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Antistatic additives for plastics

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Antistatic
Antistatic

Background: 

The Antistatic additives for plastics are special additives for reducing the build-up of static electricity as well as the electric charge in the case of plastic products. The antistatic additives help in reducing the buildup of static charges on the surface of plastic which if not used to reduce the static charge buildup will hamper the processing procedures.

Also, the antistatic additives help in reducing hygiene as well as aesthetics issues due to charges(Grob et al., 1999). These additives are majorly added during processing and molding procedures and are mixed with the plastic matrix during extrusion as well as these migrate to the surface of the plastic. Also, these are used in association with conductive fillers for improving anti-static efficiency. The commonly used antistatic additives for plastics consist of ethoxylated amines(Yanjin, 2003) fatty acid esters as well as quaternary ammonium compounds along with alkyl phosphates and alkyl sulfonates.

The major role of antistatic additives for plastic is based on making the plastic surface conductive as well as improved absorption of moisture present in surrounding air. The major application of the antistatic additive in plastic is during transportation of the plastics as well as during processing along with filling and handling bulk plastics. In addition to this, these additives are useful for avoiding dust which is a major problem of catch by packed products by plastic films.

Working of anti-static additives:

These anti-static additives help in reducing the static build-up on the plastic surface. The plastic surfaces are majorly electrical insulators and thus have the support of high static build-up. Thus anti-static additives help reducing static which gets produced due to charge separation as well as the movement of one material over another. These additives reduce the resistivity of the plastic materials and help in neutralizing the surrounding static field. The anti-static additive help in eliminating issues related to high static in plastic-like dust attraction to surfaces as well as electrostatic discharge (ESD). These are added to plastics while the compounding as well as injection molding.

 The work is based on utilizing a co-continuous ion-conductive polymer phase in case of long term anti-static activity. Majorly the ions play the role of charge carriers present in the additive and help in dissipating the static field.

In the case of anti-static additives in plastics, the major role is to control or limit ionization. For plastics the use of anti-static additives like high impact polystyrene helps in reduces the static buildup by decreasing the surface resistance. 

Thus, the additives decrease the static electric charges which make the plastics conductive, as well as help in improving interaction with moisture in the atmosphere and ultimately results in the formation of a microscopic layer of water on the plastic surface. This moisture layer helps in the production of conductive path useful for static dissipation.

Types of anti-static additives for plastics:

The anti-static additives are major of two categories internal as well as external additives.

  • The internal anti-static additives are added in the blending process of plastic manufacturing which occurs at the extrusion level as well as molding. The addition of the molecular additive is done by blended homogeneously with the plastic which helps in building the required surface resistivity useful for electronics packaging. After the cooling of the mix, the antistatic additive migrates to the plastic surface and starts picking moisture from the environmental air. 
  • The external anti-static additives are dissolved into a solvent which is then sprayed and also can be applied as a coating on the plastic. It is a topical coating which is not blended with the plastic material, thus there is a risk that this additive might be rubbed off which reduces the effectiveness of the product in the long term (Huang et al., 2004). 

The antistatic additives area further categorized on basis of the type of plastic, and thus chemical structures of the additives vary. The two major groups of anti-static additives for plastics are non-ionic as well as ionic additives.

  • The ionic additives are majorly used for plastics that have relatively high polarity. Also, they are further categorized as cationic compounds and majorly consist of quaternary ammonium salts.
  • Also ionic contain anionic compounds which consist of phosphorus which are phosphoric acid along with phosphates and used for polyvinyl chloride as well as polystyrene.
  • Also, the non-ionic additives are used for polyolefins and consist of amide derivatives i.e. alkoxylated amides as well as glycerol esters(Hochberg et al., 2001).

Advantages of using Antistatic Additives for Plastics:

  • These anti-static additives provide a permanent as well as immediate effect
  • Also it doesnot alter the properties of the host plastic material(Ding et al., 2004).
  • These are helpful for reducing the handling problems while transportation as well as storage along with packing in case of plastic products with high static electricity.
  • Also, these additives are helpful in reducing dust attraction and thus affects the performance as well as the appearance of the plastic products
  • These are beneficial in avoiding the risk and hazard of electrical shock to employees who work with plastics and customers that use them
  • Also, the anti-static additives are helpful in decreasing the hazard of electrical discharge which might cause an explosion or erupt a fire(Markarian, 2008).

Characteristic features of anti-static additives for plastic: 

 •Majorly these compounds are hydrophilic as well as possess hygroscopic properties,

• These additives have the property of ionization in water i.ee these additives have ions enhance the conductivity of water.

