On a steep hill, at the foot of which the wayward Koporka river flows, the ancient fortress of Koporya is located. The greatness and beauty of this stronghold attracts people who are not indifferent to the history of the Middle Ages. The harsh simplicity of the ancient stone masonry is mesmerizing. Impressive is the firm hand of the architect, who erected multi-ton fortress walls on the steep cliffs. The fortress is in a sad state, and the hands of the restorers almost never touched these walls.
It is very convenient to get to Koporskaya Fortress by renting a car, which you can rent on the popular website cars cars scanner.
The architectural complex of this military pearl includes: fortress walls, towers, a bridge on six pillars, a gate complex, the Church of the Transfiguration, the family tomb of the Zinovievs.
South and North towers and a bridge at a height of seven meters The
perimeter of the walls follows the outlines of the rock, stretching from east to west, forming unequal sides of a triangle. You can approach the gate by a stone bridge over the moat. The gate tower is absent, and the curved entrance opening is located directly in the fortress wall. On both sides of the entrance, the North and South towers rise majestically. The gate was protected by a gersa, a wrought-iron grill that sank under its own weight. Further there was a drawbridge, arranged according to the principle of a rocker arm. When the enemy passed through the gates and gersu, the inner part of the drawbridge with the enemy lowered into the wolf’s pit, and the outer part rose, blocking the entrance.
There was once another entrance near the main entrance on the left side. Subsequently, it was laid, leaving only the window. The corridor, which stretches in the gate part of the fortress wall, is about 12m. Passages from the guard rooms went to him.
Chapel where the tomb is located
At the entrance to the fortress on the right side is the tomb of the Zinoviev family. One of the legends is associated with it. At night, the ghost of Dmitry Zinoviev appears, who loves to talk with belated tourists. In 1793. his father, Vasily Nikolaevich, acquired the local lands. After his father, Dmitry increases the area of the estate, builds cattle and horse yards, installs mills on the river, fences off dams where fish are raised. A school, a library and a shelter have been built for peasant children. Dmitry invested a lot of mental strength in this region, and therefore does not leave.
From the North Tower on the right hand stretches a relatively intact wall to the Middle Tower.
The middle tower
There are four of them. All are built in one likeness. They have five tiers, a stone ceiling on the bottom, all of them are made of wood, which, of course, have not survived. There are also no board tents that crowned the towers.
A corner tower in the very corner of the bastion. Stone fortifications radiate from it like rays of an acute angle. This tower has suffered the most from time, weather and people.
Square tower from the inside. A sad and bewitching sight.
Like any self-respecting antiquity, it had underground passages or hiding places. The first cache, 13th century, was located on the South Wall, towards the river. Later, 16th century, on the North, towards the lake, which no longer exists. At the moment, the secret passages have been filled up.
The buried passages of the
Koporye lands became part of the Russian state in the 15th century. Prior to this event, Koporye belonged to the Novgorod Republic. But sometimes the Swedes ruled here
Stone Church of the Transfiguration
In the central part of the fortress you can see the ruins of the Church of the Transfiguration. After the fire in 1854, the church was not completely restored.
Rumor has it that not only the spirit of Dmitry wanders, but also the ghost of the Swedish king. He guards his carriage with gold and the crown and throne left in a hurry. At night, he makes a circle throughout the territory, descends to the bottom of the hill and quietly disappears.
The fortress in Koporye is surrounded by a mystical atmosphere. To reveal all the secrets, first you need to save these mysterious walls from destruction.
How to Ease Travel-Related Stress
It doesn’t matter if you’re traveling for work or personal reasons, it doesn’t change the fact that you’re likely to feel some level of stress along the way. And with that, you may begin to feel anxious before you ever leave home.
Fortunately, there are many steps you can take to ease travel-related stress. The more things you do, the greater chance you have of feeling your best from the beginning of your trip until the end.
Here are five steps you can take to ease travel-related stress.
- Pack in advance
One of the biggest causes of stress when traveling is last minute packing. Make a list of what you want to take and begin to move through it several days in advance. Not only does this give you peace of mind, but it also reduces the likelihood of forgetting something at home.
