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5 Top Engineering Universities in the World



Engineering Universities in the World

Nowadays, engineering is the hottest and most promising major in the world. Almost all universities in the world provide courses related to this major, and all countries provide related jobs, so this is a popular and promising major. However, if you want to gain a better education and work in a better company after graduation, then you have to study at the best engineering university in the world.

According to different university work rankings, such as QS World University Rankings, THE World University Rankings, top 5 engineering universities in the world often include:

#1 Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT)

Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT) is a world-renowned private research university located in Massachusetts, United States. Massachusetts Institute of Technology School of Engineering is one of the five major schools of MIT, with more than a dozen departments and more than twenty research institutes and research centers.

This best engineering university in the world provides high-quality education and world-class faculties for students, which enable students to gain practical and useful knowledge and skills from the school. Until now, it has cultivated a great number of talents in engineering for the countries in the world.

#2 Stanford University

Stanford University is a world-renowned private research university located in California, USA. In the past century, Stanford University’s School of Engineering has been at the forefront of new technology and technological innovation.

Stanford University’s School of Engineering has nine departments, in addition to several research institutes, laboratories and research centers.

The research focus of this engineering school is 10 items in “the most severe challenges facing mankind in the coming decades”. These challenges include: system design, bioengineering, network security, climate change, robotics, information technology, materials and substances, urban design, accessible and affordable healthcare, computing and data analysis.

#3 Harvard University

Another top engineering university in the world is Harvard University. The Harvard John A. Paulson School of Engineering and Applied Sciences is the school of Harvard responsible for engineering education. It was established in 2007 and also the youngest school of Harvard University.

The courses provided by Harvard John A. Paulson School of Engineering and Applied Sciences cover multiple teaching areas, such as applied mathematics, applied physics, bioengineering, computer science, electrical engineering, environmental science and engineering, materials science and mechanical engineering, etc.

The school’s alumni have won multiple awards, including a Nobel Prize, a MacArthur Prize, a Turing Award and a Guggenheim Scholars Award.

#4 California Institute of Technology

Three of the six academic departments of California Institute of Technology carry out teaching and scientific research in engineering and technology disciplines. These three academic departments are biology and bioengineering, chemical and chemical engineering, and engineering and applied sciences.

There are five different engineering majors and an interdisciplinary research plan that allows students to customize a research course according to their own situation.

California Institute of Technology is one of the smallest universities in the world, but it is proud of its scientific research ambitions and innovative strength.

#5 University of Oxford

University of Oxford is also one of the best engineering universities in the world, which comes from UK. All the engineering courses in this university are provided by the Department of Engineering Science. The teaching quality of this department ranks among the top five in the world, and its theoretical research is also world-renowned. Because the school believes that future engineering innovation will benefit from a broad knowledge base and professional knowledge and skills, the teaching of engineering science of this school is based on unity, transcending the boundaries of traditional engineering disciplines and conducting combined learning. The inter-connection of seemingly complex engineering disciplines provides people with a basic knowledge structure that can be used for efficient teaching in engineering.


These are 5 top engineering universities in the world and some school details. If you are interested to study engineering, they are undoubtedly the best choices for you. However, not everyone can take a study in these best engineering universities, so it is essential for you to get more engineering universities in the world. To achieve this goal, you can use a tool called CatEight, and its Course Finder function will assist you to reach the goal very easily and quickly.

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What are basic Trig identities in mathematics?




What are basic Trig identities in mathematics?

The basic trigonometric identities are formed based on our understanding of the unit circle, reference triangles and angles.
In mathematics, an “identity” is an equation which is always true, as nicely stated by
There are six trigonometric ratios, sine, cosine, tangent, cosecant, secant and cotangent.
These six trigonometric ratios are abbreviated as sin, cos, tan, csc, sec, cot.
There are fundamentally six trigonometry ratios utilized for finding the components in Trigonometry. They are called trigonometric ratios or functions. The six trigonometric ratios are sine, cosine, secant, and their reciprocals are cosecant, tangent, and cotangent, respectively. If we use the right angle triangle as a kind of perspective, then, the trigonometric ratios derived as:

sin θ = Opposite Side/Hypotenuse
cos θ = Adjacent Side/Hypotenuse
sec θ = Hypotenuse/Adjacent Side
tan θ = Opposite Side/Adjacent Side
cosec θ = Hypotenuse/Opposite Side
cot θ = Adjacent Side/Opposite Side


The Reciprocal Identities of the right angle triangle are given as:

cosec θ = 1/sin θ
cot θ = 1/tan θ
sec θ = 1/cos θ
cos θ = 1/sec θ
sin θ = 1/cosec θ
tan θ = 1/cot θ

Identities and equations compared: An identity is a statement that is always true, whereas an equation is only true under certain conditions. For example
3x + 2x = 5x
is an identity that is always true, no matter what the value of x, whereas
3x = 15
is an equation (or more precisely, a conditional equation) that is only true if x = 5.

