International English Language Testing System or IELTS has to be cleared by candidates planning to pursue higher education abroad. A candidate requires demonstrating proficiency in the English language and will be assessed mainly on four skills: reading, writing, listening and speaking.
Most candidates find the speaking section the most difficult due to the time constraint. This blog will outline how to prepare for this section and the IELTS exam syllabus.
An individual can ace this section with utmost perfection. However, a candidate is assessed on stringent parameters to identify his/her communication skills. Furthermore, when attempting this section, one needs to have in-depth knowledge about every subject. Therefore, it is best to understand the speaking section as a whole.
Understanding Speaking Section of IELTS exam
This span for 4-5 minutes, and candidates are expected to introduce themselves. Then, the examiner asks questions comprising interests, hobbies, family, educational qualifications, etc. It is regarded as the easiest out of the other parts in speaking.
This part spans about 3-4 minutes, and candidates are provided with a cue card. They must speak on a particular topic. However, a candidate can prepare and make notes before answering the topic. These questions are descriptive.
This is connected to the previous section, and the questions asked are more abstract. Questions can be causal, hypothetical, or compare and contrast and opinion. This generally is for 4 to 5 minutes and is often regarded as the most challenging portion.
Be careful of pronunciation
Candidates must be careful with their pronunciation. They can do so by recording themselves and hearing it. This will help them identify the accent, fluency and accuracy.
Widen the vocabulary
An individual must widen his\her vocabulary. One can do so by reading books, listening to the audio, and watching videos. One can write down new words and implement the same while speaking.
Don’t pause much
Candidates must try not to pause much during the conversation as it reflects that one does not know what to speak or is under-confident. In addition, it highlights that one cannot explain his/her idea. Hence, one should not use words like umm, you know, well, yeah, etc.
Rephrase the question
One must not repeat the question and try to rephrase it while answering.
Be careful of tenses
When answering the question, one must be careful of tenses. For instance, if the examiner asks, ‘What kind of food do you like?’, the candidate must answer the question in the present tense.
Put emphasis on certain words
One must not speak in a monotone as the examiner will be unable to understand the essential words. Hence, candidates must emphasise certain words to make the conversation more engaging for the examiner. Furthermore, one can use head gestures to make the conversation more rhythmic.
Practice common topics
Individuals can practice common topics to be conversant with the speaking section part 2. Tourism and travel, education, family, sports and recreation, crime and punishment, internet, advertising and retail are the most common topics.
Don’t use any unfamiliar words
One must not try using unfamiliar words if he/she is uncomfortable. There is a higher possibility that one can mispronounce words or use them in a false sense. This can impact one’s band score.
Avoid memorising answers
Candidates must not memorise answers in the first part. This is because the examiner will identify if one is memorising answers and can hamper scores. Plus, this does not give the examiner an idea of one’s language skills.
Don’t answer with a yes or no
Candidates must not answer the question with a ‘yes’ or ‘no’. Instead, they should expand their answers and espouse their ideas through it. For example, if the question asked is ‘Do you like wearing makeup?’, one should state his/her opinion in this manner. For example, one can begin by saying, ‘No, I do not like wearing makeup as I feel it does more harm than good. I feel it masks my identity’.
Practice Sample Questions of IELTS exam
While preparing for this section, one must practice sample and previous year questions to understand better what is asked. This will help one score well. Below-mentioned is some sample questions:
- Let us talk about your home town
- What do you do in your leisure time?
- Do you like travelling?
- Describe some advice which you had received
- Describe a magazine or book which you enjoy reading
- Do people spend a lot of money on social events, such as a wedding or a birthday party?
- Why do people come to parties late?
To fetch better scores in the speaking IELTS syllabus, candidates should start preparing early. First, however, one must keep the above pointers in mind to get the desired score.
Technical Project Manager vs Project Manager: What’s the Difference?