Tip: if you’re a regular traveler, create a master list of the basics that you take on every trip.
- Leave on time
No matter your method of travel, you want to leave your home on time. When you leave late, you’re behind the eight ball from the start. For example, if your flight departs at 5 p.m., you should arrive at the airport no later than 3 p.m. However, just to be safe, give yourself another 30 minutes. You’ll be glad that you did if you run into trouble, such as traffic or a longer than expected line at security.
Tip: when flying, double check your departure time before leaving home. You may find that it was pushed back due to a delay. If that happens, you can adjust your schedule accordingly.
- Don’t pack too much
As noted above, packing is stressful. And that’s particularly true if you wait until the last minute. Another thing to avoid is overpacking. The more you stuff into your suitcase the more you’ll question whether or not you really need the items.
In addition to the essentials, take clothes for every day that you’ll be gone. When you look at it from a daily perspective, it’s easier to pack what you know you’ll need and leave the rest behind.
Tip: look into ways to save space, such as by packing travel size toiletries. This is preferred to packing full-size items that add to your load and make it more difficult to find what you’re looking for upon arrival.
- Plan your travel day
From start to finish, you should plan your travel day based on how you want to see it unfold. Answer questions such as:
- What time do you need to leave home?
- What is your expected arrival time?
- Are there any potential hiccups to be aware of?
- What will you do if you face a delay that is beyond your control?
- Have you double checked your reservations?
As you answer these questions, you’ll find that your travel day isn’t nearly as stressful as you thought.
Tip: hope for the best but remain flexible at all times. When traveling, there will always be things that are out of your control. You must take them as they come.
- Get enough sleep
Think about how difficult it is to make it through a regular day on short sleep. Now, consider how challenging it would be if you were traveling. No matter what it takes, get enough sleep leading up to your day of travel. This is even more so important if you’re driving, as you need to remain alert while behind the wheel.
Tip: getting a good night’s sleep the day before you leave is ideal, but don’t stop there. Try to do this two or three days in advance. You want to be well-rested and feel your best when it’s time to hit the road.
There’s no right or wrong way to ease travel-related stress. The only thing that matters is that you find something that works for you. And when you do, you can rely on it to guide you every step of the way.
Do you often feel overstressed when you travel? What steps do you take to reduce the amount of stress that you feel? Is there anything you would add to the advice above?
Make Your Auckland, NZ Trip Memorable with Eva Air Reservations
I am a businessman and I live in Vienna, Austria. One of my very close friends moved to Auckland, New Zealand 2 years back. Last year, when he got married, he invited me over there to attend the ceremonies of his wedding. It was the first time I was visiting this place. So, I was a little clueless about the route and the airlines. After wasting the whole 3 days, I contacted my friend and asked him about the best airlines between Vienna and Auckland. He took so many names but emphasized more on Eva Air because he used to take the same airline to visit his relatives living in Vancouver, Canada.
Since it was the best airline (according to him), I decided to learn more about the same. And actually, he was right. This airline has countless positive reviews on different websites, social media platforms, and forums. Additionally, they are best recognized for their flexible policies to world-class services. Right from easy online booking to Eva Air cancellation policy, everything is designed as per the convenience of the passengers. After this, I did not even waste a single second to do Eva Air reservations. And trust me the services provided by them before and throughout the journey were commendable. In addition to this, the seat was so comfortable. Actually, I have a backache problem. So, long journeys are the biggest challenge of my life. But the seats were so soft and relaxing. So, anyone who is planning to travel on this route should book a flight on Eva Air. It is not only economical but ensures the most comfortable journey too.
Must Visit Places in Auckland
As I have mentioned earlier that it was the first time I was in New Zealand, I did not want to miss out on the opportunity to explore this place. I along with my friend visited so many places here. But I am listing out only 5 here so that you can start your journey at least on a happy note:
1. Sky Tower Auckland
I love adventure so it was like a treat for me to visit this amazing place. This needle-like tower is one of the most prominent landmarks of this city and the tallest building in New Zealand with 328 meters of height. Here, you will get a chance to capture the most panoramic views by reaching the Observation Deck. Additionally, you will also get a gift shop and restaurant on-site. If you want to catch the best glimpse of this tower, then it is advised to come here at night.