A Trigonometric identity is an identity that contains the trigonometric functions sin, cos, tan, cot, sec or csc. Trigonometric identities can be used to:
Simplify trigonometric expressions.
Solve trigonometric equations.
Prove that one trigonometric expression is equivalent to another, so that we can replace the first expression by the second expression. The second expression can give us new insights into some application that the first one doesn’t show.
Basic and Pythagorean Identities

csc(x)=1/ sin(x)


cot(x)=1/tan(x)​= cos(x)​// /sin(x)
tan(x)=1/cot(x)​= sin(x)/Cos(x)​
Notice how a “co-(something)” trig ratio is always the reciprocal of some “non-co” ratio. You can use this fact to help you keep straight that cosecant goes with sine and secant goes with cosine.
The following (particularly the first of the three below) are called “Pythagorean” identities.
sin2(t) + cos2(t) = 1

tan2(t) + 1 = sec2(t)

1 + cot2(t) = csc2(t)
Note that the three identities above all involve squaring and the number 1. You can see the Pythagorean-Thereom relationship clearly if you consider the unit circle, where the angle is t, the “opposite” side is sin(t) = y, the “adjacent” side is cos(t) = x, and the hypotenuse is 1.

(You may have noticed the radicals on the 1’s in the above. Yes, these simplify to just 1, so you can write things that way, too, and you certainly should do the simplification in your final hand-in answer. But notice how all the denominators are 2’s, and how the numerators go up or go down, 1, 2, 3. This can be helpful for remembering the trig values.)
You might be given a complete unit circle, with the values for the angles in the other three quadrants, too. But you only need to know the values in the first quadrant. Once you know them, and because the values repeat (other than sign) in the other quadrants, you know everything you need to know about the unit circle

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Cyber Degree Hub: Masters Degree in Information Security



Cyber security is highly-critical in this competitive business world because it includes the protection of sensitive information, personal identifiable information (PII), protected health information (PHI), intellectual property, personal information, data, and other governmental and industrial information systems that are vulnerable to theft and the damage. With the growing demands of cyber security professionals, there are various cyber security courses available in offline and online mode. But the students or applicants have to have reliable info from online sources. Cyber degree hub is one such online source that provides details about Cyber security courses.

Importance of Specific Cyber Security 

The traditional method of teaching has undergone a 360-degree change with the use of digital technology and computers. Though digital technology has made our lives much easier and faster, it has brought an atmosphere where you’re vulnerable to various cyber attacks, thefts, and frauds. That is why the Master’s Degree in Information security was created. The aim of this education program is to educate, train, and coach individuals, students, professionals, and the general public on how to secure their computer system and protect their important documents, files, and data. Under Masters Degree in Information security, one will study how to do programming, forensics, basic computer security operations, and prevent any hackers from entering your computer programs.

Masters Degree in Information Security 

In the digital world, the online mode of the education system has become so popular that you don’t have to go to educational institutions and follow intense hours of learning pattern.  The curriculum of this degree is so meticulously designed that a normal student can learn and easily understand the subject matter and can have practical experiences about information security. The busy students can avail of the online mode because they simultaneously learn the course they choose and can work professionally. 

Under a Master’s degree in information system security program, the students have to learn topics such as database security, encryption principles, computer forensics, and secure software design. Of course, the different public and private educational institutions offer different specializations, projects, and electives. The study aspirants should thoroughly check the curriculum of each program so that it will be beneficial for their respective career goals and interests. But the students have to search for reliable and comprehensive information. Cyber degree hub brings you top-notch information about the Master’s degree in information security course.
Cyber Degree hub website also offers information about on-campus programs where the students have to set for class times and a more structured way of learning.  Well, the students can learn better through face-to-face interaction with peers and professors.  The website provides details about the master’s degree in Cyber security programs whether it’s in offline or online mode at many universities around the U.S. The students have to know the eligibility criteria, course pattern, and course duration, and course fees. The aspirants can get this information from the website. Whenever the students are choosing a particular course, it should suit their professional interests and career objectives. The students can find the complete subject details of the course concerned. At the end of the program, the students will have to work on a capstone project and have to demonstrate their skills and techniques that they have been taught. This final project is aimed at how the students apply cyber security concepts in real-world situations. It will demonstrate whether they are well-equipped to work in the professional field.

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Afuzion Fills In The Gaps About DO-178C




Aviation software and development is one of the most serious aspects of the aviation industry. Over the last few decades, the avionics industry has seen immense improvements and modernization of its software capabilities. With more adaptations coming to light, and the rapid advancements these systems have undergone, it has become nearly impossible for one person to know all of its intricacies.