Technical Project Manager vs Project Manager:
When it comes to job roles, there’s an abundance of project management positions that demand a thirst for organization, attention to detail and constant communication. There are so many different types of project managers, in fact, that it can get a little confusing. You might be wondering: Which type of project manager is the best fit for my skill set? Do I have what it takes to be a technical project vs project manager? If you’re reading this because you’re trying to figure out which is the best type of project manager for your career aspirations, we’ve got good news for you: Both technical project managers and traditional or generalist Project Managers have plenty to offer you as an employee. Each has its own unique responsibilities and duties. But what are the differences between the two roles? Let’s take a look…
What’s the difference between a Technical Project Manager and a Project Manager?
First we need to understand what is technical project manager? At the most basic level, the difference between a technical project manager and a general or traditional project manager is the types of projects they oversee. While a traditional project manager oversees any type of project; a technical project manager typically oversees IT or engineering projects. The key difference is that a technical project manager is responsible for managing and documentating the resources and technical components involved in an IT or engineering project. Typical project managers, on the other hand, manage the project schedule, resources, and budget. Ultimately, a technical project manager is responsible for the technical aspects of a project, such as developing user manuals, creating system architecture diagrams, and assisting with testing. A general or traditional project manager is responsible for the schedule, budget, and communication within the organization. These project managers are responsible for gathering requirements, creating timelines, and managing the project budget.
What does a technical project manager do?
The technical project manager will create a schedule and scope of work to meet the client’s expectations. He or she will make sure the engineer is on track with the project and that he or she is meeting the project timeline. The technical project manager will create a breakdown or cost estimate of a project so that the client understands what the project will cost. The technical project manager will also make sure the project stays within budget. The technical project manager will manage client expectations throughout the duration of the project.
What does a general or traditional project manager do?
The general or traditional project manager will manage the scope, schedule and budget of a project. The project manager will create a scope of work to meet the client’s expectations. The project manager will make sure the team members are on track with meeting the project timeline. The project manager will create a breakdown or cost estimate of a project so that the client understands what the project will cost. The project manager will manage client expectations throughout the duration of the project. The responsibilities are different for program manager, and you may easily understand what is a program manager vs. project manager.
How to become a technical project manager?
To become a technical project manager, you need to have a bachelor’s degree or any best online mba in project management degree, although an advanced degree will open more doors. You also need five years of experience in a related field, such as IT or engineering. Technically, you do not need to become a technical project manager to work in IT or engineering. But if you want to climb the ranks, it’s a good idea to consider getting certified as a project manager. Doing so will allow you to be more visible and may help you land a promotion.
How to become a general or traditional project manager?
To become a general or traditional project manager, you need to have a minimum of a bachelor’s degree. It is possible to advance your career without becoming a certified project manager. But if you want to be more visible within your organization and help your career flourish, it’s a good idea to consider getting certified as a project manager.
What is the difference between a Technical Project Manager and a Project Manager?
The main difference between a technical project manager and a project manager is that a technical project manager oversees engineering or IT projects, while a project manager oversees any type of project. In addition, a technical project manager is responsible for managing and documenting the resources and technical components involved in an IT or engineering project, while a project manager is responsible for managing the project schedule, resources, and budget. Ultimately, a technical project manager is responsible for the technical aspects of a project, such as developing user manuals, creating system architecture diagrams, and assisting with testing. A general or traditional project manager is responsible for the schedule, budget, and communication within an organization.
The Best Online Certificate Programs
In the conditions of dynamic change in the labor market, the need to improve the level of qualification or even radically change the specialty is very important. The main goal of most people is to make learning flexible and mobile thus saving much time and receiving the maximum results at the same time. And here, as always, the Internet comes in handy. Today, online education courses are becoming increasingly popular because it is very convenient to develop and improve skills without leaving the home according to the individual schedule.
Back to history, the first open mass educational platform Khan Academy was created in 2006 by Salman Khan, who sought “high-quality education for anyone and anywhere.” The platform still exists today with several thousand free courses. Although a great leap in the development of online certificate programs has not been made in the last few years but in 2012 when the educational platforms edX, Coursera, and Udacity were born.