• Majority of anti-static additives have the ability to migrate towards the plastic surface material(Dudler et al., 2000).

Application of antistatic additives for plastic:

The raw material which is majorly used in the production of packaging film in the food industry is polyethylene which is made with the significant addition of anti-static additives. It is used in the production of foils, bottles as well as packaging, containers along with drinking water pipes(Hausmann, 2007). The use of anti-static additives is vital as this plastic surface has a high level of resistance which makes it essential to avoid the electrostatic phenomena and prevent the accumulation of various charges.

FAQS:

Q1: What are antistatic additives for plastic?

Ans: Antistatic additives are also known as surfactants help in decreasing the polarization of plastic products.

Q2: How antistatic additives for plastic work?

Ans:  Antistatic additives which are added during extrusion and moulding of plastic products work by decreasing the surface resistivity of plastic materials as well as static electricity causing charge dissipation. Thus these additives help in reducing the risk of occurrence of the adverse electric shock phenomenon.

Q3: What are different categories of anti-static additives for plastic?Ans: On basis of the addition of the additives to the plastic they are external as well as internal additives. But on basis of charge, they are categorized as ionic and non-ionic additives. The ionic additives are further of two types:

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How many popular MBA in agri-business colleges in India

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Agri-business management is a lucrative management course that considers agricultural sector management. You can find the list of MBA in agri-business colleges in India in the below article. While starting salary may be low in the agricultural sector, there is a very secure chance of reaching higher levels earlier due to very little competition. Willing students can check out the different exams that the colleges take into consideration.

National Institute of Agricultural Extension Management- [MANAGE], Hyderabad:

Popularly known as MANAGE, this university was established in 1987 by the Ministry of Agriculture. It is built on 17 acres of land with all basic student and faculty amenities such as lawns, residential blocks, libraries, computer centers, gyms, cafeterias, and more. You can get post graduate degrees in agriculture management courses. They provide their flagship PGDM in the agricultural-business management field with fees of INR 8 lakhs. Candidates are shortlisted based on the CAT score.

Institute of Management Studies, Banaras Hindu University, Varanasi:

A section of the most popular Open University in India, the BHU, and FMS BHU provides management courses in different fields. FMS BHU is considered one of India’s best management colleges and is comparable to the new IIMs in India. Students who have got at least 50% in their bachelor’s course are eligible to apply for the MBA admission process here. The campus provides all the basic amenities like a library, hostels, health care, sports field, cafeteria and more.

IIM Ahmedabad:

IIM A is the most reputed management b-school in India and has also bagged 1st rank in NIRF 2020 in the management category. It was established in 1961, and due to its impeccable quality, it has been given EQUIS accreditation by the global organisation. It offers more than 5+ courses along with its flagship MBA programme. There are a total of 108 faculty members with a total student intake of 385. The university accepts admissions based on the CAT, GMAT, GRE and GATE exam. Some of the top recruiters in this institute are HSBC, Citi Bank, Aditya Birla Group, TATA and more.

IIM Lucknow:

Established in 1984, IIM Lucknow is one of the highest-rated institutes and was ranked 4 by NIRF 2020 in the management category. It has a total of 190-acre campus with a 20-acre remote campus in Noida primarily for executive education. The college has AACSB and AMBA accreditations with more than 5 courses offered by the institute. It offers admission based on the exam scores of CAT, GATE, GMAT and more. Some of the reputed recruiters here are American Express, Asian Paints, Flipkart, Ernst and Young, Amazon, Uber, ITC, Goldman Sachs and more.

Amity University, Noida:

Established in the year 2005, the campus is made on 1000 acres of land in Noida. It is the main campus and the most respectable one in India. It offers UG, PG and PhD programmes in various fields like arts, commerce, engineering and management. The institute houses a total of more than 6000 faculties residing on the campus, where a total of more than 100 courses are offered. For the MBA course, the institute accepts the exam scores of CAT, MAT, XAT, CMAT, GMAT and NMAT. Students willing to apply for the MBA for agri-business management may try this university.

Conclusion:

The above list of colleges provides MBA in agri-business management. Some of these colleges are very reputed, like the IIMs and rank well in the global competition. For more information check here https://www.shiksha.com/mba/colleges/mba-in-agri-business-colleges-india

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Top 5 Reasons to Study in the USA: For Indian Students?

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If you’ve looked into studying abroad, you’ve likely come across the United States of America as a study abroad destination.

