The Central Nervous System comprises the brain and the spinal cord while the Peripheral Nervous system comprises the nerves and the sensory receptors in the sense organs. All these work in coordination with each other to make the human body work properly. Just like any other part of the body, the majority of brain illnesses are treatable with medicine and surgery. Brain surgery is also used to treat epilepsy, fluid build-up in the brain, skull fractures, blood clots, nerve damage, and many more issues.
Deep brain stimulation is one such procedure that is used to inactivate portions of the brain that cause Parkinson’s disease and its symptoms without causing any damage to the brain. The deep brain stimulation cost ranges from 17,500 USD to 24,000 USD in India.
What is Deep Brain Stimulation?
Deep brain stimulation is a neurological procedure that is recommended in patients with impaired mental ability. During this procedure, electrodes are implanted inside certain areas of the brain. Electric impulses are generated by these electrodes. The aberrant impulses are moderated by these impulses. Stimulators are implanted on both sides of the patient’s brain. These stimulators detect the inactive areas of the brain and electrodes are subsequently placed accordingly. The electrodes are attached to a pacemaker which is implanted beneath the skin of the chest below the collarbone.
The pulse generator provides regular electrical impulses to the targeted areas of the brain, modifying the aberrant activities that are generating the unwanted symptoms. The working of deep brain stimulation can be likened to that of a heart pacemaker and thus often referred to as “the brain’s pacemaker”.
What are the symptoms of a neurological disorder?
The following symptoms are seen in patients suffering from a neurological disorder:
- Muscle contractions that occur involuntarily
- Loss of muscle strength
- Memory loss
- Stress, fatigue, and anxiety
- Obsessive-compulsive disorder
- Excessive cleaning or hand washing
- Sudden onset of headaches
- Cognitive difficulties
People suffering from any of the above symptoms may require deep brain stimulation. Of course, the process is used when medication is no longer effective.
How is the Deep Brain Stimulation procedure performed?
There are different ways in which the deep brain stimulation procedure is performed. The first and foremost step is to locate the area where electrodes are to be implanted. A Computed Tomography (CT) or magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) can be used to locate the targeted locations. Once the suitable location has been selected, permanent electrodes are planted inside the brain. The loose ends are then tucked beneath the skin and the incision is shut with the help of sutures. The whole procedure is done under general anesthesia. Once the procedure is over, the stimulator is usually switched off for four to six weeks. The medications and the simulators might be changed from time to time depending on how the patient is responding to the treatment. It may take several months before some visible change is observed in the symptoms shown by the patient.
Is Deep Brain Stimulation effective?
Around 70% of the patients who undergo this treatment show visible improvement and reduction in the number of medicines they are taking. The probable side effects may vary from person to person. Some people may experience irritation or soreness around the stitches but that is quite natural and should not be a matter of serious concern. Abnormal sensation, tingling, numbness, and involuntary muscle contractions are some more symptoms that are seen in certain patients. The patient is required to stay under observation for 24 to 48 hours after the procedure to avoid any complications.
What should be avoided after Deep brain stimulation surgery?
Doctors advise avoiding heavy activity for four to six weeks after the surgery. Thus, physical activities such as jogging, swimming, lifting heavy things, etc. are best avoided immediately after the procedure. Avoid doing anything that puts a strain on your brain. This will help the wound heal quickly. You can always consult your doctor if you have any doubts or queries as he is the right person to talk to.
What are the risks associated with Deep brain stimulation surgery?
Although deep brain stimulation procedure is quite safe and low risk any surgical procedure can have complications. Besides, brain stimulation can itself cause many complications. During this procedure, the doctors create small holes in the skull so that they can implant electrodes into the targeted areas. A device like a pacemaker is also implanted under the skin below the collarbone. This procedure may have certain complications such as bleeding in the brain, stroke, breathing problems, nausea, infections, heart problems, and seizures.
Unlike other surgical operations, DBS operation has the advantage of being reversible. It does not cause any permanent damage to the brain. Besides, the stimulator can be turned off at any time if the patient experiences any side effects. Most insurance companies provide coverage for FDA-approved uses of deep brain stimulation.
A guide to the most popular Ayurvedic treatments
Discovered over 3,000 years ago, Ayurveda is one of the world’s oldest medical practices. It observes a holistic approach and focuses on curing any ailment from its root. Not only does it heal you physically, but it also transforms you mentally. It is safe, effective, and highly authentic. As per Ayurveda beliefs, preventive treatment is more important than curative treatment.
