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Different Treatment Options Available For Ovarian Cancer

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All the women possess two ovaries that are present in the pelvis. They are present on both sides of the uterus. They produce eggs and female hormones. Each ovary passes eggs through a long and slender tube to the uterus. We call them fallopian tubes. The peritoneum is a tissue lining or covering that surrounds the organs in the abdomen. A group of disorders that originates in the ovaries or the nearby regions of fallopian tubes and peritoneum is termed ovarian cancer. Let’s discuss this cancer and its treatments.

Symptoms Of The Disorder

We know that every disease causes some symptoms that doctors use to diagnose it. This specific type of cancer also produces some symptoms. Women should consider the changes occurring in their bodies. They should keep an eye if their body is normal or abnormal. Abnormal symptoms do not mean that it is cancer. It may be something else. You should see a doctor confirm the symptoms. In its early stage, it does not produce any specific symptoms. In its advanced stage, it may cause non-specific signs. Its symptoms include abdominal swelling or bloating, feeling full after eating a small quantity of food, sudden weight loss, uncomfortable sensation in the area of the pelvis, increased production of urine, and alternation in the bowel habits such as constipation. After finding any of these signs, a female should visit a doctor and discuss the issues. It will help you identify the disease.

How To Diagnose It?

When you identify symptoms for a specific disorder, you must go to a doctor for a diagnosis. You should go to some healthcare center. Following are different methods to diagnose the disorder.

Pelvic Exam

During this particular examination, a healthcare professional inserts fingers through the vagina and at the same time press the abdomen with another hand. It helps a doctor to feel (palpate) the pelvic organs. Doctors also visualize the external genitalia, cervix, and vagina. This practice helps him understand the circumstances of the body and analyzes the abnormalities. It measures the size, structure, and shape of the ovaries.

Imaging Tests

Another method of diagnosing this disorder includes the CT scan or ultrasound. The doctor scans the abdominal cavity and pelvis of the patient. These tests take images of the ovaries and other organs inside the abdominal cavity. It helps to identify the size, shape, and structure of the vagina, ovaries, and cervix.

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Through Blood Testing

We know that blood testing can help to diagnose various diseases. Diabetes mellitus, hepatitis, and many other diseases can be diagnosed by using blood tests. Its blood tests include organ function tests that help to diagnose the overall health of the body. The doctor takes blood samples and tests them for tumor markers. Tumor markers will indicate the cancer of the ovaries. For instance, there is a cancer antigen (CA) 125 test. It can identify a protein that is often present on the surface of cancer cells of the ovary. They may give your doctor clues about whether you have a disease or not.

Through Surgery

Sometimes a doctor is not sure about the disease. He needs to remove the ovary surgically and test it to analyze it for the presence of cancer.

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After the confirmation of the disease, doctors read and understand the reports. After reading the reports, they assign a stage to your cancer. For example, what stage of cancer you are suffering from. They indicate different stages through Roman numerals from I to IV. The lowest stage is “I,” which indicates that ovaries have got cancer. Stage “IV” indicates that cancer has spread in the whole body.

 

Who Treats This Disease?

It is the era of specialization. Specialists deal with specific problems. Each specialty deals with specific problems. In the medical field, there are many diseases. Different doctors treat different disorders. A radiation oncologist is a doctor that uses radiation to treat cancer patients. A gynecologist oncologist is a specialist physician who treats cancer of the ovaries. He may treat by using chemicals or other medicines. Some medical oncologists make use of chemotherapy and medicines for treating this particular type of cancer. This is a specialty that requires specialists who have gained training to cure patients suffering from this type of cancer.

Treatment Options Available 

There are different options to treat this disorder. They may include chemotherapy, treatment through medicines, and surgical therapy. Let’s discuss different options.

Surgery

This is the option to remove different parts that are suffering from cancer. When cancer is in an early stage, doctors may remove the affected ovary. When a disease has affected only limited parts of the body, such as only one ovary, then this practice can help to remove the affected ovary. In other cases, when there is a greater influence of cancer, and more body parts are affected, they may remove both the ovaries and uterus if required. For more advanced cancer, a doctor may recommend treating via chemotherapy and perform surgery afterward to remove as many cancerous cells as possible. This is a good procedure in which surgeons remove the affected cells from the body. It helps to stop the spread of disease.

