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20+ Best Practices for Software Development and Testing

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20+ Best Practices for Software Development and Testing

If switching companies wasn’t already a challenge, joining one with organized work practices makes the process oh so difficult.

Gaining an idea of the best practices and adjusting to them can take a while. In the beginning, however, it takes a lot of time and patience.

Is there a workaround to it?

Well, there is! Learn and apply them to your current projects and processes to avoid the hassle later on.

In this listicle, we’ll be discussing thirty best practices for software development and testing. Note that while some of these best practices are for the Python programming language, it doesn’t mean that you can’t use them in other languages as well.

Another thing that we’d like to point out is that this list isn’t set in stone. It can (and should) be debated since it leads to better, more efficient best practices in the future.

1. Don’t Test the Testing Software

Often, we get caught up in our code and start testing the browser or the testing software Comparium App for bugs. Unless you have to, try to avoid testing other people’s code.

2. Utilize Helper Functions

There will be times when your code won’t work. If such a scenario happens more than two times, it’s time you apply a helper test to it. It helps divide your code into separate, testing-ready sections. The next time you write the same code, you will have a general idea of the problem you’re trying to solve.

3. Keep your API’s Simple

Your API design should be simple and complicated in the right places. Focus on the simplified design first and afterward add the complex elements. A healthy mix within your API design helps you develop an API that doesn’t make future testing a considerable hurdle.

4. Complete Unit Testing

When your unit testing, try to ensure all code paths are tested. A focus on 100% coverage is essential in this regard since it allows you to test most permutations and combinations.

Unless you have a good reason to avoid testing specific program units, you should focus on the entire code path. It’s an essential part of the code testing process since, if left unchecked, it can cause serious trouble for your process.

5. Don’t Focus on The Code

Too much coding can prove counter-intuitive. Think about what you write, and delete parts that don’t matter. Too much code can hinder your processes.

6. Update Comments

Your code evolves over time. As such, the comments you once write become outdated. Make sure that if you’re writing code, you also keep your comments updated. With it, you’re helping other developers and testers by creating readable code.

7. Write with Foresight

When you’re writing a piece of code, try to think of scenarios where it can go wrong. Having such a train of thought during the process allows you to see possible errors that can arise.

8. Reduce Overheads

When writing code, try to avoid mixing logic with stateful code. You can do so by separating logic into smaller functions and split it with stateful code. In the beginning, you will also encounter stateless and side-effect code that you don’t want to mix with your logical code.

This helps reduce the overhead incurred in running the tests. Faster test times mean quicker deployment.

9. Avoid Globals

It would help if you ideally used Functions instead of Global types. It reiterates the notion of keeping things simple. Avoid complex data structures by using objects.

10. Clarity in Dependency

Being explicit about your dependencies and where they’re coming is an example of dependency injection. Instead of making new objects, focus on creating objects and methods that are receiving dependencies.

11. Convenient Python

The best part of using Python is ease-of-use. It extends even further than learning the language with its built-in types. Rather than writing your types, focus on using the pre-packaged ones and make additions/subtractions to them.

12. Fail Fast

When you’re writing code, try to input and create errors on results. Creating such exceptions allows you to make the problem clear to the caller. With such issues, you’re creating “innovative” use-cases for your code.

13. Secure Testing Environment

These days, software development companies focus on cloud-based testing in pursuit of fads and trends. While it’s a useful tool, there are some security vulnerabilities associated with the cloud.

To counter this, you should keep focused on a secure environment from where you conduct tests. With such an environment, you’re avoiding security issues associated with it.

If you’re trying to test mobile devices, you should use region-based testing to ensure secure testing manually and in automation terms.  

14. Test Throughout the Software Development Lifecycle (SDLC)

The software tests you conduct should be throughout the development cycle. Testing during the QA process is counter-intuitive. Try and divide the QA process into chunks and distribute them throughout the SDLC.

Such a dynamic QA process helps you identify and report bugs quicker and improves the labor hours spent in an otherwise single QA session. On top of that, it also enables developers to make innovations within the product itself.

15. Separate Your Tests

Similar to the point above, dividing tests allows you to save time and labor costs. Some tests take a longer time, and separating them into chunks can prove beneficial to your processes.  

