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How To Download NCERT Books Pdf Easily for Students?

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Are you trying to download the NCERT books? We will help you by elaborating the procedure to do so. NCERT has online books, solutions from class 6 to 12. The Government of India has already launched an app for mobile phones and Windows PCs. We will also share some alternative apps that are specifically created for mobile screens. 

We have mentioned three apps from which you can download the NCERT books easily. We ePathshala is the official app. 

  • ePathshala – 

This is created by a joint initiative form NCERT(national council for educational research and training) and HRD(human resource development). 

  • NCERT Books-

Created by Philoid, this app provides videos, chapter downloads for reading online and offline, NCERT solutions and discussions sessions. 

  • NCERT books and solution free downloads-

You will get every official NCERT books pdf, solutions along with RD Sharma, RS Aggarwal, HC Verma etc. This app is created by DigiBooks Technologies(P) Ltd. 

Methods To Download NCERT Books Pdf Apk on PC

You can download apps on your Chromebooks, or android or iOS apps on your PC. Follow these rules to install the applications.

Installing Chromebook

Follow these steps to download Chromebook, 

  • Travel to Google Chrome settings
  • You will see Google play store, under it you will find Android Settings, click on it. 
  • Type ” install unknown apps” in the search bar and press Enter. 
  • After you have installed unknown apps, you will have plenty of options to install the apk offline 
  • Select a directory for saving all files. 

Windows PC Store App For NCERT(official) 

 Go to the Microsoft store and you will be able to see the file. When you find “Get”, click on it. And follow the process to install the application. 

The working NCERT Books Pdf app for PC is ePathshala. Students, teachers, parents and educators, anyone can have access to the file. This file is supported on multiple technological platforms. It can be accessed from windows phones, Android phones, iPhones, tablets, laptops, desktops, computers and flipbooks. This app also has a simple interface for easy operation. You can zoom in & out, bookmark, highlight, navigate, share, make notes from it and many more features are included in the application. 

NCERT App On PC Using Android Emulators

You have to begin with, downloading an emulator then you can proceed to the installation steps. 

  • Download emulator

There are two Bluestacks app players for NCERT and Nox player android emulator. Follow this process to download any one from the options. 

  • Download app

After, you have downloaded the emulator of your choice, install it. It can be installed in both Windows and Mac. Click on the emulator to open it, search for the play store app. Now, open the play store and in the search bar type NCERT, and go. Download any NCERT link. Once, it is installed, open the file and start studying. 

Wrapping Up

We hope this was a useful article for you. These applications have everything from class 6 to 12. Whichever class you might be in, doesn’t matter, you can use this particular app. Even if you are not a student, you can use it. Students aspiring for NEET, IIT, JEE and other national competitive exams, should also start using this app to prepare yourselves. 

These are one of the best applications and only apply to download NCERT books.

FAQs

  1. What is the difference between NCERT And CBSE Books?

CBSE or central board for secondary education is a governing body, whereas NCERT or National council for educational research and training is actually a council. NCERT publishes the book and CBSE board prescribes these books as their textbooks. CBSE uses these textbooks all over India. It is a uniform system of textbooks that CBSE follows nationwide. This gives a facility to the CBSE students if they are to be transferred in the middle of a session, they can start reading the same books and from where they left it. This makes CBSE one of the most popular and reliable school boards in India. 

  1. Is NCERT enough for UPSC? 

Technically yes, NCERT books are enough to crack UPSC examinations. Along with it, you need to read a newspaper regularly. The best would be The Hindu and Economic Times. Also, practising reasoning regularly will help you extremely. You can read these newspapers by subscribing to them or read ex newspapers. 

NCERT books cost very less, around 100 maximum per book. Therefore, this should not be an issue. If you can’t buy the books, you can download them using the above-mentioned process. 

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How to add multiple classes to a ReactJS Component?

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Component

Normally big projects need it to be dynamic or having different reusable CSS classes which can be applied to multiple DOM elements, also there are some common CSS in two classes which can be separated as one common class and then apply multiple class to element where one is common CSS and one is element specific class. Here the need for multiple classes to a single element raises. Also, you can check about implementing material UI in React which is one of the demanding topic in React. 