However, even now with a large number of different online programs, many people still do not consider them a full-fledged education and often ask where to put certification on resume. There are special sections for such certificates in the resume, or they can even be placed in the education section. The fact is that such courses are usually short-term, but you can be sure to get all the range of all necessary skills for the selected profession. The key point is that such certification has to be received from a reliable online certification program, so let’s check what are the best programs for this purpose.
Medical Billing and Coding at Hutchinson Community College
Invoicing and coding of medical services is the process of sending information to insurance companies and processing patients’ payments. It’s a highly paid profession you can get after passing an online certification program. There are numerous online offers to learn medical billing and coding that are usually run at your pace where you can correspond by mail or use an online system to communicate with teachers and other students, and access study materials.
Hutchinson Community College offers such a program both on campus and online. The college program prepares you for working in hospitals, clinics, and other places where the data are coded in ICD-10-CM/PCS and CPT for reimbursement purposes. Besides, if you are limited in the budget for taking the course, this is a great option for you. After taking the program, you’ll get the Health Information Technology Associate in Applied Science degree.
Web Design at DeVry University
A web designer creates the appearance of websites and applications in which visual decisions directly affect brand perception and sometimes sales. Therefore, the market needs talented web designers whose salary is one of the most well-paid these days. Since so many businesses are now moving online, the need for a well-designed site to attract customers is a necessity. That’s why many different courses offer online certificates. However, special trust among employers is aroused by programs that are taken place by colleges and universities e.g. DeVry University.
The course of the university allows learning web design in 10 lessons. Deciding on DeVry University you’ll learn how to design user interfaces, and different graphic elements, and apply any animation and media content needed in the creation of a website. As the online curriculum is based on the concepts from the Adobe Certified Associate exam, it means you are automatically getting ready to pass the ACA exam.
Cybersecurity at Rochester Institute of Technology
Cybersecurity is a profession that is in demand nowadays. That is the reason why there are a lot of online training programs. No matter why you decide to dive into the cybersecurity sphere, you’ll find an online course suitable for you. However, sometimes, it could be a challenge to pick up the right one because of the abundance of courses that overwhelmed the Internet.
Rochester Institute of Technology has an online course called Cybersecurity MicroMasters Program which includes such training as network security, forensics, and risk management. Obviously, after passing the course, you’ll get a bachelor’s science degree in cybersecurity online.
Paralegal at Berkeley
Working as a paralegal helps to gain important practical skills in dealing with legal documents, and to understand the intricacies of legal affairs to become a lawyer in the future. Passing a paralegal online course is a perfect career start.
Berkeley offers an online certificate program in paralegal studies that lasts from 6 up to 12 months. The online curriculum consists of learning civil and criminal law and gaining the needed skills for using evidence in court. If you decide on Berkley’s course, you’ll pass six classes with three electives. Of course, you’ll study the basic skills such as research and writing and the paralegal e-discovery process.
Over the last few years, the number of online certificate programs has grown and it might seem a struggle to select a course that is worth considering, so the choice of the training should be taken carefully. Now it is very easy to check the reviews, and ratings, or even take a free trial.
About the Author
Gillian is a talented writer with a strong research approach in the career field. Has over 12 years of experience in resume, LinkedIn profile writing and editing. Education Master of Fine Arts, Writing Eastern Washington University.
Skills to put forward in a teacher’s resume
Interested in pursuing a career in teaching? This is a great idea. If you have the qualifications and experience required for the job, this should not be a problem. Being a teacher is a very exciting job but it requires seriousness because you are in charge of training people and passing on your knowledge. So what skills should you put forward in the teacher’s resume?
Adaptability and responsiveness
The teaching profession is both exciting and very strict because it is regulated. It covers several positions and various specificities. To apply for this teaching job, you probably have the required qualifications. The problem is how to write your resume. You may well be inspired by the sample experienced teacher’s resume published online. But the skills that are outlined in them remain the same.