Hence, the branch of medicine entails several methods that target different health issues. The following are the most effective and popular ones that you should know about:
Shirodhara is highly beneficial for bettering concentration and memory as the treatment targets your head area. The therapist asks you to lie on a bed with a brass container hanging over your forehead. This container continuously pours a stream of pure cow milk treated with natural herbs like vetiver root, camphor, sandalwood, etc. The benefits of such an act are:
- Reduces chronic headaches and migraines
- Eliminates stress and anxiety
- Improves sleep quality
- Boosts the functioning of the central nervous system
This is an ayurvedic therapy that target your entire body. You are asked to dip in a hot water-filled bathtub here. The water is infused with natural medicinal herbs with remarkable healing properties. The goal is to open up your skin’s pores and make it receptive to absorb natural actives from the following panchakarma treatment. Following are the primary benefits of indulging in avagaham at an ayurvedic wellness center:
- Cures urinary issues
- Promotes excellent digestive health
- Imparts a youthful glow
Abhyanga is an ayurvedic massage that involves a full-body relaxing massage. The therapist massages your entire body with warm, Dosha-specific oil infused with herbs. This process relieves your body from stress, maintains healthy blood pressure, and improves skin health. Opting for such massages frequently reaps benefits like:
- Promotes lymphatic drainage
- Reduces muscle aches and stiffness
- Facilitates healthy blood flow
Besides these, Abhyanga also works well on skin issues. These include eczema, dryness, skin irritations, acne, etc.
This is yet another popular therapy that follows a unique technique to induce vomiting by using natural products. It assists the body in pushing out toxins from the respiratory system and sinuses. You are asked to consume unique medicinal doses. They are a mixture of milk, rock salt, honey, and other natural actives. When combined, the concoction stimulates your digestive lining and pushes out your body’s mucus. It also eliminates many toxins by urging your body to vomit. In the end, you feel relaxed and renewed from within.
Although allopathic treatments are effective, they often use synthetic drugs. Their side effects make it difficult for you to cope with your ailments. Hence, it is best to try out such ayurvedic treatments. Since they involve herbal preparations, there is no scope for unanticipated reactions.
What Led To The Water Contamination At Camp Lejeune?
Any water contamination has the potential to be devastating. Many health issues can be brought about by consuming contaminated water, including some that the victim may not be aware of for many years. Sadly, this all-too-powerful reality evolved into a manner of living for Marine corps who were deployed to Camp Lejeune from 1952 to 1987.
Unfortunately, the cause of the Camp Lejeune contamination significantly increased the likelihood of experiencing serious health issues. The VA is aware of several illnesses, such as liver cancer, adult leukemia, kidney cancer, Parkinson’s disease, and bladder cancer, that could be brought on by exposure to polluted water. Guardsmen, Veterans, and reservists stationed at Camp Lejeune during the period may have been exposed to these dangerous chemicals to a significant extent.
What Led to Camp Lejeune’s Water Contamination?
From the 1950s to the 1980s, the water supply at Camp Lejeune had several potentially harmful chemicals. Unfortunately, it took the Marine Corps until 1982 to identify the high levels of these solvents in two of the base’s eight treatment facilities. Families who lived on base or frequently visited may have experienced consistent, higher exposure to these compounds while the Marines worked and lived there. This is essentially what caused Camp Lejeune water contamination lawsuits recently being filed.
Water Plant at Hadnot Point
There were several potential contaminants in the Hadnot Point Water Plant, which supplied water to the medical center and most Holcomb Boulevard buildings. Due to the numerous contaminants in the water and the various possible sources for these volatile compounds, identifying the causes of the pollution in that region proved to be much more difficult.
First, the Hadnot Point supply had high amounts of TCE toxins.
The high percentage of TCE toxins may have been caused by several factors, including:
- Spills that may have occurred on-base that Officers may have merely swept away without spending the time to clean up properly. Depending on the situation at the period, on-base spills might not have gotten the significant attention they deserved.
- Leakages from underground tanks and drums may have contaminated the Hadnot Point Purification Plant’s supply wells and the surrounding groundwater.
- It’s possible that local dumps did not use proper disposal techniques or sufficiently contain dangerous chemicals. These substances might have seeped into the underground water, passed through the storage facility, and entered the base’s water supply.
The Water Treatment Facility at Tarawa Terrace
Testing at the Tarawa Terrace Treatment Plant revealed that the water contained significant amounts of perchloroethylene. Further research revealed that ABC One-Hour Cleaners, a dry-cleaning business located off-base, used unsafe disposal procedures for the synthetic waste produced during the cleaning. The firm might have also spilled a lot of chemicals which could have contributed to groundwater contamination. Beginning in 1953, ABC One-Hour Cleaners’ laundry operations may have contributed to local groundwater pollution. It’s possible that as production has increased over time, contamination has grown.
