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ASTM Level 3 Surgical Mask



When it comes to protective facemasks, Seattle-based Puraka Masks isn’t reinventing the wheel. Every month, the company mails out tens of thousands of vacuum-packed PM2.5 filters to its subscription customers, who insert them into cotton masks manufactured by Puraka to an exacting regulatory standard known as GB/T 32619. This standard was established in 2006 to regulate a type of pm 2.5 mask designed for particulate reduction. These are the cloth masks known colloquially as “Pollution Masks”. Versus an ASTM Level 3 Surgical Mask, PM 2.5 masks achieve better fitted protection, with filtration comparable to KN95 masks and only a few percentage points less than an N95.

The system combines a form fitting cloth mask with a specially formulated PM2.5 filter to achieve a “best of both worlds” approach, maximizing filtration while minimizing inhalation resistance. The growing body of mask-related research helps to explain why the combination is so effective. Mr. Ansel, who co-founded Puraka Masks in 2018 after the West Coast wildfires, explains that “PM2.5 filters have electrostatic properties, which we now know are crucial to trapping fine particles and aerosols. When you combine them with a cotton mask which excels at filtering larger particulates, you get the kind of hybrid mask that experts are just now recommending, using a set of specifications that have been around for more than a decade.”

The team at Puraka became familiar with the GB/T requirements in 2018, as they worked with licensed Chinese factories to develop a smoke pollution mask for the US market. When COVID started disrupting global supply chains, the company moved much of its manufacturing to the United States, where they applied the same designs. “In this niche industry of fabric particulate masks, China set the standard on everything from materials to fit to testing protocols,” said Mr. Enke, a co-founder and mechanical engineer who worked with a Bellevue-based apparel designer to implement the specifications. “We were able to leverage decades of research on reusable facemasks and filters to achieve an optimal balance of efficiency and resistance

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What is the most common autoimmune disease?



What is the most common autoimmune disease

What is an autoimmune disease?

An autoimmune disease is any disorder that appears due to a genetic error in the genes that code for the structures of the immune system, causing the immune cells to attack healthy cells of the body by mistake.

These autoimmune diseases can affect many different parts of the body depending on how the immune system is dysregulated, with severity ranging from mild to life threatening.

More than 80 different autoimmune diseases are known, which have different symptoms, although there is one common to all: inflammation of the affected areas. This leads to redness, pain, swelling and an increase in temperature in the areas of the body that are being attacked by the immune system itself.

Treatment of such diseases is not available but precautions and regular medication from Rosewellness can help you to live a healthy life again.

What are the most common autoimmune diseases?

These two are the most common autoimmune diseases:

1.      Type 1 diabetes

The diabetes is a chronic condition that occurs when the pancreas is not able to produce enough insulin or the body fails to use the insulin it produces.

It is mainly characterized by the presence of high concentrations of glucose in the blood (hyperglycemia). This occurs due to the alteration in the action of insulin or in the absence of this hormone, which is produced in the pancreas to allow the uptake of glucose by the tissues, which use it as fuel.

Within type 1 diabetes mellitus (DM), two fundamental types are distinguished: type 1a DM, of autoimmune origin, and type 1b DM, of an idiopathic nature.

In autoimmune diabetes, the insulin-producing cells – the beta cells of the pancreas – are attacked and destroyed. Lacking insulin, the metabolism of carbohydrates, fats and proteins cannot be carried out correctly.

What are the symptoms of type 1 diabetes?

The main symptoms before the diagnosis of type 1 diabetes mellitus are:

  • Fatigue.
  • Weight loss.
  • Be intense.
  • Continuous production of urine, even at night.

2.      Rheumatoid arthritis 

The rheumatoid arthritis is an autoimmune disease that occurs most often between 40 and 60 years. The rheumatoid arthritis (RA) is a chronic, autoimmune disease, progressive and disabling, characterized by inflammation of the joints and is usually in the hands, wrists, elbows, knees and feet.

The inflammation that occurs in the synovium can lead to the destruction of bone and cartilage, leading to irreparable damage to the joint.

What are the symptoms of Rheumatoid arthritis?

The main symptoms before the diagnosis of Rheumatoid arthritis are:

  • Fatigue
  • Weight loss
  • Inflammation
  • Deformity
  • difficulty of movement

 In at least 60 percent of cases, the causes of rheumatoid arthritis are attributed to genetic factors, that is, by abnormalities in certain genes that predispose to the development of the disease.

