Based on the extent of kidney damage, chronic kidney disease (CKD) is divided into five stages—from very mild to complete failure. Kidney failure means that the kidneys are functioning below 15 percent, which is not enough for a person to survive for long on their own. With treatment, the patient can live longer, however, there is no permanent cure for the last stage of kidney failure, according to experts like Nephrologist in Lahore.
What are the stages of kidney failure?
Stage one kidney failure: with normal or high glomerular filtration rate (GFR > 90 mL/min)
The first stage of kidney failure usually presents with little or no symptoms. It is mostly detected incidentally when an MRI of the abdomen or the ultrasound is performed for an unrelated disease. The reason stage one goes unnoticed by the patient is because the kidneys function well even when they are diseased.
The symptoms of stage one kidney failure are: protein or blood in the urine, higher than normal levels of serum urea and creatinine. Stage one kidney failure is more common in people with the hereditary conditions—like polycystic kidney disease (PKD). As mentioned before, stage one kidney disease is diagnosed through imaging techniques like CT scan, MRI, contrast X-ray, or ultrasound abdomen, which shows evidence of kidney damage.
Stage one kidney failure: with normal or high glomerular filtration rate (GFR 60-89 mL/min)
Even during the second stage of kidney failure, there are minimal symptoms. This stage presents with weakness and fatigue, sleep problems, loss of appetite, and itching. There is higher incidence of urinary tract infections, abnormal urine tests and high blood pressure in this stage.
Like stage one, this stage also involving kidneys working well, however, there is higher level of protein in the urine with more physical damage to the kidneys.
Stage three kidney failure: with mild kidney disease (GFR 30-59 mL/min)
Stage three is divided into two stages. In the first stage 3A, the GFR is between 45 and 59, while in the second stage 3B, the glomerular filtration rate is between 30 and 44. The kidney damage causes health problems at this stage. There is swelling in the hands and feet, with back pain and abnormal urination. The latter presents with dark orange urine, brown or tea colored urine. The urine becomes foamier because of protein in the urine; the kidneys may present more or less urine than normal.
The secondary complications of kidney disease like high blood pressure, early bone disease due to calcinuria and anemia due to decreased erythropoietin become apparent. As the kidney function declines, there is a buildup of urea in the blood as well, a condition known as uremia.
Stage four kidney failure: with severe kidney disease (GFR 15-29 mL/min)
This stage is presents with advanced kidney failure, with severe decrease in glomerular filtration rate. Patients of stage four renal disease need kidney transplant in the future and are on dialysis, most of the time. Stage four kidney disease puts the patient at risk for stroke and heart disease.
As a consequence of severe renal impairment, there is buildup of toxins in the blood, causing severe symptoms. There is muscle twitching, fatigue, chest and back pain, loss of appetite, decreased mental sharpness, sleep problems, swelling in the hands and feet, weakness and less than normal urination.
Other complications of renal disease as seen in stage three also persist—like bone disease, anemia and hypertension.
Stage five kidney failure: end stage kidney disease (GFR less than 15 mL/min)
In stage five, the kidneys are working at less than 15 percent capacity. This kidney failure leads to buildup of toxins and waste that can be life threatening. This end-stage renal disease presents with nausea and vomiting, breathing issues, fatigue, severe weakness, headaches, little or no urine, changes in skin color, and increased skin pigmentation. The consequence of high serum urea in the end stage renal disease puts the patient at risk for pericarditis, encephalopathy, skin manifestations and peripheral neuropathy.
For survival, hemodialysis or renal transplant becomes necessary for survival.
How to deal with renal disease?
Kidney disease, when recognized, at any stage needs regular appointment with an expert nephrologist like Nephrologist in Islamabad. Additionally, healthy diet should be followed by the patient to prevent worsening of disease and progression to the next stage. From stages 1 to 3, lifestyle modifications are a must to slow the advancement of disease. In stages 4 and 5, the patient should think about dialysis and transplant.
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Ketogenic diet plan for beginners
The ketogenic diet is a high-fat, adequate-protein, low-carbohydrate diet that has been proven to be an effective treatment for epilepsy. This diet forces the body to burn fats rather than carbohydrates. However, it is not easy to follow and requires a lot of planning and preparation. This article provides a beginner’s guide to following the ketogenic diet, including information on what to eat and what to avoid.