While working with HTML and CSS we encounter some situations where we need to apply more than one class to an element, i.e., applying one class for media queries and one class for color, size and position to a div tag. Moreover, you can hire React developers from BOSC Tech Labs to help you in applying these things and in building complex React based application efficiently and correctly.

For above situation, we just write both the classes space separated to HTML element:

@media (max-width: 767px) { .hidden-mobile { display: none; } } .theme-format {             color: ‘blue’;             font-size: 16px; }   <div class=”hidden-mobile theme-format”>SOME WEB CONTENT</div>

Now, as we already know that React application is having Class component and Functional component. So the keyword Class is already there for class component in React, due to this we need to use className to tell React that the className is different from class and className needs to be rendered inside an HTML tag as CSS class.

Now to apply multiple classes we can just use space similar to HTML, i.e.,

function App() {  return <div className=”class1 class2″>Normal Multiple Classes</div> }   export default App

Ways to apply multiple classes to React DOM element

Static Classes:

As we have already seen above that is what static classes looks like, there are few more ways to apply static classes like:

Static class with variable and then concatenation:

const varClass = “class1” <div className={varClass + ” ” + “class2”}>Normal Multiple Classes</div>             // Or <div className={“class2 “.concat(varClass)}>Normal Multiple Classes</div>

Similarly, we can apply classes combined as array and then join it with space:

const arrClass = [“class1”, “class2”, “class3”] <div className={arrClass.join(“ “)}>Multiple Classes in array</div>

Dynamic Classes:

Above classes are directly or indirectly static classes, but there are few ways to add this classes dynamically. It can be with some condition or from parent component or even from response from API.

Conditional classes are a widely used method as it gives applications a different level of dynamicity from a front-end UI/UX perspective.

const [isWarning] = useState(true) return ( <>  <div className={`box ${isWarning === true ?  “warning” : “success”}`}> This is a message </div> </> )  

Here the CSS can be:

.warning {             color: ‘red’, } .success {             color: ‘green’, }  

Classes as props from parent component:

const Child = props => { return <div className={`${props.status}`}>This is an error message</div> }   function App() { return <Child statusClass=”error” /> }   export default App

Here the Child will get error as class given to that div element.

Using classNames Library:

All the methods above directly or indirectly forces us to use space separated classes, but the classNames library of React offers comma separated class applying method.

Firstly install the library to your project by npm or yarn:

npm install classnames             //Or yarn add classnames

Now we can use it with all the above Static and dynamic methods but here the comma separation is needed instead of the space separation we used in above examples i.e.,

import classNames from “classnames” import { useState } from “react”   function App() { const [isWarning] = useState(true) return ( <div className={classNames(“box”, { warning: isWarning })}> This is a warning message </div> ) }   export default App

Here we applied two classes comma separated, where one is Static, and the other one is conditional on one variable.

Conclusion

Examples above shows that similar to normal HTML space separated multiple classes, we can apply multiple classes to React DOM element the same way with some additional possibilities like classes in array, variable or even from another component’s props. There is one library which allows adding classes, just separating it with comma as well. By all the above ways there are endless possibilities of giving multiple classes statically or dynamically according to need and solving the needs of big projects.

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Technical Project Manager vs Project Manager: What’s the Difference?

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technical project manager vs project manager

Technical Project Manager vs Project Manager:

When it comes to job roles, there’s an abundance of project management positions that demand a thirst for organization, attention to detail and constant communication. There are so many different types of project managers, in fact, that it can get a little confusing. You might be wondering: Which type of project manager is the best fit for my skill set? Do I have what it takes to be a technical project vs project manager? If you’re reading this because you’re trying to figure out which is the best type of project manager for your career aspirations, we’ve got good news for you: Both technical project managers and traditional or generalist Project Managers have plenty to offer you as an employee. Each has its own unique responsibilities and duties. But what are the differences between the two roles? Let’s take a look…

What’s the difference between a Technical Project Manager and a Project Manager?