For software development personnel and certification authorities to have a better grip on how these systems can become verified, approved, and globally recognized one company has stepped up to lead and provide the service of safety-critical aviation systems. Today, Afuzion has managed to garner years-worth of avionics expertise, bringing together a team that holds extensive knowledge on the inner-workings of safety protocol and software certification.

What does Afuzion do?

There is more than one face to Afuzion, and with this said, the Afuzion team has become a worldwide leader in safety-critical aviation systems – offering years of knowledge, experience, and extensive development programs that have seen over 24,000 aviation engineers pass through its doors. Over the years, Afuzion has captured the attention of more than 200 top aviation companies and manufacturers worldwide, establishing a firm understanding that knowledge and experience deliver better overall results in the development of avionics software and safety protocols.

Why is Afuzion important to the aviation industry?

Afuzion’s team of engineers has trained thousands of people, and today their influence in the global aviation industry has given them more leverage to offer training and certification workshops in the DO-178C, DO-254, DO-326A, ARP4754A, and more. These guidelines which have been engraved into the inner workings of the entire aviation industry give understanding to the greater development and modernization of avionic systems. 

What is DO-178C?

In more theoretical terms, DO-178C is referred to as “Software Considerations in Airborne Systems and Equipment Certification,” a framework created to assist software development personnel to understand the inner working of safety-critical airborne systems. With the rapid expansion of the industry, founder and CEO of Afuzion, Vance Hilderman has described DO-178 as “a part of the avionics development and certification development eco-system that includes a safety assessment process (ARP-4761), avionics system development (ARP-4754A), hardware design assurance (DO-254, environmental  and EMI testing (DO-160).”

Why is DO-178C so important?

Overall, it’s clear that by having an established and standardized framework to work with, those working in the industry can have a more stabilized approach to innovations, adaptations and create an environment of shared knowledge across various departments. Although DO-178 is still a small part of the bigger scheme of things, it can be regarded as one of the most critical protocols which have to be fully understood throughout the entire safety and certification process.

What the DO-178C isn’t. 

Although DO-178C is a crucial part of software requirements and design should not be considered as the only guarantee on airborne software safety – but rather a further analysis of systems and software should be vigorously conducted. The DO-178C has various plans and processes established to ensure that any new safety-critical software that comes to the surface is actively examined by verified and certified authorities.For more information and to better understand DO-178C watch this Afuzion video on YouTube.

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What is the Significance of Continued Education in Healthcare?





Since the healthcare industry is fast and advancing, nurses and physicians need to be updated with the newest technologies and research-driven strategies. The importance of continuing education is a mainstay in the ongoing development of a healthcare professional after graduation.

Lifelong learning and continuing education prepares nurses for the changing world. They understand what’s new in the industry and can apply it when taking care of the patients. Through continued education, nurses receive training, exposure to new technologies and familiarize themselves with on-demand medical equipment.

Reasons Why Continuing Education is So Important in a Nursing Career

Utilize Technology-based Educational Tools

The era of on-site training is far from over. Based on class notes and lectures, the traditional approach is time consuming and means that not every staff member has access to the same learning content. The changing technology and its uses in the healthcare industry is something all nurses should learn and adapt to. Nurses need proper training to be able to use the new machines, software or equipment properly. They can learn this from continuing education courses.

Covid-19 pandemic has a significant impact on healthcare education. The use of online platforms & courses for continuing education is growing. It allows the students or professionals to gain the same level of knowledge directly from their home or workplace and enables safe, error-free and high-quality patient care.

Career Advancement And Helps Keep Your Certification Active

Continuing education is essential for nurses who aim for continuous career advancement. The learning helps expose us to new research-driven strategies & modern medical concepts that can reassure the patient’s mindset. A registered nurse or healthcare professional can continue her education to earn a master’s or doctorate to gain higher education. RNs hoping to advance their careers have multiple lifelong learning opportunities, including online masters in nursing. Laboure College’s RN-BSN programs with refresher courses on continuing education help you maintain your license. The program provides continuing education units (CEUs), a critical requirement that lets the industry or employer know you up to date with the latest healthcare practices.

Taking on new courses before they become a requirement can help you prepare for change. They will help you achieve an improved comfort level in clinical practice. While some continuing education is required, you also can turn it into a chance for professional development.

Increased Opportunities and Pay

Health care is continually changing and evolving. The rapid changes help open new doors in your career. At the same time, CE can help make health care professionals more marketable, which leads to an increase in pay. Meantime, hospitals or clinics always hire a healthcare professional who has thorough knowledge in the modern industry. For the continuous growth of your healthcare career, CE is essential. With innovations, research findings and developments in the medical field, it’s critical to be familiarized with what the industry offers.

Health care professionals now know more than their counterparts in the 20th century because of all the research and technology that has sparked the medical industry’s progression—continuing your education is not only a means of keeping your jobs on hand. Adapting to new methods can provide benefits well beyond our caregiving and professional commitments.