Treatment With Chemicals (Chemotherapy)

Chemotherapy is a specialized treatment that makes use of chemicals for killing fast-growing cancerous cells. Doctors can inject chemotherapy drugs into the body through veins or ask the patient to take drugs through the mouth. Sometimes, they directly inject the drugs into the abdomen. This particular procedure is called intraperitoneal chemotherapy. Most surgeons use chemicals to treat cancer cells after surgery. It helps to remove the cancer cell that might remain in the body. Some physicians also use chemotherapy before surgery.

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Targeted Therapy

This is a special kind of treatment that makes use of medicines to target or reach specific vulnerabilities that are present within cancerous cells. There are targeted therapy medicines that are reserved for the treatment of cancer of the ovaries. They help to treat cancer that returns after the previous cure or the type of cancer that resists other methods of treatments. Healthcare professionals can check through their expertise the usability of targeted therapy for your cancerous cells. They will identify which method is the most suitable for your body. Targeted therapy is an active area of research, and many clinical trials are performing tests for new targeted therapies.

Palliative (Supportive) Care

Palliative care is a specialized kind of medical strategy that helps a patient to get relief from pain due to a serious illness. There are palliative specialists that work with you, other doctors, and your family to provide you extra efficient care. They try to help you get relief from pain. Doctors use this procedure to provide extra care during ongoing medical procedures such as surgery or chemotherapy. Cancer patients feel uncomfortable due to prolonged pains. They can get palliative care for relieving their bodies. A team of doctors, a group of trained nurses, or another specially trained healthcare professional can provide palliative care.

Ovarian cancer is a highly painful disorder. It is curable in its early stage. At its advanced stages, its cure becomes difficult, and the recovery rate decreases. Surgical treatment removes the affected cells or body parts. Chemotherapy kills different affected cells through chemicals. Targeted therapy and palliative care can also help to relieve cancer.

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Recent advancements in T-cell immunotherapy for cancer

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The presence of dendritic cells, often known as “sentinel” immune cells is critical for maintaining and regulating the body’s immunological response balance. Researchers have revealed that these cells play an important role in the therapy of cancer and severe viral infections. Chronic viral infections and tumors can damage the immune system permanently, lowering the ability of immune killer T cells to destroy tumor cells or those infected with a virus – this is known as ‘immune fatigue.’ Blocking immune fatigue using medications like checkpoint inhibitors has shown to be a very effective therapy for some malignancies, however, these immunotherapies may not always work and can have serious adverse effects.

RESEARCH ON T-CELL ANTIGEN RECEPTOR (TCR)

The emergence of immunotherapeutic techniques marked a milestone in cancer therapy. Immunotherapy, specifically immune checkpoint inhibitors, bispecific antibodies, chimeric antigen receptor (CAR) T-cell therapy, and others, has been shown to significantly improve progression-free survival and overall survival in patients with a variety of malignancies, including melanoma, lung cancer, acute lymphoblastic leukemia, colorectal cancer, and others. Despite these results, the vast majority of patients who are eligible for immune treatment do not benefit from it due to intrinsic or secondary resistance to therapy.

Dr. Paul Ernest Love developed one of the first gene-targeted models at NIH as a postdoctoral fellow, mice missing expression of the CD3zeta chain of the T Cell Antigen Receptor (TCR). As a result, his lab has created mice defective in multiple different TCR subunits. Understanding the nature and function of the TCR’s numerous signal-transducing modules known as Immuno-receptor-Tyrosine-based-Activation-Motifs (ITAMs) has been a long-term focus of research at the Love-laboratory. T cells, one of the lymphocyte types required to combat infectious diseases, utilize ITAMs. T cells also identify and eliminate cancer cells and play an important part in self/non-self-identification.