2. Waitemata Harbour
The wide sweep of this gorgeous place divides this city into two and the most prominent natural feature of the country. It is a wonderful area and a must-visit spot in the city that features an extensive range of dining, shopping, and entertainment opportunities. Other fun things that you can do here in Waitemata Harbour include Quay Street, Princes Wharf, Hauraki Gulf Islands, etc.
3. Auckland Harbour Bridge Adventure
The central harbor is wholly dominated by the Auckland Harbour Bridge. This place also offers several fun things to do to make your sightseeing experience full of thrill. One of the best things at this place is bungee jumping. If bungee jumping is not your cup of tea, then you can still enjoy incredible views here.
4. One Tree Hill
This volcanic cone is a great landmark of this city. This One Tree Hill offers several fun activities including the Stardome Observatory where you can see the planetarium. If you are here with your kids, then it is a must-visit place for sure.
5. Waiheke Island
It is one of the most popular islands in the whole country that attracts hundreds and thousands of visitors every year. The villages of this island are home to thriving cafés and art galleries. For keen hikers and walkers, the island has countless trails. For those who want to linger longer, a wide range of good accommodations is available.
Even though there are numerous places to visit, these 5 are my favorite. You can also do a little bit of online research to find the best spots to explore in Auckland, New Zealand. Apart from this, I would like to say thanks to Reservations Number for providing me with an extra 30% off on the online booking of my tickets. So, it is good to search online to grab the best deals online and save some bucks or simply call on the Eva Air customer service number +1-855-805-5447 to get the right assistance and guidance.
How to Prepare Your Family for its First Camping Trip
There’s nothing more exciting than the thought of your first camping trip with your family. While there’s a lot to plan for, it’s nothing you can’t handle.
The one thing you need to remember is this: there’s no such thing as over-preparing for a camping trip. You should take everything you think you’ll need, plus some, to ensure that you’re ready to manage any situation that comes your way.
Here are five tips to keep in mind as you prepare your family for its first camping trip.
- Safety first
There’s nothing more important than your safety, security, and overall well-being. Camping can be loads of fun, but only if you put safety above all else.
Use your common sense. If something appears dangerous, it probably is. Don’t take any unnecessary risks. Remember, it only takes a second for your trip to get ruined by an accident. And in a worst-case scenario, an accident could result in serious injury or even death.
- Test your gear at home
The last thing you want to do is arrive at your campsite and find that a piece of critical gear is not functioning properly. For example, if you find that your tent has a hole in it, you’ll find yourself seeking a repair without the proper tools.
It’s good practice to test all of your gear at home. If everything checks out, you’re good to pack it away and hit the road. Conversely, if you find that something is wrong, you have the time to repair or replace it.
Don’t assume that your gear is in good condition. Double-check it before you leave home and take the appropriate action if necessary.
- Review campground guidelines
Every campground has unique guidelines regarding what you can and can’t do. You need to review the guidelines, ask questions, and prepare accordingly. If you do something that’s not permitted, it could land you in hot water with the authorities. And in some cases, you could receive a fine or a request to vacate the campground.
Keep in mind that campground guidelines are in place for your safety and security. They’re not meant to stop you from having a good time. They’re meant to keep you and others safe. Respect the guidelines and you won’t have anything to worry about.
- Prepare to learn new skills
Your first camping trip is filled with possibilities. It’s filled with many unknowns. With that in mind, you should prepare to learn new skills along the way. This doesn’t mean you have to forage for your own food or start a fire from scratch, but you will face situations that you’re not generally familiar with.
If you’re going to plan a camping trip, do so with an open mind and the willingness to learn new skills. With this approach, you’ll find it much easier to learn and enjoy yourself without letting frustration get the best of you.
- Prepare for all types of weather
You never know what type of weather you’ll face when camping. Even if you’ve reviewed the forecast, there’s always a chance it could change. And when that happens, you must make sure that you’re prepared.