The US has a lot to offer, with its diverse and unique culture, a large variety of universities, and the opportunity to experience different weather and seasons. And it’s one of the most sought-after countries for studying abroad, and for a good reason.

First, Americans are very welcoming. If you’re a foreigner coming to the USA for study, you’ll find that Americans are more likely to help you and make friends with you than other cultures.

Second, there are many opportunities to work while studying in the US. The US is a country where work-study programs are very popular, and many students can work while studying. 

If you’re considering studying in the US, here are five reasons to study in the USA. If you are from India, you can contact Visa Consultants for the USA to resolve your query.

1.) Quality of Education:-

Strong infrastructure and a high level of technology make the USA a paradise for business and tourism.

Medical research As a country, the USA contributes to world-class research in medicine. Research on cardiovascular disease, stem cell research, and cancer detection and treatment is gaining momentum.

Health services are of high quality. Amazing, nature-centric lifestyle Every student’s dream is to live in a beautiful and diverse country.

The USA was ranked as the top country for highest academic achievement in the world. The US is also one of the best universities for both undergraduate and postgraduate education.

The US boasts of the highest number of degree-granting institutions per capita in the world. In addition, the US is considered the best place for international students to pursue graduate studies.

Most graduate programs in the US are quite research-intensive, which means students have a good chance of earning prestigious Ph.D. degrees. You can read that ultimate guide that helps you understand how to apply study visa for the USA from India.

The best places to pursue higher studies in the US are California, New York, Michigan, Illinois, Georgia, Massachusetts, Pennsylvania, Connecticut, Florida, Texas, Washington, and Virginia.

2.) Unique Curriculum:-

Cross-cultural experience Student life – vibrant student body, alumni network, social events, extracurricular activities, and more International students are admitted to the different study programs in the USA through Academic Tests, Interviews, and Personal Interviews.

The selection procedure is very rigorous and based on students’ merit, personality, and extracurricular activities.

Among these colleges, 30 colleges in the USA have been officially designated by US National Council for International Students (NCIS). In addition, they have been accredited as International Master’s College.

These colleges are very reputable, and their international programs are taught in English, thus enabling students to further their study further. So why should Australia be an Option for Indian Students?

3.) Multicultural Environment:-

Opportunities for higher education Learn more about this country by reading our article. Peru Peru is a country of rich and exotic cultures and traditions.

Known as the land of a thousand lakes, Peru is rich in various landscapes, plants, and animal life.

Peruvians are known for their culture, passion for food, warmth, and hospitality. In the capital city, you can find rich cultural and natural resources.

Peru’s Universities In Perú, students can take up programs from various universities including Universidad Nacional Mayor de San Marcos (UNMAS), Universidad San Francisco de Quito (USFQ) and Pontificia Universidad Católica del Perú (PUCP).

Peruvian universities have a world-class reputation in many fields.

4.) Abundant Opportunities:-

Surprise packages Migration and Close career relationships with professors and classmates Work-study Access to international markets.

Exposure to international business Contribution to the local economy Varying economic trends of the USA Multi-cultural environment Attractive academic environment International recognition for high standards Scaling up to a postgraduate degree Opportunities for real-world experience.

Compared to Europe and Asia, studying abroad offers students an opportunity to get a unique perspective on America while studying in one of the most prestigious universities in the US.

Many students consider education in the US more varied and less conventional than in European or Asian institutions.

5.) Types of Courses You Can Take:-

In terms of subjects, International students can study different options. This includes, but is not limited to, Management, Marketing, Medical and Health, Computer Sciences, Biological Sciences, Physical Sciences, and Engineering.

Conversations and relationships Conversation among International students is an essential part of their daily life. This is especially true during the initial years when the fear of making mistakes prevents students from opening up and sharing their opinions.

Therefore, it is very important to establish proper contacts and build trust with your tutors and fellow students.

Once you have established your place at the University, friends with mutual interests, and firm bonds of trust, you will have a wonderful social life.

6.) Immersive Learning:-

To cater to the students’ interests and reduce the administrative burden on the colleges and universities, the government has introduced new policies and programs.

The Unique Scholarships (SFS/ASSS/ESF) have been started by the US Higher Education Funding Council (HEFCE). Also, the Federal Student Financial Aid Program (FASFA) and the Federal Family Education Loan Program (FFELP) have been introduced by the US Department of Education.

Visa-Free Entry for international students To attract international students, the USA government has launched the Global Entry and the Global Entry Card programs. The card provides visa-free Entry for international students.

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What Are the Various Types of Metal?

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What Are the Various Types of Metal

Did you know that there are over 70 types of metal that industries use today?