To attract the recruiter’s attention, you will have to know how to put forward your professional skills. First of all, there is the ability to adapt and react. Yes, as a teacher, you know very well that your day does not end with preparing session sheets and applying them. Your students also require you to pay attention and to listen to them. To do this, you must be responsive and know how to adapt to every circumstance that arises in class.
In short, a teacher is a person who knows how to adapt to everything, especially to the unexpected, despite the organization that he or she has planned for the day. You must therefore convince your recruiter through your resume that you can handle the situation even at the last minute.
Team spirit and ability to federate
Although teaching is a one-person job, it also requires teamwork and the ability to bring people together. You will frequently be asked to work with others, including teachers like yourself, either in a collaborative manner or as a complement to the classes you teach your students.
Show professionalism in your task by adapting to work in a team and even federate it if necessary. If you have had the opportunity to coordinate a team before, be sure to mention it in your CV to make you stand out. Who knows if the recruiter or your future employer, thanks to this, puts you in a position of higher responsibility such as a director of an establishment, for example.
In short, inform in the best possible way in your resume that management does not scare you because it is also one of the most sought-after qualities in the teaching position.
Communication skills are a necessary quality to be a good teacher. How can you pass on your knowledge without knowing how to communicate with your students and colleagues? You can’t.
As they say, in teaching, there is an element of drama and oration. You may be asked to speak in front of an audience of students and sometimes parents, such as at graduations or open houses. You must therefore master your communication skills to be able to present yourself in public and speak openly about what you have to say.
This quality is in high demand in any industry. If you don’t have it, it is quite possible that the recruiter will reject your application and find someone else. In short, all employers would like to have employees who know how to express themselves and adapt their speech to the person they are talking to or to the situation at hand.
Autonomy and curiosity
As a teacher, it is also impossible not to be curious and autonomous. It goes together. Why? Because if you find yourself alone with didactic or pedagogical questions that your students have, what are you going to do? In order not to ruin your image as a teacher, you should not ask other teachers for help. You will have to find the answers on your own.
Because of your intellectual curiosity, which has led you to self-study, you will know how to deal with this problem. In addition, your previous training and the studies you have done to become a teacher must necessarily serve as a foundation for finding the right answers to all these questions.
Organizational skills and decision-making ability
These qualities are not given to everyone. Most teachers, as mentioned above, have or have tried to cultivate a real sense of organization; this is to be effective enough to make their students progress because it is the teachers who have to plan their lessons and learning in sequences and sessions.
As a teacher, you will sometimes have to organize meetings, conduct projects, time each session, etc. If you don’t have organizational skills, how are you going to do that? You also need to be able to make decisions on your own without asking for input from others. Take your place as a teacher and act like one. You are like the person in charge of your students and it is therefore up to you to look for and decide on the best solution to the problem at hand.
You really need to prepare yourself for this because you will have to make about ten decisions each day.
Strength of proposal and creativity
In order to be successful in your teaching career, you must be proactive and creative in your project. Here again, this is also an innate quality in teachers. Nothing should be difficult for you to propose solutions or to give your opinions.
A good teacher is someone who is resourceful and pragmatic. Your only principle is to reach your objective, which is to pass on your knowledge to each of your students and thus make them succeed in their exams.
It is your job that pushes you to be more creative than you were before. You must therefore find the right words, the right tools and the right materials to ensure your role as a teacher.
And finally, stress management. This is also an important quality to become a good teacher. Like any other job, teaching also has its share of stress. Managing several students at the same time is not an easy task at all. We understand. In order not to lose control, you need to be calm and professional to manage your stress.
Yes, among all your students, there may be those who have learning problems, relationship problems with their peers, administrative problems, etc.
LMS Design Best Practices
The world of education changed upside down with the emergence of e-learning. Distance education resources available to all users worldwide erase the barriers between students and educational institutions, making learning universally accessible.
The good news for private educators and business owners is that they can also join the booming e-learning market with branded products. There is a realm of private courses available to students across the globe, bringing million-dollar revenue to their creators. So, why not try your luck in this lucrative niche?