For instance, you should take mens waterproof boots with you to protect your feet in the event of a rainstorm. Pack warm clothes for the evening hours (or if you’re camping during a colder time of the year). Take long pants if you plan on hiking and are concerned about insects that are sure to swarm in humid weather.
Just because you take an item with you doesn’t mean you have to use it. Your goal is to pack everything you may need so that you’re prepared for anything Mother Nature throws at you.
You want your first family camping trip to be a memorable one (for all the right reasons). With the tips above, you should be able to reach your goal. And when you do that, your family will soon be asking when it’s time to head back into the wilderness.
What other tips would you add to the five above? Was your first family camping trip an enjoyable one? Looking back, was there anything you would have done differently?
Business Visa For India – Apply Online
If you want to conduct business in India, you can get an Indian Business Visa through e-Visa. This visa is valid for a year and has multiple entry options. It is issued via email and you can have it mailed to you. You can also use PayPal or UnionPay accounts to pay for the application. Both of these payment methods are secure, so you do not have to have a PayPal account in order to apply.
The rules for business Indian visas have changed as of 2019 with the introduction of the Business e-Visa. The sticker visa is a thing of the past, as the new “Business” procedure allows for faster processing, a reduced cost, and no physical visas. In addition, you can apply for your visa online instead of at the Indian embassy. For a simplified process, apply for your Business e-Visa online.
To apply for a Business Visa for India, you will need to possess a valid passport. The passport must have two blank pages for entry stamps. Diplomatic or international travel documents cannot be used. You must complete the Business Visa application form by answering questions about the receiving and sending organization. The Business Visa for India allows you to stay up to 180 days, with a valid passport. The Business Visa for India has a maximum stay of 180 days, but you can get an extension if you need one.
You may need to renew your multiple-entry business visa for India if you plan to visit India more than once. However, you must first apply for a visa for each port of call you’ll make during your stay. You can do this by filling out an online application and submitting it to the Indian Consulate in your home country. Then, you’ll need to present your passport when you arrive to complete the process.
When applying for a multiple-entry business visa for India, you need to provide proof of onward travel. Your flight ticket or business card is not enough – you’ll also need to provide a letter or email that states your intended purpose in India. You’ll be asked a few questions about the organization that is sending you and the one that’s receiving you. You can also upload the supporting documents electronically so that they’re not physically presentable at the Indian Consulate.
The duration of a business visa in India is usually six months or more but can extend up to one year. The duration of the visa depends on the reason for the visit and the purpose of business. Joint ventures in India can get multiple entry approval. The validity period of the visa begins on the date of issuance and not the day of the first entry. However, if you intend to extend your visa more than once, it should be applied for before the time of your visit to India.
The passport must be valid for six months and have at least two blank pages. It is necessary to submit your old passport with your application form. In addition, you should attach a recent 2×2 colour photo, which must be no more than three months old, showing your full face with a white background. You should also attach a certificate from your employer or educational institution that shows your profession. Similarly, you should also submit your retirement papers if you are retired from your present job.
If you’re looking for a business visa for India, you’re in luck! The rules for getting this visa have changed and you can now get anBusiness type of visa. In addition to the relaxed rules, you can now apply for a visa online, which will save you money and time. Not to mention, you’ll never have to worry about having to deal with a sticker-visa again.
The standard eVisa for India costs around $100 for US citizens. The cost of an eVisa for India ranges from one to five years, and it’s valid for multiple entries. For example, a medical attendant visa costs $140 for six months, while a single entry conference visa is just $103.
How Nepalese become Gorkha?
History of Gorkhas
The term Gorkha or Gurkha is usually referred to as soldiers of Nepalese origins who served in the legendary British Brigade of Gurkhas over many generations. There are also other regiments designated as Gurkha and still serve in the Indian Army as of 1991. For more than 175 years, from the early 1990s, Nepal has served as recruits for British Gurkha regiments and Indians.
In Singapore and Brunei retired British Gurkhas have also served in specially raised security units. The term Gurkha or Gorkha has no distinct ethnic connection but they are derived from the name of the old kingdom of Gorkha (Gurkha), the territory which roughly encompassed the present-day district of Gorkha. Gorkha is a district in Nepal which is in the mountains famous for Manaslu Circuit trek, 100-130 kilometers west of Kathmandu. In the eighteen century, the soldiers from the kingdom of Gorkha established an international reputation for their martial qualities and successful invasions of Tibet.