First we need to understand what is technical project manager? At the most basic level, the difference between a technical project manager and a general or traditional project manager is the types of projects they oversee. While a traditional project manager oversees any type of project; a technical project manager typically oversees IT or engineering projects. The key difference is that a technical project manager is responsible for managing and documentating the resources and technical components involved in an IT or engineering project. Typical project managers, on the other hand, manage the project schedule, resources, and budget. Ultimately, a technical project manager is responsible for the technical aspects of a project, such as developing user manuals, creating system architecture diagrams, and assisting with testing. A general or traditional project manager is responsible for the schedule, budget, and communication within the organization. These project managers are responsible for gathering requirements, creating timelines, and managing the project budget.

What does a technical project manager do?

The technical project manager will create a schedule and scope of work to meet the client’s expectations. He or she will make sure the engineer is on track with the project and that he or she is meeting the project timeline. The technical project manager will create a breakdown or cost estimate of a project so that the client understands what the project will cost. The technical project manager will also make sure the project stays within budget. The technical project manager will manage client expectations throughout the duration of the project.

What does a general or traditional project manager do?

The general or traditional project manager will manage the scope, schedule and budget of a project. The project manager will create a scope of work to meet the client’s expectations. The project manager will make sure the team members are on track with meeting the project timeline. The project manager will create a breakdown or cost estimate of a project so that the client understands what the project will cost. The project manager will manage client expectations throughout the duration of the project. The responsibilities are different for program manager, and you may easily understand what is a program manager vs. project manager.

How to become a technical project manager?

To become a technical project manager, you need to have a bachelor’s degree or any best online mba in project management degree, although an advanced degree will open more doors. You also need five years of experience in a related field, such as IT or engineering. Technically, you do not need to become a technical project manager to work in IT or engineering. But if you want to climb the ranks, it’s a good idea to consider getting certified as a project manager. Doing so will allow you to be more visible and may help you land a promotion.

How to become a general or traditional project manager?

To become a general or traditional project manager, you need to have a minimum of a bachelor’s degree. It is possible to advance your career without becoming a certified project manager. But if you want to be more visible within your organization and help your career flourish, it’s a good idea to consider getting certified as a project manager.

What is the difference between a Technical Project Manager and a Project Manager?

The main difference between a technical project manager and a project manager is that a technical project manager oversees engineering or IT projects, while a project manager oversees any type of project. In addition, a technical project manager is responsible for managing and documenting the resources and technical components involved in an IT or engineering project, while a project manager is responsible for managing the project schedule, resources, and budget. Ultimately, a technical project manager is responsible for the technical aspects of a project, such as developing user manuals, creating system architecture diagrams, and assisting with testing. A general or traditional project manager is responsible for the schedule, budget, and communication within an organization.

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The Best Online Certificate Programs

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In the conditions of dynamic change in the labor market, the need to improve the level of qualification or even radically change the specialty is very important. The main goal of most people is to make learning flexible and mobile thus saving much time and receiving the maximum results at the same time. And here, as always, the Internet comes in handy. Today, online education courses are becoming increasingly popular because it is very convenient to develop and improve skills without leaving the home according to the individual schedule.

Back to history, the first open mass educational platform Khan Academy was created in 2006 by Salman Khan, who sought “high-quality education for anyone and anywhere.” The platform still exists today with several thousand free courses. Although a great leap in the development of online certificate programs has not been made in the last few years but in 2012 when the educational platforms edX, Coursera, and Udacity were born.

However, even now with a large number of different online programs, many people still do not consider them a full-fledged education and often ask where to put certification on resume. There are special sections for such certificates in the resume, or they can even be placed in the education section. The fact is that such courses are usually short-term, but you can be sure to get all the range of all necessary skills for the selected profession. The key point is that such certification has to be received from a reliable online certification program, so let’s check what are the best programs for this purpose. 