Ketogenic diet basics
The ketogenic diet is a high-fat, low-carbohydrate diet that has been shown to be effective in treating epilepsy and other neurological disorders. The diet works by forcing the body to burn fat for fuel, instead of glucose. This change in metabolism can lead to weight loss and improved health.
The ketogenic diet is a very restrictive way of eating, so it’s important to do your research before starting. This article will give you a basic understanding of the ketogenic diet and how it can be used to treat epilepsy and other neurological disorders 15minutes4me.
Ketogenic diet meal plan for weight loss
When it comes to trying a ketogenic diet, it’s important to have a plan in place so you know what to eat and how much of it. This diet can be difficult to follow if you’re not prepared, but with a little planning, it can be much easier.
Here’s a basic meal plan for a week on a ketogenic diet:
Breakfast: Bacon and eggs
Lunch: Ham and cheese sandwich
Dinner: Chicken with broccoli and cheese
Breakfast: Breakfast burrito with sausage and cheese
Lunch: Tuna salad
Dinner: Salmon with asparagus and mushrooms
Breakfast: Omelet with ham, spinach, and cheese
Lunch: Turkey burger with avocado mayo
Dinner: Beef stir-fry with broccoli and snow peas
Thursday Friday Saturday Sunday
Breakfast: Pancakes made with almond flour Lunch: Leftovers from dinner the night before Dinner: Spaghetti squash with meatballs and marinara sauce Sn
List of Keto-friendly foods
If you’re new to the ketogenic diet, it can be daunting to know what foods to eat and avoid. To help you get started, here’s a list of keto-friendly foods that you can enjoy as part of your healthy, balanced diet.
Fish and seafood: Salmon, trout, tuna, mackerel, shrimp
Poultry: Chicken, turkey, duck
Eggs: Enjoy them cooked any way you like
Meat: Beef, lamb, pork
Vegetables: Broccoli, cauliflower, spinach, kale, tomatoes
Fruits: Avocado, berries, coconuts
Dairy: Plain Greek yogurt, cottage cheese, hard cheeses
Nuts and seeds: Almonds, walnuts, flaxseeds
If you’re new to the ketogenic diet, figuring out what to drink can be a challenge. Water is always a good choice, and unsweetened coffee and tea are also great options. But what about when you’re looking for something a little more interesting?
There are plenty of keto-friendly beverages out there that can help you stay on track with your diet. Here are a few of our favorites:
1. Keto Coffee: Coffee is a great option for those on the keto diet, but adding in some healthy fats can make it even better. Try adding grass-fed butter or coconut oil to your coffee for a delicious and satisfying pick-me-up.
2. Bone Broth: Bone broth is a great way to get in some extra nutrients, and it’s also very keto-friendly. Try sipping on some bone broth throughout the day or using it as the base for soups and stews.
3. Green Tea: Green tea is loaded with antioxidants and has numerous health benefits. It’s also a great low-carb option for those on the keto diet.
4. Coconut Water: Coconut water is a great source of electrolytes and
Different types of ketogenic diets
There are several different types of ketogenic diets that you can follow. The most common and well-known type is the standard ketogenic diet (SKD). This diet is typically high in fat, moderate in protein, and low in carbohydrates. It usually contains 75% fat, 20% protein, and 5% carbs.
Another common type of ketogenic diet is the cyclical ketogenic diet (CKD). This diet involves periods of higher-carb intake (called “carb loading”) followed by periods of low-carb or ketogenic eating. CKD is often used by bodybuilders or athletes who need to maintain a certain level of muscle mass.
There are also variations of the ketogenic diet that are more liberal with carbs, such as the modified Atkins diet (MAD) and the low-glycemic index treatment (LGIT). These diets may be better tolerated by some people, but they are less likely to lead to ketosis.
The ketogenic diet can be a great way to improve your health and lose weight, but it’s not for everyone. If you’re thinking of trying the keto diet, it’s important to do your research and make sure you’re doing it safely. This article provides a basic overview of the ketogenic diet plan for beginners, including what to eat and what to avoid. With careful planning and execution, the ketogenic diet can be a healthy and sustainable way of eating for life.