Previous attempts to design T cells focused on targeting specific tumor types by the careful selection of cancer or tissue-specific proteins (antigens). Since its inception more than 10 years ago, chimeric antigen receptor (CAR)-T cell therapy has shown to be extremely efficient in targeting blood cancer cells, resulting in several FDA-approved CAR-T medicines. CAR-T cells contain antigen receptors on their surface that detect and target particular proteins found on cancer cells. Some patients are cancer-free even a decade after receiving CAR-T cell treatment, owing to the T cells implanted years before. However, one of the greatest hurdles facing biomedical research is determining why the vast majority of cancer patients who get CAR-T cells fail to achieve remission.

Dr. Paul Ernest Love and his colleagues have recently launched experiments to use their insights about human TCR signaling components and TCR signal altering proteins in tumor immunotherapy. This study, which might lead to a game-changing breakthrough in immunotherapy, focuses on the TCR’s signaling machinery, either directly or indirectly. Two Love-lab research lines have identified potential translational implications of fundamental science for human medicine. One line focuses on the structure and function of the TCR, with a particular focus on the signal-transducing ITAMs found within the TCR’s six signal transducing subunits.

Paul E Love’s group has been involved in partnerships that resulted in the creation of a mouse model for human SCID-X1, as well as animals lacking in or expressing mutant variants of the essential T cell signaling adaptor LAT or the chemokine receptor CCR9. Members of the Love-lab have also discovered key functions for the proteins CD5, CD69, Txk, Themis, Themis2, and Fbxl12 in T cell development using genetic screening methodologies and gene targeting studies. Another study from the Love lab found that multiprotein transcriptional complexes comprising the proteins Ldb1 and Lmo2 play an important role in hematopoietic stem cell maintenance/self-renewal, erythropoiesis, and the development of T cell acute lymphoblastic leukemia.

CONCLUSION

Some malignancies, such as leukemia or lymphoma, which affect lymphoid tissue and are one of the most prevalent cancers in children, can impact the cells and tissues that make up the immune system. On the other side, as previously said, when the immune system is impaired, people are more likely to develop certain forms of cancer because the normal immune monitoring mechanism fails. New approaches in the field of immunotherapy seek to harness the patients own immune system to combat cancer cells.

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Tips For A Better Sleep

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Tossing and turning the whole night? No one likes that! Therefore you need to practice some tips that can help you sleep better. Not getting enough sleep can lead to various consequences. You may remain lethargic and feel lazy the whole day. 

Not sleeping well at night can leave you frustrated. To avoid that, you can practice certain tips. They can help you have a peaceful slumber. In this article, we will tell you those tips that can help you get better sleep. However, if you find it difficult to fall asleep at night, you must consult with a healthcare provider. 

Sometimes people can not sleep well at night because of some health condition that becomes worse at night. For that, you should visit your healthcare provider and tell them if your condition worsens. However, if you can not sleep well at night because of no such reason, your healthcare providers can prescribe you sleeping pills. They can help you get better and have a peaceful sleep. In this way, you can sleep at night and wake up fresh and invigorated in the morning. If you have a complaint of difficulty falling asleep or maintaining your sleep, you must seek professional help. To get an expert opinion, you can visit an Internal medicine Doctor in Islamabad.

What Are The Tips That Can Help You Sleep Better?

To get a peaceful sleep, you can practice the following tips:

Stick To A Proper Schedule

When you can not sleep well, it is better to stick to a proper sleeping schedule. Many people can not sleep well at night because they keep changing their sleeping schedules. To sleep well, make sure you go to bed at the same time every day. Out of your day and night, take eight hours to sleep. Many people find it adequate and do not need more sleep. 

If you can not fall asleep within 20 minutes of going to bed, it is better to come out of it, rather than tossing and turning and getting frustrated. In the meanwhile, you can read something, write or do something that makes you tired. Then go to the bed when you feel sleepy and tired. 

Be Cautious About Your Eating And Drinking 

Whatever you eat and drink, especially sometime before going to bed can impact your sleep. You may not be able to fall asleep if you are hungry or too stuffed. Make a habit of having a last meal at least two hours before going to bed. And after that, do not eat anything. Your last meal should be light and non-spicy so that you do not have acid regurgitation that may impact your sleep. 