The king’s warrior expanded the Gorkha Kingdom eastward across the Himalayas to Sikkim the whole group in the area came to be known as Gurkha soldiers. Legends say that Gurkha soldiers never drew their service-issued kukri without drawing blood, even if they had to draw their blood. Kukri is curved shaped Nepalese knives which represent the Gurkha soldiers. Although, the legend added immeasurably to Gurkhas’ reputation for toughness which is probably a tradition of a bygone era. Gurkhas are among the more memorable of modern military history as they surround the Gurkhas. In the mid-sixteenth century, the old Gorkha kingdom was established by Dravya Shah who was the founder of Shah Thakuri kings that has reigned in Nepal ever since two centuries.
Under the young and energetic king Prithivi Narayan Shah the Gorkha kingdom began a major expansion and conquered the Kathmandu valley and unified numerous petty kingdoms while consolidating his control over an area substantially as that of modern Nepal. Legendary King Prithici Narayan Shah ruled for 32 years from 1743 to 1775. In 1763 the two regular Gurkha regiments were designated as Sri Nath and Purano Gorakh, which were also the first two regular regiments. As the Gorkha rule was expanded the responsibility for establishing military strong points and for maintaining a local militia were given to district governors (bad hakim).
Gorkhas the Famous for Armys
In the eighteenth century, the military powers of the Nepalese soldiers became known from where the forces were known as Gorkha invaded Tibet. Neal itself is home to certain ethnic groups such as Limbu, Rai, Magar, Tamang, Sherpa, Gurung, Chhetri, Thakuri, and many more who won reputations as warrior tribes. The bulk of the kingdom’s soldiers up to the rank of captain were furnished by the Gurung, Magar, and Limbu. Higher ranks were used to be filled by the Thakuri, Chhetri, and Rai groups, As the officers came almost exclusively from families of the ruling elite.
It is a perplexing fact until the middle of the nineteenth century, armies were raised in need and disbanded when the need expired, which created a sizable reserve of highly trained veterans. However, the unemployment problem recurred. Only the higher castes were retained for military service between wars.
By Prime Minister Bhimsen Thapa the first steps towards the creation of a sizable permanent military were started. Bhimsen Thapa ruled in Nepal from 1804 to 1837 and raised the army strength from ten thousand to fifteen thousand persons. He has also built the arsenals, ordnance workshops, and cantonments and introduced the large parade ground constructed at Tundikhel in Kathmandu in the period of 1991.
Where does Gurkha come from?
Gurkhas are the brave soldiers traditionally recruited from the hill people of Nepal, right back in 8th century Hindu warrior Guru Gorakhnath has traced their roots. In 1814 the Gurkhas were first encountered when the British East India Company fought against them in the Anglo-Nepalese War. In 1815 the first Gurkha troops were recruited with military abilities and honorable tactics.
The relationship between Nepali Gurkhas and Britain was enabled in 1816 after the end of the Peace Treaty and Britain was able to recruit Nepali Gurkhas. The relationship with Nepal is the oldest ally of Asia.
Who are they?
Originally, Gurkhas soldiers from Nepal, named after the small district of Nepal Gorkha. There is much bravery of Gurkhas in history. In 1816, Gurkhas were recruited into the British Army and lasted for 200 years. As Gurkhas are good in their natural daily life they are known to be fearless in combat. They have remained renowned for their loyalty, professionalism, and bravery to this day.
Best of the Best
After representing the Gurkhas they have served with distinction throughout the world. Brave Gurkhas have earned an incredible 13 Victoria Crosses for acts of extreme valor, along with the countless other medals. Now Gurkha is famous for its name on the globe.
Gurkhas are the brave soldiers with brave regiments belonging to Nepal. With the brave heart and stunning performances, they have become and renowned as Gorkha’s. There is a famous slogan of Gurkhas, “If a man says he is not afraid of dying, he is either lying or he is a Gurkha”.
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