Who Is To Blame For The Water Contamination at Camp Lejeune?
Unfortunately, over 30 years may have passed before testing revealed whether toxic substances had contaminated the water at Camp Lejeune. It may be more challenging to determine who is responsible for each component of the contamination because there were multiple sources.
Because the service members did not conduct sufficient experiments on the water at Camp Lejeune and also because of the high level of exposure that arose during the service member’s time in the military, the VA has provided benefits for cancers that may have developed as a result of exposure to those volatile chemicals.
The substantial healthcare benefits include assistance for miscarriages, leukemia, potential behavioral effects of chemical exposure, breast, bladder, lung, kidney, or esophageal cancer.
Veterans who experienced severe disability as a result of the toxins and exposure may also be eligible for disability benefits from the VA.
HITRUST Prevents Breaches in These 5 Ways
The rate of healthcare data breaches is frightening, far more so than you might believe. As a matter of fact, the number of such cases has climbed in recent years. It has risen from 18 in 2009 to over 712 in 2021, up from 642 the previous year.
Data was published in January 2022, and it states that healthcare organizations in the United States saw the largest number of large-scale data breaches. This has led to the loss of over 500 records in 2021. According to the same statistics, healthcare data breaches have become far too common.
So, how do organizations deal with the problem? This is where HITRUST protection comes in.
What is HITRUST
HITRUST stands for Health Information Trust Alliance, and it was founded in 2007. It is an all-encompassing and fully transparent security platform for healthcare enterprises. It was created by healthcare and IT professionals to tackle information security issues.
The HITRUST Common Security Framework (CSF) provides a robust and detailed framework. It also makes available controls required for handling numerous healthcare information.
The CSF is based on HIPAA and the HITECH Act, which are US healthcare legislation that specifies requirements for the use, disclosure, and preservation of individually identifiable health information. They also state the penalties for noncompliance. CSF complies with the regulations stated by not only state and federal laws but as well as other standards and compliance organizations.
HITRUST seeks to fill gaps left by some regulations, such as HIPAA. HIPAA-compliant entities follow the guidelines set by HIPAA to keep customers’ data safe. While HIPAA establishes a framework for healthcare security and privacy, HITRUST goes much further. It defines specific business practices and systems and ensures their implementation by a certified third party.
This independent third party visits the site to examine, interview, and validate evidence of proper implementation and compliance. For healthcare organizations, three types of HITRUST assessments are available:
- HITRUST Self Assessment
- HITRUST CSF Validation
- HITRUST CSF Certification
Each of these types mentioned above serves a distinct goal and employs a distinct methodology. And it is critical that you grasp them before adoption.
5 Ways by which HITRUST Prevents Breaches
HITRUST certification is not a necessity. However, if you are sharing critical information with other parties or vendors, you probably don’t want to take any chances. If you have ever experienced a data breach incident, certainly, you don’t want to face it again. So, here are some ways by which HITRUST prevents breaches:
Defense Against Attacks
Hackers’ planned and destructive attacks are the primary cause of data breaches. Ransomware is a well-known tool in the arsenal of any hacker. This malicious software prevents access to a computer system or specific components of a computer system until a ransom is paid. Even if payment is made, a safe recovery is not guaranteed, as is the case with normal ransoms. Even worse than traditional ransoms!
With cybercrime at an all-time high, the use of ransomware by hackers is increasing. As a result, networks are under constant attack. Something must be done. HITRUST considers the various causes and mechanisms of breaches. Then, it addresses processes and offers security solutions to limit exposure and risk.
Prevents Data Leaks
HITRUST is very relevant to medical practices since they are designed by healthcare and IT professionals. These professionals have a genuine interest in maintaining the top levels of healthcare information security. When protected health information PHI is breached, it is far more than a violation of privacy. It costs businesses time, money, and reputation. Every year, many patients’ personal data is compromised, costing billions of dollars in repair, fines, and penalties.
For example, criminals can get medical treatment in the victims’ names, potentially modifying their records with incorrect information and holding the victim liable for any co-payment. The rigorous controls provided by HITRUST assist organizations in identifying risks and preventing compliance concerns.
HITRUST has developed a De-Identification Framework. This promotes patient privacy, boosts innovation, and simplifies the proper use of healthcare data.
The HITRUST CSF (Comprehensive Security Framework) is a standard strategy to mitigate information security threats for healthcare companies. When a business informs another that it is HITRUST certified, that entity can be confident in the level of information security being used. The CSF makes it easy for one company to understand and verify the position and status of another in terms of healthcare information security.