Moreover, before going to bed, make sure you do not drink tea, coffee, other caffeinated beverages, and even alcohol. Consuming caffeine too much or before going to bed can worsen your sleeping schedule. Many people think that alcohol can help them sleep well, but this is not the case. Alcohol can help you fall asleep and make you sleepy. But after some time, it interferes with your sleep and makes you an insomniac. 

Use Bed Only For Sex And Sleep

Many people use the bed for all the things they do. If they read something, they would sit on the bed. If they want to write, they would use the bed. But you should not do that. Use your bed only to make love and to sleep. 

When your brain knows that you go to bed to get sound sleep, it will help you with it. If you keep using your bed for all the activities you do during the day, you may not be able to fall asleep well at night. 

Create The Right And Restful Environment

To sleep well, you need to have a peaceful and restful environment. Make sure the light is switched off, the temperature is adequate, and you are wearing loose and comfortable clothes. If you do not have the right place to sleep, it may become difficult for you to sleep well at night. 

If you find it very difficult to fall asleep and maintain your sleep, you should visit a healthcare provider. To get an expert opinion, you can consult with an Internal medicine Doctor at Darul Sehat Hospital.

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Taking Care of Oneself

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Student life is a penance. Here nothing is available at one trick of a magic wand instead for each and every single thing a student has to do a lot of effort. As the time passes by, the burden on the shoulders of the students is increasing. These days students have to go through a lot of situations for which they are not even ready yet but the competition level is so high that students are sacrificing their childhood in order to win that competition. Students these days are burdened with so many responsibilities where they get tangled between home and academics and hence, they remain neither good enough for home nor for school life. Even student life runs on some strategies and in lack of those strategies student life gets scattered. Students need to manage things in their student life by getting them organized from beginning to finishing. Earlier students didn’t have any support but today there are several supportive tools in the market like LMS portals and ERP for school which support the students up to that level where students are able to manage their studies by themselves. Among such a hectic schedule students will be able to perform well only when they will take care of themselves. Because learners are doing everything these days except taking care of themselves. A healthy lifestyle includes looking after physical, mental and emotional well-being. Students should be well aware about when the things are getting out of control and how to manage those uncontrolled things in academic life. And lastly students are able to cope up with their responsibilities while taking care of themselves. It is so because when things get adverse then it takes a toll on health.

To take care of health students need to change their careless routine because it is easy to give up sleep for studies but sleep is as necessary for the health as studies for the career and life. Sleep is very important for physical and mental health because the mind and body get recharged while one sleeps and for the students’ sleep is that medium through which information gets stored for the long term in memory and thus makes sleep an important ingredient for school life. For better sleep students should make a sleep routine when TV, mobile & all the distractions should be kept away, all the lights should be killed in the room and make a dark atmosphere which will help in sleep and relax. Students should keep a healthy routine of diet also where they should drink plenty of water, limit the junk food, eat fresh fruits and green vegetables which should be full of protein and nutrients. Students should take regular meals and should not skip this regular routine even for once due to any reason. Also, students need to take care of eating habits and should escape overeating. ERP for school takes care that students should get help and support from the school management in taking their care as LMS portals take care of online learning of the students. Students need to keep themselves healthy with the help of regular exercise to build a strong body and attentive mind which can contribute to the academic life of the students and give them a proper career. Students should take care of their physical and mental well being by maintaining the mood with the help of meditation and entertainment like by watching comedy and cartoon movies sometimes. As elucidated above students need to take an ample amount of sleep of 6-8 hours properly. It is necessary for the health of the students that they should keep talking to their dear ones. It is so because they are also humans and they need to express themselves to someone very dear to them, with whom they can share their stress and pressure and also their emotions about their personal lives, about their ambitions and efforts they are making about them to make those dreams come true. Talking to people makes mental status balanced and students become able to deal with the stress of winning and getting the benchmarks set by them. Students need to take a break when they need to and should never study continuously. A pause is necessary to relax the mind in order to retain the capacity to perform again.

