Information technology has influenced all walks of our lives over the last few decades in a tremendous manner with the Tourism and Travel sector being one of the chief beneficiaries. The introduction of computers can be traced back to the early 60’s when the vacuum tube was the primary component of computer systems. This was largely inefficient and error prone and soon gave way to transistors which were replaced by Integrated Circuits. Now the technological advances have allowed advanced graphics integrated with moving images and sound to be incorporated into the modern computers.
The Tourism product being largely intangible stands to gain a lot from technology. Travel was considered a risk in the early days mainly due to the fact that the knowledge about the terrain, climate, culture etc of the destination was limited or unknown. Only the adventurous and men in quest for newer pastures ventured into such journeys. With the advent of IT into the travel sector, things have changed. Travel has become much more enjoyable and comfortable.
The modern day traveller has a plethora of options to choose from, with Internet being the favourite haunt for the potential traveller. Places of tourist interest and scenic beauty often do not catch the attention of the customer largely due to the fact that they are not marketed well. Internet in the early days did not support graphics, video, sound etc. Hence the tourism products could not be marketed over the net effectively. Now things have drastically changed with the introduction of protocols like the Transmission Control Protocol/Internet Protocol (TCP/IP). This has led to easier transmission of graphical images, music, videos etc over the net with speed and clarity. Thus tourism has been effectively marketed over the Internet. This has led to the mushrooming of Tourism and Travel sites.
There are number of software which cater to the needs of the tourism and hospitality sectors. Travel agencies, tour operators, hotels etc use modern systems equipped with powerful applications that work on huge databases. Computerised front office has lent elegance to the modern offices which are largely paperless. Office automation has led to efficient and accurate information processing. A person armed with the right information is the most powerful in the modern era. Computerised systems are used to extract information out of the voluminous quantities of data store in databases. Querying a database, be it for reservation enquiry or booking a ticket is in the hands of the end user. The customer is the king and rightly so has a number of options to choose from when embarking on a journey or getting information about a tourist spot.
Earlier users of computer systems were required to be experts. Even starting up the system required a computer operator. Only then the application could be run. Now systems with Graphical User Interface (GUI) and the WYSIWYG (What You See Is What You Get) technologies, even a layman or a child is able to operate a computer or access internet. A person who doesn’t know the local language at a place has information at his finger tips with the advent of touch screen facilities. Almost all banks have now introduced ATM (Automatic Teller Machine) facilities at their premises so as to allow the customers to access their accounts any time of the day.
In the Kerala scenario the advent of IT has been restricted to travel agencies using reservation systems and development of websites by Governmental and non-Governmental agencies. Also office automation is in place in with the accounting process also being computerized. The official website of Kerala Tourism has won many national and international accolades as being one of the best sites in tourism worldwide. In the education sector institutes such as the Kerala Institute of Tourism and Travel Studies (KITTS) has imparted IT education in Tourism sector by giving hands on training to students in GDSs (Global Distribution Systems) and computerized applications. Kerala Tourism Development Corporation (KTDC) has also fully computerized their reservations and a tourist can easily book a room through the net. Hotels have linked their systems to other global systems so as to establish a link worldwide. Let us examine in brief the application for tourism.
Global Distribution Systems
Global Distribution Systems (GDS) have evolved over the years and has played a major role in making online travel possible. A Computer Reservation System (CRS) is used to store and retrieve information and conduct transactions related to travel. They were originally developed by airlines, but it was later extended to travel agents as a sales channel. A functionality of CRS has been extended and what is known as the Global Distribution Systems came into existence. The major CRS operations that book and sell tickets to multiple airlines are known as GDS. Many airlines have opted to divest most of their holdings to Global Distribution Systems due to which many systems are now accessible to consumers through Internet gateways for hotels, car rental agencies, and other services as well as airline tickets. A traveller or a travel agent can chalk out an itinerary using a GDS which is a global system interconnecting airlines, hotels, travel agents, car rental companies, cruise liners etc. The four major Global Distribution Systems are AMADEUS, GALILEO, SABRE and WORLDSPAN. AMADEUS boasts of a market share of 31% and is followed by SABRE with 30% of the market, GALILEO with 26% and WORLDSPAN which has captured 12% of the market.