Medical Billing and Coding at Hutchinson Community College

Invoicing and coding of medical services is the process of sending information to insurance companies and processing patients’ payments. It’s a highly paid profession you can get after passing an online certification program. There are numerous online offers to learn medical billing and coding that are usually run at your pace where you can correspond by mail or use an online system to communicate with teachers and other students, and access study materials.

Hutchinson Community College offers such a program both on campus and online. The college program prepares you for working in hospitals, clinics, and other places where the data are coded in ICD-10-CM/PCS and CPT for reimbursement purposes. Besides, if you are limited in the budget for taking the course, this is a great option for you. After taking the program, you’ll get the Health Information Technology Associate in Applied Science degree.

Web Design at DeVry University

A web designer creates the appearance of websites and applications in which visual decisions directly affect brand perception and sometimes sales. Therefore, the market needs talented web designers whose salary is one of the most well-paid these days. Since so many businesses are now moving online, the need for a well-designed site to attract customers is a necessity. That’s why many different courses offer online certificates. However, special trust among employers is aroused by programs that are taken place by colleges and universities e.g. DeVry University.

The course of the university allows learning web design in 10 lessons. Deciding on DeVry University you’ll learn how to design user interfaces, and different graphic elements, and apply any animation and media content needed in the creation of a website. As the online curriculum is based on the concepts from the Adobe Certified Associate exam, it means you are automatically getting ready to pass the ACA exam.

Cybersecurity at Rochester Institute of Technology

Cybersecurity is a profession that is in demand nowadays. That is the reason why there are a lot of online training programs. No matter why you decide to dive into the cybersecurity sphere, you’ll find an online course suitable for you. However, sometimes, it could be a challenge to pick up the right one because of the abundance of courses that overwhelmed the Internet.

Rochester Institute of Technology has an online course called Cybersecurity MicroMasters Program which includes such training as network security, forensics, and risk management. Obviously, after passing the course, you’ll get a bachelor’s science degree in cybersecurity online.

Paralegal at Berkeley

Working as a paralegal helps to gain important practical skills in dealing with legal documents, and to understand the intricacies of legal affairs to become a lawyer in the future. Passing a paralegal online course is a perfect career start.

Berkeley offers an online certificate program in paralegal studies that lasts from 6 up to 12 months. The online curriculum consists of learning civil and criminal law and gaining the needed skills for using evidence in court. If you decide on Berkley’s course, you’ll pass six classes with three electives. Of course, you’ll study the basic skills such as research and writing and the paralegal e-discovery process.

Final Stages

Over the last few years, the number of online certificate programs has grown and it might seem a struggle to select a course that is worth considering, so the choice of the training should be taken carefully. Now it is very easy to check the reviews, and ratings, or even take a free trial.

About the Author

Gillian Grunewald

Gillian is a talented writer with a strong research approach in the career field. Has over 12 years of experience in resume, LinkedIn profile writing and editing. Education Master of Fine Arts, Writing Eastern Washington University.

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Skills to put forward in a teacher’s resume

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Skills to put forward in a teacher's resume

Interested in pursuing a career in teaching? This is a great idea. If you have the qualifications and experience required for the job, this should not be a problem. Being a teacher is a very exciting job but it requires seriousness because you are in charge of training people and passing on your knowledge. So what skills should you put forward in the teacher’s resume?

Adaptability and responsiveness

The teaching profession is both exciting and very strict because it is regulated. It covers several positions and various specificities. To apply for this teaching job, you probably have the required qualifications. The problem is how to write your resume. You may well be inspired by the sample experienced teacher’s resume published online. But the skills that are outlined in them remain the same.

To attract the recruiter’s attention, you will have to know how to put forward your professional skills. First of all, there is the ability to adapt and react. Yes, as a teacher, you know very well that your day does not end with preparing session sheets and applying them. Your students also require you to pay attention and to listen to them. To do this, you must be responsive and know how to adapt to every circumstance that arises in class.

In short, a teacher is a person who knows how to adapt to everything, especially to the unexpected, despite the organization that he or she has planned for the day. You must therefore convince your recruiter through your resume that you can handle the situation even at the last minute.