 For example, it is estimated that 80 percent of people with rheumatoid arthritis have a genetic alteration called a shared epitope, and people who have it are up to 5 times more likely to develop the disease. The genetic factors also make the probability of developing it is higher in people with one or more affected relatives.

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Know what you are taking with your supplements and boost up your immunity




Supplements are getting very popular lately among health-conscious people. The more people become conscious about their food and lifestyle, the more they realize that it is high time we start depending on foods that give us more nutrition and fewer calories on a single serving. Supplements like have it all for you to maintain a good physique and mind. Here in this article, we will be discussing the elements that make your supplements unique and worth taking every day. Please scroll below to know the secret ingredients.

About supplements

Supplements like are rich in nutrients and minerals. Here we all know that vitamins and minerals are essential for our body function, mental growth, and various functions in the body. Some people may think that they can quickly fulfill eleven hundred calories to thirteen hundred calories by taking rice, bread, soup, or filling foods. There is no necessity of buying expensive fruits and supplements to support the body. Buy, the body mechanism is not so simple as the calory counting. You may have a full course dinner and still lack essential nutrients essential for your growth and sustainability.

Why do you need nutrients?

Nutrients have numerous functions in our body. Buy, if we talk about some most important ones, then let’s scroll down.


Iron is one of the essential nutrients and minerals, especially for females. Without iron, a female can not conceive well and let alone giving birth to a healthy baby. It is the reason that most gynecologists will prescribe an iron-rich supplement before the design and mostly throughout the pregnancy period. Iron is also very crucial to develop the nervous system of the baby. If you do not take enough iron during the pregnancy period, then there’s a good chance that the baby will be mentally weak. Fulfilling the daily requirements of iron only from the dietary source is challenging. So, you can take supplements like that are rich in iron and other important nutritional factors necessary for the fetus’s development.


Vitamins are another essential component of our body. These vitamins help rejuvenate our skin, prevent aging, help in vision, and prevent various diseases like gum bleeding, parlor, etc. You will get fruits and vegetables rich in vitamins. But, the same problem goes with vitamins too. There are more or less twenty types of vitamins that you need every day to maintain good health. Getting all these vitamins from a single food source is not possible. Some vitamins are water-soluble, and some others are fat-soluble. So, taking or managing so many different food items is not feasible for most of us. Supplements come to save our back here. You will get preformed accessories rich in various types of vitamins and minerals. Compact tablets will help to fulfill the regular quota of vitamins quickly.


Steroids are known as the emergency hormones. Glucocorticoids and mineralocorticoids are two types of steroids available in our bodies. Steroid hormones mainly have anabolic functions in our body. It means the steroids help us develop muscle, maintain the right muscle tone and vascular elasticity. If you are a bodybuilder and try to develop ripped abs, then steroid supplements are the best option. Though indistinct use of steroids can cause you serious trouble, you need to consult an experienced physician before starting steroid supplements.


Supplements can work wonders with a well-balanced diet exercise and under your certified physician’s supervision.

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Prostate Cancer – What Are the Signs?



Treatment for prostate cancer

The fourth most common type of cancer in the world and the second most common cancer in men, more than 1.3 million people were diagnosed with prostate cancer in 2018 alone. Whilst the survival rate for prostate cancer is relatively high, the impact of a diagnosis can have lasting effects on a person, despite the fact prostate cancer is not linked to preventable causes.

Treatment for prostate cancer commonly includes proton beam therapy, hormone therapy and chemotherapy. The effectiveness of these treatments will depend on the stage at which prostate cancer is detected. Like all cancers, the earlier you catch it, the higher your chances of beating it, and that makes knowing the symptoms all the more important.

So, what are the signs of prostate cancer?


The odds of you detecting that you have prostate cancer are made lower by the fact that symptoms do not usually show until the tumor has grown big enough that it puts pressure on the urethra. When this happens, you may experience the feeling of needing to pee far more frequently than you normally would, especially during the night.

If you have a large prostate tumor growth, you may also feel like you need to pee at a moment’s notice. On the other end of the spectrum, you may notice that it takes you a long time to get started peeing, or that you find yourself straining to pee.

When you do have a pee, a weak flow or blood in your urine could be signs of prostate cancer, and can the feeling of not quite emptying your bladder no matter how much you go to the toilet.