Today’s GDS systems have the following capabilities
- Available and accessible 99.9% of the time
- Process up to 17,000 messages per second during peak time
- Operates on cutting edge enterprise systems architecture
- Enjoys response times of a fraction of a second
- Is capable of booking a multitude of transactions
- Can make itinerary changes up to the last minute and complete complex international routings to every country in the world
- Automates the time consuming and complex process of re-pricing airline tickets when itineraries change
- Permits customers to send e-mail and faxes without exiting from the system
- Allows customers to compare fares and availability in order to shop for the most convenient travel at the lowest cost
- Stores all data related to the tens of millions of travellers securely so that the customers receive the travel preferences they desire
On a given day a GDS can access
- Over a billion fare combinations
- More than 95% of the available seats worldwide
- More than 750 airlines
- More than 50,000 hotel properties
- Over 400 tour operators
- Nearly 30,000 car rental locations
GDS systems are capable of booking
- One way and roundtrip airline seats
- Hotel rooms
- Rental cars
- Bus and rail tickets
- Event and theatre attractions
- Dining Reservations
- Itinerary Changes
- Complex international routings
An electronic ticket or e-ticket is a means by which a passenger or a group of passengers can ensure their seat in a commercial airline by booking over the internet. This greatly reduces the procedures associated with issusing a paper ticket, which consists of a number of copies. Both the airlines and the passenger are benefited by this form of ticketing. An image of the ticket is stored in the computer from which the customer can take a print out and board the plane directly if he or she is carrying no luggage. If there is luggage after obtaining the clearance the passenger can board the aircraft. The customer can request that a hardcopy confirmation be sent by postal mail, but it is not needed at the check-in desk. A confirmation number is assigned to the passenger, along with the flight number, date, departure location, and destination location. When checking in at the airport, the passenger simply presents positive identification. Then necessary boarding passes are issued, and the passenger can check luggage and proceed through security to the gate area.
The main advantage of e-ticketing is the fact that it reduces booking expense by eliminating the need for printing and mailing paper documents. Another advantage is that it eliminates the possibility of critical documents getting lost in the mail or being sent to the wrong address. It is estimated that globally about 25% of the passengers book their tickets online which has resulted in the booming of low cost fliers.
The Internet has provided a new economic environment to conduct business. E-commerce is a growing sector and many tourism businesses are involved in developing their internet services including traditional travel agents, tour operators, national tourist offices, airlines, hotels and other accommodation providers and car hire firms. This means of doing business is known as ‘e-tourism’, or ‘tourism e-business’. The key differences from traditional markets are the speed at which information can be communicated, global accessibility and the minimal costs of establishing a business online.
Property Management Systems
As the term indicates, property management systems refer to systems which have been used world wide to manage and effectively control the various day to day and other procedures related to managing large properties. Even in Kerala, these systems are used in large scale.
The core functions which a PMS can handle are reservations, front office operations, some back office operations and some managerial functions. A PMS is commonly used for handling the accounting functions of the various departments in a Hotel. This is in addition to being the hub for all interconnectivity with other systems in the hotel. Just as a person, who is cut off from the rest of his colleagues during work a standalone computer is not of much use. Hence a networked environment is provided whereby a server can cater to the needs of the end-user who may be a manager to receptionist or a waiter. This is achieved by networking the systems and sharing of resources. Software may be developed to suit the needs of the hotel which may have a front end and a back end. A front end is user interface, through which data may be entered or information retrieved. The back end may consist of a RDBMS which acts as the storage hub. Queries and reports may be used to retrieve information. For example, if a guest wants to know details regarding tariffs during off season, a click of the mouse may be sufficient to retrieve information.
Virtual Reality Systems
Virtual reality is a relatively new area which is related to artificial intelligence and neural networks. Artificial intelligence is an area where technology has made rapid strides in recent years. Human beings have been blessed with intelligence which ranges from their ability to remember things to inventing gadgets and making life more meaningful. It goes without saying that human brain is an amazing and intricate organ which has till date not been surpassed by even the fastest super computer. It is doubtful if such thing will happen in future too. But artificial intelligence has paved pathways to new gadgets and robots which help man in potentially dangerous and intricate tasks.