16. Aim for the 100% Mark

The 100% mark is the maximum point you want to reach in your QA operations. Writing cases for prevalent issues and issues that might arise helps developers look at problems from all angles – helping them manage the application’s behavior efficiently.

17. Regression Test

To allow maximum quality assurance, try to test cases for regression testing. Now, it’s up to you whether you want to use regression in a manual or automated manner.

18. Programmers Should Avoid Testing

Tests should always be written by a QA, never by a programmer. In the latter scenario, you can face biased tests or a lack of creative testing.

19. Test and Report

Whether you’re running manual or automated tests, it’s best to keep a log of all the test cases you’ve written. It enables you to create tests that are accurate and don’t have any ambiguity.

20. Clean the Test Code Before Final Release of Software Product

Record keeping is an essential part of the testing process. Try to ensure that you’ve got a compiled set of the fixed code and the error-prone code when the testing process is finished. At the time of deployment of the final application, such a process allows you to keep track of activities.

21. An Isolated Development Environment

Usually, the development process runs in tandem with the work of quality assurance people. While such a collaborative approach, you run the risk of getting biased results in your tests. For best results, an isolationist approach towards testing should be adopted.  

22. Customized Testing

The best way you can get the right and unbiased results of your tests are through customizing tests. Writing universal tests can prove problematic since, at the core, every test case is unique.

23. Hire Skilled QA Experts

A skilled labor force is a plus for every business process. For testing, you should focus on hiring a proficient team in both manual and automated testing. Professional expertise should be your main priority.

Ideally, it would help if you looked for testers with a mix of talents in software like LoadRunner and JMeter. At both the open and closed source level, your QA’s should be focused on using several different platforms.

24. The Target Operating Model

Creating an entire workflow of your QA processes helps in keeping things streamlined during the process. With the right tools, methods, RACI matrix, and communication systems at the ready, your development and testing processes will become more granular and efficient.

The process mentioned above is known as the target operating model and allows team members within your QA department to communicate with each other in an organized manner.

25. Combine In-House and Out-Sourced Resources

In developed countries, wages are generally higher than in developing countries. Now, when you’re looking to gather members for your quality assurance teams, you can use either source members locally or go international since there is no shortage of talent abroad.

Given the right employee management tools, you can outsource your Quality Assurance team to countries like India. Not only is this beneficial to the bottom line due to lower labor wages, but it also ensures advanced and organized testing, provided that it’s done right.

For example, the UI/UX design preferences may vary from country to country. With an outsourced QA team, you can create a system to see and implement differences in QA practices across countries.

Conclusion:

In this article, we discussed the 20+ best practices for software development and testing. While it’s not a definitive list, it’s still enough to provide you with perspective on the best practices of many software development companies.

Applying these best practices to your processes can help make your processes more efficient.

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Buy High-Quality Youtube 10k Subscribers Instantly

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increase watch time

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5 best battery saver apps for Android

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5 best battery saver apps for Android

Battery saving is a land of snake oil and half solutions. It truly is difficult to find an application that actually saves you battery since most battery saver measures are manual, including turning the brightness on your screen down, turning down the frequency that apps sync data, and other tried and true methods. In most cases, you see a bigger improvement when you understand what causes battery drain and how to identify and mitigate your biggest causes. Still if you want to try out some apps that might help, here are the best battery saver apps for Android!

Battery Guru (root and non-root)

Price: Free / Up to $19.99

Battery Guru is an excellent battery saver app. It doesn’t work like booster apps or service terminators. Instead, it helps you keep your battery health as high as it can be. The app contains notifications for battery temperature limits and charging limits so you don’t wear out your battery sooner. Additionally, there are some battery saving modes that can help reduce battery drain so you charge less often. It has a Doze Mode customization tool so you can make it even more aggressive if needed. However, that last feature requires root or for you to input some ADB commands to give the app permission to do those things. It’s great for power users.

LUX Battery Master (non-root)

Price: Free

LUX Battery Master is one of the most popular battery saving apps. It identifies apps that wake up your phone more frequently. It can also help keep them from doing that so often. The app also has modern features for Android Nougat and beyond with Aggressive Doze and Doze modes. This app is useful for non-root devices. All of the features are free.

Highlights features:

* Battery Saver mode.

* Optimize battery usage.

* Real-time battery electric current monitoring.

* Real-time battery information indicator.

* Remaining use time.

* Battery usage stats – Charge history.