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Is There a Standard Dose of Kratom?

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There is no one-dose-suits-all. Kratom is a unique herb that affects people differently based on their power of tolerance, metabolism, age, gender, body weight and size, and the way they take the herb. 

Users report that kratom works stronger when taken on an empty stomach than when taken with food. 

However, kratom softgels, capsules, or powder on an empty stomach does not suit everybody. So, despite experts advising you to take kratom the first thing in the morning, you shouldn’t, if it does not suit you. 

Why take kratom the first thing in the morning? 

Experts give this advice because kratom produces the most wonderful effect when you take it on an empty stomach in the morning. In this case, just a small dose can give a powerful effect. 

Also, be careful where you buy your kratom from. If you felt sick after taking the herb, it could be that the product was stale or of poor quality. Search for “kratom near me” to find only licensed vendors who sell pure and high-quality kratom. 

The trick to using kratom if it does not suit an empty stomach 

Take kratom with a smoothie or citrus juice like lemon, orange, or grapefruit. Or you can take it with a few spoonfuls of your favorite cereals or a handful of nuts. 

Take only a light meal. 

If you take a heavy or complete meal with kratom, you won’t get the desired effects. The meal would dilute the concentration of alkaloids and their effects. 

After 45-60 minutes, once the effect has set in, you can take your breakfast or meal. 

A standard dose of kratom 

It is seen that high-quality kratom powder in a dose of 1-3 grams is ideal to get enough energy to sail throughout the day. 

The dose depends on kratom use and strain

Why do you wish to take kratom in Alaska

This is an important question you must ask yourself before you take this Asian herb. Your dose and the choice of strain depend on the answer to this question. 

Do you want kratom for energy or for reducing anxiety? Are you suffering from insomnia or want pain relief? 

To go into the details, you must also consider how severe your problem is. Do you have severe pain or just mild body ache or stiffness? Are you into severe anxiety or depression or is it just the usual low mood? 

All these factors play a role in the choice of strain and in fixing the dose. 

Strains of kratom 

  • White strain is largely for energy, mood elevation, and euphoric feeling. 
  • Red strain is largely for pain relief, inducing sleep and relaxation, and calming the mind.
  • Green strain is a bit milder than white and red ones and gives a balanced effect. Why not try Premium Green Malay Kratom Capsules and see how the green strain works on you? 
  • Gold strain is a hybrid strain that contains a mix of other strains, depending on the vendor’s choice. 

Take kratom and see how it suits you. Then fix the dose as per your requirements and tolerance level. 

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What Signs Indicate That You May Have Diabetes?

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Diabetes is a disease that affects the way your body metabolizes sugar. Insulin is a hormone that helps your body use sugar for energy, but the pancreas produces it. When you have diabetes, your body either does not produce enough insulin or cannot properly process sugar, causing sugar to build up in the bloodstream.

Diabetes is a severe disease that can lead to complications like heart disease and stroke if it is not treated correctly. Diabetes may be hard to detect because many people with the condition do not show any symptoms. If you are concerned about your risk of diabetes, read this entire article to know what signs indicate that you may have it.

What Are the Symptoms of Diabetes?

The symptoms of diabetes vary depending on the type and severity of the disease, but they often include:

1. Unexplained Weight Loss or Gain (over about two weeks)

The first sign of type 2 diabetes is often weight loss and gain. Note that this does not mean that you instantly lose or gain weight, but that the change happens relatively briefly. This is because your body can no longer make insulin, which allows glucose to enter your cells. When glucose builds up in your bloodstream instead of entering your cells, it can cause many complications like sudden (over about two weeks) weight gain or loss.

2. Frequent Urination (sometimes at night)

Frequent urination is the most common symptom of diabetes, and it occurs when your body has too much sugar in it, which makes you urinate more often.

Frequent urination is when excess sugar in your blood causes your kidneys to filter out more water than usual, leading to an imbalance of fluids in the body. The kidneys respond by increasing the amount of urine they produce and releasing it more frequently.