Tourism has in addition to the natural attractions, theme parks, man made rides, simulations etc. Singapore, Disneyland etc house some of most fabulous man made wonders thanks to IT and its applications. Particularly theme parks and rides along with recreation of fantasies and dinosaurs have added mileage to tourist destinations.
With the ever increasing need to use the net, Tourism has entered a new era. app virtual travel has gained popularity and a tourist if he wishes can use the various tools and internet and sit at the comfort of his office or home and do a virtual travel. Earlier there used to armchair travelogue creators who used to design the show from articles and hearsays. But now travel writing has been simplified just because there is a plethora of information in CD’s, brochures and on the net.
There are even virtual travel agencies on the net which offers a tour through its gallery and offers a great deal of information. Gone are the days when a guide used to take travelers for ride narrating several cock and bull stories and feeding the customers with false information. Virtual travellers are more informed and many of them do not even need an introduction to a destination which they plan to visit.
In addition to the virtual tour of the real world, artificially created virtual worlds are there, waiting to be explored. These sites offer a free package for a week which can be downloaded. After going through this demo, the user can see the real stuff, if he registers online and pays for it. This is a trend which is fast catching on. After all globalization has shrunk the world and it wouldn’t be long time before new destinations in the cyber world comes up.
Travel Recommender Systems
Travel has become a part and parcel in the lives of human beings. Efforts from travel agencies and tour operators coupled with inputs from Governmental organizations have resulted in great changes which have eased the hardships placed on the traveller. The modern day traveller has a plethora of options to choose from when planning his trip. Travel Recommender Systems though in its infancy has established its utility value in travel planning. In the coming years, its importance as tool in aiding travel planning will be indispensable. A few recommender systems are available in the market that give the tour operator or the customer options to remove the intangibility associated with the product. Austria is one of the few countries which have introduced Recommender Systems to the travelling public and have found favourable response from the users. Recommending a travel plan consists of many aspects such as the destination type, location specific information, seasonal specific recommendations etc. All this has to be presented to the user in a customer friendly manner so that he or she can input the options to the system which in turn will suggest the most recommended travel plan. These systems use artificial intelligence and fall under the category of expert systems.
Geographic Information Systems
The usage of maps dates back to centuries. Man has been using maps for guidance and for locating places. With the advancement of computer technology and graphics, maps have been digitised and used for providing accurate and timely information to users. Databases have been combined with computer graphics in the area of GIS.
GIS is used to display and analyse spatial data which are linked to databases. This connection between spatial data and databases is the driving force behind the working of a GIS. Maps can be drawn from the database and data can be referenced from the maps. When the database is updated, the associated map also gets updated. GIS database include a wide variety of information including geographic, social, political, environmental and demographic data. GIS technology is a computer based data collection, storage and analysis tool that combines previously unrelated information into easily understood maps. A GIS can perform complicated analytical functions and present the results visually as maps, tables or graphs, allowing decision-makers to visually see the issues before them and then select the best course of action.
GIS finds wide applications in Tourism especially in mapping Tourist destinations, hotels etc. The end user can pin point a destination and even browse the hotel room in which he or she plans to stay.
On the whole it can be said that Information technology has left an indelible mark in the application area of Tourism and Travel. In the coming years, areas like Travel Recommender Systems, GIS, Space Tourism etc will gain popularity and will help in giving a new dimension to the travel and tourism sector. Kerala Tourism which has established its presence in the global market will bank on these applications to further propel its growth trajectory. The International market which is growing has been given a shot in the arm with introduction of IT and will stand to gain further from it.
Take a Bus Tour to Explore Pioneer History in Riveting Richmond
Bus tours are the latest trend in the tourism industry. The craze of airplanes is long over. The tiresome queues, poor quality food, and squishy seats cause more nightmares than relief at reaching a destination quickly. And then there is another thing – people have started appreciating the slow life nowadays, especially in the wake of the Covid pandemic. They want to savor life to the fullest and instead of rushing from one place to another, they have started to take leisurely trips that allow them to enjoy the scenery they encounter on the way and munch on local delicacies.