While you are most likely familiar with the names of the most common types of metals, you may not understand how they are used. Further, you may not realize that almost all the different types of metal need to be combined with another material to be useful.

Today, we will look at some of the most valuable types and see how they create items we use every day! 

Iron: The Most Durable of All Types of Metal

Of all types of metal, iron is, without a doubt, the most manufactured throughout the world and even history. Unfortunately, while pure iron is one of the strongest types of metal, it is also highly corrosive. On top of that, pure iron is unstable and requires lots of work to be usable. 

That’s why scientists combine other types of metal to form different alloys. For example, to keep the strength of pure iron but remove its corrosiveness, carbon is added. Adding pure iron and carbon creates steel. 

Steel has high tensile durability and a high strength-to-weight ratio. 

Because of this, durability steel is one of the best types of metal for construction and mechanical components. It creates small steel components, and parts are still as strong as bigger ones.

Aluminum: A Very Versatile Metal

Engineers and manufacturers use aluminum for cans, kitchen utensils, engraved name badges, and airplane parts, making it one of the most popular types of heavy metals. It has amazing properties like durability, lightweight, corrosion-resistant, and even conducts electricity well.

Aluminum is often combined with iron to enhance its properties. 

Copper: An Ancient Metal

Of all the different types of metal, copper is perhaps the one that has been used the longest. While copper has great electrical conductivity, it still lacks other properties. Luckily, with copper, you can make two different types of metal alloys: bronze and brass. 

Brass is great for low friction purposes such as locks, bearings, plumbing, and tools. It also makes one of the best types of sheet metal, which has numerous applications. On the other hand, bronze has good corrosion resistance, ideal for submerged parts and ship fittings. 

Platinum: A Jewelers Metal

Of all the types of precious metals, platinum is the one extensively used for jewelry. In addition, in more recent years, engineers have used platinum for laboratory and dentistry equipment.

Unfortunately, platinum is a rare element in the Earth’s crust, making it more expensive to produce and manufacture. 

Civilization Is Built on Metals

As you can see, all types of metal are important for society. Each one provides practical usages and benefits for different areas across the globe. In addition, scientists are discovering newer and stronger alloys every day, so expect more uses as time passes.

Did you find this post informative? If so, be sure to check out our other articles! Without a doubt, you’ll find another one that will pique your interest! 

Brass

While shiny, polished brass was out of style for several years, matte, antiqued brass has made its way back into the home decor scene. A mix of copper and zinc alloys, brass can be made in various colors, such as red, yellow, gold, bronze, and brown. However, the most common color is gold. This metal is typically corrosion-resistant and antimicrobial – making it great for knobs and faucets. While it is corrosion-resistant, harsh cleaners can cause cracking. We recommend washing brass with mild soap and water. Solid brass can be expensive – look for brass plating for a budget-friendly price. Brass can be used to brighten a space with cool tones, and it mixes well with wrought iron.

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How to Learn English Properly by Translating Using the Oriya Language Keyboard

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The Oriya Language Learning system offers a variety of learning materials for adults and children. The course includes learning the English alphabet, pronunciations and sounds, grammar, correct grammar usage, sentences and conversation, and other essential aspects of the written and spoken language. This system also offers a complete guide to reading and writing in the Oriya Language. The materials include A dictionary with over one million words and definitions, audio pronunciations and native English translations, an audio learning guide, an audio story, a grammar lesson with audio files and a complete phrasebook. All of these materials are designed to teach students the basics of the English language. English is considered to be the global communication language. There is no area where English is not used. Learning this global language will serve you with benefits. 

Another feature of the Oriya Language Learning system is its capability to translate common Oriya words into English. This can be very useful when you want to learn how to say ‘how’ instead of just saying ‘you’. The software has been optimized to understand and match the sounds of the most common Oriya words and phrases in both languages. This allows you to translate the word correctly in English and understand how the sentence is structured. Translating common words can help you read the text on the Internet, use emails and chats, write letters and greetings, and communicate with people from different parts of the world.

The language learning material also includes an application that you can use on your smartphone or tablet computer to translate the common Oriya words into English. This application works by using the Oriya Language Server. This server connects to the translation experts who are online at any time. The experts will scan the website you have access to and then provide you with a list of the most common words you might encounter while using the English language. The next step will be to translate each word into the appropriate Oriya alphabet. The application also provides you with a list of the words you have already learned to know how to proceed further.