* Battery information.

* Battery health information.

* Dark mode support.

★ Battery Saver

Save your battery power and optimize battery usage.

Longer battery life up to 50% with Super saving mode.

★ Battery Real-time Indicator

Real-time battery electric current update in the status bar and notification.

★ Battery Real-Time Monitoring

Monitor your battery information like an electric current, temperature, capacity, voltage,… in real-time.

★ Battery History

Displays a detailed and intuitive list of the device’s battery usage and charge history.

★ Low Battery Alarm

Protect your battery by alerting when the battery level is low.

★ Full Battery Alarm

Protect your battery against overcharging by alerting when the battery level is full.

★ Battery Overheating Alert

Protect your battery when the temperature gets too high.

GSam Battery Monitor (root and non-root)

GSam Battery Monitor is another popular battery saver app. It won’t do anything to save you battery life on its own. However, it can provide you with information about the apps draining your battery. You can use that information to improve your own battery life. It can show details on wakelocks, wake time, and even CPU and sensor data. It faced some difficulties with the latest versions of Android. However, you can use an ADB command to give GSam access to more granular app usage stats and other controls. There is also an optional root option if you use a rooted phone, but the ADB option should work for most people, root or not.

Servicely (root only)

Price: Free / Up to $13.99

Servicely is one of the better root-only battery saver apps. It works by stopping services that run in the background. It helps prevent rogue apps from going bananas and keeps them from syncing all the time. This is great for apps you like having, but you don’t want syncing all the time. You may get a delay with stuff like notifications, though, so do use this tool carefully. This app works well with wakelock detectors as a potent one-two punch. It’s highly configurable with enough options to make it work how you want. You can get the pro version as a $3.49 in-app purchase.

Wakelock Detector (root only)

Price: Free / $1.99

Wakelock Detector is one of the best battery saver apps. As the name implies, this app helps detect wakelocks. It can detect both partial and full wakelocks. You can also get a list of all the apps that are causing it. From there, you can take steps to uninstall the apps, find replacements, or use another app like Greenify or Servicely to put a stop to that nonsense. This is the one we’d recommend first to root users.

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How Architecture affects Mental Health?

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What do you see first when you wake up? Your room after your mobile phone. Is your room welcoming, gives out a positive vibe or it’s overloaded with stuff and suffocates you?  Surroundings impact our mental health more than we give it credit for.

Many studies have vouched that scenic environments promote better health whereas city dwellers are more likely to get affected mentally by overcrowding, traffic, tall buildings, and screaming sirens.

Skyscrapers, closed-off office setups, isolated communities, and oddly designed urban spaces intersect with mental health, thankfully, architects are more concerned now on how their design would have an impact on the mental health of a person.

How Architecture affects Mental Health?

Not yet mainstream but the impact on mental health is taken into consideration when designing public places. Mental health is not a stigma anymore, thanks to many campaigns and increased media visibility.

Interior Design & Human Emotions

The bond between Architecture and human emotions is thousands of years old, however, it has gotten recognition now. The Indian Vastu and Chinese Feng Shui have elaborated this unique bond.

Sunlit Spaces

Do you know that the sun symbolizes health, passion, and growth? if not, you do now, and the sunlight is considered the ultimate mood lifter. In modern times, darker color paints are trending and many people are following the trend without knowing its impact. Darker rooms cause low mood and drain the inhabitants of energy and positive vibes.

Ceiling Heights

When the height of ceilings is in talks, it has a greater impact on the individual’s sense of freedom or confinement. Rooms or buildings with higher ceilings boost creativity, increases productivity, and improves mood.

Color Psychology

Many colors have a soothing effect on the mental wellbeing of a person whereas some colors come under the category of ‘big no-no. Yellow and orange are the colors of happiness, green, blue, and purple give out a calming effect. White makes the room spacious. Red, black comes under the ‘big no-no’ category.

Balance

How do your surroundings make you feel? Is it too overcrowded, claustrophobic, or overloaded with stuff? If space is filled up to the neck, it will make the individual lazy and anxious. In a room where everything is pleasantly placed, he will feel relaxed and productive.

Spaciousness

You will be surprised by how spacious places or homes will boost up your home. Open, clean spaces with minimal clutter are better for mental health as they are welcoming and fill the person with positive energy. Do not build too many walls just let the area be, open, wide, and inviting.