Team spirit and ability to federate

Although teaching is a one-person job, it also requires teamwork and the ability to bring people together. You will frequently be asked to work with others, including teachers like yourself, either in a collaborative manner or as a complement to the classes you teach your students.

Show professionalism in your task by adapting to work in a team and even federate it if necessary. If you have had the opportunity to coordinate a team before, be sure to mention it in your CV to make you stand out. Who knows if the recruiter or your future employer, thanks to this, puts you in a position of higher responsibility such as a director of an establishment, for example.

In short, inform in the best possible way in your resume that management does not scare you because it is also one of the most sought-after qualities in the teaching position.

Communication skills

Communication skills are a necessary quality to be a good teacher. How can you pass on your knowledge without knowing how to communicate with your students and colleagues? You can’t.

As they say, in teaching, there is an element of drama and oration. You may be asked to speak in front of an audience of students and sometimes parents, such as at graduations or open houses. You must therefore master your communication skills to be able to present yourself in public and speak openly about what you have to say.

This quality is in high demand in any industry. If you don’t have it, it is quite possible that the recruiter will reject your application and find someone else. In short, all employers would like to have employees who know how to express themselves and adapt their speech to the person they are talking to or to the situation at hand.

Autonomy and curiosity

As a teacher, it is also impossible not to be curious and autonomous. It goes together. Why? Because if you find yourself alone with didactic or pedagogical questions that your students have, what are you going to do? In order not to ruin your image as a teacher, you should not ask other teachers for help. You will have to find the answers on your own.

Because of your intellectual curiosity, which has led you to self-study, you will know how to deal with this problem. In addition, your previous training and the studies you have done to become a teacher must necessarily serve as a foundation for finding the right answers to all these questions.

Organizational skills and decision-making ability

These qualities are not given to everyone. Most teachers, as mentioned above, have or have tried to cultivate a real sense of organization; this is to be effective enough to make their students progress because it is the teachers who have to plan their lessons and learning in sequences and sessions.

As a teacher, you will sometimes have to organize meetings, conduct projects, time each session, etc. If you don’t have organizational skills, how are you going to do that? You also need to be able to make decisions on your own without asking for input from others. Take your place as a teacher and act like one. You are like the person in charge of your students and it is therefore up to you to look for and decide on the best solution to the problem at hand.

You really need to prepare yourself for this because you will have to make about ten decisions each day.

Strength of proposal and creativity

In order to be successful in your teaching career, you must be proactive and creative in your project. Here again, this is also an innate quality in teachers. Nothing should be difficult for you to propose solutions or to give your opinions.

A good teacher is someone who is resourceful and pragmatic. Your only principle is to reach your objective, which is to pass on your knowledge to each of your students and thus make them succeed in their exams.

It is your job that pushes you to be more creative than you were before. You must therefore find the right words, the right tools and the right materials to ensure your role as a teacher.

Stress management

And finally, stress management. This is also an important quality to become a good teacher. Like any other job, teaching also has its share of stress. Managing several students at the same time is not an easy task at all. We understand. In order not to lose control, you need to be calm and professional to manage your stress.

Yes, among all your students, there may be those who have learning problems, relationship problems with their peers, administrative problems, etc.

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LMS Design Best Practices

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LMS Design

The world of education changed upside down with the emergence of e-learning. Distance education resources available to all users worldwide erase the barriers between students and educational institutions, making learning universally accessible. 

The good news for private educators and business owners is that they can also join the booming e-learning market with branded products. There is a realm of private courses available to students across the globe, bringing million-dollar revenue to their creators. So, why not try your luck in this lucrative niche? 

But before you start selling an e-course, take our tips for learning management system design. It can guide you smoothly through the design steps, protecting you from the underwater stones of LMS implementation. 

What Is an LMS? 

Let’s start with the basics – LMS definition. The acronym stands for a Learning Management System, which is actually a web platform on which users can access educational materials, view multimedia content, and complete testing. It is an educational product with a unique UI app design and logic, giving users various educational tools and interaction methods. 