Kentucky, or the Bluegrass State, is unlike any other place in the whole world. Its natural beauty is almost unparalleled with rich farmlands, dense forests, majestic mountains, and winding rivers. More and more travelers have started taking bus tours in Kentucky to enjoy its beauty and experience its many attractions.
Among the many small towns and cities that this state is famous for, a striking name is that of Richmond. Founded in 1798, this place is home to many notable characters, such as Daniel Boone, Kit Carson, Samuel Freeman Miller, and more.
There is a lot to do here in Richmond, a place where history does come alive. You can start off your trip here at Fort Boonesborough State Park.
You can visit its historic fort and peruse the exhibits at the Kentucky River Museum. Then there are outdoor activities such as hiking, fishing, swimming, boating and camping here.
Bus trips in Richmond, KY, are all about exploring history. On your trip here, do keep some time in your itinerary for a visit to the White Hall State Historic Site. This stately mansion was built in the late 1700s following the Georgian and Italianate styles. Seeing this would be like stepping back in time and you can imagine what life would have been like then.
It’s time to head outdoors and take a load off by sampling wines. Your next stop should be the Chenault Vineyards. Spread over five thousand acres, this picturesque, family-owned winery offers several handmade wines, which include whites and reds, and a blush wine.
If your appetite for all things natural is still unsated, you should head over to the Baldwin Farms. This is a famous destination for people of all ages as it has a lot of interesting activities that can be enjoyed by kids and adults alike. Some examples are pony rides, meeting friendly animals, wagon rides, corn hole, a hay maze, and more.
You can round your trip with a meal at Brady’s Sushi and Hibachi, a locally owned and operated restaurant. You’ll get amazing Asian delicacies here in a lovely ambience with exceptional customer service.
If you want to follow the latest trend and are thinking of taking bus trips near me, make Richmond your next travel destination. This small town will surely uplift your spirits and you will have many unforgettable experiences here.
Buy Home in Mountain view Ras El Hekma Egypt
What is Mountain view Ras El Hekma?
Mountain view Ras El Hekma is an archaeological site located in the Western Desert of Egypt. The site was first discovered in 1907 by a British expedition and has since been extensively excavated.
Ras El Hekma is one of the most important ancient sites in Egypt and is renowned for its extensive Pharaonic period ruins, including three temples dedicated to the goddess Hathor. The site is also known for its rock carvings and paintings, which are some of the oldest examples of art in Egypt.
Location and access:
Mountain View Ras El Hekma is a location in the Sahara Desert, about 250 miles from the city of Cairo. The site has been designated a UNESCO World Heritage Site. The mountain is known for its spectacular rock formations and is one of the best-known sites in Egypt. The site can be reached by car or camel ride, and there are several lodging options available.
Properties for sale:
Are you looking for properties in Mountain View Ras El Hekma? Then click here, we have just what you are looking for. We have a wide selection of properties that are perfect for you and your family. Browse through our listings and find the perfect home for your needs. We know that finding the right property is important to you, so we take care in selecting each property. Contact us today to learn more about these amazing properties and how they can benefit your life.
Nature is one of the most important things in life, and if you can find a place to enjoy it, do. One great way to do this is by visiting the Mountain View Ras El Hekma. This nature reserve features incredible views of the Mediterranean Sea and the surrounding landscape. There are trails that will take you through forests and up onto ridges, where you’ll be able to see for miles. Whether you’re looking for peace and quiet or just someplace different to explore, the Mountain View Ras El Hekma is a perfect spot.
Cost of living:
Ras El Hekma is a small village in the Western Desert of Egypt. Nestled among the sand dunes and rocky hills, it is one of the most isolated locations in the country. Though it has a population of only 3,000, Ras El Hekma enjoys a privileged lifestyle thanks to its natural resources and proximity to some of Egypt’s most famous tourist destinations. With an unemployment rate hovering at only 5%, Ras El Hekma residents are able to enjoy a high quality of life without having to overspend. Despite its relatively low cost of living, Ras El Hekma residents still need to be mindful of their expenses since there is little else to do in the village aside from relax and enjoy the stunning landscape. For more informationabout property cost in Ras El Hekma visit nawy, one of best real estates in Egypt.