Taking Care of Oneself
Student life is a penance. Here nothing is available at one trick of a magic wand instead for each and every single thing a student has to do a lot of effort. As the time passes by, the burden on the shoulders of the students is increasing. These days students have to go through a lot of situations for which they are not even ready yet but the competition level is so high that students are sacrificing their childhood in order to win that competition. Students these days are burdened with so many responsibilities where they get tangled between home and academics and hence, they remain neither good enough for home nor for school life. Even student life runs on some strategies and in lack of those strategies student life gets scattered. Students need to manage things in their student life by getting them organized from beginning to finishing. Earlier students didn’t have any support but today there are several supportive tools in the market like LMS portals and ERP for school which support the students up to that level where students are able to manage their studies by themselves. Among such a hectic schedule students will be able to perform well only when they will take care of themselves. Because learners are doing everything these days except taking care of themselves. A healthy lifestyle includes looking after physical, mental and emotional well-being. Students should be well aware about when the things are getting out of control and how to manage those uncontrolled things in academic life. And lastly students are able to cope up with their responsibilities while taking care of themselves. It is so because when things get adverse then it takes a toll on health.
To take care of health students need to change their careless routine because it is easy to give up sleep for studies but sleep is as necessary for the health as studies for the career and life. Sleep is very important for physical and mental health because the mind and body get recharged while one sleeps and for the students’ sleep is that medium through which information gets stored for the long term in memory and thus makes sleep an important ingredient for school life. For better sleep students should make a sleep routine when TV, mobile & all the distractions should be kept away, all the lights should be killed in the room and make a dark atmosphere which will help in sleep and relax. Students should keep a healthy routine of diet also where they should drink plenty of water, limit the junk food, eat fresh fruits and green vegetables which should be full of protein and nutrients. Students should take regular meals and should not skip this regular routine even for once due to any reason. Also, students need to take care of eating habits and should escape overeating. ERP for school takes care that students should get help and support from the school management in taking their care as LMS portals take care of online learning of the students. Students need to keep themselves healthy with the help of regular exercise to build a strong body and attentive mind which can contribute to the academic life of the students and give them a proper career. Students should take care of their physical and mental well being by maintaining the mood with the help of meditation and entertainment like by watching comedy and cartoon movies sometimes. As elucidated above students need to take an ample amount of sleep of 6-8 hours properly. It is necessary for the health of the students that they should keep talking to their dear ones. It is so because they are also humans and they need to express themselves to someone very dear to them, with whom they can share their stress and pressure and also their emotions about their personal lives, about their ambitions and efforts they are making about them to make those dreams come true. Talking to people makes mental status balanced and students become able to deal with the stress of winning and getting the benchmarks set by them. Students need to take a break when they need to and should never study continuously. A pause is necessary to relax the mind in order to retain the capacity to perform again.
Is There a Standard Dose of Kratom?
There is no one-dose-suits-all. Kratom is a unique herb that affects people differently based on their power of tolerance, metabolism, age, gender, body weight and size, and the way they take the herb.
Users report that kratom works stronger when taken on an empty stomach than when taken with food.
However, kratom softgels, capsules, or powder on an empty stomach does not suit everybody. So, despite experts advising you to take kratom the first thing in the morning, you shouldn’t, if it does not suit you.
Why take kratom the first thing in the morning?
Experts give this advice because kratom produces the most wonderful effect when you take it on an empty stomach in the morning. In this case, just a small dose can give a powerful effect.
Also, be careful where you buy your kratom from. If you felt sick after taking the herb, it could be that the product was stale or of poor quality. Search for “kratom near me” to find only licensed vendors who sell pure and high-quality kratom.
The trick to using kratom if it does not suit an empty stomach
Take kratom with a smoothie or citrus juice like lemon, orange, or grapefruit. Or you can take it with a few spoonfuls of your favorite cereals or a handful of nuts.
Take only a light meal.
If you take a heavy or complete meal with kratom, you won’t get the desired effects. The meal would dilute the concentration of alkaloids and their effects.
After 45-60 minutes, once the effect has set in, you can take your breakfast or meal.
A standard dose of kratom
It is seen that high-quality kratom powder in a dose of 1-3 grams is ideal to get enough energy to sail throughout the day.
The dose depends on kratom use and strain
Why do you wish to take kratom in Alaska?
This is an important question you must ask yourself before you take this Asian herb. Your dose and the choice of strain depend on the answer to this question.
Do you want kratom for energy or for reducing anxiety? Are you suffering from insomnia or want pain relief?