Men in the late stages of prostate cancer often report unexplained weight loss due to a loss of appetite or nausea. This usually a sign of more advanced prostate cancer, but given how elusive the symptoms can be, weight loss can be the only indication some men get that something isn’t quite right.


A symptom commonly reported in men with prostate cancer is blood in their semen. This is something that should always be investigated as it could be due to a range of causes, but it’s frequently linked to prostate cancer.

In addition to this, some men with prostate cancer report experiencing sudden erectile dysfunction in the form of struggling to get an erection or to maintain an erection.


Advanced prostate cancer may make itself known by inflicting pain in a range of areas, including the back, hips and pelvis. This is a sign the prostate cancer has spread to other parts of the body and this makes it much harder to treat compared to it being in one localized spot.

Pain in these areas is quite common and can be an indication of any number of health problems, but it’s always worth getting it checked out by your doctor just to be safe.

Who’s Most at Risk?

As mentioned, prostate cancer is not caused by external factors, but there are certain groups of men who are more likely to get it. Those over the age of 50 and with male relatives who have been diagnosed with prostate cancer are at a higher risk, as are black African men. Certain genes can make a person more likely to develop prostate cancer; for example, men with the BRCA2 gene are five times more likely to suffer with the disease. In addition, men who are overweight or largely inactive are at a higher risk of developing not just prostate cancer, but the more advanced type of the disease at that.

If you experience any of the above symptoms – especially if you realize you’re in the higher risk group – seek medical advice from your GP as soon as you can.

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Support Your Sleep Position Needs




People often make the mistake of assuming that a pillow is as good as any other and that you can make do with whatever you find in store shelves. Not to say that you cannot find any quality pillows in stores since there obviously are, but you need to first choose pillows according to your sleep position as opposed to personal preferences. Read my pillow reviews from similar sleeping customers.

Back Sleepers

People that sleep on the back are already starting to fall into natural spine alignment, which means that the ideal pillow for them should properly hold the head level with the shoulders with support under the neck that allows the soft tissues to relax properly. The best support for back sleepers is provided by thinner and more contouring pillows.

Pillows that are either too soft or thin may permit the falling back of the head too far, while those that are too lofty or thick tend to shift the head forward, creating obstructions in the airways along with pressure points along the back of the head. Unfortunately, this poor posture tends to create stress through the shoulders and into the lower back.

Side Sleepers

People that sleep on the side have a very healthy position to be sleeping in, but need to take care to keep the weight and curves of the body properly supported to ensure proper spinal alignment.

Pillows are highly influential to side sleepers and thicker, gusseted, and more supportive pillows are usually worth considering to keep the head lifted and level between the shoulders, along with supporting the neck due to the gap left between the head and shoulders.

Stomach Sleepers

People that sleep on the stomach don’t always technically need a pillow because they have already elongated the spine through the length of their body. The issue with stomach sleeping is that no matter how much the body is supported, spinal alignment will almost always be compromised due to the turn of the neck and head, or even the end of the knee and hip to the side.

Stomach sleepers still need the comfort of a pillow and very thin and soft, contouring pillows can be ideal options for such people to help support the head and neck without the need to lift it too far. Stomach sleepers can support the upper body and shoulders or may even sleep in a stomach and side hybridized position to relieve stress off the lower back. Thin, soft pillows can help with that.

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Chicken Recipes for Dinner




What’s for dinner? The age-old question. To make dinner, or to not make dinner. First time home cooks are often daunted by the thought of cooking their first meat dish, for fear of serving a bad meal, or worse, an undercooked meal. Here is a no-fail recipe that only requires a few ingredients and even fewer steps.

Chicken can be cooked or baked, savory or sweet, roasted over a spitting fire, or tossed into a hearty stew. Whichever unique way you choose to cook this dish, one thing can be guaranteed; it’s delicious! Here is a simple chicken recipe that anyone, regardless of skill level, will be able to cook.

For this recipe, I like to pick up one or two packages of raw chicken tenderloins. These are smaller and bake faster in the oven. I find most people typically go for chicken breast, but I find those large chunks of chicken take considerably longer to bake and this recipe is all about simplicity. If you need more chicken recipes, check out Corrie cooks.

