Car Tyres: Components within them and Various Types of Tyres You should Know About

A good grip on the surface helps prevent slipping and skidding, making it suitable for dry and wet roads.

Tire Functions

  • It helps to support the weight of the car.
  • Shock absorption when moving.
  • Turning left or right is possible.
  • It makes it easier to accelerate and brake efficiently.
  • Tires have several characteristics.
  • To prevent skidding, the tire must provide sufficient friction.

 Tyres should be as quiet as possible while driving.

A tire’s size and material should be chosen to support the vehicle’s weight and sustain the varying tension throughout revolutions. It should absorb road vibrations to give a cushioning effect, and the tire should have high shock absorption properties.

Tire components

Belts: These are rubber-coated layers of rayon, steel, fiberglass, and other materials that run across the tread at an angle to hold the plies in place.

Puncture resistance is provided, as is the ability to keep track in touch with the road. This property is very important when you travel from one place to another on rocky roads.

They are a specific type of tread within the tread that improves tractive effort on various roads.


In other words, it’s the part of the tire that makes direct touch with the pavement. If you want your tires to last a long time, they need to be strong and heat dissipative.

When it comes to tires, grooves are the outer layer of the tire’s outer layer that comes into touch with the road. There is room for water to flow and friction to occur in the spout.

The outside edge of tread extends into the sidewall section of tire tread.

The sidewall is a component of a tire that is exposed to the environment and does not come into touch with the road. The cord plies are protected. Tire marks and other information such as size and type are also displayed on it.

The inner lining is made of: ( Components of Tyre )

In a tubeless tire, it’s the innermost layer. From inside to outside, air cannot move, and vice versa.

Tread Types (Types of Tires)

1) Tubes used:

A. Tube Tyres

It is the most widely used type of tire in the world today. An air-filled tube is enclosed in a rubber tube. The tread is a synthetic rubber material that covers the outer half of the shoe. With the help of reinforced steel wires, rubber beads are shaped inside the tires’ walls. For wheel rims, beads act as solid support. Rayon cords are used to create a variety of heaps. They provide the tire its strength. This is a very widely preferred passenger car tyre.

Tires with a cross-ply construction

Bias-ply tire construction is another term for it. Compared to its predecessor, this tire is more durable.

Tires made of radial-ply:

Each ply is inserted at a 90-degree angle to the rolling axis. Several plies are strengthened with metal wire at the top of the tire’s crown for radial tyres.

There are several advantages to using Radial Ply Tires:

• They reduce fuel consumption due to their reduced rolling resistance.

Less heat is generated. Thus the treads last longer.

• They improve braking performance.

• They’re more resistant to punctures and cuts than other animals.

Radial Ply Tire Disadvantages

It’s because they have a steel belt that they don’t do well on bumpy roads.

Soft sidewalls leave them open to attack.

They create a lot of noise because of the firmer tread.

Images courtesy of Tyre-market, Finixx, Carbiketech.

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Christophe Rude

Christophe Rude

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