “Ecash.”

Look for Peer Reviews

An online casino will tell you anything and everything to get you to gamble at their online casino. Can you blame them? They want to make money. It is in their best interest to sell their online casino as the biggest and the best. Therefore, your best bet on researching an online casino is to search for customer reviews on gambling review websites.

Online gamers are passionate about the casinos they love and venomous towards those they hate. Before spending a dime, it behooves you to read some reviews and benefit from the experience of others. There are so many sites out there offering top-notch, third party reviews of online casinos. Even though you’ll be gambling at the casino, it’s best not to gamble on a casino slotxo.

Beware of Sign Up Bonuses

Sign up bonuses as far as I’m concerned are the candy that a shady stranger uses to lure a kid into a van. They say nothing for the online casino’s game-play or customer service. I shall use another simile. They are like an ad incentive from a car dealership put out there to draw suckers into the clutches of salesman. Bottom line, there’s always a catch. In the above scenarios you either get kidnapped or have the old “switcharoo” pulled on you and end up paying way more than you wanted for a car.

Online casinos are no different. Often the sign up bonus will offer some exorbitant amount of free money. That’s what it says on the surface. But what they don’t tell you is that if you want that money to pay off, you will have to pay an even more exorbitant amount in wagers until you meet your minimum that lets you cash out…if you have any winnings that is.

Are You a Mac or a PC?

While every online casino is PC friendly, the same cannot be said for Macintosh computers. However, online casino bosses aren’t blind and many have developed platforms that are compatible with both PC and the rising number of Mac users. So if you’re on a Mac, your choice is fairly limited. If you’re on a PC, the online casino world is your oyster.

ECOGRA Certified Casinos

There are a number of third-party online casino watchdogs out there, all of them monitoring the casinos to see that they are playing fair. The most trusted of them all is eCogra (short for eCommerce Online Gaming Regulation and Assurance). There is no way to ensure that any online casino is absolutely fair 100% of the time. However, seeing that a casino is certified by eCogra is the best way to know that play is as fair as it can be.

There are other names out there, but none as universally trusted as eCogra. While others may certainly do their job as well as if not better than eCogra, their reputation is certainly strongest. In theory, anyone could start a watchdog company and create a seal. By going with an eCogra certified casino, you know that they stake their reputation on the fact that your gaming experience will be a fair one.

Know the Law Even though it shouldn’t be, online gambling is largely prohibited in many places, the United States included. In those places where it is legal, it is highly regulated. Therefore, whether online gambling is legal in your area or not, it is important to know the law before you start spending. An online casino allowing you access does not necessarily mean that their services are legal where you are. It is difficult for governments to regulate the internet and often the player is the one at risk. If your funds are seized, the casino has their money already since it is legal for most casinos to accept deposits. So before making a deposit, look into online gambling laws specific to where you live for a hassle-free gaming experience.

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Want to Bet Online in The U.S.? Here’s What the Law Says



Gambling has always been a tricky subject in the U.S. While some states (such as Nevada) allow it almost anywhere, other states are strictly against it. In the old days, you would contact your local “bookie,” place a bet, pay the book-keeping organization their fee from your winnings, and hope that your favorite team or player won.

After COVID-19 and the global pandemic, though, wagering money online has become the preferred method of safe, secure betting. As long as the sites you’re betting on are legitimate, then you can play with a relatively small deposit.

To bet sports online on your favorite NFL, soccer, college football, or NBA games is a great way to relieve stress and even win some money! In today’s article, we’re going to discuss some of the legality behind online sportsbooks and the concept of the “digital casino.”

So, whether you’re an experienced gambler looking for the next best platform or you’re just getting into online betting for the first time, you’re about to get a crash course in everything that you ever needed to know about the status of online betting in the United States.

Can You Bet Legally Online in The United States?

As we mentioned, betting on games, casinos, and money-backed games like poker, dice, and blackjack, are all tricky subjects in the United States. This is primarily because the nation was founded with a strong protestant background and the religion strictly prohibited gambling.

Despite the activity’s negative connotation, however, sports betting and casino games have become an American pastime. Just look at how busy Las Vegas is on a Monday afternoon!