To go into the details, you must also consider how severe your problem is. Do you have severe pain or just mild body ache or stiffness? Are you into severe anxiety or depression or is it just the usual low mood?
All these factors play a role in the choice of strain and in fixing the dose.
Strains of kratom
- White strain is largely for energy, mood elevation, and euphoric feeling.
- Red strain is largely for pain relief, inducing sleep and relaxation, and calming the mind.
- Green strain is a bit milder than white and red ones and gives a balanced effect. Why not try Premium Green Malay Kratom Capsules and see how the green strain works on you?
- Gold strain is a hybrid strain that contains a mix of other strains, depending on the vendor’s choice.
Take kratom and see how it suits you. Then fix the dose as per your requirements and tolerance level.
What Signs Indicate That You May Have Diabetes?
Diabetes is a disease that affects the way your body metabolizes sugar. Insulin is a hormone that helps your body use sugar for energy, but the pancreas produces it. When you have diabetes, your body either does not produce enough insulin or cannot properly process sugar, causing sugar to build up in the bloodstream.
Diabetes is a severe disease that can lead to complications like heart disease and stroke if it is not treated correctly. Diabetes may be hard to detect because many people with the condition do not show any symptoms. If you are concerned about your risk of diabetes, read this entire article to know what signs indicate that you may have it.
What Are the Symptoms of Diabetes?
1. Unexplained Weight Loss or Gain (over about two weeks)
The first sign of type 2 diabetes is often weight loss and gain. Note that this does not mean that you instantly lose or gain weight, but that the change happens relatively briefly. This is because your body can no longer make insulin, which allows glucose to enter your cells. When glucose builds up in your bloodstream instead of entering your cells, it can cause many complications like sudden (over about two weeks) weight gain or loss.
2. Frequent Urination (sometimes at night)
Frequent urination is when excess sugar in your blood causes your kidneys to filter out more water than usual, leading to an imbalance of fluids in the body. The kidneys respond by increasing the amount of urine they produce and releasing it more frequently.
Other conditions besides diabetes may cause frequent urination. But if you have diabetes and frequent urination, you may have an increased risk of kidney disease and nerve damage to the feet (diabetic neuropathy).
3. Extreme Thirst – Especially in Hot Weather or After Exercise – which may lead to Dehydration
If you have diabetes, your body will have a tough time regulating the amount of sugar in your blood, which can cause high glucose and ketones levels, which can lead to Dehydration. If you experience extreme thirst, especially after exercise or in hot weather, it may be a symptom of diabetes.
4. Fatigue or Weakness
If you have diabetes, you may feel very tired or weak, and this is a common symptom of diabetes that high blood glucose levels can cause. High blood glucose levels can lead to Dehydration, which makes you feel tired.
5. Blurry Vision and Other Eye Problems
It is a common misconception that diabetes only affects the pancreas. While this organ does play a significant role in glucose metabolism, recent research has revealed that other organs and systems are also affected by diabetes.
One such example is the eye. Diabetes can cause blurred vision (diabetic retinopathy) and cataracts (diabetic cataracts). People with diabetes are also more likely to develop glaucoma, leading to blindness if left untreated.
6. Slow-Healing Sores or Infections that Don’t Heal Quickly
If you have any of the above symptoms, Use the below-given Apps to Manage your Diabetes.
Diabetes Management Apps
Diabetes management apps can help you manage your diabetes by providing information about the disease and its treatment. They also allow you to track your blood sugar levels and order your food intake and physical activity.
Most diabetes management apps include tools to track your glucose levels and adjust your treatment plan, and some also offer support groups, educational programs, and other helpful resources. Here are the must-have diabetes apps:
● Klinio – The Diabetes Management App
Klinio, the innovative diabetes management application, is customized diabetes and weight management, assistant. The application was intended for the individuals who battle with the way of life-threatening diseases, for example, hypertension, high sugar, cholesterol levels, weight, and so forth. It offers flexible schedules that align with the suggested day-to-day measures of sugar, cholesterol, and starches.
The application’s designers include a group of expert nutritionists who offer expert direction on diabetes on the board to hold your wellbeing under tight restraints. The app guarantees you the counting calories plan and, surprisingly, cuts down any additional load without being compelled to eat food sources you could do without.
Klinio diabetes management app offers.