But before you start selling an e-course, take our tips for learning management system design. It can guide you smoothly through the design steps, protecting you from the underwater stones of LMS implementation.
What Is an LMS?
Let’s start with the basics – LMS definition. The acronym stands for a Learning Management System, which is actually a web platform on which users can access educational materials, view multimedia content, and complete testing. It is an educational product with a unique UI app design and logic, giving users various educational tools and interaction methods.
Given the fierce competition in the e-learning market, you can secure a good competitive position for yourself if you design your LMS really well. Learners strive for simplicity and interactivity; they like performance rewards and gamification. So, take all these modern UI/UX trends into account, and you will create a winning product.
Which LMS Type to Choose?
The choice of an LMS platform is the initial stage of design. You can choose between a hosted and SaaS/cloud LMS, each with specific pros and cons.
A hosted LMS:
- The platform gives students or trainees access to educational resources on the program owner’s server.
- The system has limited outreach in terms of geography, typically limited to a specific company or university.
- Hosted LMSs are securer as all information is kept on-site and not transferred via the Internet.
A SaaS/cloud LMS:
- The LMS is hosted on a cloud server, with users receiving access to it via the Internet.
- It’s ideal for distance learning, giving students universal access from any corner of the globe.
- It suits private educational companies because of financial costs and flexibility in use.
LMS Implementation Steps
Now that you know what an LMS is and have chosen the hosted or cloud version thereof, it’s time to proceed to its actual development. You need to consider the following issues in this process.
Set Clear Goals
Having a concrete LMS idea in mind is very helpful at the start of the development process. You need to know what you want to achieve with your resource. What type of learning do you want to provide? How will it differ from other available options? What will students get from it?
These questions cannot be answered without thorough user research and demand validation. It makes no sense to develop a complicated and costly product without understanding who will use it. So, engage a skilled researcher and study the market to determine the gaps in product offerings and people’s needs.
Validate an Idea with Users
After your rough business idea takes shape, it’s still necessary to put it to the preliminary test. Carry out a survey with a pilot group of users, asking them to comment on your idea and share 10 benefits and 10 minuses they associate with existing LMSs. Incorporate that feedback in your LMS’s design to close the user gaps and meet their unmet needs.
Work with Professionals
Now it’s time to proceed to the actual development. Make sure that you hire a team with proven expertise and a relevant tech stack to complete your project. You should have a product manager, a designer, an LMS engineer, and a QA tester in the team at a minimum. Additional staff should include developers with experience in e-learning, training administrators, and IT experts. The number and competence of other staff in the project team depend on your LMS’s complexity and budget.
Take Administration into Account
LMS administrators will become its core ambassadors and salespeople upon the platform’s launch. Thus, you need to invest time and effort in training them well. They should know the system inside out, performing all functions without friction. If they learn the LMS’s functionality that well, they’re sure to help other users without a problem.
Scale for Growth
Even if you start small, you need to keep growth perspectives in mind. Once your project becomes successful and attracts larger user numbers, you don’t want it to stagnate and collapse because of the overload. So, the LMS infrastructure should be scalable from the onset, giving you flexibility in growth without serious bottlenecks.
Ensure Flexibility in Content Delivery
The core factor determining an LMS’s success with users is the quality of the learning experience. Thus, you should never leave this aspect to chance. Ensure that the platform features numerous options for content delivery, fitting various learner kinds and styles. Some students prefer reading a text, while others perceive the materials better in the form of videos or podcasts. You need to provide all those learning tools to attain a good degree of customization.
Upon launch, there will always be some problems, and you need to get ready for them. Take into account the following issues that most companies launching an LMS experience:
#1 Technical Glitches
No system works all the time perfectly. Your task is to be ready for all kinds of glitches and bugs, addressing them in real-time to prevent downtime and keep the user experience positive.
#2 Problems with Customization
You need to develop a detailed plan for customizing the LMS’s materials and UI so that your users love the resource and stay with it.
#3 Security Risks
Security is the most important aspect of LMS functioning, as people store personal and banking information in their profiles. Thus, a security breach or a large-scale hack of the system may result in disastrous consequences for your company and clients.