In the past, gambling was a bit easier to regulate and control. However, the internet has changed a lot of things. So, what’s legal and what’s illegal?

In order to prevent organized crime and racketeering, the U.S. government initiated the Federal Wire Act in 1961. This prevented an organization or individual from directly collecting a deposit from players. Since most illegal sportsbook agencies or underground poker organizations collected money directly from the players, this was an effective way to get rid of these “criminal” organizations.

However, the internet has completely changed the game and provided a very important loophole.

Although the betting company cannot receive payments directly from you, they can receive payments using a payment processor as an intermediary. For example, when you place a wager on the upcoming NBA game, your investment isn’t directly deposited into the webmaster’s account.

Instead, your bets are processed through an out-of-country payment processor where poker, sportsbook sites, and gambling are legal. This means that technically the sports betting site isn’t “taking” your money, the payment process is. The webmaster later receives the funds from the payment processor which isn’t involved in the gambling process.

While out-of-country payment processors are the typical method for an online casino to collect funds, some of the newer players in the game are now accepting Bitcoin. Since Bitcoin is a decentralized cryptocurrency, it can’t be tracked and the federal reserve doesn’t have jurisdiction over it, providing yet another loophole.

All in all, there are no laws that expressly “prohibit” a live betting site from operating in the United States. As long as they follow the laws regarding how they receive wagers and distribute winnings to those who play, they can operate with full legality.

Can You Bet Online In Canada?

Canada’s online gambling laws are very similar to the U.S.

While it is illegal for a gambling site to provide services from within Canada, it’s not illegal for Canadian residents to place bets with online casinos that operate offshore.

Another loophole that many Canadians take advantage of is gambling through the Kahnawake Gaming Commission. Like America’s Indian Reservations, the native community profits greatly since they dominate the legal gambling arena. They handle bets, provide customer service, and payout their players when the odds are in their favor.

The commission is located in the Mohawk Territory within Quebec and has currently licensed around 50 online casino operators within the state.

Casino Betting Vs. Online Sports Betting

As far as legality goes, sports betting and casino game betting share the same status under the law. Although some sites specialize in one form of gambling over the other, many gambling websites offer a little bit of both to cater to a wider audience. If you’re a player who wants to bet online, both are options.

Live Betting with Online Sportsbook

Live betting with an online sportsbook is a fun way to increase your odds of winning by placing wagers during the game. Although the payouts may not be quite as high, they’re a lot more involved and “fun” than traditional before-game bets.

Most sportsbook bookie sites allow their account users to place bets on games that are hosted around the world. So, whether you’re into American sports (NFL, college football, or the NBA) or you prefer to bet on foreign games such as tennis or soccer, you’ll be able to choose from a variety of live betting opportunities.

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A Beginners’ Guide To RuneScape



So you have just started playing RuneScape? What is your experience up to now?

RuneScape has been here for about a decade and most are still hooked on playing it after all those years. However, as you may already understand by now, the game itself may be rather difficult for beginners.

The good news is you will get used to it once you spend more hours playing it, but if you are like many Runescape players that wish to understand how to better understand the game like a pro, then keep on reading this RuneScape beginners guide.

To begin, you must bear in mind that RuneScape doesn’t force you to concentrate on a certain path. It has a vast world for one to explore and offers a wide range of quests and missions that you can try to complete on your own or with the help of fellow RS players.

One of the best things about this game is there are no restrictions on what you could do and become during your journey. Whether you want to be a mage, fighter, or farmer, you get to choose which of your goals you want to reach first.

To provide you a clearer idea about what to anticipate playing RuneScape, let us talk about the vital areas of the game you ought to get familiar with directly from the get-go.


Similar to some other popular MMORPGs, your character in RuneScape has different skills that you have to improve as you make progress in the game.

Because there are lots of options that you can pursue just like being a master farmer or being the best magician in Gielinor, it is recommended that you determine which skills you want to level up first. This way it is possible to plan out things and branch out readily to other careers if you would like to.

Most skills like Mining, Fletching, Cooking, and Crafting will demand specific tools and a good amount of OSRS gold. These are some of the most lucrative skills in this game so getting to a good level on one of them will allow you to make more gold in the long run.