Nature

Do not rely on steel, wood, and cement as they just build a house, its people, plants, and flowers that make up a home. Do not consider them just another accessory, their presence improves concentration, memory retention, and reduces stress. Decor up offices, public places, and homes with plants and see the results yourself.

In brief, times are changing and we have to rethink the architectural impact on mental health. We are all searching for spaces where we feel happier, accepted, and relieved, well-designed spaces can somewhat help in feeling secured and protected. Change in architectural practices is long overdue.Make sure a good company puts great impact like jacob martin is best one in abilene.

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Why Do We Need A PWA Instead Of A Native App?

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PWA development

More and more people use smartphones in today’s modern world, and the mobile application has become an indispensable part. It would be a mistake if we not mentioned the native app. However, when PWA appear, it surpassed the native app in every aspect.

If you are confused between PWA and native apps, this blogpost will point out their differences. Also, the reasons why progressive web apps are now preferable will be provided. Now just read on to find out why we need a PWA instead of a native app!

1. Installation

PWA

It is easy to install a progressive web app onto your phone or even your PC. Just a click on “Add to home screen” then you can use it right away.

However, this feature is not yet supported on the iOS browser – Safari. But don’t worry! TigrenPWA has already provided a pop-up to instruct PWA users to add to its home screen.

Native Apps

On the contrary, downloading a native app would take more time and effort since it includes more steps. First, you have to open your app store and search the app that you want to download. Then, click on the “Install” button and wait until the installation completes.

2. Updates

PWA

It is simple to update the progressive web apps. The only thing users have to do is refreshing. Thus, it only takes a split second to complete the updates.

Native Apps

The updates on native apps are more complicated since both merchants and users have to do it. For users, they have to open their app store to install updates. It may take a few seconds or even minutes to finish.

For merchants, native apps require updating in source code, then submitting to the app stores. Once the updates are approved, users will receive a notification.

3. Cost To Develop

PWA

Depending on the complexity of functions, the cost to develop a progressive web app may start at $5000. Hence, it is suitable for different business scales.

Native Apps

It is much more expensive to develop a native app. The total fee may come up to $100,000. For small apps, the PWA development cost starts at $10,000. For eCommerce apps, merchants will have to pay at least $30,000.

4. Maintenance Cost

PWA

The fact is it costs nothing to maintain a progressive web app. The only fees you have to pay are hosting and the domain name, which is equal to a website.

Native Apps

Unlike PWA, the native app has tons of fees that need paying, such as submission, server, and even push notification costs. The annual submission cost may vary depending on the operating system. Google Play Store charges $25 while Apple App Store demands $99.

The monthly server cost ranges from $20 to $60, and the push notification fee is $10 a month. Besides, if you want to update your app, it is essential to hire a developer. That means you have to prepare another amount of money.

5. Time To Develop

PWA

Depending on the app’s purpose and complexity, the PWA development time may last from 1 to 3 months.

Native Apps

As we know, different operating systems require a separate application. Hence you have to build at least two versions of an app for iOS and Android. That means it will double the time to develop. In general, the PWA development time of a native app in a platform is six months.

6. One-time Development

PWA

A benefit of PWA over native apps is one single codebase for various platforms. Which means we only need to develop the app once.

Native Apps

As mentioned above, different operating systems need separate versions of an app. Hence, one version of a native app can only be used in one platform.

7. SEO Friendly

PWA

Since a PWA is a website, it can also be indexed in search engines. Like any website, a progressive web app has URLs and is supported by popular browsers such as Chrome, Safari, or Firefox. Thus, PWA surpasses native apps in SEO and the number of visits to your site.

Native Apps

As you know, a native app can only be found in the app store. Therefore, it can not be indexed in the search engines. Thus, building native apps is not useful for SEO.

8. Data Storage

PWA

PWA don’t need to download all data to the phone like a native app. Hence, a PWA only needs a small amount of your device’s memory. This is also the reason why a progressive app can approach more types of customers. PWA is such a convenient tool for mobile users in countries where the Internet and wifi are not widely used.

Native Apps

A noticeable disadvantage of native apps is that they are eating up too much storage in our smartphones. On average, an iOS app takes up nearly 40MB, while an Android app requires approximately 15MB. Unless the memory is big enough, it is impossible to install many apps on the device.