#4 Scaling Limitations
Scaling is hard if you have initially chosen a rigid platform. So, it’s better to opt for flexible SaaS solutions so that your company grows together with your client base.
What Is UPSC EPFO Exam? Can 12th Pass Apply For It?
EPFO stands for Employee Provident Fund Organization; it is a national exam led by UPSC under the Ministry of Labor and Employment yearly. UPSC conducts this recruitment exam for the post of EPFO, Employees & Fund Organization. Candidates who possess a graduation degree in Law, Management, or equal degree can apply for the UPSC EPFO exam. The centers are allotted on a first-come, first-serve basis; therefore, you can select the center of your choice if you apply early.
It is an objective-type paper that has 120 multiple-choice questions.Before applying for the exam, you must know the UPSC EPFO syllabus eligibility criteria, and exam pattern. The EPFO exam is conducted in two phases-
- The recruitment Test (it is conducted offline).
- Personal Interview.
UPSC EPFO Eligibility Criteria
The candidates must be aware about the UPSC EPFO eligibility criteria to get conversant with the requisite qualifications and age limit.
The candidate applying for the UPSC EPFO exam should be under 30 to appear in the exam. There is age relaxation for reserved category prospects.
SC/ST – up to 5 years
OBC – up to 3 years
EPFO employees – up to 5 years
Ex-servicemen and Commissioned Officer-Relaxation of 5 years, but it might vary as per the rules.
The candidate should have a graduation degree from any acknowledged college. Students who have done their post-graduation in law, account, and Central Secretariat are favored.
To be qualified for this exam, the candidate must be a resident of India or Nepal.
Number of Attempts
You can apply any number of times for this exam within the age limit.
No experience is required, but prospects with prior experience will be preferred.
UPSC EPFO syllabus
There are nine subjects that you need to study to attempt this exam, which are-
1. General English
2. Indian Freedom Struggle.
3. General Science & knowledge of Computer applications.
4. Indian Polity & Economy.
5. General Mental Ability & Quantitative Aptitude.
6. Social Security in India
7. Industrial Relations & Labor Laws
8. Current Events and Developmental Issues.
9. General Accounting Principles.
UPSC EPFO Exam Pattern
It is an objective-type exam with multiple-type questions, and the exam duration is 120 minutes. The UPSC EPFO exam is for 100 marks, and every question is of the same marks. For every wrong answer, .33 marks are deducted. If you select two answers, the answer is marked wrong, and a negative marking will be done.
UPSC EPFO Application Fee
To complete the application process, the candidates need to submit the fee. There is a very nominal fee for it, i.e., Rs.25 for the Unreserved category, and the good part is that there is no fee for SC, ST, Women, and PwBD.
Can 12th Pass apply For the UPSC EPFO exam?
A 12th pass cannot apply for this exam, as a minimum bachelor’s degree is a mandate to apply. The degree can be in Law, Administration, or Accounts from any Government or private college.
This was about the UPSC EPFO exam; you can start preparing for it today as the vacancies are limited, and there are lakhs of applicants.
You can learn more about the UPSC EPFO exam on BYJU’s Exam Prep. They have all the information you require for clearing the EPFO exam, such as the previous year’s question paper, appropriate study material, and expert guidance.
Latest News1 year ago
Why You Should Invest in an Expense Management Software
business6 months ago
Turning Invoices To Cash, 1st Capital Service Offers Stability And Assurance For Invoice Factoring Services
Latest News2 years ago
दिल दहला देनी वाली खबर महिला ने भरे बाजार में पिया जहर साथ में बच्चे को भी दिया
business1 year ago
The Importance of Wealth and Investment Management For Your Life
Latest News4 months ago
What are the best Balloons of 2022?
Latest News2 years ago
Finding the Best VPS Hosting for WordPress 2020
fashion1 year ago
Looking For the Best Quality Ring For Your Spouse
auto2 months ago
Mac VPN: How it Improves Security