- Detailed Meal Plans
- Comprehensive Grocery List
- Simplified Workouts for beginners
- Detailed Activity Log
- A detailed progress tracker
- User-Friendly App with tracking
● Chronometer – Calorie Counter
The Chronometer is a calorie counter app for people trying to have healthy meals. It allows you to track your daily caloric intake and keep track of your diet. A chronometer can also be used as a digital food scale.
Chronometer is easy to use, with a simple interface that makes it easy to enter foods into your daily log. You can select from over 6,000 food items in the database or add custom foods yourself.
MySugr is the first and only app that makes it easy to manage your diabetes. From blood glucose monitoring, meal planning, and calorie intake tracking to insulin dosage and blood pressure control, MySugr is here to help you in your daily fight against diabetes.
● Nike Training Club
The Nike Training Club app is designed to help you get fit and stay healthy. The app offers training programs that experts design and motivational tools and tips from real people. You can also connect with friends and family through the app to motivate you to train.
Nike Training Club App Features
- The Nike Training Club app has several features that make it stand out from other fitness apps:
- Personalized workouts based on your fitness level, goals, and preferences
Many apps and websites can help you manage your health, but Klinio is a leader in this area. As a nutritionist and diabetes management application, Klinio changes how you view food, your dietary patterns, and its effect on your general wellbeing. The application guides you into little viable strides towards accomplishing your term results. It resembles an aide, eliminating anything that way of life obstructions you face as you continue looking for a solid living – with attention to reasonable improvement.
Why You Should Try Skin Tightening Treatment
The skin is the most visible organ of the body, and it can give away our age, health, and lifestyle. Many people are self-conscious about their appearance and want to look their best. Luckily, skin tightening treatments exist to help us achieve this goal. These treatments use radiofrequency energy or intense pulsed light to heat the tissue beneath the skin’s surface, causing collagen fibers to contract. The result is a tighter, firmer appearance that can last for months or years. These treatments use laser energy or ultrasound to heat the skin, causing it to contract. This, in turn, stimulates the production of collagen—a key protein in the skin that helps keep it looking young and healthy. While results vary from person to person and treatment to treatment, many people report seeing significant improvements in their skin’s appearance after just a few sessions.
How to Find a Right Place for Skin Tightening Treatment
Skin tightening treatments can be done in many places. The best place to have this procedure done is at a specialized skin clinic such as Ambrosia Aesthetics, Mumbai. This facility has the right equipment and nurses to ensure the safety of the patient. In addition, they also have a medical staff that can give you advice on how to care for your skin after the treatment is done.
- One way to do so is by consulting with a dermatologist who can recommend the best location for the procedure.
- Do your research. read reviews and compare providers.
- Ask around. Talk to friends and family members who have had similar treatments and ask for their recommendations.
- Meet with potential providers in person. This will give you a chance to ask questions.
Why do you Need Skin Tightening Treatment?
As we age, our skin gradually becomes lax and less firm, resulting in wrinkles and an overall loss of elasticity. This is largely due to the decrease in the production of collagen and elastin, which are essential proteins that help keep skin looking young and healthy. While there are many ways to treat these signs of aging, such as plastic surgery or laser therapy, skin tightening treatments are a popular and non-invasive option.
Skin tightening is a treatment that uses a light ultrasound to tighten excess skin in the areas of your face, neck, arms, or hands. This process can also be used for other parts of the body as well. When you have loose skin, it can cause wrinkles and sag. The loose skin is tightened using the ultrasound and will help to make your skin firmer. A skin tightening treatmentis an important part of your skincare routine.
- It can help improve the appearance of your skin, reduce signs of aging, and smooth out wrinkles.
- It is a non-invasive procedure that relies on a variety of ingredients including radiofrequency energy, mild laser therapy, and other cutting-edge technologies to provide deep hydration and collagen stimulation.
- Skin tightening can help with wrinkles and acne scarring, but it is important to remember that you may need replacement surgery.
- It can help remove unwanted fat that has been deposited on the skin’s surface, which will improve the appearance of a person’s face and neck.
So, whether you’re unhappy with your skin’s appearance or just want to achieve a youthful, glowing look, you should consider trying out a skin tightening treatment. These treatments are non-invasive, easy to use, and can provide you with amazing results.
You can connect with Dr Niketa Sonavane who is a renowned Celebrity Dermatologist, for your skin tightening treatment in Mumbai.
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