Last Words

As we can see, PWA brings more benefits to both merchants and users in various ways. With all of their outstanding features, progressive web apps can be regarded as the mobile app’s future. Thus, merchants should take the chance to create one PWA for their businesses.

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DIY Platforms and Custom Made Websites; which one is better?

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Websites play an important role nowadays. No matter you running a physical business or an online store, you will need a website to reach potential employees and inform your current clients about current happenings.

In 2021, using new technology, creating a website is no longer a difficult task. Anyone with basic knowledge about the internet and computers can easily create their websites in some hours. These websites are created on DIY platforms like WordPress.

The other way is to create a website on your own through coding. For this, a person needs to acquire web development skills and if you don’t have such knowledge, you can take services from some skilled freelancer or an agency.

In this article, you will learn how to create your website in the above-mentioned ways.

Creating a website on your own

Creating a website through coding doesn’t only take skills but a lot of time is consumed too. You will need to create your site from scrap. Buying domains and hosting are not tough but coding is quite daunting. You will have to put a lot of effort and time to create a great looking website.

A website that you build on your own will give you a lot of benefits like you will have full control, you can change/alter anything, you can create your own unique design to attract customers and so on but if you are running a business. You perhaps won’t be able to give time to your website. The easiest way is to hire a freelance web designer to help you out.

A freelance web designer is a person who is professional in creating an impressive website in no time. From domain to design, they can handle every aspect. If you are interested in hiring a freelance, you can get in touch with the freelance web designer UK. He is an award-winning freelancer that can help you create your own website. He is dedicated and will craft a website according to your preference.

Another way is to get in contact with a web designing agency. These are best for people that want a custom-built website with a lot of functions. They have dedicated teams with members that have separate roles for different elements in a website. The thing that you should keep in mind is that you should have a high budget if you are getting their services. Roughly a custom-built website with a unique design will cost you around $2000, which is a very high price. But they are best in creating a professional website that can help you get a lot of sales.

Creating a website using DIY platforms

DIY platforms gained influence in recent years because of the ease they provide in making a website. Through these platforms, you can create a website in some hours. WordPress, Wix, Shopify, all of these are sites where anyone can create a website.

Here are some short and simple steps that you can follow to create your own website.

Buy a Domain

Buying a domain is the first major step to create a site. The domain is the name of your site or you can say URL that can be used by the users to find your website through their web browser. You can buy an existing domain or buy a new one with the name of your choice. The price is around $10-50 per year.

Register Domain and get web hosting

Web hosting is a service that saves your content in a secured server in order to keep the data safe and visible to the viewers. If you don’t have web hosting, your content will not be visible to the users. Web hosting will cost you around $3 to $10 per month.

Note that no matter which hosting company you choose, make sure they offer you the following features.

  • The domain name for free with an SSL certificate (for security)
  • Free one-click-install for WordPress
  • Unlimited or unmetered bandwidth
  • Custom email accounts
  • Customer support 24/7 with live chat service

Install SSL certificates for security

You may have seen a lock symbol on the left of the URL of a website, if you click it, the text will say that this website is secured. SSL in short makes sure that your site is delivered to the users securely. Visitors prefer secure websites. However, if you don’t install SSL on your site, your site will still run smoothly but malware and other potential danger might be on their way. So beware.

Buy a ready-made theme

Website design is important and is important to catch the visitor’s attention. Building a website through DIY platforms is easy because you don’t have to design your website’s structure. You can simply get a free template of your choice or buy a paid template and install it on your site. It is as simple as it looks.

You can, later on, customize your themes by adding your logo, text, and everything related and make it look more amusing. You have to buy this theme one time and can use it anywhere you want like on multiple websites. These theme’s cost ranges from free to thousands of dollars, depending on your preference and needs.

Add Content on your site

Pages are the essence of your website, you will have to craft engaging content for your readers. You will have to add content on different pages if you want your readers to stay on your website, buy your stuff, or get your services. You will have to add text on the following pages:

  • Home Page
  • About us Page
  • Contact Page
  • Blog Page
  • Service Page
  • Shop Page

Also, you will have to add content on regular basis, so that readers of your site regularly visit your site and read the content.

After creating a website successfully, the next step is the SEO of your site. You will have to strive hard to rank your website on different keywords if you want more visitors. Hope this article helped. Good Luck.

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