HITRUST also provides a third-party audit that may validate that an organization has met the CSF certification requirements. This allows healthcare providers to guarantee they are working with trustworthy vendors to reduce risk. The attestation proves that an organization is compliant and secure.
Ensuring Industry-Wide Reliability
HIPAA is an excellent basis. It may be that all of the organizations that experienced data breaches were “HIPAA compliant.” HITRUST goes above and beyond with an audited, certified, and provable security framework.
For instance, HITRUST CSF Certification. It is the most reliable information assurance report on the market. It is made possible by the transparency and consistency in the selection of controls.
The scoring and confirmation of controls by both qualified third-party assessors and the HITRUST assurance and quality teams also helped. The assurance process is designed to be rigorous in order to provide a high level of assurance in the outcomes provided.
All you need to know about HITRUST is in the name. Currently, media reports of data breaches weaken consumers’ faith in the handling of PHI.
As such, corporations must know they can trust their vendors, consumers must know they can trust healthcare providers, and members must know they can trust their insurance carriers. HITRUST is not only a technique for a company to ensure correct information handling, but it is also a way for them to convey trust to the partners with whom they do business.
The HITRUST process is time-consuming and involves preparation and planning. It can, however, provide your clients and partners peace that your firm has taken the essential precautions to safeguard the sensitive data in your hands.
Any of your HITRUST compliance requirements can be met by a HITRUST External Assessor Organization. Contact them to set up a consultation or if you have any additional questions about our HITRUST Audit & Certification services.
What Are the Indications for Botox Treatment?
If you are considering Botox in Mumbai for your facial lines, there are a few things you should know about the procedure. First, it is not recommended for everyone. Although it may be an attractive option for some, Botox can cause side effects if you are not careful. Here are the most common side effects and symptoms you can expect after undergoing the treatment. Whether or not you are a candidate for the procedure will depend on your skin type, overall health, and the location of injection.
Symptoms of botulism after Botox injection
Botox is a neurotoxin made by the Clostridium botulinum bacterium that can cause serious side effects. Injections of botulinum toxin can cause eyelid swelling and crusting, and may cause drainage from the eyes. Botox injections can also cause pain, redness, and swelling. Symptoms of botulism after Botox injection can be life-threatening.
One type of botulinum toxin is a neurotoxin that is used to treat many conditions. Injecting the toxin into the face and other areas can temporarily paralyze or weaken the muscle. In the United States, botulinum toxin is approved for cosmetic use for two different purposes: reducing the appearance of fine lines and wrinkles and treating prominent glabellar rhytides. Although the dangers of botulinum toxin injections are real, the effects are transient and muscle function typically returns to normal within a few months.
A recent report by Florida authorities indicates that there is a potential problem with the cosmetic use of botulinum toxin. A raid on a suspected clinic in Broward County was reported in the Miami Herald. The Broward County Health Department and Sheriff’s Department would not comment on the newspaper report. Symptoms of botulism after Botox injection are double or blurred vision, eyelid drooping, muscle weakness, and a decreased ability to swallow. The FDA’s warning about botulinum toxin injections was added to the label in 2009.
Dosage for Botox treatment is based on the patient’s desired effect. The injections are meant to relax the contracted muscles and smooth wrinkles. However, if the results are not desirable, it is possible to increase the dosage up to two times from the previous dose. However, the increase should be done only after the previous dose has disappeared and the injected muscles show substantial function. Botox is available in vials of fifty to one hundred units and ten to thirty units. Allergan recommends injecting four units each into five sites on the forehead and 20 units total. The practitioner may choose to start with a low dosage for a few days or weeks to observe the effectiveness of the injections.
The initial listed dose of reconstituted BOTOX generally causes paralysis of the injected muscles. This paralysis typically lasts for two to six weeks and gradually resolves. Up to half of the patients require a subsequent dose. This is usually due to insufficient muscle response, mechanical factors, or lack of binocular motor fusion. However, the lower listed doses may be sufficient to treat small deviations. Larger doses should be reserved for larger deviations.
Number of injection sites
The number of injection sites for Botox treatment depends on the area of the face that needs the treatment. For example, if you’d like to treat frown lines, you will typically need twenty-four units of the drug. In addition, you will require five injection sites to treat your forehead and crow’s feet. In both cases, you will need injections above and below the eyebrow. The dosage depends on the patient’s anatomy and the amount of wrinkles present. The average Botox dosage is five units per site, for a total of 25 units. Your dermatologist may use between twenty-fifty units in total.