Given the fierce competition in the e-learning market, you can secure a good competitive position for yourself if you design your LMS really well. Learners strive for simplicity and interactivity; they like performance rewards and gamification. So, take all these modern UI/UX trends into account, and you will create a winning product. 

Which LMS Type to Choose? 

The choice of an LMS platform is the initial stage of design. You can choose between a hosted and SaaS/cloud LMS, each with specific pros and cons. 

A hosted LMS: 

  • The platform gives students or trainees access to educational resources on the program owner’s server. 
  • The system has limited outreach in terms of geography, typically limited to a specific company or university. 
  • Hosted LMSs are securer as all information is kept on-site and not transferred via the Internet. 

A SaaS/cloud LMS: 

  • The LMS is hosted on a cloud server, with users receiving access to it via the Internet. 
  • It’s ideal for distance learning, giving students universal access from any corner of the globe. 
  • It suits private educational companies because of financial costs and flexibility in use. 
17 LMS Design ideas | lms, web design, design

Source: Pinterest 

LMS Implementation Steps 

Now that you know what an LMS is and have chosen the hosted or cloud version thereof, it’s time to proceed to its actual development. You need to consider the following issues in this process. 

Set Clear Goals 

Having a concrete LMS idea in mind is very helpful at the start of the development process. You need to know what you want to achieve with your resource. What type of learning do you want to provide? How will it differ from other available options? What will students get from it? 

These questions cannot be answered without thorough user research and demand validation. It makes no sense to develop a complicated and costly product without understanding who will use it. So, engage a skilled researcher and study the market to determine the gaps in product offerings and people’s needs. 

Validate an Idea with Users 

After your rough business idea takes shape, it’s still necessary to put it to the preliminary test. Carry out a survey with a pilot group of users, asking them to comment on your idea and share 10 benefits and 10 minuses they associate with existing LMSs. Incorporate that feedback in your LMS’s design to close the user gaps and meet their unmet needs. 

Work with Professionals 

Now it’s time to proceed to the actual development. Make sure that you hire a team with proven expertise and a relevant tech stack to complete your project. You should have a product manager, a designer, an LMS engineer, and a QA tester in the team at a minimum. Additional staff should include developers with experience in e-learning, training administrators, and IT experts. The number and competence of other staff in the project team depend on your LMS’s complexity and budget. 

Take Administration into Account 

LMS administrators will become its core ambassadors and salespeople upon the platform’s launch. Thus, you need to invest time and effort in training them well. They should know the system inside out, performing all functions without friction. If they learn the LMS’s functionality that well, they’re sure to help other users without a problem. 

Scale for Growth 

Even if you start small, you need to keep growth perspectives in mind. Once your project becomes successful and attracts larger user numbers, you don’t want it to stagnate and collapse because of the overload. So, the LMS infrastructure should be scalable from the onset, giving you flexibility in growth without serious bottlenecks. 

Ensure Flexibility in Content Delivery 

The core factor determining an LMS’s success with users is the quality of the learning experience. Thus, you should never leave this aspect to chance. Ensure that the platform features numerous options for content delivery, fitting various learner kinds and styles. Some students prefer reading a text, while others perceive the materials better in the form of videos or podcasts. You need to provide all those learning tools to attain a good degree of customization. 

Anticipate Bottlenecks 

Upon launch, there will always be some problems, and you need to get ready for them. Take into account the following issues that most companies launching an LMS experience: 

#1 Technical Glitches 

No system works all the time perfectly. Your task is to be ready for all kinds of glitches and bugs, addressing them in real-time to prevent downtime and keep the user experience positive. 

#2 Problems with Customization 

You need to develop a detailed plan for customizing the LMS’s materials and UI so that your users love the resource and stay with it. 

#3 Security Risks 

Security is the most important aspect of LMS functioning, as people store personal and banking information in their profiles. Thus, a security breach or a large-scale hack of the system may result in disastrous consequences for your company and clients. 

#4 Scaling Limitations 

Scaling is hard if you have initially chosen a rigid platform. So, it’s better to opt for flexible SaaS solutions so that your company grows together with your client base.

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