Google’s translation tools are another great resource that can be used to teach yourself how to speak and translate commonly used words in English. The application offers step by step guides on how to translate a common phrase in both English and Oriya. You can find out how to word match to get the exact phrase that has been translated into your native tongue. This is a great resource because it gives you the option of learning new words in either language to widen your vocabulary. It can also give you a great idea of the word patterns that form the basis of the common Oriya vocabulary.

If you want to learn how to translate English correctly, you can refer to one of the best ebooks on the market today. It is called ‘The Complete Guide to English Verbal Translation.’ It is written by Dan Christensen, who is considered as one of the best English translators and word processors in the industry. This product will teach you all of the secrets that Dan has learned over the years to become an excellent English translator of any type. It will teach you how to translate common Oriya words with perfect phrases and sentences using the correct context and sentence-building rules. To sum it up, the best way to learn the Oriya keyboard is to find a good resource that will provide you with the necessary background images and lessons. Then you can start to translate the words you just learned. This way, you will have a better understanding of the basics of the language before moving onto the more advanced levels. Some of these levels consist of learning about grammar rules and how to use them correctly. Another useful method is finding online resources such as dictionaries, software, and thesaurus. By doing this, you will quickly access any important word you need to correctly translate into your language. Oriya keyboard is available for android as well. It can be used for translation learning and is referred to as the Odia keypad.

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5 Tips for Beginner Motorcyclists to Ride With Confidence

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5 Tips for Beginner Motorcyclists to Ride With Confidence

Are you a motorcycle beginner?

Motorcycles are one of the popular forms of transport because it’s cheaper than other vehicles. However, it offers little to no protection to both riders and passengers. When an accident happens, it can result in fatalities. 

The solution is to learn motorcycle tips for beginners. That way, you can ride with confidence, knowing you can deal with various road conditions.

These are the five tips for beginner motorcyclists. Read what we have below and learn more.  

1. Always Wear Safety Gear 

One of the most important motorcycle tips for beginners is to always wear safety gear. It includes helmets, pants, and jackets.  

Motorcycle gloves improve your grip on the handle, allowing you to stay in control better. Raincoats are also a must-have to keep you dry whenever it rains. Avoid wearing shorts, sandals, and dresses when riding a motorcycle.

Wearing the correct safety gear is your basic protection whenever you’re traveling. It’s also one of the items a motorcycle accident attorney looks at when accidents happen. 

2. Learn to Use Hand Signals 

If you want more important beginner tips for motorcycle riding, focus on learning how to use hand signals. It’s your basic way of communicating with other riders and vehicle owners. 

When riding with a group, hand signals are the best way for everyone to stay coordinated. It improves road safety and lowers the risk of accidents.  

3. Keep an Eye to Your Fuel 

Make sure that your fuel gauge is working properly. Depending on your fuel consumption, it’s easy for your motorcycle to run out of fuel. It helps to know when to refuel and continue riding the motorcycle with confidence. 

4. Practice Motorcycle Maneuvers 

Roads aren’t always straight, meaning you’ll encounter sharp turns. To improve your driving and safety, learn how to practice motorcycle maneuvers. Pay particular attention to your acceleration and hard braking.

Practice in a dry area to improve your handling and driving. When you’re accustomed to driving on dry pavement, practice in a wet area.   

Practicing on wet and dry roads helps you grasp the difference in their handling. Treat this as preparation when it rains. However, it’s better to avoid driving in the rain.   

5. Learn to Wave to Other Motorcyclist 

When you start riding a motorcycle, you become part of the community. Whenever possible, give a friendly wave to your fellow motorcyclist. It’s a good way of showing courtesy to others when you’re on the road. 

Learn of the Motorcycle Tips for Beginners Today!

These are some of the most basic motorcycle tips for beginners. Take your time and learn them since it goes a long way to avoid risking future accidents. Use this guide and drive your motorcycle with confidence today!

Now you learned some tips for riding a motorcycle, don’t stop learning. Check out our other articles and expand your motorcycle knowledge.

When it comes to gaining confidence on a motorcycle, there is no substitute for saddle time. When I first started riding on the road, someone I trusted told me “get through the first 100 miles, and if you don’t hurt or scare yourself, then get 1000 miles under your belt. When you hit 1000 miles you’ll know if you’re a biker or not.” He was right – those first 100 miles were thrilling, the learning curve steep. By the time I hit 1000 miles, I was addicted. I noticed that as my miles of experience increased, my riding got smoother. I anticipated things instead of just reacting. As the years rolled on, I noticed that I felt most confident in those years where I clicked off the most miles. It makes absolute sense – practice makes perfect!

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