Obtaining good exam scores is an important goal for all students throughout their studies, as one’s intelligence and ability to understand concepts is the basis for a variety of activities throughout life, whether practical or theoretical.
Every grade in school plays an important part in developing a student’s academic understanding through a variety of new concepts being taught in every subject. Class 6 is considered as the beginning of the secondary studies in a school and a change in the syllabus can be observed as well. Subjects during class 6 are taught from the basics and a strong understanding of these fundamental concepts is very important for students. A strong base for any subject helps in better understanding in the classes ahead. Many new concepts that have not been taught before are introduced in all the main subjects including maths.
Mathematics is a subject that includes many fundamental concepts that are useful in future grades. Various new topics like whole numbers, decimals, and mensuration are taught in class 6 maths. Students often face difficulty in understanding such different and new concepts and scoring well seems tough.
Focusing on easy-to-understand topics can help students score better in the maths exam. Here is a list of topics that can be useful to gain more marks as compared to other topics in the syllabus:
- Chapter 1 – Knowing our Numbers
This chapter is easy to understand for all students. It covers topics like understanding the Indian and international system of numeration, using brackets and the BODMAS principle to simplify calculations, conversion of Hindu-Arabic numerals into roman numerals and vice versa, and metric conversion. Usually, 2-3 questions in the exam are from this chapter.
- Chapter 2 – Whole Numbers
As the name of the chapter suggests, it involves understanding the concept of whole numbers, operations on the number line, additive and multiplicative whole number identities, etc. These topics are easy to understand as well.
- Chapter 3 – Playing with Numbers
Questions from this chapter have high weightage. Students learn about finding factors and multiples through different methods, concepts of prime and composite numbers, common multiples and factors, divisibility rules, and prime factorization.
- Chapter 7 – Fractions
The most important topic from this chapter is comparing like and unlike fractions and putting them in the right order. Other important topics involve the representation of fractures through given figures and vice versa, adding and subtracting like and unlike fractions. Students need to have clarity about the concepts of addition and subtraction of fractions as they will also be used to solve word problems in this chapter.
- Chapter 8 – Decimals
This chapter can help you score better if prepared well. Important topics include comparing decimals and putting them in the right order, conversion of fractions into terminating decimals and vice versa, addition, and subtraction. While practising as well as solving questions in the exams, make sure to recheck your calculations and placement of the decimal point.
- Chapter 10 – Mensuration
This chapter includes many formulas which are very important to memorize for the exam. Topics covered include finding the perimeter of a square, rectangle, and other regular shapes, area of a rectangle, square and right-angled triangle. During your maths exam, remember to check that you have written the units of dimensions wherever required. Practice drawing correctly labelled and neat diagrams.
- Chapter 12 – Ratio and Proportion
This is another easy-to-understand chapter involving the application of ratios in solving the given problems, understanding the concept of proportions, and the unitary method. A question from the unitary method has greater chances of being asked in the exam.
- Chapter 4 – Basic Geometrical Ideas
The basics of geometry are taught in this chapter and the topics here are crucial in building your understanding of practical geometry that comes up in later chapters. Important topics include learning about points, line segments, lines, planes, rays, classification of curves as open and closed, triangles and their attributes, circle, and their attributes, quadrilaterals and their attributes, etc. Students should practice drawing neat and labelled diagrams before the exams.
- Chapter 14 – Practical Geometry
Geometrical constructions are the most easily earned marks if you practice well before your exam. Important topics in this chapter include construction of perpendicular bisectors of a line segment, and bisectors of angles using a ruler and compass, construction and verification of angles of special measures. Make sure to write proper steps of construction and neatly label the diagrams during the exam.
- Chapter 5 – Understanding Elementary Shapes
As the name suggests, the topics in this chapter are based on understanding various shapes and their features. Important topics in this chapter are the classification of angles and triangles, types of quadrilaterals and their properties, identifying three-dimensional shapes and their attributes. Students should focus on understanding the classification of the different angles, triangles, and quadrilaterals and know how to correctly identify the attributes of various three-dimensional shapes.
- Chapter 6 – Integers
This is another chapter with high weightage and includes topics like comparing integers and ordering them correctly, as well as addition and subtraction of integers. Students are advised to practice and understand the concept of the number line as it will be helpful throughout this chapter while solving questions that require comparing, adding, or subtracting integers on the number line.
These chapters have been arranged in the decreasing order of weightage in terms of marks. Among other topics of the syllabus for class 6, these are the ones that carry very high weightage.
Solving NCERT exercises for these chapters from the NCERT class 6 maths book pdf is the best way to score well. Regular practice is very important in a subject like mathematics because many methods and formulas are involved. However, students should note that maintaining their health is as important as studying and scoring well. Hence, do not study for more than 2 to 3 consecutive hours at a stretch.