If you need help in boosting your OSRS skill, you can avail of cheap RuneScape power leveling services which many RS gold sites provide. This way it’s possible to level up your skills quickly without the necessity of spending your precious time doing repetitive jobs.


RuneScape is famous for its dozens of available quests which free-to-play gamers and paying members may take part in based upon their membership status and skill levels. Some quests are easy tasks, while some are full-blown epic journeys that might take several hours to finish. 

New RuneScape players are only allowed to perform quests with low requirements and this contributes to mediocre rewards.

If you would like to complete more intermediate RuneScape quests, you need to get a RuneScape membership first.

For beginners, here are our recommended OSRS quests:

• Imp Catcher

• Waterfall Quest

• Cook’s Assistant

• Witch’s Potion

• Goblin Diplomacy

• Rune Mysteries

Completing those can easily boost your skill levels and allow you to unlock certain items and locations in the game.


Combat in RuneScape is fairly straightforward. It is either you kill your competitors or you get killed by them. The former enables you to make valuable RuneScape gold and items while the latter is where you can lose these items.

Most combat skills are click-based. Possessing high-tier and rare RuneScape items helps a whole lot in altering the odds to your favor.


RuneScape beginners are advised to master the art of trading in Gielinor.

The better you are in flipping certain OSRS items, the more gold you can make, and the faster you can level up your skills.

You can start trading at the Grand Exchange or sell items straight to fellow players which you come along with. Most players exchange through the Grand Exchange though since it’s much safer there.

Also, if you are fairly new to the game, trading with other players might not be the ideal practice because some veteran players can take advantage of your inexperience.

When it comes to the best items to trade in the Grand Exchange, you’re better off flipping valuable potions and PKing items since these products are always in high demand and have great profit margins.

Final Thoughts

Hopefully, our RuneScape beginners guide has been helpful for you. If you really want to skip the long grind of leveling a new RuneScape account, you can always try out power leveling services or you can do better by buying an OSRS account with good skill levels.

You still have to do OSRS quests though and level up some OSRS skills on your own, but that’s just part of the game and we’re sure you’ll learn to love them once you’re able to play the game more

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Fun Ways to Teach Vocabulary with Games



Teach Vocabulary with Games

Vocabulary is an essential part of a language. However, learning vocabulary gets tiring at times. So, here are some games to make the “vocabulary learning” process easier and entertaining:

The ‘Pictionary’ Game

This is a drawing game that keeps the kids engaged and focused. To play this game, have the kids describe a word using only drawings. They aren’t allowed to use hand gestures or words. Give them a point on each correct word and the first one to get 10 points is the winner!

10 Objects

10 Objects is a great medium to test the kids’ vocabulary and memory at the same time. To play this game, get 10 items from around the room or classroom. Then, arrange the objects and have students gather around and observe them for a few minutes. Then, cover the objects with a piece of cloth and make everyone write down as many items as they remember. When everyone is done, write the name of the objects on a board and let the kids self correct. Give a point for every correct answer and the one who gets the maximum number of correct answers is the winner!

The Board Acronym

To play this game, write a word on the board in vertical order. Then, have the students write words that start with each letter of the vertically written word.

For example:

  • Ball
  • Elephant
  • Duck


This is an entertaining game which kids love to play. To play this game, write down words on some cards and have the kids pick one at a time. Then, the one with the card has to act and describe the word without speaking. The others will guess the word before two minutes run out. Give a point for each correct word and the one with maximum points is the winner!

To pick words easily, tap the link: Lucky Draw Software in Singapore.

The ‘Categories’ Game

To play this game, have the kids draw 5-10 columns on a sheet of paper. Then, write down a category at the uppermost columns. The categories can be something they’ve been learning recently (for example: verbs, adjectives, cities, countries, etc..). Then, give them a random letter and have them write the names for each category that starts with the given letter. You can repeat this game with more new letters.

The ‘Letter Scramble’ Game

To play this game, make a list of words. Then, write the words in a scrambled way on the board. Have the students unscramble the words on a paper. The one with maximum correct words is the winner!

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