If you are looking for a place to call home in the great and ancient land of Egypt, consider buying a home in Mountain view Ras el Hekma. Home prices in this area are still reasonable, especially compared to other parts of the country, and there is plenty to do and see nearby. So if you are interested in exploring this fascinating country, consider looking into buying a home here!
How to Get Turkey Visa for Chinese and Canadian Citizens
If you are a Chinese or Canadian citizen and are planning to visit Turkey, you should read the following article. In this article, we’ll discuss the requirements for a tourist eVisa and why a transit visa is not required. In addition, we’ll explain what the processing time is and why proof of a negative PCR test is required. This article will help you obtain your tourist visa and make the most of your trip to Turkey.
Transit visas are not necessary in Turkey
If you are a Chinese or Canadian citizen, a transit visa to Turkey is not required. If you are planning on boarding a connecting flight in Turkey, a transit visa will not be necessary. This rule also applies to those who wish to change their flights in Turkey but do not wish to leave the airport. This rule does not apply to those who already have a tourist eVisa or a valid passport. Nevertheless, it is still recommended to get a visa for any type of visit to Turkey.
Canadian and Chinese citizens do not need transit visas to travel to Turkey. However, they are subject to different entry/exit requirements. It is advisable to contact the Turkish consulate and check if they require any special permissions. While it is not mandatory, the consulates of various countries may interfere with private legal matters. If you are travelling to Turkey, you must carry a valid passport and proof of vaccinations. There is no need for Turkey Visa for Chinese Citizens for tourism.
Tourist eVisas are not necessary in Turkey
Tourist eVisas are not required in Turkey, but if you are traveling to the country as a tourist, you will need to make sure to follow the rules of the country. You will need to submit proof of your purpose for visiting and a valid financial status. If you want to stay longer in Turkey, you can apply for a residence permit through your local migration office. Overstaying your tourist visa is illegal and will result in fines and deportation.
Proof of a negative PCR test is required
Proof of a negative PCR test is mandatory for all travelers to Turkey. In addition to a valid passport, travelers must show proof of a PCR test. Although proof of vaccination is not universally required, the US CDC vaccination card may be sufficient for obtaining a visa. For travelers ages 12 and older, a negative PCR test must be obtained within 48 hours of departure. For UK citizens, a proof of vaccination and two COVID-19 tests are required.
The PCR test must be done within 48 hours of entering the country. For dual nationals or citizens of those countries, a COVID-19 (PCR) test is not required. Travelers with a certificate of COVID-19 immunity are exempt from submitting a PCR test. Those who have a certificate of COVID-19 recovery will not need to submit a form when transiting to Turkey.
The Turkish e-Visa is an online visa that is valid for 180 days from the date of issuance. If you are a Chinese passport holder, this visa allows you to enter the country and stay for 30 days. You can apply for a China e-Visa for business, tourism, transit, or air travel. It is also free for Chinese passport holders. Turkish e-Visa can be used for both land and air travel to Turkey. However, Turkey Visa for Canadian Citizens is needed for more actions.
What Are the Online Requirements For a Turkey Visa?
If you’re thinking about visiting Turkey and are wondering how to apply for the right visa, read this article to discover Turkey Visa Online Requirements. We’ll cover what you need to provide to apply for the right visa, what you need to have ready when you apply, and any exemptions you may have from a Turkish Visa. Regardless of where you’re from, you’ll find the online requirements for your Turkey Visa very straightforward.
Proof of income or savings
To qualify for a Turkey Visa Online Eligibility, you must have an alternative source of income. It can be salary slips, rental income, or even your spouse’s income. This will demonstrate that you have the financial means to support yourself while you are in Turkey. You must also show proof of covered accommodations and meals. Depending on your circumstances, you may need proof of both types of income, such as bank statements. Proof of savings is a great option, too.