One ingredient you absolutely must have is olive oil. I prefer to use extra virgin olive oil, but a light olive oil would work just as well if you’re trying to cut calories. Olive oil is the magic ingredient in this recipe. The next thing you’ll want to collect is 2-6 of your favorite spices. You can go as simple as salt and pepper, of course, but I like to add a little more flavor to my chicken. Here is a shortlist of dried spices and rubs I have incorporated into this recipe, though not at all once!

-Salt & Pepper
-Garlic (minced or powder depending on your level of garlic addiction)
-Onion Powder
-Red Pepper Flakes (if you’ve got a spicy-tooth)
-Herbs da Providence
-Italian Seasoning

Just to name a few. First, preheat your oven to 375°F. You’re going to start by quickly rinsing your chicken tenderloins. Pour just a little of the olive oil into the bottom of your pan; I find glass casserole dishes work best. Lay the tenderloins upside down (whichever way you deem to be the “bottom”) and try not to let them touch. This helps keep them from sticking to each other as they bake. For the “bottom” of the tenderloins, I keep it simple, just a dusting of salt and pepper. Now flip them over so they are “right side up” again. The trick to getting great tasting chicken, I’ve found, is to rub all of your spices in. Start with whatever spice is closest to you. Give a good dusting and then rub it in for two to three seconds. Each time you sprinkle a new spice on the tenderloins be sure to rub it in. The last spice I add is salt and pepper; just a quick dusting over each tenderloin. We don’t want the chicken too salty as we want the flavors of the spices to shine. Once you’ve added all of the spices it’s time to use that magic ingredient – olive oil! Pour a little olive oil into the palm of your hand, hover over the tenderloins, and slowly pour over individual tenderloin, then gently press the olive oil in. I usually just pick up each tenderloin to ensure an even coating of olive oil. The reason for this is the olive oil helps lock in all those delicious spices amping up that flavor profile. It also keeps the chicken from drying out during the baking process which is a common mistake a lot of new home cooks make. No one likes dry chicken.

Once all of the tenderloins have been sufficiently spiced and oiled, it is time to put the chicken in the oven. Bake at 375°F for about 40-50 minutes. I typically take them out at the 40-45-minute mark and cut one of the tenderloins in half. If the fluid is clear and the chicken has no pink left, it is done!

With just a few quick steps you’ve turned boring chicken into a dinner favorite!


No Fail Chicken Dinner

– ¼ teaspoon garlic powder
– ¼ teaspoon onion powder
– ¼ teaspoon dried basil
– ½ teaspoon Italian seasoning
– Salt & pepper to taste
– ½ cup of olive oil (plus a little extra for the pan)
– 1 to 2 packages of chicken tenderloin (packages typically come with 6-8 tenderloins)

1.) Preheat oven to 375°F
2.) Coat bottom of pan with olive oil
3.) Lay tenderloins in pan so they do not touch and are “upside down”
4.) Give each tenderloin bottom a dusting of salt and pepper, turn right side up
5.) Sprinkle each tenderloin with equal parts garlic powder, onion powder, dried basil and dried Italian seasoning, being sure to rub each spice in.
6.) Quick dusting of salt & pepper
7.) Drizzle olive oil over each tenderloin and rub or press into each individual tenderloin to be sure each is coated evenly and thoroughly.
8.) Bake at 375°F for 40-50 minutes until cooked through, checking chicken by cutting one in half, making sure no pink is left.


Simple Baked Chicken


– Cooking spray, or olive oil
– 2 cups rice of choice
– 1 (10.5-oz.) can cream of chicken soup
– 1 (10.5-oz.) can cream of mushroom soup
– 1 cup water
– 1 teaspoon dried oregano
– 4 boneless skinless chicken breasts
– Kosher salt
– Freshly ground black pepper
– 1 (1-oz.) package onion soup mix
– Freshly chopped chives for garnish (optional)

1.) Preheat oven to 350°F and lightly pour olive oil into the bottom of your baking pan. I recommend a 9-12-inch glass baking dish.

2.) In a large bowl mix together your uncooked rice, cream of chicken soup, cream of mushroom soup, water, and oregano. Once this is well combined pour this mixture into your baking dish. 

3.) Season chicken with salt and pepper then place on top of rice mixture. Try not to let the chicken breasts touch as they may stick together as they bake. Sprinkle onion soup mix over chicken then cover with aluminum foil and bake 1 hour and 15 minutes, or until chicken is cooked through (no pink) and rice is tender.

Garnish with chives before serving.

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