Since you have more knowledge, you can apply for better jobs with better pay. Participating in continuing education can make you more efficient at work and help cut down on your errors.

Familiarize With Newly Emerging Diseases

Public healthcare needs to adapt when a pandemic like Covid-19 happens. To help fight the situation, exceptional nurses trained to care for infected patients need to be in the field. Continued education is vital to ensure that nurses know how to take care of the patients in isolation. The updated curriculum provides the skills to make the best care possible.

The pandemic situation has opened doors to e-learning possibilities. Pursuing education through any online platform is more manageable and can help keep the learners’ interest and motivation up. Also, the social distancing learning approach helps a whole group not to be infected with infectious diseases. The learning units also come with videos and interactive elements. These can be paused and resumed at your preference. The participant can learn whenever they like and has fully grasped its essential.

Helps To Be a Better Caregiver

Lifelong learning and continuing education help improve employees’ knowledge base and help them give better care to the patient. As for a hospital or clinic, providing CE opportunities helps boost employee confidence. Today’s health care professionals practice in a highly technological and multidisciplinary environment. In order to provide safe, effective, and high-quality patient care, collaboration is required among all professionals. Continued education also improves staff’s confidence and morale. It helps build up a sense of being part of a community that strives for excellence. Understanding new methodologies will, in turn, improve critical thinking capabilities and patient outcomes. After all, ensuring safe patient care around best practices is what the healthcare industry aims for.

Why It’s Important And How To Make It Effective

As you can see, continuing education is crucial in a nursing career. It makes nurses prepared and ready for the new challenges that they will face. The growth rate of medical knowledge increases, and nowadays, the course’s primary purpose is to keep them up to date. Continued education is an essential element of learning and practice. Also, it helps healthcare professionals who work in an area. That impacts the public’s health and well-being.

Why not continue your educational progress and work toward your degree as a registered nurse? Or if you’re already an RN, why not pursue a BSN online? It requires some effort, but it is undoubtedly well worth the time.

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The Significance and Widespread of Online Learning Platforms



Education is the first and the foremost thing to be taken care of and maintained for a nation to rank top in the world, the prosperous countries and the leading ones across the globe have always given sufficient importance in education and the ways of improvising the condition of it for the sake of people. Since the inception of the internet and technological advancements, people have been more heading to the tele-learning procedures. Now, by the implementation of modern technologies, a student of one country can take lessons and tutorials from the teachers of other countries. By doing this, education is globalized perfectly. And people are also getting to learn new things in a better way from home. It is the most vital aspect of this kind of scope to understand staying at home from the best teachers around the world. Since 2015, has been providing the students across the globe with personalized instructor choices, efficient and extra-ordinary online courses and the most versatile educational resources. As an official member of the NYC and Texas Department of Education, they implement the “cutting-edge” technology for solving the problems within a proper education procedure to promote high-quality education for the students of all socio-economic standards.

The vital role which online teaching platforms like Gooroo play

Yes, the world at present has come to a standstill. People cannot go out of their homes like they used to before due to the adverse impacts which the Covid-19 has caused. Moreover, the students across the globe have been suffering a blot owing to this kind of situation. People are finding it challenging to come out from the residences. In these kinds of problems, online teaching websites or platforms like Gooroo is or has been of great help. This is the most efficient and most highly- productive online learning platform. You will get the opportunity to learn from some of the best teachers across the globe. This will surely give you a lifetime experience to be able to understand the best things. 

Moreover, the damage and the blockage which have already occurred due to this pandemic will be quickly recovered from the implementation of this platform. More often than not, people face a lot of problems in understanding some specific issues and theories within their assigned books according to the syllabus. As a result, they also misunderstand their useful ability in solving those problems and feel disappointed. 

But this online teaching platform will ensure that you can maximize the scope of learning from them. The most experienced and highly-skillful teachers are appointed here in the job of teaching over here. 

 Online education allows the teachers and the students in setting their personalized learning speed, and there’s the extra flexibility of hosting a proper routine which fits everyone’s convenience. Thus, implementing the online learning platforms ensures a better combination of research and studies, so there arises no requirement in giving anything up. Learning from the online platforms make you fit for utilizing the time you get. 

Gooroo courses provides a student with a variety of learning programs. 

Within a space which is so large and wide as the platform of the internet, there can be an infinite amount of skills and subjects for teaching and learning. An increasing number of educational institutions are providing their students with the online editions of their courses for different classes.


Online classes and courses and the online education system, as a whole have been a magnificent addition to the world of education for us. This has been a blessing in our lives because due to the overall adverse situation caused by Covid-19, our knowledge has come into a standstill. And to get rid of this problem, these online courses and sessions have helped us a lot. 

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