Other conditions besides diabetes may cause frequent urination. But if you have diabetes and frequent urination, you may have an increased risk of kidney disease and nerve damage to the feet (diabetic neuropathy).

3. Extreme Thirst – Especially in Hot Weather or After Exercise – which may lead to Dehydration

If you have diabetes, your body will have a tough time regulating the amount of sugar in your blood, which can cause high glucose and ketones levels, which can lead to Dehydration. If you experience extreme thirst, especially after exercise or in hot weather, it may be a symptom of diabetes.

4. Fatigue or Weakness

If you have diabetes, you may feel very tired or weak, and this is a common symptom of diabetes that high blood glucose levels can cause. High blood glucose levels can lead to Dehydration, which makes you feel tired.

5. Blurry Vision and Other Eye Problems

It is a common misconception that diabetes only affects the pancreas. While this organ does play a significant role in glucose metabolism, recent research has revealed that other organs and systems are also affected by diabetes.

One such example is the eye. Diabetes can cause blurred vision (diabetic retinopathy) and cataracts (diabetic cataracts). People with diabetes are also more likely to develop glaucoma, leading to blindness if left untreated.

6. Slow-Healing Sores or Infections that Don’t Heal Quickly

If you have diabetes and your cuts and scrapes take longer than usual to heal, this could be a sign of diabetes. If the infection lasts for weeks or months, it could signify that you have diabetes.

If you have any of the above symptoms, Use the below-given Apps to Manage your Diabetes.

Diabetes Management Apps

Diabetes management apps can help you manage your diabetes by providing information about the disease and its treatment. They also allow you to track your blood sugar levels and order your food intake and physical activity.

Most diabetes management apps include tools to track your glucose levels and adjust your treatment plan, and some also offer support groups, educational programs, and other helpful resources. Here are the must-have diabetes apps:

 

● Klinio – The Diabetes Management App

Klinio, the innovative diabetes management application, is customized diabetes and weight management, assistant. The application was intended for the individuals who battle with the way of life-threatening diseases, for example, hypertension, high sugar, cholesterol levels, weight, and so forth. It offers flexible schedules that align with the suggested day-to-day measures of sugar, cholesterol, and starches.

The application’s designers include a group of expert nutritionists who offer expert direction on diabetes on the board to hold your wellbeing under tight restraints. The app guarantees you the counting calories plan and, surprisingly, cuts down any additional load without being compelled to eat food sources you could do without.

Klinio diabetes management app offers.

  1. Detailed Meal Plans
  2. Comprehensive Grocery List
  3. Simplified Workouts for beginners
  4. Detailed Activity Log
  5. A detailed progress tracker
  6. User-Friendly App with tracking

● Chronometer – Calorie Counter

The Chronometer is a calorie counter app for people trying to have healthy meals. It allows you to track your daily caloric intake and keep track of your diet. A chronometer can also be used as a digital food scale.

Chronometer is easy to use, with a simple interface that makes it easy to enter foods into your daily log. You can select from over 6,000 food items in the database or add custom foods yourself.

● MySugr

MySugr is the first and only app that makes it easy to manage your diabetes. From blood glucose monitoring, meal planning, and calorie intake tracking to insulin dosage and blood pressure control, MySugr is here to help you in your daily fight against diabetes.

●  Nike Training Club

The Nike Training Club app is designed to help you get fit and stay healthy. The app offers training programs that experts design and motivational tools and tips from real people. You can also connect with friends and family through the app to motivate you to train.

Nike Training Club App Features

  • The Nike Training Club app has several features that make it stand out from other fitness apps:
  • Personalized workouts based on your fitness level, goals, and preferences

Many apps and websites can help you manage your health, but Klinio is a leader in this area. As a nutritionist and diabetes management application, Klinio changes how you view food, your dietary patterns, and its effect on your general wellbeing. The application guides you into little viable strides towards accomplishing your term results. It resembles an aide, eliminating anything that way of life obstructions you face as you continue looking for a solid living – with attention to reasonable improvement.

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