Applicants with an online business should have proof of income or savings. A screenshot of a website that shows monthly transactions is also acceptable. In addition, you should also have proof of your taxes paid and registered. If you don’t have a bank account, you can submit photocopies of payslips. If you don’t have one, you can also use your payroll account or an ATM. It is important that you keep track of your income and expenditure, because a failure to provide evidence of savings could result in a refusal.
Proof of travel plans
If you’re planning a trip to Turkey, you’ll need to provide proof of your travel plans. You will need to provide an invitation letter from a Turkish host. You must also submit an invitation letter from your host if you’re going to stay in the country. If you’re not staying with a host, you can provide other proof, such as a salary slip or money you have earned from renting. You can also submit a letter of support from another person or bank statements.
When applying for a Turkey visa online, you’ll need to provide proof of vaccinations and travel plans. If you’re traveling with a child, you’ll need to provide a certificate of permission from the parent or guardian. In addition, you’ll need to show that you have vaccinated the child before traveling to Turkey. A negative test for the COVID virus should be completed 72 hours prior to your planned travel date.
The validity period of Turkey visa depends on the type of visa. For example, if you are a foreign student planning to study at a Turkish University, you must enrol at the institution before you can apply for an education visa. An education visa is usually valid for one year and requires a letter of acceptance from the institution. A residence permit, however, allows multiple entries during its validity period. For instance, foreigners who plan to conduct archaeological or documentary film making must obtain special permission from the Turkish authorities. They must enter Turkey through a foreign representative.
Exemptions from visa
For those who are not able to obtain a visa in advance, the Turkish government recently announced that they are providing 90-day visa exemptions for foreign tourists. The new visa exemptions will be valid for travelers from eleven countries, including the U.K. and Northern Ireland, Belgium, Croatia, the Netherlands, Norway, Poland, and Spain.
What is Turkey Visa Online Eligibility?
Before going to apply for a Turkey visa online, you need to know how to fill out the application form. There are different types of applications, including Work Annotated Visa, Multiple entry visa, Electronic entry permit, and more. In addition, you must also know about the processing time. To begin the application process, you must have the required documents, including the correct documents and a passport photo. For further Turkey Visa Online Eligibilityinformation, read this article.
Work Annotated Visa
The Work Annotated Turkey Visa is issued for a single entry and is valid for 90 days. This visa is required for foreigners who are applying for a job in Turkey. The applicant must submit the necessary information that is listed on their passport. All fields marked with an asterisk are required to be filled out. It is important to check the information that they submit. If they are correct, they can submit the application. Besides, there is also an option for Turkey Visa US Citizens.
In order to obtain this visa, the applicant must be employed by a sponsoring Turkish firm. A labor contract, invitation letter, or team contract must be provided. After receiving an offer, the foreign national must lodge a work permit application at the Turkish embassy or consulate. A work permit reference number will be issued to them. They will then follow the application process for the rest of the process. The work visa application process takes approximately 30 days.
Multiple entry visa
You can now easily apply for a Turkey visa online. You can choose to visit Turkey multiple times and even get a visa with multiple entries. This type of visa is great for travelers on a budget as you can get more than one entry. If you plan to travel to Turkey more than once, multiple entry visas will make your trip much easier and cheaper. To learn more, read on. This article will give you the details about multiple entry visas for Turkey.
Electronic entry permit
The process of applying for an e-Visa for Turkey is fast and easy. All you need to do is visit the Turkish government’s website and select the application button. Fill out some basic details about yourself and your travel plans, and then wait for the application to be approved. The entry permit is then delivered to your email address. The next step is to verify your email address. You’ll be asked to pay for your visa online.
If you are traveling to Turkey, the process to obtain a Turkey Visa Online is very simple. The website will walk you through the steps to fill out the application form and receive your confirmation email. Getting an e-Visa is extremely easy and can be completed online in as little as five minutes. During the application process, you will be required to provide your personal details, as well as confirm your email address. This process can be completed using a debit card or credit card.
The processing time for a Turkey visa online application varies, depending on the type of visa that you need to apply for. While some countries take only three days to process a visa application, others may take up to fifteen or twenty-five working days. If you are applying for a work visa, the processing time is a little longer. Nevertheless, there are advantages to using the e-Visa process to obtain a Turkish visa.
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