The number of injection sites for Botox treatment depends on your individual situation. You can get the perfect treatment by consulting with a qualified injector. You can also ask your physician for advice on the right number of injection sites for Botox treatment. It is best to consult with an expert in the field to get personalized information. A consultation with a professional is your best bet when it comes to Botox dosage. You should discuss the number of areas you want to treat and the number of injection sites that are most suitable for you. You can do your treatment by Botox treatment in Mumbai.
The number of injection sites for Botox treatment depends on the severity of your wrinkles. While one study had 100 patients receiving three injections, another study involved 111 patients receiving five injections. In both cases, no serious adverse reactions were reported. The number of injection sites for Botox treatment is important for treating glabellar wrinkles. If you have any questions, talk with your physician about how many sites you will need to inject the botulinum toxin into each muscle.
What Does a Chemical Peel Really Do?
If you’re interested in getting a chemical peel, you’re likely wondering, “What does a chemical peel really do?” This article will cover the ingredients, Downtime, and Side Effects of a chemical peel. Find out what to expect and if it’s right for you. Then, ask your doctor for a consultation and an estimate of your total costs. In addition, you’ll learn about the benefits and side effects of the procedure, as well as the risks involved.
Before you have a chemical peel, you should first review your medical history. Tell your doctor if you suffer from any medical conditions or if you have recently had a cosmetic procedure, such as laser hair removal. You should also inform your doctor about any medications you’re currently taking, especially those that can increase your skin’s sensitivity to the sun. Some chemical peels will require an IV or topical anesthetic.
After a chemical peel, the skin may feel slightly red and tender for a few days. The discomfort may be reduced with the application of an ice pack or over-the-counter pain relievers. You should avoid sun exposure and indoor tanning for the first few days after your treatment. A chemical peel can also cause your skin to become scabby and crusty in some areas. This is normal and will disappear with time. A medium chemical peel usually lasts seven to 14 days. A deep chemical peel can cause severe redness and crust on the treated area, which will last for weeks.
The concentration and type of chemical peel you receive will depend on a few factors. While peel concentration and type are the most important factors, other variables, such as pre-peel prep, can also have a huge impact on the ultimate peel depth. Below is a list of common peel ingredients. Learn more about each of these chemicals. Here are the benefits and disadvantages of each type. Also, read on to understand which type is best for your skin type and concerns.
Phenol is the most common chemical peel. This acid causes aggressive skin peeling and is best used on people with fair skin. It can be uncomfortable and can cause long-term sensitivity, but the results are well worth the time and effort. Whether you’re considering a chemical peel for your first time, or a more aggressive peel, here’s what you need to know about each type of chemical peel in Mumbai:
Downtime after a chemical peel varies widely between different levels of treatment. For medium peels, the downtime is typically a few days, while deeper chemical peels can take up to a week. The best chemical peels are those that can improve the appearance of fine lines, hyperpigmentation, dullness, and sun damage. Patients who have very sensitive skin may want to opt for a milder peel, while those who desire dramatic results may opt for more aggressive treatment.
Before you schedule a chemical peel, you should consider your medical history and ask the practitioner what to do in the case of complications. Those who have keloids or other skin conditions are unlikely candidates. Those with sensitive skin should also be wary. A chemical peel may cause post-inflammatory pigmentation if the procedure is performed on darker skin. As a result, you should make sure that you have enough time to recover after your procedure.
The benefits of chemical peels include the exfoliation of rough and dead skin. But you should not force the peeling because it will damage the skin as it heals and may even make it more sensitive. The peeling skin should return to its previous appearance in seven to 14 days. You should also avoid overexposure to the sun for the first 24 hours after treatment. Otherwise, your skin may develop the infection. Afterward, you should avoid excessive exposure to the sun to avoid further damage.
Chemical peels are generally safe for fair skin, but people with darker skin may notice an uneven tone after the procedure. It is advisable to avoid waxing and skin scrubbing 48 hours before the procedure. A dermatologist will clean your face before the procedure. Medium and deep peels require a local anesthetic, while light peels do not require painkillers. Be sure to follow your dermatologist’s instructions closely.
A typical chemical peel cost in Mumbai$100 to $300, and stronger versions may cost as much as $1,000. Depending on the strength and intensity of the peel, the cost will vary widely, and many medical aestheticians are able to offer packages that include a series of peels at a discounted price. Before undergoing a chemical peel, you should review the credentials of the provider and look at before-and-after photos. Make sure to ask about possible side effects and the strength of the peel.
The cost of a chemical peel can vary widely depending on where you live, the type of clinic you choose, the number of sessions you’d like, and the experience of the provider. Also, the cost varies depending on the area of skin treated and the technology used.
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